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Bibliography

User's guide

The following bibliography is intended to help you find your way around the subject. It is not intended to be exhaustive: don't assume that you have to read everything listed below, nor that you can read only what is listed below! It is intended to help you consolidate after lectures: start with the recommended 'key reading', and then explore anything that interests you. Separate reading lists are issued for seminars. Don't hesitate to contact module tutors if you would like further help.

Basic reference | General |

Term 1
Lecture 01 - City of Rome | Lecture 02 - Trade & Economy | Lecture 03 - Family and familia | Lecture 04 - Citizens, freed, slaves | Lecture 05 - Patronage | Lecture 06 - Bread and Circuses | Lecture 07 - Death and Burial | Lecture 08 - Religions| Lecture 09 - Army | Lecture 10 - Literacy

Term 2
Lecture 1 - Historiography | | Lectures 2-4 - Literature | Lecture 5 - Art and Architecture | Lecture 6 - Petronius | Lecture 7 - Coins | Lecture 8 - Rome and Egypt| Lecture 9 - Imperialism and Romanization

Term 3
Lecture 1 - Roman Cyprus |


Basic Reference Bibliography

Classical texts:

  • Loeb editions (Latin/Greek with facing English translation) will allow you to pinpoint a reference precisely. [ref PA.6156 (Latin) and PA.3612 (Greek)]
  • Penguin and Oxford World Classics contain only English translations, but are good for getting an overall feel for a text.

Reference works for looking up specific classical authors:

  • Kenney, E. J. and Clausen, W. V. eds. (1982) The Cambridge History of Classical Literature II: Latin Literature [PA 3001.C2]
  • Howatson, M.C. (1989) The Oxford companion to classical literature (2nd edn) [ref PA 3001.O9]
  • @Sharrock, A. and Ash, R. (2002) Fifty Key Classical Authors [PA 3002.Z5 + e-book]

General dictionaries & encyclopedias:

  • Hornblower, S. & Spawforth, A.J. (1996) Oxford Classical Dictionary (3rd edn) [ref DE 5.O9]: thematic and specific entries on almost any author, place, issue or institution.
  • March, J.R. (1998) Cassell dictionary of classical mythology [ref BL 715.M2]
  • Shipley, G. et al. (2006) The Cambridge Dictionary of Classical Civilization [DE 5.C2]
  • Brill's New Pauly: encycolpedia of the ancient world [Online e-resource]

Maps:

  • Cornell, T.J. & Matthews, J. (1982) Atlas of the Roman world [ref DG 16.C6]: much more than just maps; clear explanatory essays accompanied by excellent illustrations.
  • Talbert, R.A. (2000) Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World [DE 25.B2]

Major reference works:

  • The Cambridge Ancient History (CAH) – series of volumes arranged in chronological order, containing articles on major topics and issues in Ancient History. Volumes are updated from time to time – look for the most recent editions. [ref D 57.C2]
  • Bispham, E. et al. (2006) The Edinburgh companion to ancient Greece and Rome [DE 59.E3]

Some major journals and their abbreviations:

  • AJA   American Journal of Archaeology
  • CQ Classical Quarterly
  • G&R Greece and Rome
  • JRA Journal of Roman Archaeology
  • JRS Journal of Roman Studies
  • PBSR  Papers of the British School at Rome
  • PCPhS Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society
  • TAPA Transactions of the American Philological Association

General Bibliography

  • Alföldy, G. (1988) A Social History of Rome [DG 78.A5]
  • @Alston, R. (1998) Aspects of Roman History, AD 14-117 [DG 26.A5 + e-book]; ch.13
  • *Barchiesi, A. and Scheidel, W. (2010) The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies [DG 209.O94]
  • @*Beard, M. and Henderson, J. (1995) Classics: a very short introduction [DE 59.B3] pp.48-51
  • Bispham, E. (2008) Roman Europe
  • *Boardman, J., Griffin, J. and Murray, O. (1991) The Oxford History of the Roman World [DG 77.O9] = part of The Oxford History of the Classical World (1986) [DE 80.O9]
  • *Elsner, J. (1998) Imperial Rome and Christian Triumph [N 5760.E5]
  • Erskine, A. (2009) A Companion to Ancient History [D 57.C66]
  • @*Garnsey, P. and Saller, R. (1987) The Roman Empire: Economy, Society and Culture [DG 276.G2]
  • Jones, P. & Sidwell, K. eds. (1997) The World of Rome [DG 77 W6]
  • @Goodman, M. (1997) The Roman world 44 BC-AD 180 [DG 209.G6 + e-book]
  • @Kamm, A. (2008, 2nd edn) The Romans: an introduction [DG 77.K2 + e-book] supported by helpful website
  • Le Glay, M. (2004, 3rd edn) A History of Rome [DG 209.L3]
  • Morley, N. (1999) Ancient History: Key Themes and Approaches [ref DE 8.M6]
  • Peachin, M. (2011) The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World [DG 78.O9]
  • Potter, D. (2006) A Companion to the Roman Empire [DG 311.P68]
  • *Ramage, N.H. and Ramage, A. (1991) The Cambridge illustrated history of Roman art [N 5760.R2]
  • @*Treggiari, S. (2002) Roman Social History [DG 205.T7 + e-book]
  • Wacher, J. (1987) The Roman World 2 vols [DG 77.R6]
  • Woolf, G. (2003) The Cambridge Illustrated History of the Roman World [DG 209.C2]

Sourcebooks

  • @Cooley, A.E. and M.G.L. (2004) Pompeii. A Sourcebook [DG 70.P7 + e-book]
  • Gardner, J. and Wiedemann, T. (1991) The Roman household: a sourcebook [DG 90.G2]
  • Levick, B. (1985) The government of the Roman Empire: a sourcebook [DG 83.L3]
  • Lewis, N. and Reinhold, M. Roman civilization: selected readings (3rd ed. 1990) Vol.1: The Republic and the Augustan age of Augustus [DG 13.L3] (1955) Vol. 2: The Empire [DG 13.L3]
  • Lomas, K. (1996) Roman Italy 338 BC- AD 200. A sourcebook [DG 13.R6]
  • @Parkin, T. & Pomeroy, A. (2007) Roman Social History. A Sourcebook [DG 78.R6 + e-book]
  • @*Shelton, J.-A. (1998, 2nd edn) As the Romans did: a sourcebook in Roman social history [DG 78.S4] ch.1
  • @Sherk, R.K. (1988) The Roman Empire: Augustus to Hadrian [DG 275.R6] pp.240-48

Lecture 1 – The city of Rome

Key readings

  • @Purcell, N. (1996) ‘Rome and its development under Augustus and his successors’ in Cambridge Ancient History volume 10 (second edition) pp.782-811 [D 57.C2]
  • @Purcell, N. (1992) 'The city of Rome' in The Legacy of Rome: a new appraisal, ed. R. Jenkyns, 421-54 [DG 77.L3]

General

  • Claridge A. (2010, 2nd edn) Rome [DG 65.C5]
  • @Cooley, A.E. (2000) 'Inscribing history at Rome' in The Afterlife of Inscriptions, ed. A.E. Cooley, 7-20 [CN 513.A3]
  • Coulston, J. and Dodge, H. (2000) Ancient Rome: The Archaeology of the Eternal City [DG 65.A6]
  • Edwards, C. (1996) Writing Rome: textual approaches to the city [PA 6019.E3]
  • Edwards, C. & Woolf, G. (eds) (2003) Rome the Cosmopolis [DG 63.R6] (esp. ch. by Scheidel)
  • @Gowers, E. (1995)The Anatomy of Rome from Capitol to CloacaJRS 85: 23-32
  • Hope, V. (2000) 'The city of Rome: capital and symbol', in Experiencing Rome: Culture, Identity and Power in the Roman Empire, ed. J. Huskinson, 63-94 [DG 78.E9]
  • Price, S. (1996) ‘The place of religion: Rome in the early Empire' in Cambridge Ancient History vol. X (2nd edn) 812-847 [D 57.C2]
  • Purcell, N. (1994) ch. 17. 'The city of Rome and the plebs urbana in the late Republic' in The Cambridge Ancient History vol. IX (2nd edn) [D 57.C2]
  • Purcell, N. (2010) 'Urbanism' in Barchiesi, A. and Scheidel, W., eds, The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies [DG 209.O94]
  • Robinson, O. F. (1992) Ancient Rome: City Planning and Administration [NA 9092.R6]
  • Scobie, A. (1986) Slums, sanitation, and mortality in the Roman world’, Klio 68: 399-433

  • @Stambaugh, J.E. (1988) The Ancient Roman City chs 4 & 5 [DG 82.S8]

Debate on Population figures

Sourcebooks

  • Beard, M., North, J., Price, S. (1998) The Religions of Rome (2 vols) [BL 802.B3]
  • Cooley, M.G.L. (2003) The Age of Augustus [DG 279.A4]
  • Dudley, D.R. (1967) Urbs Roma. A source book of classical texts on the city and its monuments [DG 68.D8]

Looking up specific monuments

  • Nash, E. (1968) A Pictorial Dictionary of Ancient Rome [NA 310.N2]
  • @Platner, S. & Ashby, T. (1929) A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome [DG 63.P5; also online at Lacus Curtius]
  • Sear, F. (1998 - earlier edns also available) Roman Architecture [NA 310.S3]
  • Steinby, E.M. (1993-2000) Lexicon Topographicum Urbis Romae 6 vols [DG 63.L3] (some articles in English)
  • Ward-Perkins, J.B. (1981) Roman Imperial Architecture [N 5300.P3]

