Skip to main content

Bibliography

Essential purchase / Sourcebooks / Introductory / Key reading / Primary texts /

Topics: Julius Caesar / Triumvirate / Antony and Cleopatra / Actium / Augustus and his Powers /Revival and innovation in religious cults / Ludi Saeculares / Social legislation / Senate / Equestrians / Opposition / Imperial household / Women

Essential purchase

Cooley, M.G.L. ed. (2003) The Age of Augustus (LACTOR 17) [DG 279.A4] You should bring your copy of this sourcebook to each lecture.

The Oxford Online Bibliography to Augustus:

a new resource authored by A.E. Cooley: it should be used as your essential guide to finding your way through the syllabus. Any feedback on glaring omissions very welcome!


Sourcebooks

  • Braund, D. (1985) Augustus to Nero: a source book on Roman history 31 BC-AD 68 [DG 281.B7]
  • Chisholm, K. and Ferguson, J. (1981) Rome: the Augustan Age (Oxford) [DG 279.C4]
  • Levick, B. (2000) The government of the Roman Empire: a sourcebook (London: 2nd edn.) Or use first edition, 1985.
  • Lewis, N. and Reinhold, M. (1990) Roman Civilization: Selected Readings. Vol. I: The Republic and the Augustan Age (3rd edn. New York)
  • Lomas, K. (1996) Roman Italy 338 BC – AD 200. A sourcebook (London)
  • Sherk, R.K. (1984) Rome and the Greek East to the Death of Augustus [DG 13.S4]
  • Sherk, R.K. (1988) Roman Empire: Augustus to Hadrian (CUP, Cambridge)

Introductory reading

  • Eck , W. (2002) The Age of Augustus (Blackwell) [DG 279.E2]
  • Galinsky, K. (2012) Augustus: introduction to the life of an emperor [DG279.G175]
  • Levick, B. (2010) Augustus: image and substance [DG 279.L44]
  • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1993) Augustan Rome (Bristol Classical Press) [DG279.W2]

*I DO NOT RECOMMEND BIOGRAPHIES by SHOTTER OR SOUTHERN.*


Key reading: read ALL by the end of the year

  • @ Bowman, A.K., Champlin, E., Lintott, A. eds. (1996) The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X (second edition): The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C.-A.D. 69. (=CAH 10) [relevant chapters] [D 57.C2]
  • @ Edmondson, J. (2009) Augustus (Edinburgh UP) (Edinburgh Readings on the Ancient World)
  • Galinsky, K. (1996) Augustan Culture: an interpretive introduction (Princeton) [DG272 G2]
  • @ Galinsky, K. (2005) The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus (CUP) [DG 279.C2]
  • Millar, F. and Segal, E. ed. (1984) Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects (London) [DG279.C2]
  • Raaflaub, K.A. and Toher, M. eds. (1990) Between republic and empire: interpretations of Augustus and his principate (Oxford, Berkeley: University of California Press) [DG 279.B3]
  • Syme, R. (1939) The Roman Revolution (OUP, Oxford) [DG 231.S9]
  • @ Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1982) 'Civilis Princeps: between citizen and king', JRS 72: 32-48
  • Zanker, P. (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus (Ann Arbor, Michigan) [N 5760.Z2]

Primary texts and their analysis

RGDA
  • @ Bosworth, B. (1999) 'Augustus, the Res Gestae and Hellenistic Theories of Apotheosis' The Journal of Roman Studies, 89: 1-18
  • Brunt, P.A. and Moore, J.M. (1967) Res Gestae Divi Augusti (Oxford)
  • Cooley, A.E. (2009) Res Gestae Divi Augusti (Cambridge)
  • Hodgson, L. (2014) 'Appropriation and adaptation: Republican idiom in Res Gestae 1.1' Classical Quarterly 64 
  • Ramage, E.S. (1987) The nature and purpose of Augustus' "Res gestae" (Stuttgart, Steiner) [DG 279.M6]
  • Ridley, R.T. (2003) The emperor's retrospect : Augustus' Res gestae in epigraphy, historiography and commentary (Leuven, Peeters) [DG 279.R4]
  • @ Rowe, G. (2013) 'Reconsidering the auctoritas of Augustus', JRS 103: 1-15
Augustus' autobiography
Cassius Dio bks 50-56
  • Reinhold, M. (1988) From Republic to Principate: an historical commentary on Cassius Dio's Roman history, books 49-52 (36-29 B.C.)
  • Rich, J.W. (1990) The Augustan settlement: (Cassius Dio Roman history 53-55.9) (Aris & Philipps, Warminster) [PA 3947.A3]
  • Rich, J.W. (1989) 'Dio on Augustus' in A. Cameron, ed. History as Text. The Writing of Ancient History (Duckworth, London) 86-110 [DE8 H4]
  • Swan, P.M. (2004) The Augustan succession: an historical commentary on Cassius Dio's Roman history, Books 55-56 (9 B.C.-A.D. 14) (OUP)
  • Millar, F. (1964) A study of Cassius Dio [DG207.D4] 
Livy, History of Rome, esp. books 1-6.
  • Dorey, T.A. (1971) Livy
  • Luce, T. J. (1977) Livy: the composition of his history (Princeton: PUP)
  • Walsh, P.G. (1961) Livy. His Historical Aims and Methods (Cambridge, CUP)
Plutarch Life of Antony 
  • Pelling, C. (1988) Plutarch: Life of Antony [PA 4369.A73]
Suetonius, Life of Augustus
  • Carter, J. (1982) Suetonius Life of Augustus (BCP) [PA 6700.A32]
  • Lounsbury, R.C. (1987) The arts of Suetonius: an introduction (New York)
  • Townend, G.B. (1967) "Suetonius and his Influence", in T. A. Dorey, ed. Latin Biography, pp. 79-110
  • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1983) Suetonius: a biographer and his Caesars [PA6702.W2]
  • Wardle, D. (2014) Suetonius: life of Augustus [PA6700.A32 W37]
Tacitus, Annals 1.1-15.
  • Syme, R. (1958) Tacitus. (2 vols.)
  • Ginsburg, J. (1981) Tradition and Theme in the Annals of Tacitus
Velleius Paterculus, Roman History 2.88-124
  • [Available in Loeb with a translation of the Res Gestae]
  • Woodman, A.J. (1983) The Caesarian and Augustan Narrative [PA 6798.A5]

BIBLIOGRAPHY BY TOPIC

Julius Caesar

  • @ Brunt, P.A. (1966) 'The Roman Mob', in Past & Present 35; pp. (Also in M.I. Finley (ed.), Studies in Ancient Society, pp. 74-102)
  • Crawford, M. (1978) The Roman Republic (London; 2nd ed. 1992)
  • *Gelzer, M. (1968) Caesar, Politician and Statesman
  • @ Griffin, M.T. (2009) Blackwell Companion to Julius Caesar [e-book]
  • Gruen, E.S. (1974) The Last Generation of the Roman Republic
  • @ Morgan, L. (1997) '"Levi quidem de re...": Julius Caesar as tyrant and pedant', JRS 87: 23-40
  • @ Pandey, N. (2013) 'Caesar's comet, the Julian star and the invention of Augustus', TAPA 132.2: 403-47
  • Patterson, J.R. (2000) Political life in the city of Rome
  • @ *Rawson, E. (1975) ‘Caesar’s heritage: Hellenistic kings and their Roman equals’, JRS 65: 148-59
  • @ *Rawson, E. (1994) 'Caesar: Civil War and Dictatorship', in CAH IX (2nd edn) 424-67
  • @ *Rawson, E. (1994) 'The aftermath of the Ides', in CAH IX (2nd edn) 468-90
  • @ Sedley, D. (1997) 'The ethics of Brutus and Cassius' JRS 87: 41-53
  • *Syme, R. (1939) The Roman Revolution (OUP, Oxford) – chs. 4, 7-8 [DG 231.S9]
  • Tatum, W.J. (2008) Always I am Caesar [DG 261.T38]
  • Weinstock, S. (1971) Divus Julius (Oxford)
  • Wyke, M. (2006) Julius Caesar in western culture
  • Yavetz, Z. (1983) Julius Caesar and his Public Image [DG 261.Y2]

