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Greek Culture and Society - Assessed Essays


Assessed Essay 1: to be handed in by 12 noon, Tuesday the 5th of December 2017 (Week 10)

Write an essay of approximately 2,500 words (but no more than 2,500 words) on ONE of the following. Note that you should make close reference to the ancient texts and other relevant artistic, historical, and/or archaeological evidence.

The bibliography given here is only indicative and is meant to help you make a start. Please refer to the longer bibliography for the entire course and try to do your own research on Encore and/or JSTOR.

1. Do the religious beliefs and practices of the Greeks constitute a “religion” comparable to modern religions?
J N Bremmer Greek Religion 1999 [Introduction plus dip into the chapters]
W. Burkert Greek Religion 1985 [Chapter I and Chapter V, p. 216-225]
R. Buxton Oxford Readings in Greek Religion 2000 [Introduction plus dip into a chapter in each section for different approaches (particularly R. Fowler on “Greek Magic, Greek Religion” p.317-43]
E. R. Dodds “The Religion of the Ordinary Man in Classical Greece” in E R Dodds The Ancient Concept of Progress and other essays 1973 p.140-155
Esther Eidinow and Julia Kindt eds. The Oxford handbook of ancient Greek religion, (Oxford 2015) Introduction and Chapters 1-4.
J. Gould “On making sense of Greek Religion” in J. Gould Myth, Ritual, Memory and Exchange, 2001 p. 203-34
J. Kindt, Rethinking Greek Religion (Cambridge 2012)
J. Kindt “Polis Religion – A critical Appreciation” Kernos 22 (2009), 9-34.
J. Larson, Understanding Greek Religion (London, 2016)
R. Parker On Greek Religion (Ithaca, NY, 2011)
S. Price Religions of the Ancient Greeks 1999 [Introduction plus Chapter 7]

2. Is it helpful to compare the ancient Greek world with other cultures?
Bremmer, J. N. (1980) ‘An Enigmatic Indo-European Rite: Paederasty’ Arethusa 13, 279–98.
Cartledge, P. (1994) 'The Greeks and anthropology', Anthropology Today 10: 3-6.
Cohen, D. (1991) Law, sexuality and society: the enforcement of morals in classical Athens, Cambridge [Introduction and dip into chapters]
Davidson, J. (2006) “Revolutions in Human Time” in Simon Goldhill and Robin Osborne eds. Rethinking Revolutions through Ancient Greece, Cambridge, 29–67
Detienne, M. (2001) “Back to the Village: A tropism of Hellenists?” History of Religions 41, 99-113.
Humphreys, S. (1978) Anthropology and the Greeks, London
Lloyd, G. E. R. (2004) Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and Chinese Science and Culture. Oxford
Redfield, J. (1991) 'Classics and anthropology', Arion 1: 5-23
van Wees, H. (1999) ‘The mafia of early Greece: violent exploitation in the seventh and sixth centuries BC’ in Hopwood, K, (ed.) Organised Crime in Antiquity. (pp. 1-51). London and Swansea.

3. “Greece in the Classical period was so thoroughly divided into rivalrous city-states that it is impossible to talk of a single ‘Ancient Greek World’”. Discuss.
Brock, R. and Hodkinson, S. (eds) (2000) Alternatives to Athens: Varieties of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece, Oxford

Cartledge, P.A. (1993) The Greeks: A Portrait of Self and Others, Oxford

Hall, J.M., (1997) Ethnic Identity in Greek antiquity, Cambridge.

Hall, J.M.,(2002) Hellenicity: between ethnicity and culture, Chicago

Hornblower, S. (2002) The Greek World 479–323 BC, London

Pomeroy, S et al. (eds.) (2012) Ancient Greece: a political, cultural and social history, New York

Rhodes, P. (2010) A history of the Classical world 478–323 BC, Wiley-Blackwell.

Snodgrass, A. M. (1986) 'Interaction by design: the Greek city-state', in Renfrew, C. and Cherry, J. F., (eds.) Peer-Polity Interaction and Socio-Political Change, Cambridge, 47–58

Scott, M. (2010) Delphi and Olympia: the spatial politics of panhellenism, Cambridge.