Augustan Rome

  • @Eck, W. (2003) The Age of Augustus, chapter 13 [DG 279.E2]
  • Evans, J.D. (1992) The Art of Persuasion. Political Propaganda from Aeneas to Brutus [DG 82.E9]
  • @Favro, D. (1993) ‘Reading the Augustan city’, in P.J. Holliday (ed.) Narrative and Event in Ancient Art [PA6029.M6]
  • Favro, D. (1996) The urban image of Augustan Rome (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) [DG 63.F2]
  • @Favro, D. (2005) ‘Making Rome a world city’ in K. Galinsky, ed., The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Augustus ch.9 [DG 279.C2 + e-book]
  • @Galinsky, K. (1996) Augustan Culture: an interpretive introduction – ch. 5 [DG 272.G2]
  • @Haselberger, L. (2000) 'Imaging Augustan Rome' in Journal of Roman Archaeology 13: 515-28 [Arts periodical]
  • Haselberger, L. (2002) Mapping Augustan Rome (Journal of Roman Archaeology suppl. no. 50) [Oversize DG 66.M2]
  • @Luce, T.J. (1990) ‘Livy, Augustus, and the Forum Augustum’, in Between Republic and Empire. Interpretations of Augustus and His Principate, eds K.A. Raaflaub and M. Toher, 123-38 [DG 279.B3 + e-book]
  • Nicolet, C. (1991) Space, geography and politics in the early Roman empire [DG 30.N4]
  • @Patterson, J.R. (1992)The City of Rome: from Republic to EmpireJRS 82: 186-215
  • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1993) Augustan Rome (Bristol Classical Press) [DG 279.W2]
  • Zanker, P. (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus [N 5760.Z2]

Vespasian

  • @Alföldy, G. (1995) Eine Bauinschrift aus dem Colosseum’, ZPE 109: 195-226
  • @Millar, F. (2005) 'Last Year in Jerusalem: Monuments of the Jewish War in Rome', in J. Edmondson, S. Mason, J. Rives, eds, Flavius Josephus and Flavian Rome [DS 115.9.J6 + e-book]

Trajan

  • Packer, J. (1995) ‘Forum Traiani’, in LTUR II D-G, ed. E.M. Steinby (Quasar, Rome) 348-56 [DG 63.L3]
  • Packer, J. (2001) The Forum of Trajan in Rome. A Study of the Monuments in Brief [NA 325.F6]

Lecture 2 - Trade and Economy

Key readings

  • @Mattingly, D. & G. Aldrete (2000) 'The feeding of imperial Rome: the mechanics of the food supply system', in Coulston, J. and H. Dodge, Ancient Rome. The Archaeology of the Eternal City (Oxford) [DG 65.A6]
  • @Parkins, H. (1997) 'The consumer city domesticated? The Roman city in elite economic strategies', in Roman Urbanism. Beyond the Consumer City, ed. H.M. Parkins (Routledge: London & New York) pp.83-111 + e-book

General works

  • Duncan-Jones, R.P. (1990) Structure and scale in the Roman economy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) [DG 85.D8]
  • Garnsey, P. and Saller, R. (1987) The Roman Empire: Economy, Society and Culture (London: Duckworth) [DG 276.G2] ch. 3-5
  • Meijer, F. & van Nijf, O. (1992) Trade, Transport and Society in the Ancient World. A Sourcebook (London & New York: Routledge) [DE 61 E2]
  • @Parkin, T. & Pomeroy, A. (2007) Roman Social History. A Sourcebook [DG 78.R6 + e-book]
  • Scheidel, W. (2010) 'Economy and quality of life', in Barchiesi, A. and Scheidel, W., eds, The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies [DG 209.O94]
  • @Scheidel, W., Morris, I., Saller, R. (2008) The Cambridge Economic History of the Greco-Roman World
  • Wilson, A. (2008) 'Economy and trade', in Roman Europe, ed. E. Bispham [DG 209.R594]

Archaeology

  • Greene, K. (1986) The Archaeology of the Roman Economy (Batsford: London) [DG 85.G7]

Transport

  • @Casson, L. (1965) 'Harbour and river boats of ancient Rome', Journal of Roman Studies 55: 31-39
  • @Duncan-Jones, R. (1977) 'Giant cargo ships in antiquity', Classical Quarterly 27: 331-2
  • @Ellmers, D. (1978) 'Shipping on the Rhine during the Roman period: the pictorial evidence', in J. Du Plat Talyor & H. Cleere, eds, Roman shipping and trade: Britain and the Rhine provinces; London: CBA research report 24; pp. 1-14 [qto DG 107.R6]
  • @Hopkins, K. (1983) ‘Models, Ships and Staples’ in Garnsey, P. and Whittaker, C.R. (eds.), Trade and Famine in Classical Antiquity pp. 84-109. [DE 61.E2]
  • Laurence, R. (1999) The Roads of Roman Italy. Mobility and Cultural Change (Routledge: London & New York) [DG 28.5 L2]
  • Oleson, J.P. (2008) The Oxford Handbook of Engineering and Technology in the Classical World [T 16.O8]

Markets and commerce

  • Frayn, J.M. (1993) Markets and Fairs in Roman Italy; Clarendon Press, Oxford. [DG 107.F7]
  • @Parkins, H. and Smith, C.J. eds. (1998) Trade, Traders and the Ancient City; Routledge, London [DE 61.E2 + e-book]

Elite and trade

  • Andreau, J. (2004) 'John H. D'Arms and the economic interests of the Roman elite', in Ostia, Cicero, Gamala, Feasts and the Economy, eds A. Gallina Zevi and J. Humphrey (JRA Suppl. 57) [DG 14.O8]
  • Andreau, J. (1999) Banking and business in the Roman world (CUP) [DG 107.A6]
  • @D'Arms, J. (1981) Commerce and social standing in Ancient Rome (Harvard University Press: Cambridge, Mass. & London) [DG 107 D2 + e-book] ch. 1, 3, 5
  • Jones, D. (2006) The Bankers of Puteoli: finance, trade and industry in the Roman world [DG 107.J6]
  • @Lintott, A. (2002) 'Freedmen and slaves in the light of legal documents from first-century AD Campania', Classical Quarterly 52.2: 555-65
  • @Purcell, N. (1995) 'The Roman villa and the landscape of production' in Urban Society in Roman Italy, eds T.J. Cornell & K. Lomas (London) pp.151-80 [DG 82.U7]
  • @Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1991) 'Elites and trade in the Roman town', in City and Country in the Roman World (eds.) A. Wallace-Hadrill and J. Rich (Routledge: London and New York) [DE 60.C4]

Collegia

City of Rome/Italy

  • Lo Cascio, E. (2004) 'The economy of Roman Italy according to the Younger Pliny', in Ostia, Cicero, Gamala, Feasts and the Economy, eds A. Gallina Zevi and J. Humphrey (JRA Suppl. 57) [DG 14.O8]
  • @Morley, N. (1996) Metropolis and Hinterland (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge) intro. and chs. 1-3 [DG 63.M6]
  • @Rickman, G. (1971) The corn supply of ancient Rome; Clarendon Press: Oxford [DG 105.R4 + e-book]

Pompeii

  • Beard, M. (2008) Pompeii. The Life of a Roman Town, ch.5 [DG 70.P7]
  • @Berry, J. (1997) The conditions of domestic life in Pompeii in AD 79: a case-study of Houses 11 and 12, Insula 9, Region 1’, Papers of the British School at Rome 52: 103-25 [Arts Periodical]
  • Berry, J. (2007) The Complete Pompeii ch.8 [DG 70.P7]
  • @Cooley, A.E. (2003) Pompeii (Duckworth, London) chapter 6
  • @Cooley, A.E. and M.G.L. (2004) Pompeii. A Sourcebook (Routledge: London & New York) chapter 8 [DG 70.P7 + e-book]
  • Cooley, A.E. (2012) The Cambridge Manual to Latin Epigraphy
  • @Curtis, R.I. (1984) A personalized floor mosaic from Pompeii’, American Journal of Archaeology 88: 557-66
  • @Curtis, R.I (1988) ‘A. Umbricius Scaurus of Pompeii’, in R.I. Curtis (ed.) Studia Pompeiana et Classica in Honor of Wilhelmina F. Jashemski. I Pompeiana (New York: Aristide D. Caratzas) pp.19-50
  • Jashemski, W. (1993) The gardens of Pompeii: Herculaneum and the villas destroyed by Vesuvius (New Rochelle, N.Y: Caratzas Bros) [NA 8416.I8]
  • Jashemski, W. (2002) The Natural history of Pompeii (CUP 2002) [QH 152.N2]
  • @Laurence, R. (1994) Roman Pompeii, Space and society (Routledge: London and New York), chap. 4 [DG 70.P7 + e-book]
  • Peterson, L.H. (2006) The Freedman in Roman Art and Art History ch. 5, on House of Caecilius [N 5763.P3]
  • Pirson, F. (1997) 'Rented accommodation in Pompeii: the evidence of the Insula Arriana Polliana, VI.6', in Domestic Space in the Roman World; Pompeii and Beyond, eds R. Laurence & A. Wallace-Hadrill (JRA suppl. 22) 165-82

Lecture 3 - Family and familia

key readings

  • @Rawson, B. and Weaver, P., eds (1997) The Roman Family in Italy. Status, Sentiment, Space, ch. 1 ‘Roman kinship: structure and sentiment’ – R. Saller
  • @Garnsey, P. and Saller, R. (1987) The Roman empire. Economy, Society and Culture, ch. 7 ‘Family and household’ [DG 276.G2]

General reading

  • Dixon, S. (1992) The Roman Family [DG 91.D4]
  • @Fantham, E. et al (1994) Women in the Classical World , ch. 11 ‘Women, family, and sexuality in the age of Augustus and the Julio-Claudians’ [DE 61.W6]
  • Harlow, M. (2008) 'Roman society' in Roman Europe, ed. E. Bispham [on order]
  • James, S.L. and Dillon, S. (2012) A Companion to Women in the Ancient World [HC 8700.C66]
  • Kleiner, D.E.E. and Matheson, S.B., eds (1996), I Claudia. Women in ancient Rome, esp. ‘Introduction’, ‘Women in Roman society’, ‘Representations of Roman women in literature’, + catalogue entries [N 7588.I2]
  • Kleiner, D.E.E. and Matheson, S.B., eds (2000) I Claudia II: Women in Roman Art and Society [N 7588.I2] 
  • Peachin, M. (2011) The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World [DG 78.O9]
  • @Rawson, B., ed. (1986) The family in ancient Rome: new perspectives, ch. 1 ‘The Roman family’, ch. 7 ‘Children in the Roman familia’ [DG 91.F2]
  • @Rawson, B. (1995) ‘From ‘daily life’ to demography’’, in Women in Antiquity, eds R. Hawley and B. Levick [DE 61.W6]
  • Rawson, B. (2010) 'Family and society', in Barchiesi, A. and Scheidel, W., eds, The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies [DG 209.O94]
  • Rawson, B. ed. (2011) A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds [HF 8025.C6]

