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Lecture Consolidation - Further Reading

Lecture 1 - Intro / Lecture 2 - Becoming Caesar / Lecture 3 - Triumvirate / Lecture 4 - Response to Civil Crisis / Lecture 5 - Actium / Lecture 6 - Aftermath of Actium / Lecture 7 - Religion / Lecture 8 - Augustus' powers / Lecture 9 - Social legislation / Lecture 10 - Senate / Lecture 11 - Equites / Lecture 12 - Opposition / Lecture 13 - Imperial household / Lecture 14 - Women / Lecture 15 - Rome / Lecture 16 - Athens / Lecture 17 - Army / Lecture 18 - Empire / Lecture 19 - Provinces / Lecture 20 - Horace / Lecture 21 - Ovid / Lecture 22 - Power of Images / Lectures 23-24 - Emperor worship / Lecture 25 - Urbanization / Lecture 26 - 'Official' art / Lecture 27 - Augustan histories / Lecture 28 - Suetonius / Lecture 29 - The Succession

Lecture 1 - Intro

If you haven’t already, start reading & taking notes on one of the key essential texts recommended (Galinsky, The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus [e-book])

Lecture 2 - Becoming Caesar
  • Syme (1939) Roman Revolution ch.8
  • Warwick Coin of the Month Blog [Laura Christofis, Dec 2012]
  • Koortbojian, Divinization of Caesar and Augustus, chapters 1-2
Lecture 3 - Triumvirate

Primary texts

    • Sherk, Rome and the Greek East nos 85-87
        • Reynolds, J.M. (1982) Aphrodisias and Rome chap.3 – there’s a lot of detailedcommentary here: concentrate on reading the translated inscriptions [DS 156.A6]
        • ‘Laudatio Turiae‘ = LACTOR T37

        Secondary reading

        • Osgood, J. (2014) Turia: a Roman woman's civil war [DG266.O84]
        • @ Pelling, C. (1996) ‘The triumviral period’ in CAH X (2nd edn) 1-69
        • @ Syme, R. (1939) The Roman Revolution chaps. 14
        Lecture 4 - Responses to Civil Crisis

        Primary sources:

          • Eclogues (eg Penguin, Guy Lee 1984, with Coleman CUP commentary): online translations also available: MIT; Loeb
            • Georgics (eg OUP, C. Day Lewis, with Thomas CUP commentary): online translations also available: MIT; Loeb.
              • Theocritus Idylls 2, 11: online translation from Loeb

                Then, if this new to you, start with Hardie, P. (1998) Virgil (Greece & Rome New Surveys no28) [PA 6825.H2] before dipping into some of the more detailed studies below.

                  • Griffin, J. (1985) ‘Augustan poetry and the life of luxury’ in Latin Poets and Roman Life [= updated version of JRS 1976]
                  • Breed, B.W. (2006) Pastoral inscriptions: reading and writing Virgil's Eclogues [PA 6825.B675]
                  • Saunders, T. (2008) Bucolic ecology: Virgil’s Eclogues and the environmental literary tradition [PA 6804.B7]
                  • Hardie, P. (1999) Virgil. Critical Assessments vol. 1+2 (dip into chapters that sound interesting) [PA 6825.A3]
                  Lecture 5 - Actium
                  • R.A. Gurval (1995) Actium and Augustus. The Politics and Emotions of Civil War [Learning Grid]
                  • P. Zanker (1988) Power of Images chapter 3 [Learning Grid]
                  • N. Purcell, 'The Nicopolitan synoecism and Roman urban policy' in Nicopolis I (offprint in dept office)
                  • @ Harrison, S. (1997) 'The Survival and Supremacy of Rome. The Unity of the Shield of Aeneas,' JRS 87: 70-76
                  • T. Holscher 'Monuments of the battle of Actium: propaganda and response', in Edmondson, ed. Augustus

                  Lecture 6 - Aftermath of Actium
                      • Millar, F. (2000) 'The first revolution: imperator Caesar, 36-28 BC', in La Révolution Romaine après Ronald Syme. Bilans et perspectives pp1-30
                      • @ Anderson, R.D., Parsons, P., and Nisbet, R.G.M. (1979) 'Elegiacs by Gallus from Qasr Ibrîm,' Journal of Roman Studies 69: 125 for Gallus papyrus [JSTOR
                      • Gallus inscription - LACTOR P5

