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Representing the Nation: La Malinche and Guadalupe


Who was La Malinche? What role has she played in twentieth-century interpretations of Spanish American femininity?

Who is the Virgin of Guadalupe?

How have Chicana writers used these figures?


La Malinche

Alarcón, Norma, ‘Chicana’s Feminist Literature: A Re-vision Through Malintzin/or Malintzin: Putting Flesh Back on the Object’, in This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Women of Color, eds. Cherríe Moraga, Gloria Anzaldúa (New York, 1983)

Alarcón, Norma, ‘Traddutora, Traditora: A Paradigmatic Figure of Chicana Feminism’, Perspectives on Las Americas, eds. Matthew Gutmann, Félix Matos Rodríguez, Lynn Stephen and Patricia Zavella, Blackwell Publishing (Oxford, 2003).

Candelaria, Cordelia, ‘La Malinche, Feminist Prototype’, Frontiers, 5, no. 2 (1980).

Castillo, Adelaida R. del, ‘Malintzin Tenepal: a Preliminary Look into a New Perspective’, in Essays on La Mujer, eds. Rosaura Sánchez and Rosa Martínez Cruz, University of California Press (Los Angeles, 1977).

Cypress, Sandra Messinger, La Malinche in Mexican Literature: From History to Myth, University of Texas Press (Austin, 1991).

Fuentes, Carlos, ‘The Legacy of La Malinche’, Literatura Chicana: Texto y Contexto, eds. Antonio Castañeda Shular, Thomas Ybarra-Frausto and Joseph Sommers, Prentice-Hall (New York, 1972).

Godayol, Pilar 'Malintzin/La Malinche/Doña Marina: Re-Reading the Myth of the Treacherous Translator', Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies, vol. 18:1 (2012).

Lanyon, Anna, Malinche’s Conquest, Allen and Unwin (St. Loenard’s, 1999).

Ordónéz, Elizabeth, ‘Sexual Politics and the Theme of Sexuality in Chicana Poetry’, in Women in Hispanic Literature: Icons and Fallen Idols, ed. Beth Miller (Berkely and Los Angeles, 1983)

Peterson, Jeanette Favrot, ‘Lengua o Diosa? The Colonial Imaging of Malinche, Chipping Away on Earth: Prehispanic and Colonial Nahua Studies in Honor of Arthur J.O. Anderson and Charles E. Dibble, ed. by Eloise J. Keber, Susan Schroeder and Frederick Hicks, Labyrinthos Press, 1995, pp. 187-202.

Phillips, Rachel, ‘Marina/Malinche: Masks and Shadows’, in Women in Hispanic Literature: Icons and Fallen Idols, ed. Beth Miller, University of California Press (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1983).

Pratt, Mary Louise, ‘“Yo Soy La Malinche”: Chicana Writers and the Poetics of Ethnonationalism’, Callaloo, vol. 16:4 (1993).

Townsend, Camilla, Malintzin’s Choices: An Indian Woman in the Conquest of Mexico, University of New Mexico Press (Albuquerque, 2006).

Virgen of Guadalupe

Brading, David, Mexican Phoenix: Our Lady of Guadalupe: Image and Tradition across Five Centuries, Cambridge University Press (Cambridge, 2001).

Hall, Linda, Mary; Mother and Warrior: The Virgin in Spain and America, University of Texas Press (Austin, 2004).

Lafaye, Jacques, Quetzalcóatl and Guadalupe: the Formation of Mexican National Consciousness, 1531-1813, trans. by Benjamin Keen, University of Chicago Press (Chicago, London, 1976).

Rodriguez, Jeanette, Our Lady of Guadalupe: Faith and Empowerment among Mexican-American Women, University of Texas Press (Austin, 1994).

Taylor, William, ‘The Virgin of Guadalupe in New Spain: An Inquiry into the Social History of Marian Devotion’, American Ethnologist, vol. 14:1 (1987).

Wolf, Eric, ‘The Virgin of Guadalupe: a Mexican National Symbol’, Journal of American Folklore, 71, no. 279 (1958).


Corpi, Lucha, ‘Marina Mother’, ‘Marina Virgin’, ‘The Devil’s Daughter’, and ‘She (Distant Marina)’, in Palabras de Medio-día/Noon Words: Poems, El Fuego de Aztlán Publications (Berkeley, 1980).

Esquivel, Laura, Malinche: A Novel, Atria Books (New York, 2006).

Tafolla, Carmen, ‘La Malinche’, in Five Poets of Aztlán, ed. Santaigo Daydi-Tolson, Bilingual Press (Binghamton, 1985).

Villanueva, Alma, ‘La Chingada’ in Five Poets of Aztlán, ed. Santaigo Daydi-Tolson, Bilingual Press (Binghamton, 1985).