Sourcebooks

  • @Gardner, J.F. and Wiedemann, T. (1991) The Roman Household. A Sourcebook, ch. 1 ‘Composition and definition’; ch. 2 ‘The household as a focus of emotion’; ch. 3 ‘Ideals and anxieites’; ch. 5 ‘The life-cycle; ch. 6 ‘Inheritance’ [DG 90.G2]
  • @Lefkowitz, M.R. and Fant, M.B. (1992) Women’s Life in Greece and Rome. A sourcebook in translation (2nd edn) [DE 61.W6] - online version 
  • @Parkin, T. & Pomeroy, A. (2007) Roman Social History. A Sourcebook [DG 78.R6 + e-book]
  • Rowlandson, J. (1998) Women and society in Greek and Roman Egypt: a sourcebook [DT 62.W6]
  • Shelton, J-A. (1998) As the Romans Did. A Sourcebook in Roman Social History (2nd ed.), ch. 2 ‘Families’; ch. 3 ‘Marriage’; ch. 4 ‘Housing and city life’ [DG 78.S4]

Further reading

  • Bradley, K. (1991) Discovering the Roman Family [DG 91.B7]
  • Carroll, M. (2006) Spirits of the Dead. Roman Funerary Commemoration in Western Europe espec. chapter 7 [DG 103.C2]
  • Clarke, J.R. (1991) The Houses of Roman Italy, 100 BC-AD 250. Ritual, Space, and Decoration [NA 324.C5]
  • @Cohen, A. and Rutter, J., eds (2007) Constructions of Childhood in Ancient Greece and Italy – espec. Part VI [e-book]
  • @Corbier, M. (1991) 'Family behavior of the Roman aristocracy, 2nd century BC-3rd century AD,' in S.B. Pomeroy, ed. Women's History and Ancient History 173-96 [DF 93.W6]
  • Dasen, V. and Spath, T., eds (2010) Children, memory, and family identity in Roman culture [DG 91.C55 + e-book]
  • Dixon, S. (1990) The Roman Mother [DG 91.D4]
  • @Frier, B.W. (1994) 'Natural fertility and family limitations', CPh 89: 318-23
  • Gardner, J.F. (1986) Women in Roman Law and Society [DG 91.G2]
  • @Gardner, J.F. (1998) Family and Familia in Roman Law and Life [DG 88.G2] Conclusion
  • @Golden, M. (1988) Did the ancients care when their children died?G&R 35: 152-63
  • Hallett, J.P. (1984) Fathers and Daughters in Roman Society: Women and the Elite Family [DG 91.H2]
  • Harlow, M. and Laurence, R., eds (2007) Age and Ageing in the Roman Empire [DG254.2A44]
  • @Harris, W.V. (1994) "Child-Exposure in the Roman Empire", JRS 84: 1-22
  • Huskinson, J. (1996) Roman Children’s Sarcophagi: their Decoration and its Social Significance [NB 1810.H8]
  • Kertzer, D. and Saller, R. (1991) The family in Italy: from antiquity to the present [HC 8025.F2]
  • @Martin, D.B. (1996)The construction of the ancient family: methodological considerations’, JRS 86: 40-60
  • @Rawson, B. (1966) 'Family life among the lower classes at Rome in the first two centuries of the Empire', Classical Philology 61: 71-83
  • @Rawson, B. (1974) Roman concubinage and other de facto marriages’, TAPhA 104: 279-305
  • Rawson, B., ed. (1991) Marriage, Divorce, and Children in Ancient Rome [DG 19.M2]
  • @Rawson, B. (2003) Children and Childhood in Roman Italy [DG 91.R2] 'Relationships' pp.210-68
  • @Rawson, B. and Weaver, P., eds (1997) The Roman Family in Italy. Status, Sentiment, Space, ch. 1 ‘Roman kinship: structure and sentiment’ – R. Saller; ch. 7 ‘Conflict in the Roman family’ – S. Dixon; ch. 9 ‘The iconography of Roman childhood’ – B. Rawson and J. Huskinson; ch. 11 ‘Perceptions of domestic space in Roman Italy’ – L. Nevett; ch. 12 ‘Repopulating the Roman House’ – M. George [DG 91.R6]
  • @Saller, R. (1987) Men’s age at marriage and its consequences in the Roman family’, ClPhil 82: 21-34
  • @Saller, R.P. (1994) Patriarchy, property and death in the Roman family chs. 1, 4 'Familia and domus', 5 [DG 91.S2]
  • @Saller, R.P. and B.D. Shaw (1984) 'Tombstones and Roman family relations in the Principate: civilians, soldiers and slaves' JRS 74: 124-56
  • Scheidel, W. (2007) ‘Epigraphy and demography: birth, marriage, family, and death’ [available online for downloading from Social Science Research Network]
  • @Shaw, B. (1987)The age of Roman girls at marriage: some reconsiderations’, JRS 77: 30-46
  • Treggiari, S. (1991) Roman Marriage [DG 91.T7]
  • @Veyne, P. (1987) 'The Roman Empire', in P. Ariès & G. Duby, eds. A History of Private Life I 6-233 [HC 500.H4]
  • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1994) Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum [DG 70.P7]
  • Wiedemann, T. (1989) Adults and Children in the Roman Empire [DG 91.W4]

Comparative studies

  • Ariès, P. (1996) Centuries of Childhood (new edn) [HC 8200.A7]
  • Kertzer, D. and Saller, R. (1991) The family in Italy: from antiquity to the present [HC 8025.F2]


Lecture 4 – Citizens, freed, slaves


Key readings

  • @Jones, A.H.M. (1968) 'Slavery in the Ancient World', in Finley, M., ed. Slavery in Classical Antiquity. Views and Controversies; pp. 1-15 [DE 61 S5]
  • @Wiedemann, T.E.J. (1985) The Regularity of manumission at RomeClassical Quarterly 35: 162-175

General

  • Peachin, M. , ed. (2011) Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World [on order] - ch. 28 'Slaves in Roman Society' (Leonhard Schumacher); ch. 29 'Women in Roman Society' (Kristina Milnor); ch. 30 'Children in the Roman Family and Beyond' (Jens-Uwe Krause)
  • Bradley, K. (2010) 'Freedom and slavery' in Barchiesi, A. and Scheidel, W., eds, The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies [DG 209.O94]
  • Bradley, K. and Cartledge, P., eds (2011) The Cambridge world history of slavery [HC 7100.C2]

Slavery

  • Barrow, R. (1928) Slavery in the Roman Empire [DG109 B2]
  • @Beard, M. and Henderson, J. (1995) Classics. A very short introduction pp. 48-51
  • @Bradley, K.R. (1987) "On the Roman Slave Supply and Slavebreeding," in M.I.Finley, ed. Classical Slavery [Arts periodical: Slavery and abolition 8.1 special edn]
  • Bradley, K. (1994) Slavery and Society at Rome [DG 109.B6]
  • Finley, M.I. (1980) Ancient Slavery and Modern Ideology [DE61 S5]
  • Garnsey, P. (1996) Ideas of slavery from Aristotle to Augustine [DE 61 55]
  • @George, M. (1997) 'Servus and domus: the slave in the Roman house', in Domestic Space in the Roman World: Pompeii and Beyond, eds R. Laurence and A. Wallace-Hadrill pp.15-24
  • @Harris, W.V. (1994) "Child-Exposure in the Roman Empire," JRS 84: 1-22
  • Hopkins, K. (1978) Conquerors and Slaves [DG 109 H6]
  • Joshel, S. (2010) Slavery in the Roman World [HC 7100.J6]
  • @Rathbone, D. (1983) 'The slave mode of production in Italy', Journal of Roman Studies 73: 160-68
  • @Saller, R.P. (1998) 'Symbols of gender and status hierarchies in the Roman household', in Women and Slaves in Greco-Roman Culture. Differential Equations, eds S.R. Josel and S. Murnaghan; pp. 85-91 [DE61 W6]
  • @Treggiari, S. (1975) 'Jobs in the household of Livia', Papers of the British School at Rome 43: 48-77 [arts periodical]
  • Vogt, J. (1974) Ancient Slavery and the Ideal of Man [DE61 S5]
  • Wiedemann, T.E.J. (1987) Slavery (Greece and Rome New Surveys in the Classics no. 19; Oxford) [DE 61.S5]
  • Yavetz, Z. (1988) Slaves and Slavery in Ancient Rome [DG109 Y2]

Freedmen

  • @Mouritsen, H. (2011) The freedman in the Roman World [HC 7325.M6]
  • @Petersen, L. (2006) The Freedman in Roman Art and Art History [N 5763.P3] pp.163-83 'To claim a domus: the house of the Caecilii at Pompeii'
  • Treggiari, S. (1969) Roman Freedmen during the Late Republic [DG109 T7]
  • @Treggiari, S. (1975) "Family Life among the Staff of the Volusii" TAPA 105, 393-401
  • Weaver, P. (1972) Familia Caesaris. A social study of the emperor's freedmen and slaves [DG109 W3]

The free poor

Sourcebooks

  • Gardner, J. and Wiedemann, T. (1991) The Roman Household: a Sourcebook, ch.7
  • @Parkin, T. & Pomeroy, A. (2007) Roman Social History. A Sourcebook [DG 78.R6 + e-book]
  • Shelton, J-A. (1998) As the Romans Did (2nd edn) chs 8-9
  • Wiedemann, T. (1980) Greek and Roman Slavery [DE 61.S5]

Lecture 5 - Patronage

Key Readings

  • @Lomas, K. and T. Cornell (2002) Bread and Circuses (Routledge, London) 'Introduction'

  • @Wallace-Hadrill, A., ed. (1989) Patronage in ancient society (London: Routledge) [DE 71.P2], ‘Introduction'

