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Greek Culture and Society - Assessed Essays


ESSAY TITLES, WITH SOME SUGGESTIONS FOR SECONDARY READING


Assessed Essay 1: to be handed in by 12 noon, Tuesday the 5th of December 2017 (Week 10)

Write an essay of approximately 2,500 words (but no more than 2,500 words) on ONE of the following. Note that you should make close reference to the ancient texts and other relevant artistic, historical, and/or archaeological evidence.

The bibliography given here is only indicative and is meant to help you make a start. Please refer to the longer bibliography for the entire course and try to do your own research on Encore and/or JSTOR.

1. Do the religious beliefs and practices of the Greeks constitute a “religion” comparable to modern religions?
J N Bremmer Greek Religion 1999 [Introduction plus dip into the chapters]
W. Burkert Greek Religion 1985 [Chapter I and Chapter V, p. 216-225]
R. Buxton Oxford Readings in Greek Religion 2000 [Introduction plus dip into a chapter in each section for different approaches (particularly R. Fowler on “Greek Magic, Greek Religion” p.317-43]
E. R. Dodds “The Religion of the Ordinary Man in Classical Greece” in E R Dodds The Ancient Concept of Progress and other essays 1973 p.140-155
Esther Eidinow and Julia Kindt eds. The Oxford handbook of ancient Greek religion, (Oxford 2015) Introduction and Chapters 1-4.
J. Gould “On making sense of Greek Religion” in J. Gould Myth, Ritual, Memory and Exchange, 2001 p. 203-34
J. Kindt, Rethinking Greek Religion (Cambridge 2012)
J. Kindt “Polis Religion – A critical Appreciation” Kernos 22 (2009), 9-34.
J. Larson, Understanding Greek Religion (London, 2016)
R. Parker On Greek Religion (Ithaca, NY, 2011)
S. Price Religions of the Ancient Greeks 1999 [Introduction plus Chapter 7]

2. Is it helpful to compare the ancient Greek world with other cultures?
Bremmer, J. N. (1980) ‘An Enigmatic Indo-European Rite: Paederasty’ Arethusa 13, 279–98.
Cartledge, P. (1994) 'The Greeks and anthropology', Anthropology Today 10: 3-6.
Cohen, D. (1991) Law, sexuality and society: the enforcement of morals in classical Athens, Cambridge [Introduction and dip into chapters]
Davidson, J. (2006) “Revolutions in Human Time” in Simon Goldhill and Robin Osborne eds. Rethinking Revolutions through Ancient Greece, Cambridge, 29–67
Detienne, M. (2001) “Back to the Village: A tropism of Hellenists?” History of Religions 41, 99-113.
Humphreys, S. (1978) Anthropology and the Greeks, London
Lloyd, G. E. R. (2004) Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and Chinese Science and Culture. Oxford
Redfield, J. (1991) 'Classics and anthropology', Arion 1: 5-23
van Wees, H. (1999) ‘The mafia of early Greece: violent exploitation in the seventh and sixth centuries BC’ in Hopwood, K, (ed.) Organised Crime in Antiquity. (pp. 1-51). London and Swansea.

3. “Greece in the Classical period was so thoroughly divided into rivalrous city-states that it is impossible to talk of a single ‘Ancient Greek World’”. Discuss.
Brock, R. and Hodkinson, S. (eds) (2000) Alternatives to Athens: Varieties of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece, Oxford

Cartledge, P.A. (1993) The Greeks: A Portrait of Self and Others, Oxford

Hall, J.M., (1997) Ethnic Identity in Greek antiquity, Cambridge.

Hall, J.M.,(2002) Hellenicity: between ethnicity and culture, Chicago

Hornblower, S. (2002) The Greek World 479–323 BC, London

Pomeroy, S et al. (eds.) (2012) Ancient Greece: a political, cultural and social history, New York

Rhodes, P. (2010) A history of the Classical world 478–323 BC, Wiley-Blackwell.

Snodgrass, A. M. (1986) 'Interaction by design: the Greek city-state', in Renfrew, C. and Cherry, J. F., (eds.) Peer-Polity Interaction and Socio-Political Change, Cambridge, 47–58

Scott, M. (2010) Delphi and Olympia: the spatial politics of panhellenism, Cambridge.

4. Compare the Temple of Zeus at Olympia and the Parthenon in Athens. How do they differ and why?

[*titles can be found online or there is a copy in the Classics office]

