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Selected Readings


M. Jacqui Alexander and Chandra Talpade Mohanty (eds). Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, Democratic Futures (1997)

Amos, Valerie and Pratibha Parmar. "Challenging Imperial Feminism," Feminist Review 17 (July 1984), 3-19

Alison Blunt and Gillian Rose, eds. Writing Women and Space: Colonial and Postcolonial Geographies (1994)

Sandra Bartky, Femininity and Domination: Studies in the Phenomenology of Oppression (1990)

Bordo, S. (1993) Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Butler, J. (1993) Bodies That Matter: On The Discursive Limits of Sex, London and New York: Routledge.

Butler, J. (1990) Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, London and New York: Routledge.

Butler, J and Joan Scott (eds), Feminists theorize the political (1992).

Grace Chang, Disposable Domestics: Immigrant Women Workers in the Global Economy (Haymarket Books)

Chatterjee, Partha. “Colonialism, Nationalism, and Colonized Women: The Contest in India.” American Ethnologist. 1989. 16(4):622–33.

Nupur Chaudhuri and Margaret Strobel (eds.), Western Women and Imperialism: Complicity and Resistance (Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1992).

Davies, Carole Boyce. Black Women, Writing and Identity: Migrations of the Subject (Routledge, 1994).

Donaldson, Laura E. Decolonising Feminisms: Race, Gender, and Empire-Building (Routledge, 1992).

Ehrenreich, B. (2002) ‘Maid to Order’ in B. Ehrenreich and A. R. Hochschild, eds. Global Woman: Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy (New York: Henry Holt and Company), 85-103.

Grewal, Inderpal. Scattered Hegemonies: Postmodernity and Transnational Feminist Practices (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994).

Halberstam, J (2005) In a Queer Time and Place: Transgender Bodies, Subcultural Lives.

--------------- "Shadow Feminisms: Queer Negativity and Radical Passivity." The Queer Art of Failure, Duke University Press, 2011, pp. 123-46.

Hill Collins, P. (2000) Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment, 2nd ed. New York and London: Routledge.

bell hooks, ‘Sisterhood: Political Solidarity Among Women’, Feminist Theory: From Margin to Centre

Jayawardena, Kumari. Feminism and Nationalism in the Third World (Zed, 1986).

--- Embodied Violence: Communalising Female Sexuality in South Asia (1996).

Jeffrey, Amrita and Amrita Basu. Appropriating Gender: Women’s Activism and Politicized Religion in South Asia (London: Routledge, 1997)

Jolly, Margaret. "Motherlands? Some Notes on Women and Nationalism in India and Africa," Australian Journal of Anthropology 5 (1994): 41-59.

Kaplan, Caren. “‘A World without Boundaries’: The Body Shop's Trans/National Geographics.” Social Text, no. 43, 1995, pp. 45–66.

Katrak, Ketu. The Politics of the Female Body: Postcolonial Women Writers. Rutgers University Press, 2006.

Lewis, Reina and Mills Sarah. Feminist Postcolonial Theory: A Reader, New York:Routledge, 2003.

Massey, Doreen. Space, Place and Gender, Cambridge: Polity, 1994.

McRobbie, Angela (2009). The Aftermath of Feminism: Gender, Culture and Social Change. London: Sage.

Mernissi, Fatema. Beyond the Veil: Male-Female Dynamics in Modern Society. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Schenkman Publishing Company, Inc, 1975.

Messer-Davidow, Ellen (2002). Disciplining Feminism: From Social Activism to Academic Discourse. Durham: Duke University Press.

Clare Midgley (ed.), Gender and Imperialism (Manchester University Press, Manchester/New York, 1998), See esp. Haggis, Jane. “White Women and Colonialism,” in pp. 45-75.

Mills, Sara. Gender and Colonial Space. Manchester University Press, 2005.

Mohanty, C. T. (1988) ‘Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses’, Feminist Review 30: 61–88.