General Reading

  • @Duncan-Jones, R. (1982) The economy of the Roman Empire: quantitative studies, chap. 7 (2nd edn, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) [DG 85.D8]
  • @Forbis, E.P. (1990) 'Women's public image in Italian honorary inscriptions' AJPhil 111: 493-512
  • @Garnsey, P. (1968) 'Trajan's alimenta: some problems' Historia 17.3: 367-81
  • Garnsey, P. and R. Saller (1987) The Roman Empire, economy, society, culture, chap. 8 (London: Duckworth) [DG 276.G2]
  • Gold, B. K., ed. (1982) Literary and artistic patronage in ancient Rome (Austin: University of Texas Press) [PA 6027.L4] Introduction; G. Williams, ‘Phases in political patronage of literature in Rome'; T. P. Wiseman, ‘Pete nobiles amicos: poets and patrons in late Republican Rome'; J. E. G. Zetzel, ‘The poetics of patronage in the late first century BC’
  • Gow, A.S.F. & Page, D.L. (1968) The Greek Anthology. The Garland of Philip (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press] [PA 3868.A45]
  • Jones, P. and K. Sidwell (1997) The World of Rome (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) 147-50 [DG 77 W6]
  • Patterson, J.R. (1987) ‘Crisis, what crisis? Rural change and urban development in Imperial Apennine Italy’, Papers of the British School at Rome 55: 115-46 [Arts periodical]
  • Saller, R. P. (1982) Personal patronage under the early empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) [DG 83.3.S2]
  • @Saller, R.P. (1980) 'Promotion and Patronage in Equestrian Careers', JRS 70: 44-63
  • Verboven, K. (2011) 'Friendship among the Romans', in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World, ed M. Peachin
  • @Wallace-Hadrill, A., ed. (1989) Patronage in ancient society (London: Routledge) [DE 71.P2], ‘Introduction; Ch. 2 ‘Patronage and friendship in early Imperial Rome’ – R. Saller; Ch. 3 ‘Patronage in Roman society’ – A. Wallace-Hadrill
  • @White, P. (1975) 'The Friends of Martial, Statius, and Pliny, and the Dispersal of Patronage', Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 79: 265-300
  • @Woolf, G. (1990)Food, poverty and patronage’, Papers of the British School at Rome 58: 197-228 [Arts periodical]
  • @Veyne, P. (1992) Bread and circuses: historical sociology and political pluralism pp.246-61, 390-6 (abridged, London: Penguin) [DE 60.V3]

Sourcebooks

  • Gardner, J.F. and Wiedemann, T. (1991) The Roman household: a sourcebook (London: Routledge) [DG 90.G2]
  • @Levick, B. (1985) The Government of the Roman Empire, a sourcebook, chap. 8 (Totowa, N.J.: Barnes and Noble Books) [DG 83.L3]
  • @Parkin, T. & Pomeroy, A. (2007) Roman Social History. A Sourcebook [DG 78.R6 + e-book]
  • Shelton, J-A. (1998) As the Romans Did (2nd edn: Oxford/New York) chap. 1
  • Sherk, R.K. (1988) The Roman Empire: Augustus to Hadrian (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) [DG 275.R6] nos. 182, 193

On Martial and Juvenal:

  • Braund, S. (1992) Roman Verse Satire (Greece & Rome New Surveys no.23)
  • @Saller, R. P. (1983) 'Martial on Patronage and Literature' Classical Quarterly 33.1: 246-57
  • Wallace-Hadrill, A., ed. (1989) Patronage in ancient society (London: Routledge) [DE 71.P2], Ch. 10 ‘The client-patron relationship’ – D. Cloud

Lecture 6 - Bread and Circuses

Key readings

General reading

  • Beard, M. (2008) Pompeii. The life of a Roman Town ch.8
  • Coleman, K. (2000) 'Entertaining Rome', 210-58 in Coulston, J. and H. Dodge, Ancient Rome. The Archaeology of the Eternal City (Oxford) [DG 65.A6]
  • Coleman, K. (2010) 'Spectacle' in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Studies, eds A. Barchiesi & W. Scheidel [DG 209.O94]
  • Coleman, K. (2011) 'Public entertainments' in M. Peachin, ed., The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World
  • @Lomas, K. and T. Cornell, eds (2002) Bread and Circuses (Routledge, London) (espec. chapters by Holleran and Coleman) [DG 95.B7]; intro
  • @Mitchell, S. (1990) 'Festivals, Games, and Civic Life in Roman Asia Minor', JRS 80: 183-93
  • @Pobjoy, M. (2000) 'Building inscriptions in Republican Italy' in The Epigraphic Landscape of Roman Italy (ed.) A.E. Cooley (BICS Supplement, London) [CN 530.E7]
  • @Rogers, G.M. (1991) 'Demosthenes of Oenoanda and models of euergetism', JRS 81: 91-100

Amphitheatres and their spectacles

  • @Auguet, R. (1972) Cruelty and Civilization: The Roman Games (London: Allen and Unwin) [DG 95.A8] ch.7
  • @Barton, C. A. (1993) The Sorrows of the Ancient Romans: The Gladiator and the Monster (Princeton: Princeton University Press) [DG 78.B2] ch.1
  • Beard, M. & Hopkins, K. (2005) The Colosseum [DG 68.1.H6]
  • @Bomgardner, D. (2000) The Story of the Roman Amphitheatre (Routledge, London) [NA 313.B6 + e-book] ch.5
  • @Coleman, K. (1993) 'Launching into history: aquatic displays in the early Empire' JRS 83: 48-74
  • Fagan, G. (2011) The lure of the arena : social psychology and the crowd at the Roman games [HF4062.5.F2]
  • @Futrell, A. (1997) Blood in the Arena. The Spectacle of Roman Power (University of Texas Press, Austin) [DG 95.F8] 'The imperial games'
  • Hekster, O. (2002) Commodus. An emperor at the crossroads (Gieben, Amsterdam) ch. 4 [DG 299 H3]
  • Hope, V. (2000) 'Fighting for identity: the funerary commemoration of Italian gladiators' in The Epigraphic Landscape of Roman Italy (ed.) A.E. Cooley (BICS Supplement, London) [CN 530.E7]
  • Hopkins, K. (1983) Death and Renewal (Cambridge) [DG 103.H6]
  • Jacobelli, L. (2003) Gladiators at Pompeii (Rome) [DG 95.J2]
  • Köhne, E. and C. Ewigleben (2000) Gladiators and Caesars: the power of spectacle in ancient Rome (London: British Museum) [qto DG 95.G5]
  • @Kyle, D.G. (1998) Spectacles of death in ancient Rome (London: Routledge) [DG 95.K9] 'Introduction'
  • Poliakoff, M. (1987) Combat Sports in the Ancient World: Competition, Violence, and Culture (New Haven) [GV 573.P6]
  • Welch, K. (2003) The Roman Amphitheatre from its origins to the Colosseum [NA 313.W4]
  • @Wiedemann, T. (1992) Emperors and Gladiators (London: Routledge) [DG 95.W4] Ch 4 'Opposition and abolition'
  • Wistrand, M. (1992) Entertainment and Violence in Ancient Rome: The Attitudes of Roman Writers of the First Century A. D. (Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, Göteborg) [DG 95.W4]

Theatre

  • Beacham, R. (1991) The Roman theatre and its audience (Routledge, London) [PA 6067.B3]
  • Hanson, J.A. (1978) Roman Theatre-Temples [NA 325.T5]
  • Slater, W.J., ed. (1996) Roman Theater and Society (Ann Arbor) [PA 6067.R6]

Circuses

  • Humphrey, J.H. (1986) Roman Circuses [DG 95.H8]

Sourcebooks

  • @Cooley, A.E. & M.G.L. (2004) Pompeii. A Sourcebook (Routledge: London & New York) [DG 70.P + e-book] chapter 4
  • Futrell, A. (2006) The Roman Games (Blackwell, Oxford) [DG 95.F8]
  • Lomas, K. (1996) Roman Italy 338 BC- AD 200. A sourcebook (London: UCL Press) [DG 13.R6]
  • @Parkin, T. & Pomeroy, A. (2007) Roman Social History. A Sourcebook [DG 78.R6 + e-book]
  • Shelton, J-A. (1998) As the Romans did: a sourcebook in Roman social history (2nd edn, New York; Oxford: Oxford University Press) [DG 78.S4]
  • Sherk, R.K. (1988) The Roman Empire: Augustus to Hadrian (CUP) [DG 275.R6]

Lecture 07- Death and burial

Key readings

  • @Hope, V.M. (2009) Roman Death: dying and the dead in ancient Rome [DG 103.H68] ch 6 'Commemorating and remembering the dead'
  • @Patterson, J. (2000) ‘On the margins of the city of Rome’, in Hope, V.M. and Marshall, E. (eds) Death and disease in the ancient city (London: Routledge) [DE 61.D3 + e-book]

General reading

  • Bodel, J. (1999) "Death on Display: Looking at Roman Funerals," in B. Bergmann and C. Kondoleon, eds., The Art of Ancient Spectacle (Studies in the History of Art 56) (Washington, D.C., 1999) 258–81 [GT 4851.A7 oversize]
  • Carroll, M. (2006) Spirits of the Dead: Roman funerary commemoration in Western Europe (OUP) [DG 103.C2]
  • Claridge, A. (1993) ‘Hadrian’s Column of Trajan’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 6: 1-22 [Arts periodical]
  • Colvin, H. M. (1991) Architecture and the after-life (New Haven, London: Yale University Press) [NA 6162.C6]
  • @Davies, P.J.E. (2000) Death and the emperor (Cambridge) [NB 1875.D2] pp.27-34, 127-135
  • Elsner, J. and Huskinson, J. (2011) Life, death, and representation: some new work on Roman sarcophagi [NB 1810.L47]
  • Harlow, M. and Laurence, R., eds (2007) Age and Ageing in the Roman Empire [DG254.2A44]
  • Hope, V.M. (1997) ‘A roof over the dead: communal tombs & family structure’, in Domestic Space in the Roman World, eds R. Laurence & A. Wallace-Hadrill (JRA Suppl. 22: Portsmouth, RI) 69-88 [DG 97.D6]
  • Hope, V.M. (1997) 'Constructing Roman Identity: Funerary Monuments and Social Structure in the Roman World' Mortality 2: 103-121 [Social science periodical]
  • @Hope, V.M. (1997) 'Words and Pictures: the Interpretation of Romano-British Tombstones' Britannia 28: 245-258 [Arts periodical]
  • @Hope, V.M. (1998) 'Negotiating Identity and Status: the Gladiators of Roman Nimes' in J. Berry and R. Laurence (eds.), Cultural Identity in the Roman Empire (Routledge) 179-195. [DG 78.C8 + e-book]
  • Hope, V.M. (2000) ‘Fighting for identity: the funerary commemoration of Italian gladiators’ in The epigraphic landscape of Roman Italy, ed. A.E. Cooley (London: Institute of Classical Studies) [CN 530.E7]
  • Hope, V.M. (2009) Roman Death: dying and the dead in ancient Rome [DG 103.H68]