*Connelly, J. B. (1990) ‘Parthenon and Parthenoi: a Mythological Interpretation of the Parthenon Frieze’, American Journal of Archaeology (1996)
Francis, E. D. (1990) Image and Idea in Fifth-Century Greece, London
*Hurwit, J. M. (2005) ‘The Parthenon and the Temple of Zeus at Olympia’, in J. M. Barringer & J. *Hurwit, J. M. Periklean Athens and its Legacy: Problems and Perspectives, Texas: 135-146. [copy in Classics office].
Jenkins, I. (1994) The Parthenon Frieze,
*Kyrieleis, H. (2012) ‘German Excavations at Olympia: an introduction.’ in Sport and festival in the ancient Greek world, Swansea, : 41-60.
Lawrence, A. W. (1996) (revised by Tomlinson) Greek Architecture,Yale: 106-115
*Osborne, R. (1994) ‘Democracy and Imperialism in the Panathenaic Procession: The Parthenon Frieze in its Context.’ in The Archaeology of Athens and Attica under the Democracy, Oxford: 143-150.
Osborne, R. (1998) Archaic and Classical Greek Art , Oxford: 169 -187
*Patay-Horváth, A. (ed.) (2015) New approaches to the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Cambridge.
Pollitt, J. J. (1972) Art and Experience in Classical Greece, Cambridge: 32-6; 71-97.
*Spivey, N. (1996) Understanding Greek Sculpture: Ancient Meanings, Modern Readings, Cambridge: 32-5 (course extracts); 140-8.
Stewart, A. (1990) Greek Sculpture, Yale: 142-6, 262-84; 150-160, 315-69.
*Veyne, P. (1988) ‘Conduct without belief and works of art without viewers’ Diogenes 143 : 1-22 (e-journal)

5. By taking as case-studies the Persians of Aeschylus and the Clouds of Aristophanes, compare the function of the chorus in tragedy and in comedy.
Gagne, R. and Govers Hopman, M. (2013) Choral Mediations in Greek Tragedy, Cambridge [especially introduction, chapters 2 and 3] (e-book)
Ley, G. (2014) ‘Chorus’ in Roisman, H. The Encyclopedia of Greek Tragedy, Malden and Oxford (available here)
Ley, G. (2007) The Theatricality of Greek Tragedy, Chicago [esp. part 2: The Chorus] (e-book)
Golder, H. and S. Scully (eds.) (1995) The Chorus in Greek Tragedy and Culture, One, special issue, Arion 3.1 (available on JSTOR)
Powers, M. (2014) Athenian Tragedy in Performance: A Guide to Contemporary Studies and Historical Debates, Iowa City [esp. ch. 3 ‘The chorus, music, monement and dance’]
Zarifi, Y. (2007) ‘Chorus and Dance in the Ancient World’ in The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Theatre, Cambridge 227-246 (e-book)
Bacon, H. (1994/5) ‘The Chorus in Greek Life and Drama’ in Arion: A Journal of Humanities and the Classics, 3 (The Chorus in Greek Tragedy and Culture, One) 6-24 (available on JSTOR)

Hughes, A. (2011) 'The comic chorus' in Performing Greek Comedy, Cambridge: 81-95. (e-book)
Platter, C. (2007) Aristophanes and the Carnival of Genres Chs. 2 and 3, Baltimore (e-book)
Reckford, K. J. (1987) ‘Aristophanes' Old-and-New Comedy: Clouds’ in Aristophanes' Old-and-New Comedy, Chapel Hill: 388-402
Revermann, M. Comic Business: Theatricality, Dramatic Technique and Performance Contexts in Aristophanic Comedy, Oxford [esp. the chapter on Clouds,179-235] (e-book)
Rosen, R. ‘Performance and Textuality in Aristophanes' Clouds’, The Yale Journal of Criticism 10 (1997) 397-421 (e-journal)
Segal, C. (1969) ‘Aristophanes’ Cloud-Chorus,’ Arethusa 2, 143-161, reprinted in Oxford Readings in Aristophanes, Oxford 1996 (several copies of Oxford Readings available)
Silk, M. S. ‘Aristophanic Paratragedy’ in Sommerstein, A.H. et al. (ed), Tragedy, Comedy and the Polis (Bari 1993) 477-504 (available here), reworked in Silk, M. S. (2000) Aristophanes and the Definition of Comedy (e-book), Oxford.
Woodbury, L. ‘Strepsiades’ Understanding’, Phoenix 34 (1980) 108-27 (available on JSTOR)
Hall, E. (1997) Aeschylus Persians, Warminster (short loan copies available)
Rosenbloom, D. (2006) Aeschylus Persians, London (short loan copies available)
Govers Hopman, M. (2013) ‘Chorus, conflict and closure in Aeschylus’ Persians’ Gagne, R. and Govers Hopman, M., in Choral Mediations in Greek Tragedy, Cambridge: 58-77 (e-book)

Assessed Essay 2: to be handed in by 12 noon, Monday the 12th of March 2018 (Week 10)

Write an essay of approximately 2,500 words (but no more than 2,500 words) on ONE of the following. Note that you should make close reference to the ancient texts and other relevant artistic, historical, and/or archaeological evidence.

The bibliography given here is only indicative and is meant to help you make a start. Please refer to the longer bibliography for the entire course and try to do your own research on Encore and/or JSTOR.