Mohanty, C. T. (2003) Feminism Without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

L. Mulvey, “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”, Screen, Vol. 16, no.3, 1975, pp. 6 – 18.

Nasta, Susheila (ed). Motherlands: Black Women’s Writing from Africa, the Caribbean and South Asia (Women’s Press, 1991).

Nguyen, M.T. ‘The Biopower of Beauty: Humanitarian Imperialisms and Global Feminisms in an Age of Terror’ Signs, Vol. 36, 2011.

Jasbir K. Puar. Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism In Queer Times.

Radhakrishnan, R. “Nationalism, Gender, and the Narrative of Identity.” In Nationalisms and Sexualities. Ed. Parker Andrew et al New York: Routledge, 1992. 77–95.

Ruvani Ranasinha, Contemporary Diasporic South Asian Women's Fiction (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016)

Ray, Sangeeta. Engendering India: Woman and Nation in Colonial and Postcolonial Narratives (Duke UP, 2000).

Sherene Razack, Malinda Smith and Sunera Thobani, States of Race: Critical Race Feminism for the 21st Century

Kumkum Sangari and Sudesh Vaid (eds.), Recasting Women: Essays in Colonial History (Delhi: Kali for Women, 1989)

Saliba, Therese. “On the bodies of third world women: Cultural impurity, prostitution, and other nervous conditions.” College Literature , vol 22, no. 1, 1995, p.131.

Sawicki, J. (1991) ‘Disciplining Mothers: Feminism and the New Reproductive Technologies’ in J. Sawicki, Disciplining Foucault: Feminism, Power, and the Body (London and New York: Routledge, 67-94).

Scott, Joan Wallach. The Politics of the Veil. Princeton University Press, 2010.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. “Can the Subaltern Speak”. Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory, edited by Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman, Colombia University Press, 1994, pp. 66- 111.

Sunder Rajan, Real and Imagined Women: Gender, Culture, and Postcolonialism (Routledge, 1993).

Trinh, T. Minha. Woman, Native, Other: Writing Postcoloniality and Feminism (Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1989).

N. Yuval Davis and P. Werbner, eds. Women, Citizenship and Difference, London and New York: Zed Books

Young, I. M, (2005[1980]) On Female Body Experience:’ Throwing like a girl’ and Other Essays, New York: Oxford University Press.

Monica Ali

Winnie Chan, ‘The Curry Capital in Monica Ali's Brick Lane’, South Asian Review, 32:3, (2011).

Perfect, Michael. “The Multicultural Bildungsroman: Stereotypes in Monica Ali’s Brick Lane.” Journal of Commonwealth Literature, vol. 43, no. 3, 2008, pp. 109-120
Valman, Nadia, ‘The East End Bildungsroman from Israel Zangwill to Monica Ali’, Wasafiri, 24:1, (2009).

Gloria Anzaldua

Bastian, M. (2011). ‘The contradictory simultaneity of being with others: Exploring concepts of time and community in the work of Gloria Anzaldúa’. Feminist Review, 97(1), pp.153-165.

Hames-Garcia, M., (2000) ‘How to Tell a Mestizo from an Enchirito®: Colonialism and National Culture in the Borderlands’. diacritics, pp.113-114

Tsitsi Dangarembga

Aegerter, Lindsay Pentolfe. “A Dialectic of Autonomy and Community: Tsitsi Dangarembga's Nervous Conditions.” Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, vol. 15, no. 2, 1996, pp. 231–240.

Bahri, Deepika. "Disembodying The Corpus: Postcolonial Pathology in Tsitsi Dangarembga's 'Nervous Conditions'." Postmodern Culture, vol. 5 no. 1, 1994.

Clare Barker, ‘Self‐starvation in the context of hunger: Health, normalcy and the “terror of the possible” in Tsitsi Dangarembga's Nervous Conditions’, Journal of Postcolonial Writing, 44:2, (2008).
Eck, Lisa. “Thinking Globally, Teaching Locally: The ‘Nervous Conditions’ of Cross-Cultural Literacy.” College English, vol. 70, no. 6, 2008, pp. 578–598.

