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EN3A2 Women and Writing, 1150-1450

Convenor: Dr Sarah Wood

Seminars: Mondays 9:30-11am; 3-4:30pm

This 15-CAT module will be taught via 9 x 1.5 hour seminars in term 1 in the 2018-19 academic year.

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**INSTRUCTIONS AND PREPARATORY READING FOR WEEK 1 SEMINAR**

The seminar on Monday of week 1 will begin with a mini-lecture from the convenor introducing some of the themes and contexts for the module. We will then discuss the extracts from medieval antifeminist writings linked in the syllabus below, alongside the Wife of Bath's Prologue and Tale.

Please ensure that you have read all the extracts and the Wife of Bath's Prologue and Tale before the seminar. Please bring your copy of the Riverside Chaucer to the seminar and please ensure that you have copies of the extracts with you, either as printouts or as downloaded PDFs in your laptop or tablet.

Please click here to download some questions/prompts that you may wish to think about as you are doing your reading for the first seminar.

If you have any questions, or encounter any problems accessing the extracts, please email me: sarah.wood@warwick.ac.uk.

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Module description and aims

‘Who painted the lion?’ The best-known female character in medieval English literature, the Wife of Bath, was written by a man, yet as that text makes clear, Chaucer made women, their relationships, their trials, and their position in relation to textual culture his favourite themes. Since the 1980s, criticism of medieval literature has increasingly emphasised Chaucer’s understanding of the nature of gender as a social construct. The medieval period before Chaucer had witnessed a remarkable early flowering of religious literature written in Britain in the vernacular for women. The period 1150-1450 also saw the diverse literary outputs of the first named woman author writing in the British Isles (Marie de France), the first woman author writing in English (Julian of Norwich), the first professional woman writer in Europe (Christine de Pizan), and the earliest autobiography in English, written by the wife, mother, and visionary Margery Kempe.

This module explores the centrality of female voices, real and fictional, to the history of medieval writing by studying Chaucer’s women alongside examples of pre- and post-Chaucerian texts written specifically for female audiences. The course will also introduce students to the work of four major female authors writing from the 12th to the 15th centuries in a range of modes (romance, religious vision, love poetry, polemic).

Syllabus
Introduction: Medieval antifeminisms and the female voice

Week 1. Extracts from antifeminist writings; The Wife of Bath's Prologue and Tale (in the Riverside Chaucer).

The extracts are as follows: Extracts from Ovid (43 BC-AD 18), Heloise and Abelard (12th century), and Jean de Meun's The Romance of the Rose (c. 1275), in Woman Defamed and Woman Defended: An Anthology of Medieval Texts, ed. by Alcuin Blamires (Oxford, 1992), pp. 17-25, pp. 87-91, pp. 148-63. Extract from Saint Jerome, Against Jovinian (c. 393), in Sources and Analogues of the Canterbury Tales, ed. by Robert M. Correale and Mary Hamel (Cambridge, 2005), pp. 360-66.

These extracts are provided as scans from the Library; please click on links above for electronic copies.

Chaucer’s women

Week 2. The Legend of Good Women (in the Riverside Chaucer)

Week 3. The Man of Law’s Tale, The Clerk’s Tale, The Physician’s Tale (in the Riverside Chaucer)

Literature for women

Week 4. Anchoritic literature: Ancrene Wisse (ed. by Watson and Savage). Please read Introduction, Part II Outer Senses, Part III Inner Feelings, Part IV Temptations (up until p. 128), Part VII Love, Part VIII Outer Rule.

Week 5. Lives of female saints: The Stanzaic Life of St Margaret of Antioch, The Stanzaic Life of St Katherine of Alexandria, and Osbern Bokenham's The Life of St Anne. All in Middle English Legends of Women Saints, ed. by Reames, available online here.

Four women authors

Week 7. Marie de France, Lais (Penguin translation): please read the Prologue together with Le Fresne, Bisclavret, Lanval, Yonec, Laüstic, Chevrefoil.

Week 8. Julian of Norwich, Showings (Norton edn). Please read chapters 1-9, 16-22, 27-33, 45-52, 58-63.

Week 9. The Book of Margery Kempe (ed. by Staley, TEAMS edition: available online here). Please read the Prologue and chapters 1-7, 11, 21-22, 26-31, 35-36, 52-55, 79-81, 88-89.

Week 10. Christine de Pizan, Selected Writings (Norton edn: Ballads, The God of Love’s Letter, The Debate on the Romance of the Rose (extracts), The Book of Fortune's Transformation (extracts), The Book of the City of Ladies (extracts)).

Books to buy
  • L.D. Benson et al. (ed.) The Riverside Chaucer (you should have this book already from EN121)
  • A. Savage & N. Watson (eds and tr.) Anchoritic Spirituality: 'Ancrene Wisse' and Associated Writers (Classics of Western Spirituality Series) Paulist Press, 1991
  • Marie de France, Lais, trans. by G. Burgess and K. Busby, 2nd edn (Penguin, 2003)
  • Julian of Norwich, Showings, ed. Denise Baker (Norton, 2005)
  • Christine de Pizan, The Selected Writings, ed. and trans by R. Blumenfeld-Kosinski and K. Brownlee (Norton, 1997)
Learning outcomes
  • Acquire a knowledge of the variety of women’s experience and writing during the European Middle Ages;
  • Develop an informed historical understanding of the medieval antifeminist tradition and responses to it;
  • Gain an appreciation of the ways in which medieval women navigated their relationships to religious and textual authority;
  • Acquire an ability to reflect critically on the gendering of voice and authorial identities in medieval texts, and develop a critical understanding of approaches to medieval texts informed by modern theorisations of gender and sexuality
Assessment

1 x 5000 word essay, due in term 2, week 1.

Pre-requisites

Students are expected to have studied EN121 Medieval to Renaissance Literature or to have equivalent prior reading knowledge of Middle English literature.

Related modules

You may also be interested in the following modules:

Dreaming in the Middle Ages: Fiction, Imagination, and Knowledge (15 CATS, term 1)

Poetry and crisis: William Langland’s Piers Plowman in late medieval culture and society (15 CATS, term 2)

Medieval Alterities (15 CATS, term 2)