EN268 Modernist Cultures:
Week 1: Presentation of module.
Week 2: Introduction to Modernist Cultures
- Defining ‘modernity’, ‘modernization’ and ‘modernism’.
- Watch Charlie Chaplin in Modern Times on YouTube, Part 1/9 and 2/9
- Listen to opening bars of Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring online
- Look at Picasso’s ‘Les Demoiselles d’Avignon’ online
Lewis, Pericles. ‘Introduction’, The Cambridge Introduction to Modernism
Chapters by Berman and Williams in Brooker (ed) Modernism/Postmodernism
Harvey, David. 'Modernity and Modernism' in The Condition of Postmodernity
Trotter, David. ‘The Modernist Novel,’ in Levenson (ed) The Cambridge Companion to Modernism
Weeks 3-5: Edwardian Critiques of Empire
· The ‘strange death of liberal England’
· National identity and masculinity
· Imperial ‘Civilization’ and its discontents
Gasiorek, Andrzej. A History of Modernist Literature. (2015).
Lewis, Pericles. Cambridge Introduction, Ch.2
Week 3: Joseph Conrad: Heart of Darkness (1899/1902)
Hawthorn, Jeremy. 'Joseph Conrad's Half-Written Fictions' in The Cambridge Companion to the Modernist Novel, 151-64.
Shaffer, Brian. 'Joseph Conrad: Heart of Darkness' in Bradshaw and Dettmar, 314-23.
Brantlinger, Patrick. Rule of Darkness
Watts, Cedric (ed) Conrad’s Heart of Darkness
Watts, Cedric. The Deceptive Text
Watts, Cedric. A Preface to Conrad
Andrews, Michael R. Conrad and Masculinity
Achebe, Chinua. ‘An Image of Africa’, Massachusetts Review 18: 4 (1977)
Listen to archived Radio 4 ‘In Our Time’ discussion of Heart of Darkness.
Week 4: Ford Madox Ford: The Good Soldier (1915)
Michael Levenson: ‘Character in ‘The Good Soldier,’ in Modernism and the Fate of Individuality: Character and Novelistic Form from Conrad to Woolf
Paul B. Armstrong: The Challenge of Bewilderment
Carol Jacobs: ‘The (too) good soldier: a real story,’ Glyph 3, 38-51
Max Saunders: Ford Madox Ford: A Dual Life, vol 1
Haslam, Sara. 'Ford Madox Ford: the Good Soldier' in Bradshaw and Dettmar, A Companion, 350-57.
Snitow, Ann Barr. Ford Madox Ford and the Voice of Uncertainty.
Trotter, David. “Hueffer’s Englishness.” Agenda, 27: 4, 28: 1 (1992), 148-155.
Galef, David. “Forster, Ford, and the New Novel of Manners.” In John Richetti (ed.) The Columbia History of the British Novel, 818-841
Cheng, Vincent. 'A Chronology of The Good Soldier' in The Good Soldier (Norton Critical Edition)
Week 5: E M Forster, Howards End (1910)
Jeremy Tambling (ed): E.M.Forster
Nicholas Royle: E.M.Forster
Wright, Anne. The Literature of Crisis
Perry Meisel, The Myth of the Modern: A study in British culture and criticism since 1850
Michael Levenson, Modernism and the Fate of Individuality
David Dowling, Bloomsbury Aesthetics and the Novels of Forster and Woolf
David Gervais, Literary Englands: Versions of Englishness in Modern Writing
Bette London: The Appropriated Voice: Narrative Authority in Conrad, Forster and Woolf
Peter Widdowson: E.M. Forster's Howards End: Fiction as History
Richard Sennett, 'Urban Individualism: E.M. Forster's London' in Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization, pp. 317-354.
Raymond Williams, ‘The Bloomsbury Fraction,’ in Problems in Materialism and Culture
Jan Marsh. Back to the Land: The Pastoral Impulse in England from 1880 to 1914
Week 6: Reading Week
Week 7: Vorticism, 1914-1915
Set Text: Blast: Review of the Great English Vortex – online at Modernist Journals Project.
- Cultural politics of the avant-garde
- Role of ‘little magazines’ in modernist culture
- Relationship to Futurism and imagism
- Vorticism and gender
Contents of Vol.1 (1914): Manifestoes, reviews by Lewis and Pound; Ford Madox Ford's 'The Saddest Story'; Rebecca West's 'Indissoluble Matrimony'; Poems by Pound ('Salutations the Third', 'Come my Cantilations', etc.); Wyndham Lewis's prose-play, 'Enemy of the Stars'; illustrations by Vorticist artists
inc. Henri Gaudier-Brzeska).
Dasenbrock, Reed Way. The Literary Vorticism of Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis
Gasiorek, Andrzej. 'The 'Little Magazine' as Weapon: Blast' in Thacker and Brooker (eds), The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of the Lit11
Pound, Ezra. Gaudier-Brzeska (1916)
Peppis, Paul. Literature, politics and the English avant-garde : Nation and empire, 1901-1918
Edwards, Paul (ed). Blast : Vorticism 1914-1918
Materer, Timothy. Vortex : Pound, Eliot and Lewis
Munton, Alan. 'Vorticism' in Bradshaw and Dettmar, 176-82.
