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Consolidation - Further reading after lectures

First imperial succession | Tacitus' Germanicus | Death of Germanicus | Maiestas | Tacitus and the principate | Caligula | Claudius | Nero | Four emperors | Flavians | Flavian Rome | Trajan | Hadrian | Greeks under Rome (1)| Greeks under Rome (2) | Images of the Elite | A world of festivals? | Hadrian and the Greek East| Integration of Provincials | Ruling the empire |


Autumn Term 2017

Lecture 1 - The first imperial succession

  • *Tacitus Annals 1.1-15
  • @ *Gibson, A.G.G. (2012) The Julio-Claudian succession: reality and perception of the "Augustan" model - 'Introduction' by Gibson, pp.1-19 + 'Suetonius and the succession to Augustus' by Osgood, pp. 19-40 + 'Tiberius and the invention of succession' by Vout, pp.59-78
  • Griffin, M. (1995) 'Tacitus, Tiberius and the Principate', in Leaders and Masses in the Roman World. Studies in Honor of Zvi Yavetz, eds I. Malkin & Z.W. Rubinsohn 33-57 [DG 82.L3]
  • Levick, B. (1976) Tiberius the Politician (Thames & Hudson, London) [DG 282.L3]
  • @ Mitford, T.B. (1960) 'A Cypriot Oath of Allegiance to Tiberius' JRS 50: 75-79
  • @ O'Gorman, E. (2000/2007 e-book) Irony and Misreading in the Annals of Tacitus: ch.4 'Reading Tiberius at face value'
  • @ Syme, R. (1974) Syme, R. (1974) History or biography: the case of Tiberius Caesar’, Historia 23: 481-96 = Roman Papers III: 937-52
  • @ *Wiedemann, T. (1996, 2nd edn) 'Tiberius to Nero', in Cambridge Ancient History X, eds A.K. Bowman, E. Champlin, A. Lintott (Cambridge) pp.198-209

Lecture 2 - Tacitus' Germanicus

  • Tacitus, Annals Books 1.16-end & 2
  • @ O'Gorman, E. (2000/2007 e-book) Irony and Misreading in the Annals of Tacitus: ch.3 'Germanicus and the reader in the text'
  • @ *Pelling, C. (1993) 'Tacitus and Germanicus', in A.J. Woodman & T.J. Luce, eds Tacitus and the Tacitean Tradition (Princeton) 59-85 [PA 6716.T2]
  • @ *Williams, K.F. (2009) ‘Tacitus’ Germanicus and the Principate’, Latomus 68.1: 117-130
  • @ Shotter, D.C.A. (1968) 'Tacitus, Tiberius and Germanicus', Historia 17: 194-214

Lecture 3 - Death of Germanicus

  • Tacitus, Annals Book 3, Tabula Siarensis, SCPP
  • @ Arena, P. (2009) ‘The pompa circensis and the domus Augusta’, in Ritual dynamics and religious change in the Roman Empire, ed. Hekster et al. pp.77-94
  • @ Flory, M.B. (1996) 'Dynastic Ideology, the Domus Augusta, and Imperial Women: A Lost Statuary Group in the Circus Flaminius' TAPA 126: 287-306
  • Frenz, H.G. (1989) ‘The honorary arch at Mainz-Kastel’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 2: 120-25 [Arts Periodical]
  • @ Gonzalez, J. (1999) 'Tacitus, Germanicus, Piso, and the Tabula Siarensis' AJPhil 120.1: 123-42
  • @ Lott, J.B. (2012) Death and Dynasty in early imperial Rome
  • @ *Seager, R. (2012) 'Perceptions of the domus Augusta' in Gibson, ed. The Julio-Claudian Succession
  • @ Severy, B. (2000) 'Family and State in the Early Imperial Monarchy: The Senatus Consultum de Pisone Patre, Tabula Siarensis, and Tabula Hebana,' Classical Philology. 95.3: 318-37
  • Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1990) ‘Roman Arches and Greek Honours: the Language of Power at Rome’, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 36: 143-81 [Arts Periodical]

Lecture 4 - Maiestas

  • *LACTOR Tiberius to Nero P4 'Lucius Aelius Sejanus'
  • Tacitus, Annales Books 4-6
  • @ Chilton, C.W. (1955) "The Roman Law of Treason under the Early Principate", JRS 45: 73-81
  • Levick, B. (1976) Tiberius the Politician chapters 6, 7, 11
  • @ Levick, B. (1983) The Senatus Consultum from Larinum’, JRS 73: 97-115
  • @ *Pettinger, A. (2012) The Republic in Danger Chapters 1-2 + 12 on Libo Drusus
  • Rutledge, S.H. (2001) Imperial inquisitions: prosecutors and informants from Tiberius to Domitian
  • Seager, R. (1972) Tiberius, chap. 5, 151-62
  • Syme, R. (1956) Sejanus on the Aventine’, Hermes 84.3: 257-66 [repr. in Roman Papers I., Oxford 1979, 305-15]
  • Syme, R. (1958) Tacitus, chaps. 32, 39
  • Talbert, R. (1984) The Senate of Imperial Rome, 460-68
  • *'The Fall of Sejanus' - departmental 'vodcast' by Kevin Butcher (scroll down to Mon 25 Oct 2010)