The triumvirate

  • Sherk, R.K. (1984) Rome and the Greek East to the Death of Augustus nos 85-87 [DG 13.S4]
  • Reynolds, J.M. (1982) Aphrodisias and Rome ch.3 [DS 156.A6]
  • @ Eder, W. (2005) 'Augustus and the power of tradition', in Galinsky, ed. Companion to Age of Augustus
  • @ Galinsky, K. (2012) Augustus: Introduction to the Life of an Emperor
  • Hjort Lange, C. (2009) Res Publica Constituta. Actium, Apollo and the Accomplishment of the Triumviral Assignment
  • @ Kearsley, R. (2013) 'Triumviral politics, the oath of 32 BC and the veterans', Classial Quarterly 63.2: 828-34
  • @ Millar, F. (1973) ‘Triumvirate and principate’ JRS 63: 50-67 repr. in Edmondson, Augustus
  • @ Millar, F. (1988) ‘Cornelius Nepos, ‘Atticus’ and the Roman revolution’, Greece & Rome 35: 40-55
  • Millar, F. (2000) 'The first revolution: imperator Caesar, 36-28 BC', in La Révolution Romaine après Ronald Syme. Bilans et perspectives 1-30 [DG 231.R3]
  • Osgood, J. (2006) Caesar’s legacy: Civil war and the emergence of the Roman Empire
  • Osgood, J. (2014) Turia: a Roman woman's civil war [DG266.O84]
  • @ Pelling, C. (1996) ‘The triumviral period’ ch.1 in Cambridge Ancient History 10 [D 57.C2]
  • Syme, R. (1939) The Roman Revolution
  • Welch, K. (2012) Magnus Pius: Sextus Pompeius and the transformation of the Roman Republic
  • Welch, K. (2009) in Smith, C. and Powell, A., eds The Lost Memoirs of Augustus
  • @ Weigel, R.D. (1992) Lepidus. The Tarnished Triumvir (Routledge; London & New York)
  • Zanker, P. (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus

Antony and Cleopatra

  • @ Charlesworth, M. (1933) ‘Some fragments of the propaganda of Mark Antony’, Classical Quarterly 27: 172-7.

  • Chauveau, Michel (2000) Egypt in the age of Cleopatra: history and society under the Ptolemies [DT 92.C4]

  • Grant, M. (1972) Cleopatra [DT 92.7.G7]

  • @ Griffin, J. (1977) ‘Propertius and Antony’, JRS 67: 17-26
  • Hamer, M. (1993) Signs of Cleopatra: history, politics, representation [DT 92.7.H2]
  • Huzar, E.G. (1978) Mark Antony: a biography (Minnneapolis)

  • Tarn W.W. and Charlesworth M.P. (1965) Octavian, Antony and Cleopatra [DG 263.T2]

  • Toynbee, J. (1978) Roman Historical Portraits: ‘M. Antonius, 83-30 BC'

  • Walker, S. ed. (2001) Cleopatra of Egypt: from history to myth (London: British Museum) [qto DT 92.7.C5]

  • @ Wyke, M. 'Meretrix regina: Augustan Cleopatras' repr. in Edmondson, Augustus
  • Zanker, P. (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus

The battle of Actium

  • @ Beacham, R. (2005) 'The emperor as impresario: producing the pageantry of power' in Galinsky, ed. Companion to Age of Augustus
  • Cairns, F. (1984) ‘Propertius and the battle of Actium (4.6)’ in Woodman and West, eds. Poetry and Politics in the Age of Augustus (Cambridge)
  • Carter, J.M. (1970) The battle of Actium: the rise & triumph of Augustus Caesar
  • Gurval, R. (1995) Actium and Augustus: the politics and emotions of civil war [DG269 G8]
  • Hjort Lange, C. (2009) Res Publica Constituta. Actium, Apollo and the Accomplishment of the Triumviral Assignment
  • @ Holscher, T. 'Monuments of the Battle of Actium', repr. in Edmondson, Augustus
  • @ Keppie, L. (1996) 'The army and the navy', ch.11 in Cambridge Ancient History Vol.10, 2nd edn
  • Purcell, N. (1987) 'The Nicopolitan synoecism' in Nikopolis - offprint from dept office
  • Syme, R. (1939) The Roman Revolution
  • @ Tarn, W.W. (1931) 'The Battle of Actium', JRS 21: 173-79

  • Vervaet, F.J. and Dart, C.J. (2016) 'Last of the naval triumphs: revisiting some key Actian honours' JRA 29: 389-410
  • Zanker, P. (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus

Augustus and his powers

  • @ Anderson, R.D., Parsons, P., and Nisbet, R.G.M. (1979) "Elegiacs by Gallus from Qasr Ibrîm." Journal of Roman Studies 69, p. 125 (for Gallus papyrus).
  • @ A.K. Bowman, E. Champlin, A. Lintott eds (1993) Cambridge Ancient History X (2nd edn) (Cambridge University Press) - ch.3 by Crook.
  • @ Beacham, R. (2005) 'The emperor as impresario: producing the pageantry of power' in Galinsky, ed. Companion to Age of Augustus 
  • @ Eder, W. (2005) 'Augustus and the power of tradition', in Galinsky, ed. Companion to Age of Augustus 
  • @ Ferrary, J-L. 'The powers of Augustus', repr. & trans. in Edmondson, Augustus
  • Giovannini, A. ed. (2000) La révolution romaine après Ronald Syme - ch. by Girardet (in German, but some discussion in English) [DG 231.R3]
  • @ Gruen, E. (2005) 'Augustus and the making of the Principate' in Galinsky, ed. Companion to Age of Augustus
  • Judge,E.A. (1974) "Res publica restituta: a modern illusion?", in J.A.S. Evans, ed. Polis and Imperium: Studies in honour of E.T. Salmon, Toronto; pp. 279-311.
  • Judge, E.A. (2012) 'The crux of RG 34.1 resolved? Augustus on 28 BC', New Docs 10: 55-58
  • @ Kearsley, R. (2009) 'Octavian and augury: the years 30-27 BC', Classical Quarterly 59.1: 147-66
  • @ Lacey W.K. (1974) ‘Octavian in the senate: Jan. 27 B.C.’, Journal of Roman Studies 64: 176-84.
  • Lacey, W.K. (1996) Augustus and the principate: the evolution of the system [DG 279.L2]
  • @ Levick B. (1967) “Imperial Control of the Elections under the Early Principate: commendatio, suffragatio and nominatio”, Historia 16: 207-230.
  • @ Lobur, J.A. (2008) Consensus, concordia and the formation of Roman imperial ideology
  • @ Millar, F. (1968) ‘Two Augustan Notes 2: The ‘restoration of the Republic’ in 27 B.C.’ Classical Review 16: 265-6
  • Millar, F. (2000) 'The first revolution: imperator Caesar, 36-28 BC', in La Révolution Romaine après Ronald Syme. Bilans et perspectives 1-30 [DG 231.R3]
  • @ Raaflaub, K. 'The political significance of Augustus' military reforms' rep. in Edmondson, ed. Augustus
  • Raaflaub Kurt A. and Toher, Mark eds. (1990) Between republic and empire: interpretations of Augustus and his principate (Oxford, Berkeley: University of California Press) [DG 279.B3]
  • Rich John and Williams J.H.C. (1999) ‘Leges et iura P. R. restituit: a new aureus of Octavian and the settlement of 28-27 BC’, Numismatic Chronicle 159, pp.169-213
  • @ Rowe, G. (2013) 'Reconsidering the auctoritas of Augustus', JRS 103: 1-15 [CUP Journals online]
  • @ Syme R. 'Imperator Caesar: a study in nomenclature' repr. in Edmondson, Augustus (2009)
  • @ Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1982) 'Civilis Princeps: between citizen and king', JRS 72; pp. 32-48.
  • @ Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1987) 'Image and authority in the coinage of Augustus’, JRS 76: 66-87

