This part of Film History will introduce students to key movements in world cinema history from the late 1950s through to the present date. The module will introduce you to the concept of ‘new waves’ and ‘new cinemas’ and examine the ways in which they have sprouted up across the globe in the second half of the twentieth century and beyond. Using new waves as a lens through which to cut across film history, the module will interrogate its usefulness as a historiographic method and take it as an opportunity to reflect on questions of canon formation, critical practice, circuits of transnationalism, authorship and globalisation.
By looking at a variety of new cinemas, the module will explore their many similarities and convergences, including: their reaction to previous conventions and traditions; how their appearance is characterised or facilitated by new equipment and technology; and how they are often connected with, and informed by, youth and city culture. Each week will introduce you to a set of questions and issues specifically relating to the new wave in question. In so doing, the module will also consider how film movements may vary in terms of aesthetic and political goals, dependence or otherwise on state-funding and industrial support, as well as the extent to which new cinemas may arise spontaneously and be critically formulated thereafter, or else spring from a fully self-conscious and manifesto-driven effort.