4. Compare the Temple of Zeus at Olympia and the Parthenon in Athens. How do they differ and why?

[*titles can be found online or there is a copy in the Classics office]

*Connelly, J. B. (1990) ‘Parthenon and Parthenoi: a Mythological Interpretation of the Parthenon Frieze’, American Journal of Archaeology (1996)
Francis, E. D. (1990) Image and Idea in Fifth-Century Greece, London
*Hurwit, J. M. (2005) ‘The Parthenon and the Temple of Zeus at Olympia’, in J. M. Barringer & J. *Hurwit, J. M. Periklean Athens and its Legacy: Problems and Perspectives, Texas: 135-146. [copy in Classics office].
Jenkins, I. (1994) The Parthenon Frieze,
*Kyrieleis, H. (2012) ‘German Excavations at Olympia: an introduction.’ in Sport and festival in the ancient Greek world, Swansea, : 41-60.
Lawrence, A. W. (1996) (revised by Tomlinson) Greek Architecture,Yale: 106-115
*Osborne, R. (1994) ‘Democracy and Imperialism in the Panathenaic Procession: The Parthenon Frieze in its Context.’ in The Archaeology of Athens and Attica under the Democracy, Oxford: 143-150.
Osborne, R. (1998) Archaic and Classical Greek Art , Oxford: 169 -187
*Patay-Horváth, A. (ed.) (2015) New approaches to the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Cambridge.
Pollitt, J. J. (1972) Art and Experience in Classical Greece, Cambridge: 32-6; 71-97.
*Spivey, N. (1996) Understanding Greek Sculpture: Ancient Meanings, Modern Readings, Cambridge: 32-5 (course extracts); 140-8.
Stewart, A. (1990) Greek Sculpture, Yale: 142-6, 262-84; 150-160, 315-69.
*Veyne, P. (1988) ‘Conduct without belief and works of art without viewers’ Diogenes 143 : 1-22 (e-journal)

5. By taking as case-studies the Persians of Aeschylus and the Clouds of Aristophanes, compare the function of the chorus in tragedy and in comedy.
Gagne, R. and Govers Hopman, M. (2013) Choral Mediations in Greek Tragedy, Cambridge [especially introduction, chapters 2 and 3] (e-book)
Ley, G. (2014) ‘Chorus’ in Roisman, H. The Encyclopedia of Greek Tragedy, Malden and Oxford (available here)
Ley, G. (2007) The Theatricality of Greek Tragedy, Chicago [esp. part 2: The Chorus] (e-book)
Golder, H. and S. Scully (eds.) (1995) The Chorus in Greek Tragedy and Culture, One, special issue, Arion 3.1 (available on JSTOR)
Powers, M. (2014) Athenian Tragedy in Performance: A Guide to Contemporary Studies and Historical Debates, Iowa City [esp. ch. 3 ‘The chorus, music, monement and dance’]
Zarifi, Y. (2007) ‘Chorus and Dance in the Ancient World’ in The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Theatre, Cambridge 227-246 (e-book)
Bacon, H. (1994/5) ‘The Chorus in Greek Life and Drama’ in Arion: A Journal of Humanities and the Classics, 3 (The Chorus in Greek Tragedy and Culture, One) 6-24 (available on JSTOR)

Hughes, A. (2011) 'The comic chorus' in Performing Greek Comedy, Cambridge: 81-95. (e-book)
Platter, C. (2007) Aristophanes and the Carnival of Genres Chs. 2 and 3, Baltimore (e-book)
Reckford, K. J. (1987) ‘Aristophanes' Old-and-New Comedy: Clouds’ in Aristophanes' Old-and-New Comedy, Chapel Hill: 388-402
Revermann, M. Comic Business: Theatricality, Dramatic Technique and Performance Contexts in Aristophanic Comedy, Oxford [esp. the chapter on Clouds,179-235] (e-book)
Rosen, R. ‘Performance and Textuality in Aristophanes' Clouds’, The Yale Journal of Criticism 10 (1997) 397-421 (e-journal)
Segal, C. (1969) ‘Aristophanes’ Cloud-Chorus,’ Arethusa 2, 143-161, reprinted in Oxford Readings in Aristophanes, Oxford 1996 (several copies of Oxford Readings available)
Silk, M. S. ‘Aristophanic Paratragedy’ in Sommerstein, A.H. et al. (ed), Tragedy, Comedy and the Polis (Bari 1993) 477-504 (available here), reworked in Silk, M. S. (2000) Aristophanes and the Definition of Comedy (e-book), Oxford.
Woodbury, L. ‘Strepsiades’ Understanding’, Phoenix 34 (1980) 108-27 (available on JSTOR)
Hall, E. (1997) Aeschylus Persians, Warminster (short loan copies available)
Rosenbloom, D. (2006) Aeschylus Persians, London (short loan copies available)
Govers Hopman, M. (2013) ‘Chorus, conflict and closure in Aeschylus’ Persians’ Gagne, R. and Govers Hopman, M., in Choral Mediations in Greek Tragedy, Cambridge: 58-77 (e-book)