  • @Hope, V.M. and Marshall, E. (eds) (2000) Death and disease in the ancient city (London: Routledge) [DE 61.D3 + e-book] Chapters by Hope, ‘Contempt and respect. The treatment of the corpse in ancient Rome’, 104-27; Patterson, ‘On the margins of the city of Rome’, 85-103

  • @Hopkins, K. (1966) On the probable age structure of the Roman population’, Population Studies 20: 245-64 [Social science periodical]
  • Hopkins, K. (1983) Death and renewal (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Sociological studies in Roman history 2) [DG 103.H6]
  • Huskinson, J. (1996) Roman Children’s Sarcophagi: their Decoration and its Social Significance [NB 1810.H8]
  • Koortbojian, M. (1996) ‘In commemorationem mortuorum: text and image along the “Streets of tombs”’ in J. Elsner, ed. Art and Text in Roman Culture pp.210-34 [N 5760.A7]
  • Kyle, D. G. (1998) Spectacles of death in ancient Rome (London: Routledge) [DG 95.K9]
  • Morris, I. (1992) Death-ritual and social structure in classical antiquity (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Key themes in ancient history) [DE 61.D3]
  • @Mouritsen, H. (1997) ‘Mobility and social change in Italian towns during the principate’, in Roman urbanism: beyond the consumer city, ed. H. M. Parkins (London: Routledge) [DG 78.R6 + e-book]
  • @Mouritsen, H. (2005) Freedmen and decurions: epitaphs and social history in Imperial Italy’, JRS 95: 38-63
  • Oliver, G.J. (2000) The Epigraphy of Death - chapters by King, Vestergaard and Hope
  • Patterson, J. (1992) ‘Patronage, collegia and burial in Imperial Rome’, in S. Bassett, (ed.) Death in towns: urban responses to the dying and the dead, 100-1600 (Leicester: Leicester University Press) 15-27 [GT 3243.D3]
  • Patterson, J. (2000) 'Living and dying in the city of Rome: houses and tombs' in J. Coulston & H. Dodge, eds Ancient Rome: the archaeology of the eternal city (Oxford) 259-89 [DG 65.A6]
  • Pearce, J. et al, eds (2000) Burial, society and context in the Roman world (Oxford: Oxbow) [DG 103.B8]
  • Price, S. (1987) ‘From noble funerals to divine cult: the consecration of the Roman emperors’ in S. Price & D. Cannadine, (eds) Rituals of royalty: power and ceremonial in traditional societies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press [GT 5010.R4]
  • Toynbee, J. M. C. (1971) Death and burial in the Roman world (London: Thames & Hudson) [DG 103.T6]
  • Walker, S. (1985) Memorials to the Roman dead (London: British Museum) [DG 103.W2]

Sourcebook

  • @Hope, V.M. (2007) Death in Ancient Rome: A Sourcebook [DG 103.H6 + e-book]

Comparative studies

  • Jupp, P.C. & Gittings, C., eds (1999) Death in England: an illustrated history (Manchester: Manchester University Press) [HF 2011.D3]

Lecture 8: Religions of the Roman World

Key readings

  • Gordon, R. (1990) ‘The Veil of Power: emperors, sacrificers and benefactors’, in Beard, M and North, J, Pagan Priests. Religion and Power in the Ancient World, [BL 727.P2]
  • Rives, J. (2000) ‘Religion in the Roman Empire’, in J. Huskinson (ed.), Experiencing Rome. Culture, Identity and Power in the Roman Empire, pp. 245-275 [DG 78.E9]
  • Rives, J.B. (2007) Religion in the Roman Empire (Blackwell) [BL 803.R4]

General reading

  • Adkins, R. and Adkins, L. (2001) Dictionary of Roman Religion [BL 802.A3]
  • Ando, C. (2003) Roman Religion (Edinburgh Univ Press) [BL 802.R6]
  • Beard, M., North, J., Price, S. (1998) Religions of Rome 2 vols [BL 802.B3] esp. vol. 1, ch.7
  • Bispham, E. 'Religions' in Roman Europe, ed. E. Bispham
  • Dowden, K. (1990) Religion and the Romans [DG 121.D6]
  • Gradel, I. (2002) Emperor worship and Roman religion, Clarendon Press [BL 802.G7]
  • Lane Fox, R. L. (1986) Pagans and Christians [BR 182.L2]
  • Liebeschuetz, J. H. W. G. (1979) Continuity and change in Roman religion, Clarendon Press [BL 802.L4]
  • MacMullen, R. (1981) Paganism in the Roman Empire [BL 802.M2]
  • MacMullen, R. (1984) Christianizing the Roman Empire [BR 170.M2]
  • North, J. (1980) ‘Novelty and Choice in Roman Religion’, JRS 70: 186-91
  • North, J. (2000) Roman Religion (G&R New Surveys 30) [BL 801.N6]
  • North, J. A. and Price, S. R. F. (eds.) (2011) The religious history of the Roman Empire: pagans, Jews, and Christians, Oxford University Press [BL 803.R62]
  • @Ruepke, J. (2007) A Companion to Roman Religion [BL 803.C66]
  • Scheid, J. (2003) An introduction to Roman religion (Edinburgh Univ. Press) [BL 803.S2]
  • Scheid, J. (1993) 'The Priest', in A. Giardina (ed.), The Romans [DG 78.R6]
  • Scullard, H. H. (1981) Festivals and Ceremonies of the Roman Republic [DG 125.S2]
  • Turcan, R. (2000) The Gods of Ancient Rome [BL 802.T8]
  • Warrior, V. (2006) Roman Religion [BL 803.W2]

'Foreign' gods

  • Beck, R. (1984) 'Mithraism since Franz Cumont', ANRW II.7.4: 2002-2115 [ DG 210.A8]
  • @Beck, R. (2006) The religion of the Mithras cult in the Roman Empire : mysteries of the unconquered sun [BL 1585.B3]
  • Bowden, H. (2010) Mystery cults of the ancient world [BL 610.B69]
  • Burkert, W. (1987) Ancient mystery cults [BL 610.B8]
  • Clauss, M. (2000) The Roman cult of Mithras: the god and his mysteries [BL 1585.C8]
  • Gasparro, G. S. (1985) Soteriology and mystic aspects in the cult of Cybele and Attis [BL 820.C8]
  • Merkelbach, R. (1984) Mithras [BL 1585.M3]
  • @Orlin, E. (2010) Foreign cults in Rome: creating a Roman Empire (OUP) [e-book]
  • Roller, L. E. (1999) In search of god the mother : the cult of Anatolian Cybele [BL 820.C8]
  • Speidel, M. (1980) Mithras-Orion: Greek Hero and Roman Army God [BL 1585.S7]
  • Turcan, R. (1996) The cults of the Roman Empire [BL 805.T8]
  • Witt, R. E. (1997) Isis in the Ancient World [BL 2450.I8]

Religions in the provinces

  • Elsner, J. (1997) ‘The Origins of the Icon: Pilgrimage, Religion and Visual Culture in the Roman East as “Resistance” to the Centre’, in S. Alcock, The Early Roman Empire in the East, pp. 178-199 [DG 59.A2]
  • North, J. (1992) ‘The development of religious pluralism’, in J. Lieu, J. North, T. Rajak (eds), The Jews among Pagans and Christians [BM 177.J3]
  • @Noy, D. (2001) '"A Sight Unfit to See": Jewish Reactions to the Roman Imperial Cult', Classics Ireland, Vol. 8, pp. 68-83 [Available on JSTOR]
  • Price, S. (1984) Rituals and Power. The Roman Imperial Cult in Asia Minor [DG 124.P7]
  • Webster, J. (1997) ‘A negotiated syncretism: readings on the development of Romano-Celtic religion’, in D.J. Mattingly (ed.), Dialogues in Roman Imperialism. Power, Discourse and the Discrepant Experience in the Roman Empire, pp. 165-184 [DG 270.D53]

Sourcebooks

  • Beard, M., North, J., Price, S. (1998) Religions of Rome 2 vols [BL 802.B3] Vol. 2
  • @Cooley, A.E. & M.G.L. (2004) Pompeii. A Sourcebook (Routledge: London & New York) chapter 5 [DG 70.P7 + e-book]

Lecture 09 - The Army

Key readings

  • @Keppie, L. (1998) The Making of the Roman Army. From Republic to Empire [U 35 K3] ch. 7 [e-book]
  • Bispham, E. (2008) 'Warfare and the army', in Roman Europe, ed. E. Bispham [DG 209.R594 ] 135-69


General Overviews

  • @Alston, R. (1998) Aspects of Roman History AD 14-117 chap. 13 [DG 276.A5]
  • Beard, M. (2007) The Roman Triumph [DG 89.B4]
  • Campbell, J.B. (1984) The Emperor and the Roman Army 31 BC- AD235 [DG 276.5.C2]
  • Campbell, J.B. (1994) The Roman Army, 31 BC – AD 337. A Sourcebook [U35.C2]
  • Davies, R. (1989) Service in the Roman Army [U35.D2]
  • Elton, H. (1996) Frontiers of the Roman Empire [DG 59.A2]
  • Erdkamp, P. (2007) A Companion to the Roman Army [U 35.C648]
  • Gilliver, C. (1999) The Roman Art of War [U 35.G4]
  • Goldsworthy, A. (2003) The Complete Roman Army [U 35.G6]

  • Goldsworthy, A. (2007) Roman Warfare [U 35.G65]

  • @Keppie, L. (1998) The Making of the Roman Army. From Republic to Empire [U 35 K3 + e-book]
  • Le Bohec, Y. (1994) The Imperial Roman Army [U 35.L3]
  • @Ostenberg, I. (2009) Staging the world : spoils, captives, and representations in the Roman triumphal procession [DG 89.O88 + e-book]
  • Potter, D. (2011) 'The Roman Army' in The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World, ed. M. Peachin
  • Rich, J. & Shipley, G. (1993) War and Society in the Roman World [DG 89.W2]
  • Roth, J.P. (2009) Roman Warfare [U 35.R68]

  • Sabin, P., van Wees, H., Whitby, M. (2007) The Cambridge history of Greek and Roman warfare [U 33.C2]