Webpages at www.vorticism.co.uk
Also online: Mark Morrison, ‘Blast: An Introduction’ for the Modernist Journals Project online, esp. ‘Blast and Promotional literature’, ‘Blast and Literature’
Weeks 8-9: Modernism, war and sexual politics
Week 8: Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room (1922)
- War, ‘civilization’ and gender
- Critique of 19th century novel form
- Representation of urban space
Woolf, Virginia. 'Modern Fiction' in Selected Essays
Hynes, Samuel. A War Imagined. New York: Atheneum, 1991.
McKay, Marina. ‘The Lunacy of Men, the Idiocy of Women; Woolf, West and War’, NWSA Journal 15.3 (2003) 124-144
Gilbert, Sandra and Susan Gubar. ‘Soldier’s Heart: Literary Man, Literary Women and the Great War’ in No Man’s Land Vol.2 Sexchanges
Froula, Christina. Virginia Woolf and the Bloomsbury Avant-Garde
Briggs, Julia. Virginia Woolf: An Inner Life
Flint, Kate. ‘Introduction’ to World’s Classics Edition
Marcus, Laura. Virginia Woolf
Zwerdling, Alex. Virginia Woolf and the Real World
Week 9: D.H. Lawrence, Women in Love (1920)
- Critique of industrial modernity
- Rhetoric of postwar ‘decadence’
Wexler, J. D.H. Lawrence: Women in love' in Bradshaw and Dettmar, 393-401.
Stevens, Hugh. ‘D.H. Lawrence’ in The Cambridge Companion to the Modernist Novel
Delaney, Paul. (1979) D. H. Lawrence's Nightmare: The Writer and his Circle in the Years of the Great War
Ellis, David. DH Lawrence’s Women in Love: A Casebook
Day, Gary (ed) The Rainbow and Women in Love
Pinkney, Tony. D.H. Lawrence
Week 10: Jean Rhys, Voyage in the Dark (1934)
- Colonial / metropolitan spacetime
- Sexuality and discourses of sexual purity
Rhys, Jean. 'Voyage in the Dark, Part IV (Original Version')' in Bonnie Kime Scott (ed) The Gender of Modernism: A Critical Anthology, 381-9.
Mary Lou Emery, Jean Rhys at World’s End: Novels of Colonial and Sexual Exile
Coral Ann Howells, Jean Rhys
Helen Carr, Jean Rhys
Sue Thomas, The Worlding of Jean Rhys
Andrew Thacker, Moving Through Modernity
James Joyce, Ulysses (1922)
Wk 1: Introduction to Ulysses and ‘Telemachus’
Wk 2: ‘Nestor’, 'Proteus'
Wk 3: 'Calypso', 'Lotos-Eaters'
Wk 4: ‘Hades', ‘Aeolus'’
Wk 5: ‘Lestrygonians', 'Scylla and Charybdis'
Wk 6: Reading Week
Wk 7: 'Wandering Rocks', 'Sirens'
Wk 8: ‘Cyclops’, ‘Nausicaa’
Wk 9: ‘Oxen of the Sun’, ‘Circe’, ‘Eumaeus’
Wk 10: ‘Ithaca’, ‘Penelope’.
Don Gifford, Ulysses Annotated, 2nd ed. (U of California P, 1988)
Johnson, Jeri (ed) Ulysses (OUP)
Kiberd, Declan. Ulysses: Annotated Students’ Edition
Major Critical Views:
Although they have long been superseded by many other works, the following early studies provide key basic reading:
Frank Budgen, James Joyce and the Making of Ulysses (OUP, 1989; 1st ed 1934)
Stuart Gilbert, James Joyce’s Ulysses (NY: Vintage, 1958; 1st ed, 1930).
Wilson, Edmund. Axel’s Castle: A study in the Imaginative Literature of 1870-1930
Goldberg, S.L. The Classical Temper
*Useful collections of essays:
Attridge, Derek (ed) The Cambridge Companion to James Joyce
Attridge, Derek. James Joyce’s Ulysses: A Casebook
Hugh Kenner, Ulysses (Lond: Allen & Unwin, 1980, rev edn. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1987)
Vincent Sherry, James Joyce: Ulysses (Landmarks of World Literature)
Richard Ellmann, James Joyce (OUP, 1983; 1st edn, 1959)
Other critical studies:
Jameson, Fredric. 'Ulysses in History" in W.J. McCormack and Alistair Stead (eds.), James Joyce and Modern Literature (RKP, 1982),126-41
Mahaffey, Vicki, Reauthorizing Joyce (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988)
Moretti, Franco. Modern Epic: The World System from Goethe to Gracia Marquez (Verso, 1996)
Moretti, Franco. Signs Taken for Wonders (London: Verso, 1988). Ch 7.
Studies that focus on urban space:
Duffy, Enda "Disappearing Dublin" in Semicolonial Joyce (CUP, 2000)
Williams, Raymond The Country and the City, Ch 20, 233-47.
Gibbons, Luke. 'Montage, Modernism, the City' in Transformations in Irish Culture (Cork UP, 1996), 165-9