Revival and innovation in religious cults

  • Ando, Clifford, ed. (2003) Roman Religion (Edinburgh) [BL 802.R6]
  • Beard, M., North J. and Price S. (1998) Religions of Rome – esp. vol. I, chs. 3-4 [BL 802.B3]
  • Cooley A.E. (2006) 'Beyond Rome and Latium: Roman religion in the age of Augustus’, ch. 10 in Religion in Republican Italy, eds C. Schultz & P. B. Harvey [offprints in library & Dept office]
  • Feeny, D. (1988) Literature and Religion at Rome (Cambridge) [PA6029.R4]
  • @ Levick B. (1982) ‘Morals, politics & the fall of the Roman Republic’, Greece and Rome 29: 53-62
  • Lott, B. (2004) The Neighborhoods of Augustan Rome
  • @ North J. (1980) ‘Novelty and choice in Roman religion’, Journal of Roman Studies 70: 186-91
  • @ North J. (1986) 'Religion and Politics, from Republic to Principate', JRS 76: 251-58.
  • North J.A. (2000) Roman religion (Oxford: OUP for the Classical Association)
  • @ Price, S. chapter in The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X 2nd edn [D 57.C2]
  • Scheid, J. (2000) in Giovannini, A. ed. La révolution romaine… (in French) [DG 231.R3]
  • Scheid J. (2003) An introduction to Roman religion (Edinburgh)
  • Scheid, J. 'To honour the Princeps and venerate the gods: public cult, neighbourhood cults, and imperial cult in Augustan Rome' repr. & trans. in Edmondson, Augustus
  • @ Scheid, J. (2005) 'Augustus and Roman religion: continuity, conservatism and innovation' in Galinsky, ed. Companion to Age of Augustus

The Ludi Saeculares

  • LACTOR – L20-28.
  • Barchiesi, A. (2002) ‘The uniqueness of the Carmen saeculare and its tradition’ in Woodman & Feeney, eds Traditions and contexts in the poetry of Horace
  • Beard, M., North J. and Price S. (1998) Religions of Rome – see index of vol. 1 and no. 5.7b in vol. 2 (excerpts from the inscription commemorating the games) [BL 802.B3]
  • @ Cooley A.E. (2006) 'Beyond Rome and Latium: Roman religion in the age of Augustus’, ch. 10 in Religion in Republican Italy, eds C. Schultz & P. B. Harvey [offprints in library & Dept office]
  • Feeny D. (1998) Literature and Religion at Rome – ch. 1 on the Ludi Saeculares. [PA6029.R4]
  • Sherk, R.K. ed. (1988) Roman Empire: Augustus to Hadrian – no. 11 [DG 275.R6]
  • Galinsky Karl (1996) Augustan Culture: an interpretive introduction – ch. 3
  • Veyne P. (1990) Bread and Circuses - section 4.
  • Yavetz Z. (1969) Plebs and princeps [DG278.3.Y2]
  • Zanker Paul (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus: pp. 167-83 [N 5760.Z2]

Social legislation

  • LACTOR chapter S
  • Suetonius, Divus Augustus: 34 (general), 44 (Lex Julia Theatralis).
  • @Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X – chapter 18 [D 57.C2]
  • Bradley K. (1994) Slavery and Society at Rome
  • Brunt, P. A. (1971) Italian manpower: 225 B.C.–A.D. 14. Appendix 9
  • Cohen, D. (1991) ‘The Augustan law on adultery: The social and cultural context’, in The family in Italy from
    antiquity to the present. Edited by David I. Kertzer and Richard P. Saller, 109–126
  • Fantham, E. et al (1994) Women in the Classical World: image and text – ch. 11, ‘Women, family and sexuality…’ [DE 61.W6]
  • Galinsky, K. (1981) 'Augustus’s legislation on morals and marriage'. Philologus 125:126–144
  • Gardner, Jane. 1993. Being a Roman citizen, Chapter 2
  • Gardner J. E. (1986) Women in Roman Law and Society, London.
  • @ McGinn T. (1991) "Concubinage and the Lex Iulia on Adultery," Transactions of the American Philological Association 121: 335-375
  • @ McGinn, T.A.J. (2004) 'Missing females? Augustus' encouragement of marriage between freeborn males and freedwomen', Historia 53.2: 200-08
  • @ Milnor, K. (2005) Gender, domesticity and the age of Augustus
  • Rawson, B. ed. (1991) Marriage, Divorce, and Children in Ancient Rome (Oxford: Clarendon Press)
  • @ Rawson E. (1987) ‘Discrimina ordinum: the lex Julia Theatralis’, Papers of the British School at Rome 55: 83-114
  • Severy, B. (2003) Augustus and the family at the birth of the Roman empire
  • Syme, Ronald (1939) The Roman Revolution – chapter 29. [DG 231.S9]
  • Treggiari S. (1991) Roman Marriage (Oxford), pp. 60-80, 277-98
  • @ Treggiari, Susan. (1996) 'Social status and social legislation'. In The Cambridge ancient
    history. Vol. X, 2nd edn, eds Alan K. Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott, 873–904
  • @ Wallace-Hadrill A. (1981) ‘Family and inheritance in the Augustan marriage-laws’, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society repr. in Edmondson, Augustus
  • @ Wallace-Hadrill A. (1982) "The golden age and sin in Augustan ideology", Past & Present 95: 19-36.
  • Wallace-Hadrill A. (1993) Augustan Rome – chapter 5.
  • @ Wiedemann T. (1985) ‘The Regularity of manumission at Rome’ Classical Quarterly 35: 162-175.

Augustus and the senate

  • Cassius Dio, The Roman History 53.12 (provinces), 54.17 (offices, property qualifications).
  • Suetonius, Divus Augustus: see chs. 35-40 and ch. 54.
  • Res Gestae– see section 7.2 on the position of princeps senatus, 8 on reforms of the patrician class and the senate and 9-13 on senatorial actions which supported Augustus.
  • LACTOR M60, 61, 63, 65, 78: Cyrene Edicts
  • Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X – chapter 3 by J.A. Crook, (‘Augustus: power, authority and achievement’ pp. 113-46), chapter 7 by Wallace-Hadrill (‘The Imperial Court’), chapter 9 by R. Talbert (‘The Senate and senatorial and equestrian posts’, pp. 324-43) [D 57.C2]
  • @ Brunt , P.A.(1984) ‘The role of the senate in the Augustan regime’ Classical Quarterly 34.2: 423-44.
  • Crook J.A. (1955) Consilium principis: imperial councils and counsellors from Augustus to Diocletian [DG 83.45.C7]
  • Eck W. (1984) 'Senatorial Self-Representation', in Millar and Segal (eds.) Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects; pp. 129-67.
  • Eck W. (2003) The Age of Augustus – chapter 9
  • Eck, W. 'The administrative reforms of Augustus: pragmatism or systematic planning', in Edmondson, ed. Augustus
  • @ Ferrary, J-L. 'The powers of Augustus', repr. & trans. in Edmondson, Augustus
  • Galinsky Karl (1996) Augustan Culture: an interpretive introduction
  • @ Gruen, E. (2005) 'Augustus and the making of the Principate' in Galinsky, ed. Companion to Age of Augustus
  • @ Lacey W.K. (1974) ‘Octavian in the senate: Jan. 27 B.C.’, Journal of Roman Studies 64: 176-84
  • Lacey, W.K. (1996) Augustus and the principate: the evolution of the system [DG 279.L2]
  • @ Levick B. (1967) “Imperial Control of the Elections under the Early Principate: commendatio, suffragatio and nominatio' Historia 16: 207-230
  • @ Lobur, J.A. (2008) Consensus, concordia and the formation of Roman imperial ideology
  • McAlindon D. (1957) "Entry to the Senate in the Early Empire" JRS 47: 191-195.
  • Millar F. (1966) ‘The Emperor, the Senate and the Provinces’ JRS 56, pp.156-66.
  • Nicolet C. (1984) ‘Augustus, government and the propertied classes’, in Millar & Segal, eds. Caesar Augustus. Seven Aspects [DG279.C2]
  • Raaflaub, K.A. and Toher, M. eds. (1990) Between republic and empire: interpretations of Augustus and his principate (Oxford, Berkeley: University of California Press) [DG 279.B3]
  • Rowe G. (2002) Princes and Political Cultures:The New Tiberian Senatorial Decrees – chapter 1 [DG 282.R6]
  • Rowe, G. (2013) 'Reconsidering the auctoritas of Augustus', JRS 103: 1-15
  • Syme R. (1939) The Roman Revolution – chapters 6, 25-27, 32. [DG 231.S9]
  • Syme R. (1986) The Augustan Aristocracy [DG 83.3.S9]
  • Talbert R. (1984) The senate of imperial Rome (Princeton University Press) [DG 83.T2]
  • @ Talbert Richard J.A. (1984) ‘Augustus and the senate’ Greece & Rome Vol.31, no.1
  • @ Wallace-Hadrill Andrew (1982) 'Civilis Princeps: between citizen and king', JRS 72; pp. 32-48.
  • @ Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1987) 'Image and authority in the coinage of Augustus’, JRS 76: 66-87
  • @ Wiseman, T.P. (1971) New Men in the Roman Senate, 139 BC - AD 14 [DG 254.2.W4 + e-book] esp. 8-12
  • Zanker, P. (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus

The emergence of the equestrian order

  • Suetonius, Divus Augustus 100 on the role of the equestrian order in Aug’s funeral.
  • Cassius Dio, Roman History 55.13 and 15.
  • Alföldy G. (1985) The Social History of Rome – chapter 5.
  • @ Brunt P.A. (1990) Roman Imperial Themes – chapter 10 ('The Administrators of Roman Egypt'). Also published in JRS 65 (1975): 124-47
  • Brunt P.A. (1983) "Princeps and equites", JRS 73; pp. 42-75.
  • D’Arms J.H. (1988) ‘Pompeii and Rome in the Augustan age and beyond: the eminence of the Gens Holconia’ in R.I. Curtis, ed., Studia Pompeiana et Classica vol. I; pp. 51-73 [DG 70.P7]
  • Millar Fergus (1977) The Emperor in the Roman World.– chapter 6
  • Nicolet C. (1984) ‘Augustus, government and the propertied classes’, in Millar & Segal, eds. Caesar Augustus. Seven Aspects [DG279.C2]

  • Rowe G. (2002) Princes and Political Cultures – ch. 2 [DG 282.R6]
  • Saller R.P. (1980) “Promotion and Patronage in Equestrian Careers”, JRS 60: 38-49.

  • Syme Ronald (1939) The Roman Revolution – chapters 25-27. [DG 231.S9]
  • Talbert, R. ‘The Senate and senatorial and equestrian posts’, pp. 324-43 in Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X – chapter 9 [D 57.C2]
  • Wiseman T.P. (1970) ‘The definition of Eques Romanus’ Historia 19: 67-83.

Opposition to Augustus

  • LACTOR chapter P
  • Suetonius, Divus Augustus 19-20.
  • Cassius Dio, The Roman History: chs. 54.2 on Murena and Fannius Caepio and 54.15 for a historian’s view of conspiracies.
  • @ Daly L. (1978) ‘Varro Murena, cos. 23 B.C.’ Historia 27: 83-94
  • @ Levick B. (1975) ‘Primus, Murena and fides: notes on Cassius Dio LIV 3’ Greece and Rome 22: 156-63.
  • @ Phillips Darryl A. (1997) "The Conspiracy of Egnatius Rufus and the Election of Suffect Consuls under Augustus," Historia 46.1; pp. 103-112
  • Raaflaub K. and Samons II L.J. (1990) ‘Opposition to Augustus’ in Raaflaub and Toher, eds. Between Republic and Empire, pp. 417-454. [DG 279.B3]
  • @ Stockton D. (1965) ‘Primus and Murena’ Historia 14: 18-40
  • Syme Ronald (1939) The Roman Revolution – chapter 31. [DG 231.S9]

Imperial household

  • Cooley, A.E. (2016) 'Coming to terms with dynastic power: 30 BC-AD69' in Cooley, ed. A Companion to Roman Italy
  • Crook J.A. (1955) Consilium principis: imperial councils and counsellors from Augustus to Diocletian [DG 83.45.C7]
  • @ Elsner J. (1991) ‘Cult and sculpture: Sacrifice in the Ara Pacis Augustae’ JRS 81, pp. 50-61.
  • @ Fullerton M. D. (1985) "The Domus Augusti in Imperial Iconography of 13-12 B.C.," American Journal of Archaeology 89: 473-483
  • Levick B. (1976) Tiberius the Politician – see chaps. 1-5 [DG 282.L3]
  • Milnor, K. (2005) Gender and Domesticity in the Age of Augustus
  • Severy, B. (2003) Augustus and the Family
  • @ Syme R. (1984) ‘Neglected Children on the Ara Pacis’, American Journal of Archaeology 88: 583-89.
  • @ Wallace-Hadrill A. ‘The Imperial Court’ in Cambridge Ancient History Vol. X - chapter 7 [D 57.C2]
  • Zanker Paul (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus [N 5760.Z2]

Imperial women

  • Barrett Antony A. (2002) Livia: First Lady of Imperial Rome (Yale) [DG 291.7.L5/BARR]
  • Bartman E. (1999) Portraits of Livia: imaging the imperial woman in Augustan Rome (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge). [NB 165.L4]
  • @ Bauman R.A. (1994) "Tanaquil-Livia and the Death of Augustus," Historia 43.2; pp. 177.
  • Cooley, A.E. (2013) 'Women beyond Rome: Trend-setters or Dedicated Followers of Fashion?' in Hemelrijk, Woolf, eds, Women and the Roman City in the Latin West
  • Cooley, A.E. (2016) 'Coming to terms with dynastic power: 30 BC-AD69' in Cooley, ed. A Companion to Roman Italy
  • Fantham E. et al, eds. (1994) Women in the Classical World (Oxford University Press) – ch. 11, ‘Women, family and sexuality in the age of Augustus and the Julio-Claudians’ [DE 61.W6]
  • @ Flory M. B. (1993) "Livia and the history of public honorific statues for women in Rome," Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 123: 287-308
  • Gray-Fow M.J.G. (1988) "The Wicked Stepmother in Roman Literature and History: An Evaluation," Latomus 47: 741-57.
  • Kleiner Diana E. E. and Matheson Susan B. (2000) I Claudia II: Women in Roman Art and Society (Austin, Texas) – see esp. the chapter by Rolf Winkes (‘Livia: Portrait and Propaganda’).
  • @ Purcell N. (1985) 'Livia and the womanhood of Rome', in Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society, repr. in Edmondson, ed. Augustus
  • Treggiari, S. (2005) 'Women in the time of Augustus' in Galinsky, ed. Companion to Age of Augustus
  • Wood Susan E. (1999/ 2nd edn 2001) Imperial Women: A Study in Public Images, 40 B.C. - A.D. 68 (E.J. Brill)

Poetry and politics

K. Chisholm and J. Ferguson (1981)Rome: the Augustan Age – section F [DG 279.C4]

Karl Galinsky (1996)Augustan Culture: an interpretive introduction – ch. 5

Ronald Syme (1939)The Roman Revolution – chapter 30. [DG 231.S9]

J.Griffin (1983) 'Augustus and the Poets: Caesar Qui Cogere Posset’ in Millar and Segal (edd.) Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects. (London): 189-218. [DG279.C2]

Gordon W. Williams(1990) "Did Maecenas Fall From Favor? Augustan Literary Patronage." in Raaflaub and Toher, eds. Between republic and empire [DG 279.B3]

G. Williams (1962) ‘Poetry and the moral climate of Augustan Rome', JRS 52 (1962), 28-46.

T. Habinek & A. Schiesaro, eds (1997), The Roman Cultural Revolution (CUP). Generally very useful, but see esp. ch. 1, ‘Mutatio morum: the idea of a cultural revolution’, and articles on Virgil (ch. 4), Horace (chs. 5 & 6), Propertius (ch. 7) and Ovid (ch. 10) [DG 279.R6]

@Lowrie, M. (2009) Writing, performance and Authority in Augustan Rome [e-book]

A.J. Woodman and D.A. West, eds (1984)Poetry and Politics in the Age of Augustus (Cambridge) - see Nisbet and Du Quesnay on Horace, McKeown on Ovid and Cairns on Propertius.