                      • @ Wiedemann, T. (1986) ‘The fetiales: a reconsideration’, CQ 36.2: 478-90 [JSTOR]
                      • Gurval, R.A. (1995) Actium and Augustus: the politics and emotions of civil war [Learning Grid]
                      Lecture 7 - Revival and innovation in religious cults
                      • Beard, M., North, J., Price, S. (1998) Religions of Rome I chaps 3-4
                      • @ Bowman, A.K., E. Champlin, A. Lintott (eds) (1996) Cambridge Ancient History X2 - chapter by Price [e-book]
                      • @ Levick, B. (1982) ‘Morals, politics & the fall of the Roman Republic’, Greece and Rome 29: 53-62 [JSTOR]
                      • Lott, J.B. (2004) The Neighborhoods of Augustan Rome (CUP) [DG 66.L6]
                      • @ Scheid, J. (2009) ‘Augustus and Roman religion: continuity, conservatism and innovation’ in Galinsky, ed. Cambridge Companion to Age of Augustus [e-book]
                      Lecture 8 - Augustus' Powers
                        • @ Bowman, A.K., E. Champlin, A. Lintott (eds) Cambridge Ancient History X2 (Cambridge University Press: 1996) - ch.3 by Crook [e-book]

                        • @ *Ferrary, J-L. (2009) 'The powers of Augustus', in Edmondson, ed. Augustus (EUP) [e-book]
                        • @ *Galinsky, K. (2005) The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus – Part One: chapters by Eder and Gruen [e-book]
                        • @Lacey, W.K. (1974) ‘Octavian in the senate: Jan. 27 B.C.’, Journal of Roman Studies 64: 176-84 [JSTOR]
                        • Lacey, W.K. (1996) Augustus and the principate: the evolution of the system [DG 279.L2] ch3
                        • @Millar, F. (1968) ‘The ‘restoration of the Republic’ in 27 B.C.’, Classical Review 16: 265-66 [JSTOR]
                            • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1993) Augustan Rome chap.2

                                  • Lecture 9 - Social legislation
                                  • LACTOR chapter S
                                  • @McGinn, T.A.J. (2003) Prostitution, Sexuality, and the Law in Ancient Rome [e-book] esp ch.3-6
                                  • Rawson, E. (1987) 'Discrimina ordinum: the lex Julia theatralis', Papers of the British School at Rome 55 83-114 = *Roman Culture and Society. Collected Papers (1991) 508-45 [DG78.R.2]
                                  • @Treggiari, S. (1991) Roman Marriage (Oxford) 60-80, 277-98 [e-book]
                                  • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1981) 'Family and inheritance in the Augustan marriage-laws', Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 207 [Arts Periodical]
                                  • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1993) Augustan Rome (1993) chapter 5  

                                  Lecture 10 - Senate
                                  • @Brunt, P.A. (1984) 'The role of the Senate in the Augustan regime', Classical Quarterly 34.2: 423-44
                                  • @Crook, J.A. (1996) ‘Augustus: power, authority and achievement’ in CAH X2 pp.113-46 [e-book]
                                  • @Talbert, R. (1996) ‘The Senate and senatorial and equestrian posts’, in CAH X2 pp. 324-43 [e-book]
                                  • Nicolet, C. (1984) ‘Augustus, government and the propertied classes’, in Caesar Augustus. Seven Aspects eds Millar & Segal, esp. pp. 89-96
                                  • Rowe, G. (2002) Princes and Political Cultures (Michigan UP) chapter 1
                                  • @Syme, R. (1939) The Roman Revolution chapter 6 [e-book] 
                                  • @ Rowe, G. (2013) 'Reconsidering the auctoritas of Augustus', JRS 103: 1-15 [JSTOR]