  • Sidebottom, H. (2004) Ancient Warfare (A Very short introduction) [U 29.S4 ]
  • Watson, G.R. (1969) The Roman Soldier [U 35.W2]
  • Webster, G. (1956) The Roman Army [U 35.W3]
  • Webster, G. (1985, 3rd edn) The Roman Imperial Army [U35.W3]
  • Webster, G. (1985) The Roman Imperial Army: a social and economic study [DG 59.A2]

Geographical Studies

  • Alston, R. (1995) Soldier and Society in Roman Egypt: a social history [DT 93.A5]
  • Blagg, T.F.C. and King, A.C., eds. (1984) Military and Civilian in Roman Britain. Cultural relationships in a frontier province [DA 145.M4]
  • @Dobson, B. & Mann, J.C. (1973) The Roman army in Britain and Britons in the Roman army’, Britannia 4: 191-205
  • Elton, H. (1996) Frontiers of the Roman Empire [DG 59.A2]
  • Isaac, B.H. (1990) The Limits of Empire: the Roman army in the East [DS62.1.18]
  • Keppie, L. (1983) Colonisation and Veteran Settlement in Italy [DG 105.K3]
  • Pollard, N. (2000) Soldiers, cities and civilians in Roman Syria [DG 59.S9]

Specific Aspects of Army Life

  • @Campbell, B. (1978) The marriage of soldiers under the EmpireJRS 68: 153-66
  • Gilliver, C. (1996) Battle in Antiquity [U 29.B2]
  • Goldsworthy, A. (1996) The Roman Army at War 100 BC – AD 200 [U35.G6]
  • Mann, J.C. (1983) Legionary Recruitment and Veteran Settlement during the Principate [U35.M2]
  • Maxfield, V.A. (1995) Soldier and Civilian: life beyond the ramparts [DG 89.M2]
  • Roth, J.P. (1999) The Logistics of the Roman Army at War (264 BC – AD 235) [U 35.W3]

Art and Architecture


Lecture 10: Literacy

Key readings

  • @Bowman, A.K. and Woolf, G. (1994) Literacy and Power in the Ancient World (Cambridge) chapter by Bowman/Woolf [PA 273.T4] ch.1
  • @Harris, W.V. (1989) Ancient Literacy (Cambridge Mass., London) [PA 273.H2 + e-book] 'The Late Republic and the High Empire, 100 B.C.-250 A.D.'

General reading

  • @Baird, J.A. and Taylor, C. (2010) Ancient Graffiti in Context [DE 60.A5] +e-book
  • @Beard, M. et al. (1991) Literacy in the Roman World (JRA suppl. series no.3: Ann Arbor) chapters by Humphrey, Beard, Horsfall, Franklin, Corbier, Bowman, Hopkins, Ellis Hanson
  • Benefiel, R. (2010) 'Dialogues of ancient graffiti in the House of Maius Castricius in Pompeii', AJA 114: 59-101 [Arts Journals]
  • Bodel, J. (2010) 'Epigraphy', in The Oxford handbook of Roman Studies, eds A. Barchiesi & W. Scheidel [DG 209.O94 ]
  • @Bowman, A.K. and Woolf, G. (1994) Literacy and Power in the Ancient World (Cambridge) chapters by Bowman/Woolf, Woolf, Goodman, Bowman, Lane Fox [PA 273.T4]; ch.1
  • Corbier, M. (1987) ‘L’écriture dans l’espace public romain’, in L’urbs. Espace urbain et histoire. (Collection de l’Ecole française de Rome 98: Rome) 27-60 [DG 63.U8]
  • @Horsfall, N. (1989) ‘The uses of literacy’ and the Cena Trimalchionis: 1Greece and Rome 36.1: 74-89
  • @Horsfall, N. (1989) ‘The uses of literacy’ and the Cena Trimalchionis: 2Greece and Rome 36.2: 194-209
  • Johnson, W.A. & Parker, H.N., eds (2009) Ancient Literacies (Oxford) [Z 1003.5.G8.A53]  ch. by Milnor
  • Meyer, E.A. (2004) Legitimacy and Law in the Roman World: tabulae in Roman belief and practice [DG 88.M3]
  • Miles, R. (2000) ‘Communicating culture, identity and power’ in J. Huskinson, ed. Experiencing Rome. Culture, Identity and Power in the Roman Empire (London: Routledge) 29-62 [DG 78.E9
  • Peachin, M., ed. (2011) The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman World - chs by M. Horster, 'Primary education'; J. Connolly 'Rhetorical education'; Charles W. Hedrick, Jr., 'Literature and Communication'; E.A. Meyer, 'Epigraphy and Communication'; A. Jördens, 'Communicating with Tablets and Papyri' [on order]
  • @Starr R.J. (1990) The used-book trade in the Roman world’, Phoenix 44.2: 148-57
  • @Woolf, G. (2000) ‘Literacy’, in Cambridge Ancient History XI (2nd edn) , eds A.K Bowman, P. Garnsey, D. Rathbone (Cambridge) 875-97 [D 57.C2]
  • @Woolf G. (1996)Monumental writing and the expansion of Roman society in the early empire’, JRS 86, 22-39.

Education

Britain

  • Bowman, A.K. (1994) Life and letters on the Roman frontier: Vindolanda and its people (London) [DA 147.V4]
  • Bowman, A.K. Vindolanda [PA 273.T4]
  • Bowman, A. K. and Thomas, D. (1984) Vindolanda: the Latin writing-tablets [DA 147.V4]
  • Bowman, A.K. (1994) The Vindolanda writing-tablets (Tabulae Vindolandenses II) [DA 147.V4]
  • Cooley, A.E., ed. (2002) Becoming Roman, Writing Latin? Literacy and Epigraphy in the Roman West (espec. chapters on Britain by Hanson & Conolly; Tomlin) [CN 513.B3]

Comparative studies on literacy

  • Goody, J. R., ed. (1968) Literacy in Traditional Societies (Cambridge) [372.44 GOO]

  • Goody, J. R. (1977) The domestication of the savage mind (Cambridge) [HC 9000.G6]

  • Goody, J. R. (1987) The interface between the written and the oral (Cambridge) [P 211.G6]

  • McKitterick, R. , ed. (1990) The Uses of Literacy in Early Medieval Europe (Cambridge) [372.44 USE]


SPRING TERM 2013

Lecture 1 - Historiography

Key Readings

*Bispham, E. (2006) 'Roman historiography' ch.50 in The Edinburgh Companion to Ancient Greece and Rome [DE 59.E3 ]
@*Woodman, A.J. (1998) Tacitus Reviewed (Oxford), ch. 1

The origins of Roman historical writing

  • Badian, E. (1966) ‘The early historians’, in Latin Historians, ed. T.A. Dorey (London) [DG 206.A2]
  • Cornell, T.J. (1986) ‘The formation of the historical tradition of early Rome’, in I.S. Moxon, et al., eds, Past Perspectives. Studies in Greek and Roman historical writing (Cambridge) [DE 8.P2]
  • Rawson, E. (1991) ‘The first Latin annalists’, in Roman Culture and Society (Oxford) [DG 78.R2]
  • Wiseman, T.P. (1979) Clio’s Cosmetics (Leicester) [DG 205.W4]
  • Wiseman, T.P. (1994) ‘The origins of Roman historiography’, in Historiography and Imagination (Exeter) [DG 77.W4]

Overviews

  • *Bispham, E. (2006) 'Roman historiography' ch.50 in The Edinburgh Companion to Ancient Greece and Rome [DE 59.E3 ]
  • Clarke, K. (1999) Between geography and history: Hellenistic constructions of the Roman world (Oxford) [DG 77.C5]
  • Cooley, A.E. (2000) ‘Inscribing history at Rome’, in The Afterlife of Inscriptions, ed. A.E. Cooley (London) [CN 513.A3]
  • Dorey, T.A. (1966) Latin Historians (Routledge and Kegan Paul: London) [DG 206.A2]
  • Feldherr, A., ed. (2009) The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historians [DG 205.C3]
  • Feldherr, A. and Hardy, G. (2011) The Oxford History of Historical Writing vol.1 [on order]
  • *Gabba, E. (1981) True history and false history in classical antiquity’, Journal of Roman Studies 71: 50-62
  • Kraus, C.S. (1999) The Limits of Historiography chapters by Jaeger, Clarke, Pelling [D 56.L4]
  • *Kraus, C.S. and Woodman, A.J. (1997) Latin Historians (Oxford) [DG 205.K7]
  • @Kraus, C.S., et al. (2010) Ancient historiography and its contexts (OUP) [e-book]
  • @Marincola, J. (1997) Authority and tradition in ancient historiography (Cambridge) [D 56.M2 + e-book]
  • Marincola, J. (2007) A Companion to Greek and Roman Historiography 2 vols [DE 8.C65]
  • Marincola, J. (2011) Greek and Roman Historiography [DE 8.G74]
  • Mellor R. (1999) The Roman Historians. London: Routledge 1999. DG 205.M3
  • Toher, M. (1990) ‘Augustus and the evolution of Roman historiography’, in K.A. Raaflaub & M. Toher, eds. Between Republic and Empire. Interpretations of Augustus and his Principate (University of California Press, Berkeley) 139-54 [DG 279.B3]
  • *Woodman, A.J. (1988) Rhetoric in Classical Historiography (London) [DE 8.W6]

Sallust

  • Syme, R. (1964) Sallust (Berkeley/Los Angeles) [PA 6656.S9]

Livy

  • *Chaplin, J.D. (2000) Livy's Exemplary History [PA 6459.C4]
  • @Feldherr, A. (1998) Spectacle and Society in Livy's History [937 FEL + e-book]
  • *Jaeger, M. (1997) Livy’s Written Rome [DG 207.L4]
  • *Luce, T. (1977) Livy: the composition of his history [PA 6459.L8]
  • *Miles, G.B. (1995) Livy: Reconstructing Early Rome [PA 6459.M4]
  • Walsh, P. (1974) Livy [PA 6459.W2]
  • Walsh, P. (1961) Livy, his historical aims and methods [PA 6459.W2]