Anton Powell, ed. (1992)Roman poetry and propaganda in the age of Augustus

Peter White (1993), Promised Verse. Poets in the Society of Augustan Rome.

Jasper Griffin (1985)Latin Poets and Roman Life (London), esp. ‘Augustan poetry and the life of luxury’ [PA 6047.G7]

B.K. Gold, ed. (1987)Literary patronage in Greece and Rome. See especially J.E.G. Zetzel, 'The poetics of patronage…', pp. 87-102

A. Wallace-Hadrill, ed. (1989)Patronage in ancient society (London)

F. Cairns (1989)Virgil's Augustan Epic (Cambridge) [PA 6825.C2]

P.R. Hardie (1998)Virgil (Oxford: New Surveys in the Classics 28)

W.R. Johnson(1976)Darkness Visible: A Study of Vergil’s Aeneid [PA 6825.J6]

R.F. Thomas (2001)Virgil and the Augustan Reception (Cambridge UP)

City of Rome

Suetonius, Divus Augustus 28-30 and 37

Res Gestae chs. 19-21

Cassius Dio, The Roman History 55.8.6-7 and 55.23.4-5 (on fire control).

Strabo, Geography 5.3.7-8.

Kitty Chisholm and J. Ferguson (1981) Rome: the Augustan Age – sections E and J [DG 279.C4]

Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X – chapter 15 [D 57.C2]

Werner Eck (2003)The Age of Augustus – chapter 13

Karl Galinsky (1996) Augustan Culture: an interpretive introduction – ch. 5

T.J. Luce (1990) ‘Livy, Augustus and the Forum Augustum’, in K.A. Raaflaub and M. Toher, eds. Between Republic and Empire, 123-138. [DG 279.B3]

T. Habinek & A. Schiesaro, eds (1997) The Roman Cultural Revolution - ch. 9, ‘Concealing / revealing: gender and the play of meaning in the monuments of Augustan Rome’. [DG 279.R6]

D. Favro (1996) The urban image of Augustan Rome (Cambridge) [DG 63.F2]

@Harrison, S.J. (2006) 'The epic and the monuments: interactions between Virgil's Aeneid and the Augustan building programme', in M.J. Calrke, B.G.F. Curries, R.O.A.M. Lyne, eds Epic Interactions. Perspectives on Homer, Virgil, and on the Epic Tradition pp159-83 [e-book]

A. Wallace-Hadrill (1993)Augustan Rome (Bristol Classical Press)

O. F. Robinson (1992)Ancient Rome: City Planning and Administration – use index to pick out specifically Augustan innovations.

Penelope J.E. Davies (2000)Death and the emperor: Roman imperial funerary monuments from Augustus to Marcus Aurelius

J.E. Stambaugh (1988)The Ancient Roman City (Baltimore) – chs. 4 & 5.

S. Platner and T. Ashby (1929)A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. OUP: London.

D. Favro (1993) ‘Reading the Augustan city’, in P.J. Holliday (ed.) Narrative and Event in Ancient Art [PA6029.M6]

S. Walker (2000) ‘The moral museum: Augustus and the city of Rome’, in J. Coulston and H. Dodge, Ancient Rome: The Archaeology of the Eternal City, 61-75.

J.R. Patterson (1992), ‘Survey article. The City of Rome: from Republic to Empire’, Journal of Roman Studies 82: 186-215 (pp. 190-194 for the Augustan period)

John W. Rich (1998), ‘Augustus’ Parthian honours, the Temple of Mars Ultor and the Arch in the Forum Romanum’, Papers of the British School at Rome 66, 71-128.

A.E. Cooley (2000) ‘Inscribing history at Rome’, in (ed.) A.E. Cooley The Afterlife of Inscriptions: Reusing, Rediscovering, Reinventing, and Revitalizing Ancient Inscriptions (London) [CN 513.A3]

Yavetz, Z. Plebs and Princeps

Poetry and politics: Propertius

Hans-Peter Stahl (1985)Propertius, 'love' and 'war': individual and state under Augustus

M. Hubbard (2001, corrected reprint)Propertius. [PA 6646.H8]

M. Gale (1997) ‘Propertius 2.7: militia amoris and the ironies of elegy’ JRS 87.

Jasper Griffin (1977) ‘Propertius and Antony’, JRS 67: 17- 26 = chap. 2 of Latin Poets and Roman Life (1985)

D. Kennedy (1992) ‘“Augustan” and “anti-Augustan”: reflections on terms of reference’, in A. Powell, ed., Roman poetry and propaganda in the age of Augustus, pp. 26-58

Poetry and politics: Horace and minor poets

R. O. A. M. Lyne (1980)The Latin love poets: from Catullus to Horace

R.O.A.M. Lyne (1995)Horace: Behind the Public Poetry, espec. chapters 1-4, 7, 11-12 [PA 6411.L9]

C.O. Brink (1982)Horace on poetry: Epistles book II: the letters to Augustus and Florus

D.R. Shackleton Bailey (1982)Profile of Horace [PA 6411.B2]

I. Du Quesnay (1984) `Horace and Maecenas: The propaganda value of Sermones I' in A.J. Woodman and D.A. West (eds.), Poetry and Politics in the Age of Augustus (Cambridge), 19-58. [PA 6047.P6]

R.G.M. Nisbet (1984) `Horace's Epodes and history', in Poetry and Politics in the Age of Augustus, ed. A.J. Woodman and D.A. West (Cambridge), 1-18. [PA 6047.P6]

Gibson, B.J. (1997) 'Horace, Carm. 3.30.1-5', CQ 47: 312-14

Poetry and politics: Ovid

Barchiesi, A. (1997) The Poet and the Prince. Ovid and the Augustan Discourse

Boyle, A.J. 92003) Ovid and the monuments: a poet's Rome

S.G. Nugent (1990), "Tristia 2. Ovid and Augustus." in Raaflaub and Toher, eds. Between republic and empire: 239-257 [DG 279.B3]

G. Herbert-Brown (1994) Ovid and the Fasti. An historical study (Oxford) [PA 6519 F9]

R. Syme (1978)History in Ovid, chapters 10 & 12[PA6537.S9]

B. Weiden Boyd, ed. (2001)Brill's Companion to Ovid, espec. chapters 1 (by White) and 7 (by Fantham) [PA 6537 B7]

C. Newlands (1995)Playing with Time: Ovid and the Fasti

T. Wiedemann (1975) 'The political background to Ovid's Tristia 2' Classical Quarterly 25: 264-71

N. Rudd (1976), ‘Ovid and the Augustan myth’ in Lines of Enquiry. Studies in Latin Poetry (Cambridge); pp. 1-31.

J. Scheid, ‘Myth, cult and reality in Ovid’s Fasti’ in Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 38; pp. 118-131.