 

1. Where is morality in Homer’s Iliad?

Schofield, M. 'Euboulia in the Iliad', Classical Quarterly 36 (1986) 6–31, reprinted in Cairns, D. (ed.) Oxford Readings in Homer’s Iliad (Oxford 2001) ch. 7


Griffin, J. Homer on Life and Death (Oxford 1980)


Redfield, J. Nature and Culture in the Iliad (Chicago 1994)


Schein, S. The Mortal Hero: An Introduction to Homer's Iliad (Berkeley/London 1984)


Taplin, O. P. Homeric Soundings: The Shaping of the Iliad (Oxford 1992)


Goldhill, S. The Poet's Voice (Cambridge 1991)


Vermeule, E. T. 'The Happy Hero', in Aspects of Death in Early Greek Art & Poetry (Berkeley 1979) 83–116


Edwards, M. W. Homer: Poet of the Iliad (Baltimore 1987)


Lynn-George, M. Epos: Word, Narrative and the Iliad (1987 Basingstoke)

 

 

 

2. What can Greek lyric poetry tell us about Greek culture and society?

F. Budelmann, F. and Phillips, T. ‘Introduction’, in F. Budelmann and T. Phillips (eds.) Textual Events: Performance and the Lyric in Early Greece (Oxford University Press, 2018) 1–27. OFFPRINT IN MODULE BOX AVAILABLE FROM DEPT. OFFICE, OR DIRECT FROM DF AS PDF

Fearn, D. W. ‘Materialities of Political Commitment? Textual Events, Material Culture, and Metaliterarity in Alcaeus’, in F. Budelmann and T. Phillips (eds.) Textual Events: Performance and the Lyric in Early Greece (Oxford University Press, 2018) 93–113. OFFPRINT IN MODULE BOX AVAILABLE FROM DEPT. OFFICE OR DIRECT FROM DF AS PDF

Kurke, L. 'The strangeness of "song culture": Archaic Greek Poetry' in O. Taplin (ed.) Literature in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A New Perspective (Oxford 2000) 58–87



Osborne, R. Greece in the Making (London 1996)


Hall, J. M. A History of the Archaic Greek World c. 1200 - 479 BCE (London 2006)


Neer, R. Art and Archaeology of the Greek world: a new history 2500 BC-150 BC (London 2012)


Williamson, M. 'Eros the blacksmith: performing masculinity in Anakreon's love lyrics' in L. Foxhall and J. Salmon (eds.) Thinking Men: Masculinity and its Self-representation in the Classical Tradition (London 1998) 71–82


Calame, C. The Poetics of Eros in Ancient Greece (Princeton 1999) ch. 1



Gentili, B. Poetry and its Public in Ancient Greece: From Homer to the Fifth Century (London 1988)



See also materials relating to the symposium listed on Vase-Painting Seminar webpage.

 

3. Why does it matter that wine, culture, and society were so closely connected in ancient Greece?

 

Davidson, J. Courtesans and Fishcakes: The Consuming Passions of Classical Athens (London 1997) esp. 43–9


Whitmarsh, T. Ancient Greek Literature (Cambridge 2004) ch. 4


Hammer, D. 'Ideology, the symposium and archaic politics', American Journal of Philology 125 (2004) 479–512



Lissarrague, F. The Aesthetics of the Greek Banquet (Princeton 1990) esp. 3–18


Neer, R. Art and Archaeology of the Greek world: a new history 2500 BC-150 BC (London 2012)


 

[NB also lots more bibliography on Vase-Painting Seminar webpage, inc. links to online material]

 

4. ‘Herodotus in book 1 of the Histories seems more interested in non-Greeks than Greeks.’ Discuss.


 

Gould, J. Herodotus (London 1989), esp. chs 1, 3, 4 and 6

Redfield, J. ‘Herodotus the Tourist’, Classical Philology 80 (1985) 97–118

Pelling, C. B. R. ‘East is East and West is West – or are they? National stereotypes in Herodotus’,

 http://research.ncl.ac.uk/histos/documents/1997.04PellingEastIsEast5166.pdf

Pelling, C. B. R. ‘Educating Croesus: Talking and Learning in Herodotus’ Lydian Logos’, Classical Antiquity 25.1 (2006) 141–77

Hall, E. Inventing the Barbarian (Oxford 1989)

Thomas, R. Herodotus in Context: Ethnography, Science, and the Art of Persuasion (Cambridge 2000), 267–9 on the proem, and ch. 1

 

5. In what ways should we think of Greek sculpture as being realistic?

 

Spivey, N. Understanding Greek Sculpture (London 1996)


Spivey, N. Greek Sculpture (Cambridge 2013)

Woodford, S. An Introduction to Greek Art (London 1986)


Osborne, R. G. Archaic and Classical Greek Art (Cambridge 1998)

Neer, R. Art and Archaeology of the Greek World (London 2012)

Stewart, A. F. Art, Desire and the Body in Ancient Greece (Cambridge 1997)


Osborne, R. G. ‘Sculptured men of Athens: masculinity and power in the field of vision’ in L. Foxhall and J. Salmon (eds.), Thinking men: Masculinity and its Self-representation in the Classical Tradition (London 1998) 23–42

Boardman, J. Greek Sculpture: The Classical Period (London 1985)

Jenkins, I. Defining Beauty: the Body in Ancient Greek Art (London 2015)