George, Rosemary Marangoly, et al. “An Interview with Tsitsi Dangarembga.” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction, vol. 26, no. 3, 1993, pp. 309–319.

Lazzari, Gabriele. “Peripheral Realism and the Bildungsroman in Tsitsi Dangarembga’s Nervous Conditions.” Research in African Literatures, vol. 49, no. 2, 2018, pp. 107-124.

McWiliams, Sally. “Tsitsi Dangarembga's Nervous Conditions: At the crossroads of feminism and post‐colonialism”. Journal of Postcolonial Writing, vol. 31, no. 1, 1991, pp. 103-112.

Mule, Katwiwa. “Blurred Genres, Blended memories: Engendering Dissidence in Nawal el Saadawi’s “Memoirs of a Woman Doctor” and Tsitsi Dangarembga’s “Nervous Conditions”” Meridians, vol. 6, no.2, 2006, pp. 93-116

Nair, Supriya. “Melancholic Women: The Intellectual Hysteric(s) in Nervous Conditions.” Research in African Literatures, vol. 26, no. 2, 1995, pp. 130–139.

Thomas, Sue. “Killing the Hysteric in the Colonized's House: Tsitsi Dangarembga's Nervous Conditions”. The Journal of Commonwealth Literature, vol. 27, issue 1, March 1 1992, pp. 26-36.

Mahasweta Devi

Banerjee, Bidisha. ‘Defiance and the Speakability of Rape: Decolonizing trauma studies in Mahasweta Devi’s short fiction.’ The Journal of Commonwealth Literature, vol. 57, no. 3, 2022, pp. 657-74,

Nawal el Saadawi

Ahmed, Leila. “Arab Culture and the Writing of Women’s Bodies.” Feminist Issues, 1989.

Amireh, Amal. “Framing Nawal El Saadawi: Arab Feminism in a Transnational World.” Signs, vol. 26, no. 1, 2000, pp. 215-249.

Boryczka, Jocelyn M. “An Anatomy of Sexism: The Colonized Vagina.” New Political Science, vol. 39, no. 1, 2017, pp. 36-57.

Hiddleston, Jane. "Imprisonment, Freedom, And Literary Opacity In The Work Of Nawal El Saadawi And Assia Djebar". Feminist Theory vol 11, no. 2, 2010, pp. 171-187.

El Saadawi, Nawal. “Religion is all politics.” YouTube, uploaded by The Guardian, 28 April 2010,

Mule, Katwiwa. “Blurred Genres, Blended memories: Engendering Dissidence in Nawal el Saadawi’s “Memoirs of a Woman Doctor” and Tsitsi Dangarembga’s “Nervous Conditions”” Meridians, vol. 6, no.2, 2006, pp. 93-116

Valassopoulos, Anastasia. Contemporary Arab Women Writers . Routledge, 2007.

Frantz Fanon/Gillo Pontecorvo

Harrison, Nicholas. ‘Pontecorvo’s ‘Documentary’ Aesthetics.’ interventions, vol. 9, no. 3, 2007, pp. 389-404,

Kipfer, Stefan. “Fanon and Space: Colonization, Urbanization, and Liberation from the Colonial to the Global City.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, vol.25, no.4, 2007, p.701-726.
Minne, Danièle Djamila Amrane. “Women at war: the representation of women in The Battle of Algiers.” Interventions, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 340-349.
Ismail, Q. “Boys Will Be Boys: Gender and National Agency in Frantz Fanon and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, vol. 11, no. 1 and 2, 1 Mar. 1991, pp. 79–83.

Jamaica Kincaid

Burrows, Victoria. “Whiteness and Trauma: The Mother-Daughter Knot in the Fiction of Jean Rhys, Jamaica Kincaid and Toni Morrison’’. Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Dasi, Eleanor Anneh. Home and Away: Reconstructing Identity in Jamaica Kincaids Lucy. Transnational Literature Vol. 7 no. 1, November 2014.