A. Wallace-Hadrill (1987) ‘Time for Augustus: Ovid, Augustus & the Fasti’, in M. & M. Whitby, P. Hardie (edd.) Homo Viator, 221-30 [PA 3003.H6]

Power of images (1): coins

LACTOR pp.12-15

Michael Grant (1958) Roman history from coins: some uses of the Imperial coinage to the historian (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

Chris Howgego (1995) Ancient History from Coins (London)

C.H.V. Sutherland (1976) The Emperor and the Coinage (London)

C.H.V. Sutherland (1987) Roman history and coinage, 44 BC-AD 69 : fifty points of relation from Julius Caesar to Vespasian (Oxford : Clarendon)

H. Mattingly and E. A. Sydenham (1923) The Roman Imperial Coinage vol. 1: Augustus to Vitellius

A. Wallace-Hadrill (1986) ‘Image and Authority in the Coinage of Augustus’ Journal of Roman Studies 76, 66-87

Power of images (2): statues

Kitty Chisholm and J. Ferguson (1981)Rome: the Augustan Age (Oxford) – section E [DG 279.C4]

J.J. Pollitt (1966)The Art of Rome, c. 753 BC - 337 AD Sources and Documents

Karl Galinsky (1996)Augustan Culture: an interpretive introduction – ch. 4

Paul Zanker (1988)The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus [N 5760.Z2]

Susan Walker and Andrew Burnett (1981)The image of Augustus

Nancy H. Ramage and Andrew Ramage (1996)The Cambridge Illustrated History of Roman Art (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge).

J. Elsner (1995)Art and the Roman Viewer (1995) chap. 5

D.E.E.Kleiner (1992)Roman Sculpture (Yale UP), ch.2

D. Strong (1990)Roman Art (Pelican History of Art Series, London: Penguin)

J. Toynbee (1978)Roman Historical Portraits

J. Toynbee (1953)The Ara Pacis reconsidered and historical art in Roman Italy

R. Brilliant (1963)Gesture and rank in Roman art: the use of gestures to denote status [NB 115.B7]

R.R.R. Smith (1996) 'Typology and diversity in the portraits of Augustus', JRA 9: 30-47

R.R.R. Smith (1987) ‘The imperial reliefs from the Sebasteion of Aphrodisias’, JRS 77: 88-138

J. Elsner (1991) ‘Cult and sculpture: Sacrifice in the Ara Pacis Augustae’ JRS 81: 50-61.

C.B. Rose(1997) 'The imperial image in the eastern Mediterranean', in The Early Roman Empire in the East ed. S.E. Alcock, pp. 108-20 [DG 59.A2]

A. Gregory (1994) '"Powerful images": responses to portraits and the political uses of images in Rome', Journal of Roman Archaeology 7: 80-99

Augustan histories

Nicolaus of Damascus, Life of Augustus

Livy - especially Books 1 & 5

E.Gabba (1983) 'The Historians and Augustus' in Millar and Segal, Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects (London): 61-88. [DG279.C2]

T. Habinek & A. Schiesaro, eds (1997)The Roman Cultural Revolution (CUP) See ch. 8, ‘Livy’s revolution: civic identity and the creation of the res publica’ [DG 279.R6]

K. Clarke (1997) 'In search of the author of Strabo's Geography' in JRS 87: 92-110.

K. Clarke (1999) in The Limits of Historiography (ed.) C.S. Kraus [D 56.L4]

J.D. Chaplin (2000)Livy’s exemplary history (OUP) chap.6

P.G. Walsh (1961)Livy. His Historical Aims and Methods (Cambridge, CUP)

T.A. Dorey (1971)Livy [PA 6459.D6]

H. Petersen (1961) 'Livy and Augustus' in Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association, Vol. 92. pp. 440-452.

@Sailor, D. (2006) 'Dirty linen, fabrication, and the authorities of Livy and Augustus', TAPhA 136: 329-88

R. Syme (1979) 'Livy and Augustus', in E. Badian, ed. Roman Papers I: 400-454 (Originally published in Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, Vol. 64. (1959), pp. 27-87.)

L.R. Taylor (1918) 'Livy and the name Augustus' Classical Review, Vol. 32, No. 7/8. (Nov. – Dec.), pp. 158-161.

J. Moles (1993) 'Livy's preface' in Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society

T.J. Luce (1990) 'Livy, Augustus and the Forum Augustum' in Kurt A. Raaflaub and Mark Toher, eds. Between republic and empire [DG 279.B3]

Suetonius’ Life of Augustus

Andrew Wallace-Hadrill (1983)Suetonius: a biographer and his Caesars [PA6702.W2]

R. C. Lounsbury (1987)The arts of Suetonius: an introduction (New York)

G.B. Townend (1967) "Suetonius and his Influence", in T. A. Dorey, ed. Latin Biography, pp. 79-110

The creation of a professional army

Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X – chapter 12 by L. Keppie, esp. pp. 376 ff. [D 57.C2]

M. Goodman (1997)The Roman World 44 BC – AD 180 (London: Routledge) – chapters 8 & 11

Werner Eck (2003)The Age of Augustus – chapter 11

J.B. Campbell (1984)The Emperor and the Roman Army, 31 BC–AD 235

J. B. Campbell (2002)War and Society in Imperial Rome 31 BC–AD 284

J.L. Mann (1983)Legionary Recruitment and Veteran Settlement during the Principate

G. Webster (1985) The Roman Imperial Army

P.A. Holder (1980)The Auxilia of the Roman Army from Augustus to Trajan

L. Keppie (1998)The Making of the Roman Army from Republic to Empire (new edn) ch.6

L. Keppie (1983) Colonisation and veteran settlement in Italy: 47-14 B.C (1983) [DG 105.K3]

R. Alston(1994) 'Roman Military Pay from Caesar to Diocletian', JRS 84, 1994, 113-23.

‘Empire without end’

Suetonius Aug 22, Dio 51.20 and Res Gestae 13 on the gates of the temple of Janus.

Werner Eck (2003)The Age of Augustus – chapter 12

M. Reinhold & P.M. Swan (1990) ‘Cassius Dio’s assessment of Augustus’, in Raaflaub & Toher Between Republic and Empire, pp. 155-73 [DG 279.B3]

Fergus Millar (1981) The Roman Empire and its Neighbours (London)

S. L. Dyson (1985) The Creation of the Roman Frontier (Princeton)

Hugh Elton (1996) Frontiers of the Roman Empire [DG 59.A2]

D. Braund (1984) Rome and the friendly king: the character of the client kingship

C. Nicolet (1991) Space, geography, and politics in the early Roman empire (trans. Leclerc, H.) (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press) [DG 30.N4]

P. Garnsey and C. Whittaker, eds. (1978) Imperialism in the Ancient World (see esp. chapter by P.A. Brunt) [D60. C2]

J. Rich and G. Shipley, eds (1993)War and Society in the Roman World; Routledge, London and New York.

C.M. Wells (1972) The German policy of Augustus: the archaeological evidence

A. Lintott (1981) 'What was the Imperium Romanum?', Greece & Rome: 28 53-67.

F.G.B. Millar(1982)'Emperors, Frontiers and Foreign Relations' Britannia 13; pp. 1-23.

Worshipping the emperor

Suetonius, Divus Augustus 52

Cassius DioThe Roman History 53.27 (Agrippa’s Pantheon).

B. Levick (2000) The government of the Roman Empire: a sourcebook – ch. 7.

J.-A. Shelton (1998) As the Romans Did – pp. 386-388.

Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X – chapter 16 [D 57.C2]

Kurt A. Raaflaub and Mark Toher, eds. (1990)Between republic and empire: interpretations of Augustus and his principate (University of California Press) – chapter by Ostrow [DG 279.B3]

Karl Galinsky (1996) Augustan Culture: an interpretive introduction - chap. 6 [DG272 G2]

M. Beard, J. North and S. Price (1998) Religions of Rome [BL 802.B3]

Duncan Fishwick (1987) The Imperial Cult in the Latin West, 4 volumes (Leiden). [DG 124.F4]

S. Price (1984) Rituals and Power. The Roman Imperial Cult in Asia Minor. [DG 124.P7]

G. Bowersock (1965) Augustus and the Greek World (OUP) chap. 9 [DG 279 B6]

M. Austin (1981) The Hellenistic world from Alexander to the Roman conquest (CUP) [DF 235 A1]

A. Small. (1996) Subject and ruler (JRA supplementary series, no. 17); Portsmouth, Rhode Island. (Contains many articles of interest, but see especially those by Reynolds (Aphrodisias), Curchin (central Spain), Dobbins, Hoff (Athens), Fishwick (Tarraco) Alföldy and Small) [qto DG 124.S8]

L.R. Taylor (1931) The divinity of the Roman emperor (Middletown).