                                  Lecture 11 - Equestrian order
                                  • LACTOR T30-33
                                  • Millar, F. (1993) Emperor in the Roman World pp.279-84
                                  • Nicolet, C. (1984) ‘Augustus, government and the propertied classes’ in Caesar Augustus. Seven Aspects
                                  • Rowe, G. (2002) Princes and political cultures: the new Tiberian senatorial decrees chapter 2
                                  • @Wiseman, T.P. (1970) ‘The definition of “Eques Romanus”’ Historia 19: 67-83  
                                  Lecture 12 - Opposition to Augustus
                                  • Raaflaub, K., and Samons II, L.J. “Opposition to Augustus,” in Between Republic and Empire, eds Raaflaub and Toher (1990), 417-54 [for a different, minimalist approach]
                                  Lecture 13 - Imperial household
                                  • Cooley, A.E. (2016) ‘Coming to terms with dynastic power, 30 BC – AD 69’ in A.E. Cooley, ed. Roman Italy. A Companion
                                  • Corbier, M. (1995) “Male power and legitimacy through women: the domus Augusta under the Julio-Claudians.” In Women in Antiquity. New Assessments, eds R. Hawley and B. Levick, 178-93. London and New York: Routledge.
                                  Lecture 14 - Imperial Women
                                  • Cooley, A.E. (2013) ‘Women beyond Rome: trend-setters or dedicated followers of fashion?’, in Woolf & Hemelrijk, eds, Women and the Roman City in the West
                                  • Purcell, N. ‘Livia and the womanhood of Rome’, repr. In Edmondson, Augustus
                                  • Milnor, K. (2005) Gender and Domesticity in the Age of Augustus

                                  Spring Term

                                  Lecture 15 - Augustus and the City of Rome
                                  • Bradley, M. (2009) Colour and Meaning in Ancient Rome (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge).
                                  • Favro, D. (1992) "Pater urbis": Augustus as City Father of Rome'. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians,51(1), 61-84.
                                  • @ Patterson, J.R. (1992) ‘The City of Rome: from Republic to Empire’ JRS 82 186-215
                                  • @ Rose, C. (2005) 'The Parthians in Augustan Rome'. American Journal of Archaeology, 109(1), 21-75.
                                  Lecture 16 - Augustus and Athens
                                    • Alcock, S. E. (1997) The problem of Romanization. The power of Athens, in Hoff, M.C., Rotroff, S.I., The Romanization of Athens. Proceedings of an International Conference held at Lincoln, Nebrasca, 1996. Oxford, 1-7.
                                    • Stephanidou-Tiveriou, Th. (2008) Tradition and Romanization in the Monumental Landscape of Athens, in Vlizos, St. (ed.), Athens during the Roman Period. Recent Discoveries New Evidence. Athens: Benaki Museum, 11-40.
                                    • Kroll, J. , Walker, A. S. (1993) The Greek Coins. The Athenian Agora 26, 87-94.
                                    Lecture 17 - Professionalization of the Army
                                      • Primary texts: RGDA 3, 15-17
                                      • @ Keppie, L. (1998) The Making of the Roman Army ch.6
                                      • @ Keppie, L. (1996) ‘The army and the navy’ in CAH X espec. 376ff
                                      Lecture 18 - Empire without boundary?
                                        • Primary texts: RGDA heading, 13, 26-33
                                        • Braund, D. Rome and the Friendly King (1984)
                                        • Nicolet, C., Space, Geography and Politics in the Early Roman Empire (1991)
                                        • Reinhold, M. & P.M. Swan, ‘Cassius Dio’s assessment of Augustus’, in Raaflaub & Toher Between Republic and Empire (1990) 155-73
                                        Lecture 19 - Ruling the Provinces
                                        • A.K. Bowman, 'Provincial administration and taxation', CAH X (2nd edn) ch.10 [e-book]
                                        • D. Braund (1988) The Administration of the Roman Empire 241 BC - AD 193 (Exeter) [DG 83.A3]
                                        • Cornwell, H. ‘The King who would be Prefect: authority and identity in the Cottian Alps’, JRS 2015: 41-72 [online]
                                        Lecture 20 - Horace

                                        Primary sources:

                                        • LACTOR G20, 40, 48
                                        • Horace, Odes 3.1-6; 4.4, 4.5, 4.14 

                                        Secondary reading:

                                        • @ Bond, R. (2009) ‘Horace’s political journey’ in Writing Politics in Imperial Rome, eds Dominik, Garthwaite, Roche
                                        • R.O.A.M. Lyne, Horace behind the public poetry (1995), espec. chapters 1-4, 7, 11-12
                                        Lecture 21 - Ovid

                                        Primary Texts:

                                        LACTOR G55-56; Art of Love bk.1; Metamorphoses bk.15; Fasti bk.1; Tristia 2

                                        Secondary Reading:

                                        • Syme, R. History in Ovid (1978) chaps. 10, 12
                                        • Weiden Boyd, B., ed. (2002) Brill’s Companion to Ovid – chapters 1, 7 by White, Fantham [PA 6537 B7]
                                        • @Wiedemann, T. CQ 25 (1975) 264-71 (on Tristia 2)
                                        • Herbert Brown, G. (1994) Ovid and the Fasti. An historical study [PA 6519 F9]

                                        Lecture 22 - Power of Images
                                        • Elsner, J. Art and the Roman Viewer (1995) chap. 5
                                        • Smith, R.R.R. (1996) 'Typology and diversity in the portraits of Augustus', Journal of Roman Archaeology 9: 30-47
                                        • Rose, C.B. 'The imperial image in the eastern Mediterranean', in The Early Roman Empire in the East ed. S.E. Alcock (1997) [DG 59.A2] 108-20
                                        • @Rose, C.B. (2005) ‘The Parthians in Augustan Rome’, AJA 109.1: 21-75
                                        • Rose. C.B. (1997) Dynastic Commemoration and imperial portraiture in the Julio-Claudian Period [NB 164.R6]
                                        • Brilliant, R. Gesture and rank in Roman art: the use of gestures to denote status in Roman art (1963) [NB 115.B7]
                                        • Gregory, A. (1994) '"Powerful images": responses to portraits and the political uses of images in Rome', Journal of Roman Archaeology 7: 80-99
                                        • Kleiner, D.E.E., Roman Sculpture (Yale UP, 1992), ch.2
                                        Lectures 23-24 Emperor-worship
                                        • Bowersock, G. (1965) Augustus and the Greek World (OUP) chap. 9 [DG 279 B6]
                                        • @ Price, S.R.F. (1980) ‘Between man and god: sacrifice in the Roman imperial cult’, JRS 70: 28-43
                                        • @ Price, S.R.F. (1984) ‘Gods and emperors: the Greek language of the Roman imperial cult’, JHS 104: 79-95
                                        Lecture 25 - Urbanization
                                        • Eck, W. (1984) ‘Senatorial self-representation’, in Caesar Augustus, Seven Aspects, eds Millar & Segal
                                        • Pedley, J.G. (1990) Paestum [DG 70.P3]
                                        • Zanker, P (1998) Pompeii. Public and Private Life pp.78ff [DG 70.P7]
                                        Lecture 26 - 'Official' art

                                        • Galinsky, Augustan Culture ch.4
                                        • Kuttner, A.L. Dynasty and Empire in the Age of Augustus. The Case of the Boscoreale Cups (University of California Press; Berkeley & Los Angeles 1995)
                                        • Holscher, T. ‘Monuments of the battle of Actium’, in Edmondson, ed., Augustus (2009)
                                        Lecture 27 - Augustan histories
                                        • Livy - Book 5
                                        • Clarke K. in The Limits of Historiography (ed.) C.S. Kraus (1999) [D 56.L4]
                                        • Chaplin, J.D. Livy’s exemplary history (OUP 2000) chap.6
                                        • Luce, T.J. ‘Livy, Augustus, and the Forum Augustum’ in Raaflaub & Toher, eds (1990) Between Republic and Empire
                                        • @ Burton, P (2000) 'The Last Republican Historian: A New Date for the Composition ofLivy's First Pentad', Historia 49.4: 429-46
                                        Lecture 28 - Suetonius
                                        • Wallace-Hadrill, A. Suetonius (1983)
                                        • T. Power and R.K. Gibson (eds), Suetonius the Biographer. Studies in Roman Lives
                                        • @ Wardle, D. 2012. ‘Suetonius on Augustus as god and man’, CQ 62.1: 307–26.
                                        Lecture 29 - The Succession