Lecture 5 - Tacitus and the Principate

  • Tacitus, Dialogus in translation: Russell, D.A. and M. Winterbottom, Ancient literary criticism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972) [PN 173.R8]
  • *Bartsch, S. ‘Praise and doublespeak: Tacitus' 'Dialogus' in R. Ash, ed. Oxford Readings in Classical Studies: Tacitus (2012)
  • Goldberg, S.M. ‘Appreciating Aper: the defence of modernity in Tacitus' 'Dialogus de Oratoribus'’ in R. Ash, ed. Oxford Readings in Classical Studies: Tacitus (2012)
  • *@ Goldberg, S.M. (2010) ‘The faces of eloquence: the Dialogus de Oratoribus’, in Woodman, A.J., ed. The Cambridge Companion to Tacitus
  • Mayer, R. (2001) Tacitus Dialogus – read introduction to commentary

  • *@ Rutledge, S.H. (2012) ‘Tacitus' Dialogus de oratoribus: a socio-cultural history’ in Pagan, ed. A Companion to Tacitus

  • @ van den Berg, C. (2014) The world of Tacitus' Dialogus de Oratoribus: aesthetics and empire in ancient Rome (CUP)

  • @ Barnes, T.D. (1986) 'The significance of Tacitus' Dialogus de Oratoribus' Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 90: 225-44 [JSTOR]

  • @ Levene, D.S. (2004) ‘Tacitus’ Dialogus as literary history’, Transactions of the American Philological Association 134: 157-200 [JSTOR]
  • @ Percival, J. (1980) 'Tacitus and the Principate', Greece & Rome 27.2: 119-133 [JSTOR]
  • Cooley, A.E. (2005) 'Introduction' to Barnes & Noble edition of Tacitus Annals and Histories, translation by Church & Brodribb [DG 207.T2]

Lecture 6 - Caligula

  • Philo, Embassy to Gaius (online translation)
  • Wiseman, T.P. (1991) Death of an Emperor (Exeter) = Josephus Jewish Antiquities 19.1-273 (Internet Ancient History Sourcebook online translation)
  • Wiedemann in CAH X (2nd edn) pp.221-28
  • Gradel, I. (2002) Emperor Worship and Roman Religion ch.6
  • Varner, E. (2000) From Caligula to Constantine: Tyranny and Transformation in Roman Portraiture [NB 164.F7 ]
  • Camus, Caligula - Translated by Stuart Gilbert (Penguin Books 1965) [PQ 2605A6]; Commentary by P. Thody (1973) [PQ2605A
  • Butcher, K. 'Caligula and his sisters' - departmental vodcast

Lecture 7 - Claudius

Lecture 8 - Nero's Golden Age

Lecture 9 - The Year of the Four Emperors

  • Ash, R. (1999) Ordering Anarchy. Armies and Leaders in Tacitus' Histories - excellent if you want to understand Tacitus as literature

Lecture 10 - The Flavian Regime

  • *Griffin, M. (2000) 'The Flavians' CAH XI: 1-83
  • Levick, B. (1999) Vespasian espec. ch.5-8
  • @ Roxan M.M. (1996) ‘An emperor rewards his supporters: the earliest extant diploma issued by Vespasian’, JRA 9: 247-56
  • @ Townend, G. (1961) 'Some Flavian connections' JRS 51: 54-62

Lecture 11 - Flavian Rome

  • @Millar, F. (2005) ‘Last Year in Jerusalem: Monuments of the Jewish War in Rome’ in Edmondson & Rives, eds. Flavius Josephus & Flavian Rome [DS 115.9.J6]
  • @Boyle, A.J. and Dominik, W.J., eds (2003) Flavian Rome: Culture, Image, Text – esp. chapters by Packer; Gunderson
  • @ Closs, V. (2016) 'Neronianis temporibus: the so-called arae incendii Neroniani and the fire of AD 64 in Rome's monumental landscape' Journal of Roman Studies pp.102-123

Lecture 12 - Trajan's foreign conquests

Lectures 13/14 - Hadrian's New Athens

  • Boatwright, M.T. (2000) Hadrian and the Cities of the Roman Empire (Princeton UP: Princeton NJ) [DG 295 T2]
  • @ Gordillo Hervas, R. (2017) ‘Talking with the emperor: diplomacy and language between Greece and Rome’ Greece & Rome 64.2: 168-181
  • Spawforth, A. & Walker, S. (1985/86) 'The world of the Panhellenion I Athens and Eleusis & II Three Dorian Cities' JRS
  • @Spawforth, A. (2012) Greece and the Augustan Cultural Revolution (CUP) 242-55 [e-book]


Spring Term 2016

Lecture 15 - Greeks under Rome (1)