Ferguson, Moira. “A lot of Memory: An Interview With Jamaica Kincaid.” The Kenyon Review. Volume 16. Number 1. (Spring 1994): 163-188.

Hughes, R. B. Empire and Domestic Space in the Fiction of Jamaica Kincaid. 1999.

Mahlis, Kristen. "Gender and Exile: Jamaica Kincaid's Lucy’” Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 44, no. 1, 1998, pp. 164–183.

Arizti-Martin, Barbara. “‘So you are from the islands?’ The Articulation of Structural and Historical Trauma in Jamaica Kincaid’s Lucy.Valladolid, vol. 34,[1] 2013, pp. 41-53.

Ferguson, Moira. Jamaica Kincaid: Where the Land Meets the Body. University Press of Virginia, 1994.

Mahlis, Kristen. “Gender and exile: Jamaica Kincaid’s “Lucy.”” Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 44, no. 1, 1998, pp.164-183.

Martin, Regina. "The Country and the City in Jean Rhys’s Voyage in the Dark." Rhys Matters: New Critical Perspectives, 2013, pp. 133-49.

Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. Jamaica Kincaid: A Critical Companion. Greenwood Press, 1999.

Jean Rhys

Angiers, Carole. Jean Rhys. Little Brown, 1990.

Cunningham, Anne. ""Get On or Get Out": Failure and Negative Femininity in Jean Rhys's Voyage in the Dark." MFS Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 59, no. 2, 2013, pp. 373-94.

Howells, Carol Ann. Jean Rhys. Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991.

Sheehan, Tom. “Jean Rhys's Caribbean Space-Time.” Journal of Caribbean Literatures, 4.3 (2007): 141–154.

Murdoch, H Adlai. “Rhys’s Pieces: Unhomeliness as arbiter of Caribbean creolization.” Callaloo, vol. 26, no. 1, 2003, pp.252-272.

Czarnecki, Kristin. ““Born in a Hot Place”: Kristevan Foreignness in Jean Rhys’s “Voyage in the Dark”, CEA Critic, vol. 73, no.1, 2010, pp.15-33.

Dell’Amico, Carol. Colonialism and the Modernist Moment in the Early Novels of Jean Rhys. Routledge, 2005.

Faja, Hiba Meteab et al. ““You’ll Get Used to It”: Alterity in Jean Rhys’ Voyage in the Dark.” The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, vol. 26, no. 2, 2020, pp.105-114.

Spyra, Ania. "Language and Belonging in Jean Rhys’s Voyage in the Dark." Rhys Matters: New Critical Perspectives, 2013, pp. 67-83.

Voicu, Cristina-Georgiana. Exploring Cultural Identities in Jean Rhys’ Fiction. De Gruyter Open Poland, 2014.

Kamila Shamsie

Chambers, Claire. “Sound and Fury: Kamila Shamsie’s Home Fire.” The Massachusetts Review, vol. 59, no. 2, 2018, pp. 202–219.

Iyer, Nalini. “Digital Subaltern Counterpublics and Muslim Women’s Resistance in Kamila Shamsie’s Home Fire and Samira Ahmed’s Internment.” Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, vol. 41, no. 1, 2022, pp. 135–154.

Lau, Lisa, and Ana Cristina Mendes. “Twenty-First-Century Antigones: The Postcolonial Woman Shaped by 9/11 in Kamila Shamsie's Home Fire.” Studies in the Novel, vol. 53, no. 1, 2021, pp. 54–68.

Rabindranath Tagore

Mitra, Indhari. ""I Will Make Bimala One With My Country": Gender and Nationalism in Tagore's The Home and the World." MFS Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 41 no. 2, 1995, pp. 243-264

Ray, Sangeeta. “Woman as Nation and a Nation of Women: Tagore’s The Home and the World and Hossain’s Sultana’s Dream” in En-Gendering India. Durham (N.C.), Duke University Press, 2000