Pompeius Trogus/ Diodorus Siculus

Tacitus

  • American Journal of Philology 120.1 (1999) The Senatus Consultum de Cn. Pisone Patre [Arts Periodical + online at JSTOR]
  • Ash, R. (1999) Ordering anarchy: armies and leaders in Tacitus' Histories (London) [DG 207.T2]
  • *Ash. R. (2006) Tacitus (BCP) [PA 6716.A84]
  • Cooley, A.E. (2005) 'Introduction' in Tacitus. The annals and The histories translated by A.J. Church and W.J. Brodribb [DG 207.T2]
  • *Goodyear, F.R.D. (1970) Tacitus (Greece and Rome New Surveys no.4: Oxford) [PA 6716.Z5]
  • *Martin, R. (1981) Tacitus (London) [PA 6716.M2]
  • Mellor, R. (1993) Tacitus (Routledge) [PA 6716.M3]
  • O’Gorman, E. (2000) Irony and misreading in the Annals of Tacitus (CUP) [PA 6705.A9]
  • Syme, R. (1958) Tacitus (Oxford) [PA 6716.S9]
  • Syme R. (1970) Ten Studies in Tacitus. Oxford: Clarendon Press. PA 6716.59
  • Walker, B. (1952) The Annals of Tacitus: a Study in the Writing of History (Manchester) [PA 6705.A9]
  • *Woodman, A.J. (1979) ‘Self-imitation and the substance of history. Tacitus, Annals 1.61-5 and Histories 2.70, 5.14-15’, in D. West and A.J. Woodman, eds Creative Imitation and Latin Literature (Cambridge) [PA 6011.W3]
  • *Woodman, A.J. (1998) Tacitus Reviewed (Oxford), ch. 1, 6 [DG 207.T2]
  • @Woodman, A.J., ed. (2009) The Cambridge Companion to Tacitus [e-book] [PA 6716.C3]

Plutarch

  • Pelling, C.B.R. (1986) 'Plutarch and Roman Politics', in I.S. Moxon, J.D. Smart and A.J. Woodman, eds Past Perspectives: Studies in Greek and Roman Historical Writing (Cambridge) pp.159-87 [DE 8.P2]
  • *Pelling, C.B.R. (1990) 'Truth and fiction in Plutarch's Lives' in D.A. Russell, ed. Antonine Literature (Oxford) pp.19-52 [PA 3086 A6]
  • Russell, D. (1973) Plutarch [PA 4382.R8]

Suetonius

  • *Barton, T. (1994) 'The Inventio of Nero: Suetonius', in Elsner, J. & J.Masters, Reflections of Nero [DG 285.R3]
  • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1984) Suetonius: the scholar and his Caesars [PA 6702.W2]

Lectures 2-4: Literature

Literature and 'propaganda'

  • Zanker, P. (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press). [N 5760.Z2]

Virgil

  • Griffin J. (1986) Virgil (Oxford, OUP: Past Masters series). [PA 6825.G7]
  • Hardie P. (ed.) (1999) Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors (London: Routledge). [PA 6825.H2]
  • Martindale C. (ed.) (1997) The Cambridge Companion to Virgil (Cambridge: CUP). [PA 6825.C2]

Literary criticism

  • West, D.A. (1969) Imagery and Poetry of Lucretius [PA 6484.W3]
  • Fraenkel, E. (1957) Horace [PA 6411.F7]
  • Russell, D.A. (1981) Criticism in Antiquity [PA3013.R8] ch. 4 pp.52-68
  • Williams, G. (1985) Tradition and Originality in Roman Poetry [PA 6047.W4]
  • Laird, A. (2005) Oxford Readings in Ancient Literary Criticism - 'Epicurean Poetics' by Asmis

Literary Theory

  • Eagleton, T. (2007) How to read a poem [PR 502.E2]
  • Martindale, C. (2004) Latin poetry and the judgment of taste [PA 6047.M2]

Literature after Augustus

  • Elsner J. & J. Masters (1994) (ed.) Reflections of Nero: Culture, History & Representation (London: Duckworth). [DG 285.R3]
  • Hardie P. (2002) (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Ovid (Cambridge: CUP). [PA 6537.C2]
  • Sullivan J.P. (1991) Martial: the Unexpected Classic (Cambridge: CUP). [PA 6507.S8]
  • Williams G. (1978) Change and Decline: Roman Literature in the Early Empire (Berkeley / LA / London: University of California Press) [PA 6042.W4]

Lecture 5: Art and architecture

General books

  • Beard, M. and Henderson, J. (2001) Classical Art, from Greece to Rome [N 5610.B3]
  • D'Ambra, E. (1998) Art and Identity in the Roman World [N 5760.D2] *pp.127-45
  • Elsner, J. (1998) Imperial Rome and Christian Triumph [N 5760.E5]
  • Holscher, T. (2004) The Language of Images in Roman Art. Arts as a Semantic System in the Roman World (Cambridge) [N 5760.H6]
  • Kleiner, D.E.E. (1992) Roman Sculpture [NB 115.K5]
  • Stewart, P. (2004) Roman Art [N 5760.S8]
  • Steward, P. (2008) The Social history of Roman Art [N 5760.S67]
  • Walker, S. (1991) Roman Art [N 5760.W2]
  • Ward-Perkins, J.B. (1981) Roman Imperial Architecture (Harmondsworth) [N 5300.P3]

Public art: Specific Monuments/Emperors

  • Boatwright, M.T. (1987) Hadrian and the City of Rome (Princeton) [DG 63.T2]
  • Davies, P. (2000) Death and the Emperor: Roman Imperial Funerary Monuments from Augustus to Marcus Aurelius (Cambridge) [NB 1875.D2]
  • DeLaine, J. (1997) The Baths of Caracalla: a study in design, construction and economics of a large scale building project in imperial Rome. Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplement 25 (Portsmouth RI) [DG 68.1.D3]
  • Favro, D. (1986) The Urban Image of Augustan Rome (Cambridge) [DG 63.F2]
  • Torelli, M. (1982) Typology and Structure of Roman Historical Reliefs (Ann Arbor) [NB 133.T6]
  • Zanker, P. (1988) The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus (Ann Arbor) [N 5760.Z2]

Trajan's column

  • Brilliant, R. (1984) Visual Narratives pp.90-123
  • Claridge, A. (1993) ‘Hadrian’s Column of Trajan’ Journal of Roman Archaeology 6: 5-22 [Arts Periodical]
  • Davies, P. (2000) Death and the Emperor pp.27-34, 127-35
  • Hannestad, N. (1986) Roman Art and Imperial Policy pp.146-173
  • Huet, V. (1996) ‘Stories One Might Tell of Roman Art: Reading Trajan’s Column and the Tiberius Cup’, in J. Elsner ed, Art and Text in Roman Culture (Cambridge) pp 9–31 [N 5760.A7]
  • Kleiner, D.E.E. (1992) Roman Sculpture [NB 115.K5] pp.212-20
  • Lepper, F. and S. Frere (1988) Trajan’s Column (Gloucester) [DG 69.L3]
  • Packer, J.E. (2001) The Forum of Trajan in Rome (Berkeley) [NA 325.F6]
  • Richmond, I.A. (1935) Trajan’s Army on Trajan’s Column’, Papers of the British School at Rome 13: 1–40 [Arts Periodical]
  • Wilson Jones, M. (2000) Principles of Roman Architecture chapter 8

Roman Architecture

  • Adam, J-P. (1994) Roman Building: materials and techniques [NA 310.A3]
  • Barton, I.M. Roman Public Buildings [NA 310.R6]
  • Boethius, A. (1960) The Golden House of Nero [NA 310.B6]
  • Clarke, J.R. (1991) The Houses of Roman Italy [NA 324.C5]
  • Davies, P. (2000) Death and the Emperor: Roman Imperial Funerary Monuments from Augustus to Marcus Aurelius (Cambridge) [NB 1875.D2]
  • DeLaine, J. (1997) The Baths of Caracalla: a study in design, construction and economics of a large scale building project in imperial Rome. Journal of Roman Archaeology Supplement 25 (Portsmouth RI) [DG 68.1.D3]
  • Delaine, J. (1993) ‘Roman Baths and Bathing’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 6: 348-58 [Arts Periodical]
  • Delaine, J. & Johnston, D. (eds) (1999) Roman Baths and bathing (esp. Bathing and society, in JRA supp. series 37 [oversize DG 97.R6]
  • Ellis, S. P. (2000) Roman Housing
  • Henig, M., ed. (1990) Architecture and Architectural sculpture in the Roman Empire
  • Macdonald, W.L. The Architecture of the Roman Empire vols. I and II (1986) [NA 310.M2]

  • Macready, F. and Thompson, S. (1987) Roman Architecture in the Greek World [NA 310.R6]

  • Nielsen, I. (1990) Thermae and Balnea. The Architecture and Cultural History of Roman Public Baths I-II [NA 317.N4]

  • Sear, F. (1988) Roman Architecture [NA 310.S3]
  • Sear, F.B., ‘The Theatre at Lepcis Magna and the Development of Roman Theatre Design’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 3 (1990) 376-382 [Arts Periodical]

  • Ward-Perkins, J.B. (1981) Roman Imperial Architecture (Harmondsworth) [N 5300.P3]
  • Wilson Jones, M. (2008) Principles of Roman Architecture
  • Yegul, F.K., ‘“Roman” Architecture in the Greek World,’ Journal of Roman Archaeology 94 (1990) 345-55 [Arts Periodical]

  • Yegül F. (1992) Baths and Bathing in Classical Antiquity [DG 97.Y3]

Private art - The House

  • Clarke, J.R. (1991) The Houses of Roman Italy [NA 324.C5] *pp.1-77
  • Ellis, S. P. (2000) Roman Housing, *especially ch 6
  • Hales, S. (2003) The Roman House and Social Identity [NA 324.H2] *pp.97-163
  • Leach, E. (2004) The Social Life of Painting in Ancient Rome and on the Bay of Naples [ND 2575.L3]
  • McKay, A.M. (1998) Houses, Villas and Palaces in the Roman World [NA 324.M2] *especially chs 2 and 6
  • Purcell, N. (1996) ‘The Roman garden as a domestic building’, in I. Barton, ed. Roman domestic buildings pp.121-51
  • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1994) Houses and Society in Pompeii and Herculaneum [DG 70.P7]

Sarcophagi

  • D'Ambra, E. (1988) "A myth for a smith: A Meleager sarcophagus from a tomb in Ostia", American Journal of Archaeology 92: 85-100
  • Elsner, J. & Huskinson, J. (2011) Life, death and representation [NB 1810.L47]
  • Koortbojian, M. (1995) Myth, Meaning, and Memory on Roman Sarcophagi [NB 1810.K6]
  • Kleiner, D.E.E. (1992) Roman Sculpture [NB 115.K5]
  • Wood, S. (1993) "Alcestis on Roman Sarcophagi", in Roman Art in Context, E. D'Ambra, ed. 84-103. [N 5760.R6]
  • D'Ambra, E. (1993) "The cult of virtues and the funerary relief of Ulpia Epigone", in Roman Art in Context, E. D'Ambra, ed. 104-114 [N 5760.R6]

Decoration: Paintings, Mosaics and Statues

  • Ling, R. (1991) Roman Painting [ND 120.L4]
  • Ling, R. (1998) Ancient Mosaics [NA 3760.L4]
  • Dunbabin, K.M.D. (1999) Mosaics of the Greek and Roman World [NA 3760.D8]
  • D'Ambra, E. (1993) Roman Art in Context. An Anthology [N 5760.R6]
  • Gazda, E. (1991) Roman Art in the Private Sphere [N 5760.R6]
  • Marvin, M. (1993) 'Copying in Roman Sculpture: the Replica Series', in E. D'Ambra, ed. Roman Art in Context. An Anthology [N 5760.R6]
  • Ridgway, B.S. (1984) Roman Copies of Greek Sculpture: the problem of the originals [NB 94.R4]

Petronius

There is not a long bibliography here because the primary reading is the text itself, available online and in the library (Arrowhead's translation may be the best).