Simon Price (1987) 'From noble funerals to divine cult: the consecration of Roman emperors', in D. Cannadine & S. Price (eds.) Rituals of Royalty. [GT 5010.R4]

Simon Price(1980) ‘Between Man and God: Sacrifice in the Roman Imperial Cult’ JRS 70: 28-43.

Simon Price (1984) ‘Gods and emperors: the Greek language of the Roman imperial cult’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 104: 79-95

A.B. Bosworth (1999) ‘Augustus, the Res Gestae and Hellenistic theories of apotheosis’ JRS 89: 1-18

R.R.R. Smith (1987) ‘The imperial reliefs from the Sebasteion of Aphrodisias’, in Journal of Roman Studies 77: 88-138

G. Grether (1946), "Livia and the Roman Imperial Cult", American Journal of Philology 67: 222-252

J. Reynolds, (1980) ‘The origins and beginnings of imperial cult at Aphrodisias’, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 206: 70-84

F. Yegul (1982) ‘A study in architectural iconography: Kaisersaal and the imperial cult’ The Art Bulletin 64: 7-31

S.E. Ostrow (1985), ‘Augustales along the Bay of Naples. A case for their early growth’, Historia 34: 65-101

I. Gradel (2002) Emperor Worship and Roman Religion

‘Official art’ and private art

P. Zanker (1988)The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus – chapter 7. [N 5760.Z2]

Karl Galinsky (1996) Augustan Culture: an interpretive introduction – chapter 4 [DG272 G2]

E.K. Gazda (1991) Roman art in the private sphere; Michigan. [N 5760.R6]

D. Strong (1988) Roman Art; Penguin, Middlesex. [N 5300.P3]

A.L. Kuttner (1995) Dynasty and Empire in the Age of Augustus. The Case of the Boscoreale Cups (University of California Press; Berkeley & Los Angeles)

Rome and Italy

Suetonius, Divus Augustus 17 (Bononia), 46 (general) and 59 (visits to Italian cities)

Dio, Roman History 50.63 (civil wars); 51.4 (Antony’s supporters and Aug’s veterans).

Res Gestae– see esp. chs. 3, 16 and 28 (veterans), 21 (gifts by cities of Italy) and 25 (oath).

Virgil, Eclogues 1 (dialogue of Tityrus and Meliboeus) and 9 (confiscations).

Kathryn Lomas (1996) Roman Italy 338 BC – AD 200. (London).

Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X – 'Italy and Rome from Sulla to Augustus', Crawford [D 57.C2]

A. Keaveney (1997)Rome and the Unification of Italy. [DG 257.3.K3]

M. Torelli (1999)Tota Italia:essays in the cultural formation of Roman Italy (Oxford) 'Epilogue' pp165-83 [qto DG 77 T595]

T.W. Potter (1987) Roman Italy; British Museum Publications, London. [DG 77.P6]

E.T. Salmon (1982) The Making of Roman Italy (esp. chapter 7) [DG 209.S2]

L.F. Keppie (1983) Colonisation and veteran settlement in Italy, 47-14 BC. [DG 105.K3]

G. Bradley (2000) Ancient Umbria: state, culture and identity in Central Italy from the Iron Age to the Augustan era; Oxford University Press, Oxford. [DC 70.U5]

S. Dyson (1991) Community and Society in Roman Italy.

S. Swain (1997) ‘From Augustus to Theodosius: invention and decline’, in The Oxford Illustrated History of Italy [DG 466.09]

N. Terrenato (1998) ‘Tam firmum municipium: the Romanization of Volaterrae and its cultural implications’ JRS 88: 94-114

A. Wallace-Hadrill (2000) ‘The Roman Revolution and Material Culture’ in La Revolution Romaine après Ronald Syme [DG 231.R3]

A. Wallace-Hadrill (2008) Rome's Cultural Revolution [DG 77.W35]

Urbanisation and colonisation

Cassius Dio, Roman History 53.25 (reference to Aosta)

Vitruvius, On Architecture 1.4-7 (city foundation)

Fergus Millar and Erich Segal, ed. (1983) Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects (London) – see chapter by Eck [DG279.C2]

L.F. Keppie (1983) Colonisation and veteran settlement in Italy, 47-14 BC. [DG 105.K3]

A.W. Lintott (1993) Imperium Romanum – chapter 8.

J. B. Ward-Perkins (1981) Roman imperial architecture (London)

Stephen Johnson (1983) Late Roman Fortifications - ch. 1 covers Aosta. [UG 428.J6]

Ray Laurence (1994) Roman Pompeii: Space and Society (London). [DG 70.P7]

L. Richardson (1988) Pompeii: An Architectural History (London). [NA 327.P6]

J.G. Pedley (1990) Paestum: Thames and Hudson, London. [DG 70.P3]

Fergus Millar (1977) The Emperor in the Roman World – chapter 7.

A.H.M. Jones (1940/79) The Greek City from Alexander to Justinian

A.H.M. Jones (1971) The Cities of the Eastern Roman Provinces (Oxford)

Barbara M. Levick (1967) Roman Colonies in Southern Asia Minor.

John B. Ward-Perkins (1974) Cities of Ancient Greece and Italy.

E.T. Salmon (1992) The Making of Roman Italy - chapter 7.

T.W. Potter (1987) Roman Italy; British Museum Publications, London - ch. 4. [DG 77.P6]

J.B. Ward-Perkins (1981) Roman Imperial Architecture - ch. 7 on Italy. [N 5300.P3]

Greg Woolf (1998) Becoming Roman – chapter 5.

Zanker, P. (1998) Pompeii: Public and Private Life - see p. 78 ff., ‘Townscape and ideology in the age of Augustus’ [DG 70.P7]

I.A. Richmond (1969) ‘Aosta’ in Salway, P., ed., Roman Archaeology and Art: essays and studies by Sir Ian Richmond; Faber and Faber, London; pp. 249-259. [DG 78.R4]

R. Stilwell, ed. (1976)The Princeton Encyclopaedia of Classical Sites - article on Aosta. [DE 59.S8]

F. Rakob (2000) ‘The making of Augustan Carthage’, in E. Fentress, ed. Romanisation and the City(JRAsupplementary series, no. 38) [DG 82.R6]

P. Zanker (2000) ‘The city as symbol: Rome and the creation of an urban image’ in Fentress, E. ed. Romanisation and the City. Creation, Dynamics and Failures (JRA supplementary series, no. 38); Portsmouth, Rhode Island; pp. 25-41. [DG 82.R6]

A.E. Cooley (1999) ‘A new date for Agrippa’s theatre at Ostia’ in Papers of the British School at Rome 67; pp. 173-182.

Joyce Reynolds (1988) ‘Cities’ in Braund, D.C., ed. The Administration of the Roman Empire, 241 BC – AD 193 (Exeter); pp. 15-51

E.J. Owens (1989) ‘Roman Town Planning’ in I. Barton, ed., Roman public buildings: ch. 1, pp. 7-30.

K. Lomas (1997) ‘The idea of a city: elite ideology and the evolution of urban form in Italy, 200 BC - AD 100’ in Parkins, H., ed., Roman Urbanism. Beyond the Consumer City; Routledge, London and New York; pp. 21-41. [DG 78.R6]

The administration of the provinces

K. Chisholm and J. Ferguson (1981)Rome: the Augustan Age – sections L-O [DG 279.C4]

Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. X – chapter 10, 'Provincial administration and taxes' [D 57.C2]

@ Cornwell, H. (2015) 'The King who would be Prefect: authority and identity in the Cottian Alps', JRS 105: 41-72 [online]

A.W. Lintott (1993)Imperium Romanum – chapter 7.