  • Anderson, G. (1990) ‘The Second Sophistic: some problems of perspective’, in D.A. Russell, ed. Antonine Literature [PA 3086 A6] pp.91-110
  • *Bowie, E. (2000) ‘Literature and sophistic’, ch.31 in CAH XI (2nd edn) pp.898-921 [e-book]
  • Jones, C.P. (1971) Plutarch and Rome [PA 4382 J6]
  • Swain, S. (1996) Hellenism and Empire [PA 3081.S9]

Lecture 16 - Greeks under Rome (2)

  • @Elsner, J. (1992) ‘Pausanias: a Greek pilgrim in the Roman world’ P&P 135: 3-29 [JSTOR]
  • Swain, S. (1996) Hellenism and Empire [PA 3081.S9]

Lecture 17 - Images of the Elite

  • Boatwright, M.T. 'The city gate of Plancia Magna in Perge' in Roman Art in Context, ed. E. D'Ambra
  • Rose, C.B. 'The imperial image in the Eastern Mediterranean', in The Early Roman Empire in the East, ed. S.E. Alcock (1997) 108-20 [DG 59 A2]
  • @Smith, R.R.R. 'Cultural choice and political identity in honorific portrait statues in the Greek East in the second century AD', JRS 88 (1998) 56-93
  • Strocka, V.M. ‘The Celsus library in Ephesus
  • Zanker, P. (1995) The Mask of Socrates ch.5 'Hadrian's Beard' [N 7585 Z2]
  • http://holylandphotos.org/browse.asp?s=1,3,8,22,84 = Perge
  • Sagalassos excavations: (Marc Waelkens)

Lecture 18 - A world of festivals?

  • Boatwright, M.T. (2000) Hadrian and the Cities of the Roman Empire pp.94-104 [DG 295 T2]
  • @Mitchell, S. (1990) 'Festivals, games, and civic life in Roman Asia Minor', JRS 80: 183-91 [JSTOR]
  • @Rogers, G.M. (1991) 'Demosthenes of Oenoanda and models of euergetism', JRS 81: 91-100 [JSTOR]
  • Rogers, G.M. The Sacred Identity of Ephesos. Foundation Myths of a Roman City (1991) with van Bremen review in JRS 1993

Lecture 19 - Hadrian and the Greek East

  • Dip into Cooley, A.E. and B. Salway ‘Roman inscriptions 2006-2010’ in Journal of Roman Studies 2012

Lecture 20 - Integration of Provincials into Roman Society

  • Eden commentary on Apocolocyntosis - appendix on 'Claudius and Roman citizenship'
  • Levick, B. Claudius pp.164-5
  • Sherwin-White, A.N. (1973) The Roman Citizenship (2nd edn) Part II
  • Syme, R. Tacitus vol. I, ch. 43 'The rise of the provincials'

Lecture 21 - Ruling the Empire


Lecture 22 - Pliny in Bithynia

  • Williams, W. (1990) Pliny the Younger. Correspondence with Trajan from Bithynia (Epistles X) (Aris and Phillips)
  • @Griffin, M. Cambridge Ancient History vol. XI pp.117-123
  • @Gibson & Morello (2012) Reading the Letters of Pliny the Younger – espec pp. 251ff

Lecture 23 - Running the Economy

Lecture 24 - Roman Egypt

Lecture 25 - Popular Resistance

  • Dyson, S.L. (1975) ‘Native revolt patterns in the Roman Empire’ ANRW II.3:138ff [DG 210.A8]
  • Levick, B. The Government of the Roman Empire. A Sourcebook ch.11 'Resistance' [DG 83.L3]
  • MacMullen, R. (1967) Enemies of the Roman Order (1967) ch.4 [DG 78.M2]
  • Mitchell, S. (1976) Requisitioned transport in the Roman empire: a new inscription from Pisidia’, JRS 66
  • Nutton, V. (1978) ‘The beneficial ideology’ in P. Garnsey & C. Whittaker, eds Imperialism in the Ancient World (Cambridge) [D 60.C2]
  • Potter, D.S. (1990) Prophecy and History in the Crisis of the Roman Empire (Oxford) [PA 4253 O83]

Lectures 26/7 - Jewish Revolts

Lecture 28 - Spain

  • Alföldy, G. (2000) 'Spain' ch. 13 in CAH XI (2nd edn), pp.444-61
  • Boatwright, M.T. (2000) Hadrian and the Cities of the Roman Empire [DG 295 T2] pp.162-67 on Italica
  • Edmondson, J. (2002) 'Writing Latin in the province of Lusitania' in A.E. Cooley, ed. Writing Latin, Becoming Roman? 41-60
  • Keay, S.J. (1988) Roman Spain [DP 94.K3]

Lecture 29 - Imperial Cult


Summer Term 2016

Lectures 30-31 - Robert Graves and Claudius

  • Graves, R. Claudius the God [PR 6013.R2]
  • BBC I Claudius [SRC Video]
  • Seymour-Smith, M. Robert Graves: his life and work (1982) [PR 6013.R2]
  • Robert Graves Trust