Secondary reading, especially in terms of contextualising the work within archaeological evidence, can be taken from RC&S Autumn handouts on Class, Slavery, Patronage and Death and Burial.

Additional reading

  • Courtney, E. (2001) A Companion to Petronius. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Harrison, S.J. (1999) "Twentieth-Century Scholarship on the Roman Novel". in S. J. Harrison (ed.). Oxford Readings in the Roman Novel. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. xi-xxxix. (Weblink to article at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satyricon)
  • Prag, J. & Repath, I. (2009) Petronius: A handbook [PA 6561.P37]
  • Sullivan, J. P. (1985) Literature and Politics in the Age of Nero. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press
  • Walsh, P. G. (1970) The Roman Novel: The Satyricon of Petronius and the Metamorphoses of Apuleius. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Coinage

  • Burnett A. (1987) Coinage in the Roman World, London [CJ 833.B8]
  • Carson R.A.G. (1990) Coins of the Roman Empire, London [CJ 969.C2]
  • Foss C. (1990) Roman Historical Coins, London [CJ 837.F6]
  • Howgego, C. (1995) Ancient History from Coins [CJ 76.H6]
  • Reece R. (1987) Coinage in Roman Britain [CJ 1102.R3]

Roman Cyprus

  • Casson, S. (1937) Ancient Cyprus. Its Art and Archaeology, London [In Store: DS 54.3.C2]
  • Catling, H. W. (2003a) ‘Cyprus’ in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (eds.) (2003) The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford: Revised Third Edition, 419-420 [DE 5.O9]
  • - (2003b) ‘Amathus’ in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (eds.) (2003) The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford: Revised Third Edition, 69
  • - (2003c) ‘Curium’ in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (eds.) (2003) The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford: Revised Third Edition, 414
  • - (2003d) ‘Chytri’ in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (eds.) (2003) The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford: Revised Third Edition, 330
  • - (2003e) ‘Idalium’ in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (eds.) (2003) The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford: Revised Third Edition, 746
  • - (2003f) ‘Marium-Arsinoe’ in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (eds.) (2003) The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford: Revised Third Edition, 924-925
  • - (2003g) ‘Paphos’ in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (eds.) (2003) The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford: Revised Third Edition, 1108
  • - (2003h) ‘Salamis’ in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (eds.) (2003) The Oxford Classical Dictionary, Oxford: Revised Third Edition, 1347
  • Hill, G. (1972) A history of Cyprus [electronic resource], chapter XI, pages 226-256 [Also in store: DS 54.5.H4 ]
  • Karageorghis, V. (1982) Cyprus from the Stone Age to the Romans, Thames and Hudson Ltd: London [In Store: 939.37]
  • - (1999) Excavating at Salamis in Cyprus, 1952-1974, A.G. Leventis Foundation [DS 54.3.K2]
  • Karageorghis, J. (2005) Kypris. The Aphrodite of Cyprus. Ancient Sources and Archaeological Evidence, A. G. Leventis Foundation, Nicosia [BL 820.V5]
  • Knapp, A. B. (2008) Prehistoric and Protohistoric Cyprus. Identity, Insularity, and Connectivity, Oxford University Press: Introduction [Online Resource]
  • Maier, F. G. And Karageorghis, V. (1984) Paphos. History and Archaeology, A. G. Leventis Foundation, Nicosia [DS 54.95.N47]
  • Michaelides, D. (1990) ‘The Roman Period. 30 BC – AD 330’ in D. Hunt (ed.) (1990) Footprints in Cyprus, Trigraph London in association with The Bank of Cyprus Ltd, revised and reprinted: 110-135 [DS 54.5.F6]
  • Mitford, T. B. (1960) ‘A Cypriot Oath of Allegiance to Tiberius’, The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 50: 74-79 [Available on JSTOR]
  • - (1961) ‘The Hellenistic Inscriptions of Old Paphos’, The Annual of the British School at Athens, Vol. 56: 1-41 [Available on JSTOR]
  • - (1980) ‘Roman Cyprus’, in Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt, II. 7.2: 1285-1384 [DG 210.A8]
  • - (1990) ‘The Cults of Roman Cyprus’, in Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt, II. 18.3: 2176-2211 [DG 210.A8]
  • Neal, D. S. (2009) The Basilica at Soli Cyprus : a survey of the buildings and mosaics, SAVE, International Resources Group [NA 5990.C9]
  • Parks, D. A. (2004) The Roman Coinage of Cyprus, Nicosia [CJ 969.P2]
  • Rupp, D. (1994) ‘Map 72 Cyprus’, in Talbert, R. J. A. (ed.) (2000) The Barrington Atlas, Princeton University Press [Reference: DE 25.B2, A disc is available from the library helpdesk with Rupp's entry on Cyprus]
  • Tatton-Brown, V. (1997) Ancient Cyprus, British Museum Press, second edition [DS 54.3.T2]
  • Treggiari, S. (1996) Cicero's Cilician Letters, Lactor 10 [Main Library Pamphlets: PA 6308.E5]

Imperialism and 'Romanization'

Geography and Power

  • Adams, C. & R. Laurence (2001) Travel and geography in the Roman Empire (Routledge: New York, London) [DG 30.T7]
  • Millett, M. and Blagg, T., eds (1990) The Early Roman empire in the west (Oxford: Oxbow) [DG 59.A2] chapter by N. Purcell
  • Nicolet, C. (1991) Space, Geography and politics in the Early Roman Empire (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press) [DG 30.N4]

Cultural Change/ ‘Romanization'

  • Black, E. (2008) 'Fishbourne, Chichester, and Togidubnus rex again', Journal of Roman Archaeology 21: 293-303 
  • Bowman, A.K. (1992) ‘Public buildings in Roman Egypt’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 5
  • Champion, C.B. (2003) Roman Imperialism: Readings and Sources (Blackwell: Oxford) [DG 209.R6]
  • Cunliffe, B. (1991) ‘Fishbourne revisited: the site in its context’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 4
  • Garnsey, P.D.A. and Whittaker, C.R., eds (1978) Imperialism in the ancient world (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) [D 60.C2] chapters by Brunt, ‘Laus imperii’; Nutton, ‘The beneficial ideology’; de Lange, ‘Jewish attitudes to the Roman Empire’
  • *Hales, S. and Hodos, T., eds (2010) Material culture and social identities in the ancient world (Cambridge) [HC 5000.M28]
  • Hingley, R. 'Recreating coherence without reinventing Romanization' Digressus (online journal)
  • Hoff, M.C. and Rotroff, S.I. (1997) The Romanization of Athens (Oxbow monograph 94) [DF 285.R6]
  • Keay S. & Terrenato, N. eds (2001) Italy and the West. Comparative Issues in Romanization - espec. chapters by Woolf
  • Laurence, R. and Berry, J., eds (1998) Cultural identity in the Roman Empire (London: Routledge) [DG 78.C8]
  • Macready, S. and Thompson, F.H., eds (1987) Roman architecture in the Greek world (London: Society of Antiquaries, Thames and Hudson) [NA 310.R6] review: Journal of Roman Archaeology 4
  • Mattingly, D. (1997) Dialogues in Roman Imperialism [DG 270.D53]
  • Mattingly, D. (2004) 'Being Roman: expressing identity in a provincial setting', Journal of Roman Archaeology 17.1: 5-25
  • Merryweather, A.D. & J. Prag, eds (2003) Romanization? (online journal Digressus: supplement)
  • Millett, M. (1990) The Romanization of Britain: an essay in archaeological Interpretation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) [DA 145.M4]
  • Millett, M. and Blagg, T., eds (1990) The Early Roman empire in the west (Oxford: Oxbow) [DG 59.A2] chapter by R. Reece
  • Revell, L. (2009) Roman Imperialism and Local Identities (Cambridge) [DG 271.R38]
  • Scott, S. & J. Webster, eds (2004) Roman Imperialism and Provincial Art (Cambridge)
  • Smith, R.R.R. (1998) 'Cultural choice and political identity in honorific portrait statues in the Greek East in the 2nd century AD', JRS 88: 56-93
  • Terrenato, N. (2008) 'The cultural implications of the Roman conquest' in Roman Europe, ed. E. Bispham 234-64
  • *Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2009) Rome’s Cultural Revolution (Cambridge) [DG 77.W35]
  • Ward-Perkins, J.B. (1981 and 1994) Roman imperial architecture (The Pelican history of art) [N 5300.P3]
  • Wood, M. and Queiroga, F., eds, (1992) Current research on the Romanization of the Western Provinces (Oxford: BAR international series 575) [qto DG 87.C8]
  • Woolf, G. (1998) Becoming Roman: the origins of provincial civilization in Gaul (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) [DG 59.G2]

ONLINE BIBLIOGRAPHY

Many of the items listed below have been made available online by the Library: index of online resources.

RCS online bibliography