Werner Eck (2003)The Age of Augustus – chapter 10

D.C. Braund, ed.(1988)The Administration of the Roman Empire, 241 BC – AD 193 [DG 83.A3]

G.W. Bowersock (1981)Augustus and the Greek World; Westport, Conn. [DG 279.B6]

John Drinkwater (1983)Roman Gaul:The Three Provinces, 58 BC – AD 260[DG 59.G2]

S. Alcock (1993) Graecia Capta: the landscapes of Roman Greece.

O.W. Reinmuth (1963) The prefect of Egypt from Augustus to Diocletian

F. Millar (1968) ‘Two Augustan Notes 1: More provincial embassies’ Classical Review 16: 263-5

F.G.B. Millar(1982) 'Emperors, Frontiers and Foreign Relations' Britannia 13; pp. 1-23.

P.A. Brunt(1961) "Charges of provincial maladministration under the early Principate", Historia 10; pp. 189-223. Also in P.A. Brunt (1990) Roman Imperial Themes, pp. 53-95

PA. Brunt (1978) in P. Garnsey & C. Whittaker eds., Imperialism in the Ancient World [D60. C2]

‘Romanisation’ in the age of Augustus

R. MacMullen (2000) Romanization in the Time of Augustus (Yale UP) [DG273.M2]

PA. Brunt (1978) in P. Garnsey & C. Whittaker eds., Imperialism in the Ancient World [D60. C2]

S. MacReady and F.H. Thompson (1987)Roman Architecture in the Greek World [NA 310.R6]

G.W. Bowersock (1981) Augustus and the Greek World; Westport, Conn. [DG 279.B6]

N. Terrenato (1998) ‘Tam firmum municipium: the Romanization of Volaterrae and its cultural implications’ JRS 88: 94-114

Greg Woolf(1997) ‘Beyond Romans and natives’ in World Archaeology 28.3; pp. 339-50.

The succession

Cassius Dio, The Roman History – 53.31 (Marcellus and Agrippa)

Suetonius, Augustus 64 (Gaius and Lucius), 65 (Agr. Postumus), 66 (Marcellus and Agrippa)

Kitty Chisholm and J. Ferguson (1981)Rome: the Augustan Age (Oxford) – section K [DG 279.C4]

D.C. Braund (1985)Augustus to Nero: nos. 63 and 173

R.A. Birch (1981) ‘The correspondence of Augustus: some notes on Suet. Tib. 21.4-7’ in CQ 31: 155-61

G. Bowersock (1983) 'Augustus and the East: The problem of the Succession' in Millar & Segal (edd.), Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects, 169-88 [DG279.C2]

Werner Eck (2003)The Age of Augustus – chapters 14 & 15

Ronald Syme (1939)The Roman Revolution – chapters 28. [DG 231.S9]

P. Zanker (1988)The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus: pp. 215-230. [N 5760.Z2]

B. Levick (1976)Tiberius the Politician: chaps. 1-5 [DG 282.L3]

J.H. Corbett (1974) "The Succession Policy of Augustus," Latomus 33: 87-97.

E.W. Gray (1970) "The Imperium of M. Agrippa," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 6: 227-238.

S. Jameson (1972) "Augustus and Agrippa Postumus," Historia 21: 287-314.

B. Levick (1972) "Abdication and Agrippa Postumus," Historia 2: 674-97.

B. Levick (1966) "Drusus Caesar and the Adoptions of AD 4," Latomus 25: 227-44.

B. Levick (1972) "Tiberius' Retirement to Rhodes in 6 B.C.," Latomus 31: 779-813.

The Res Gestae

Cooley, A.E. (2009) Res Gestae divi Augusti (CUP) - Latin + Gk text., translations, commentary
LACTOR section A - translation + brief notes
Brunt P.A. and Moore J.M. (1967)Res Gestae Divi Augusti – Latin text, translation and commentary
Chisholm, K. and Ferguson J. (1981)Rome: the Augustan Age – A1 = Res Gestae [DG 279.C4]
Velleius Paterculus, Roman History [Loeb volume includes a translation of the Res Gestae]

Bosworth, A.B. (1999) ‘Augustus, the Res Gestae and Hellenistic theories of apotheosis’ JRS 89: 1-18
Eck, W. (2003)The Age of Augustus – ch. 1 and App (including Res Gestae in translation)
Elsner, J. (1996), 'Inventing imperium: texts and the propaganda of monuments in Augustan Rome' in Art and Text in Roman Culture (ed. Elsner). Cambridge [N 5760.A7]
Mitchell, S. (2008) The Imperial Temple at Ankara and the Res Gestae of the Emperor Augustus [offprint in module box in dept office]
Ramage, E.S. (1987)The nature and purpose of Augustus’ Res Gestae
Ridley, R. (2003) The Emperor's Retrospective
Yavetz, Z. (1983) 'The Res Gestae and Augustus' Public Image,' in Fergus Millar and Erich Segal, ed. Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects (London): 1-36 [DG279.C2]

Augustus’ successors

Seneca’s Apocolocyntosis.

N. Lewis & M. Reinhold (1990)Roman Civilization vol. 2: no. 4 (‘Lex de imperio Vespasiani’)

B.M. Levick (1990)Claudius [DG 284.L3]

J. Elsner and J. Masters (1994)Reflections of Nero, Duckworth, London. [DG 285.R3]

Miriam T. Griffin (1984)Nero. The End of a Dynasty

B.M. Levick (1999)Vespasian, Routledge, London and New York [DG 289.L3]

J. Bennett (1997 and 2001)Trajan: Optimus Princeps (Bloomington) [DG 294.B3]

A. Birley (1997)Hadrian. The Restless Emperor

S.R. Pierce (1925) "The Mausoleum of Hadrian and the Pons Aelius" Journal of Roman Studies 15: 75-103.

Mussolini and Augustus

Lorna Hardwick (2003)Reception Studies (Greece & Rome New Survey) – see esp. pp. 43-47.

D. Ades, T. Benton, D. Elliot and I. Boyd Whyte, eds.(1995)Art and Power: Europe under the Dictators (London) – see esp. T. Benton (Rome Reclaimed) and David Elliott (The Battle for Art).

Denis Mack Smith (1976)Mussolini’s Roman empire (London). [DG 571.S6]

Denis Mack Smith (1981)Mussolini (London). [DG575.M8]

Martin Blinkhorn (1984)Mussolini and Fascist Italy. [pam DG 571.B5]

John Whittam (1995)Fascist Italy (Manchester)

A. Scobie (1990)Hitler's State Architecture: The Impact of Classical Antiquity; Pennsylvania. See introduction and chapter 1, ‘Mussolini, Hitler and classical antiquity.’[NA 1068.S2]

T. Benton (2000) ‘Epigraphy and fascism’, in (ed.) A.E. Cooley The Afterlife of Inscriptions: Reusing, Rediscovering, Reinventing, and Revitalizing Ancient Inscriptions (London) [CN 513.A3]

S. Kostof (1978) ‘The planning of the Piazzale Augusto Imperatore at Rome’ in H. Millon and L. Nochlin, eds. Art and Architecture in the Service of Politics. (Cambridge, MA). [N. 8236.P6]

L. Quatermaine (1995) ‘Slouching towards Rome: Mussolini’s imperial vision’ in T. Cornell and K. Lomas, eds. Urban Society in Ancient Italy:203-216. [DG 82.U7]

M. Wyke (1999) ‘Sawdust Caesar: Mussolini, Julius Caesar and the drama of dictatorship’ in M. Wyke and M. Biddiss, eds. The Uses and Abuses of Antiquity: 167-186.

 

ONLINE BIBLIOGRAPHY

Extracts from the module bibliography are now available online:

CX255

CX355