- Clive Emsley, Crime and Society in England, chapter 7
- Victor Bailey, 'The fabrication of deviance: dangerous classes and criminal classes in Victorian England', in John Rule and Robert Malcolmson (eds), Protest and Survival
- A. L. Beier, 'Identity, Language, and Resistance in the Making of the Victorian "Criminal Class" : Mayhew's Convict Revisited', Journal of British Studies, 44 (2005)
- Kellow Chesney, The Victorian Underworld
- David Englander, 'Henry Mayhew and the Criminal Classes of Victorian England : The Case Reopened', Criminal Justice History, 17 (2002)
- Randall McGowen, 'Getting to know the criminal class in nineteenth century England', Nineteenth-Century Contexts, 14 (1990)
- D. Melossi, 'Changing representations of the criminal', British Journal of Criminology, 40 (2000)
- Preeti Nijhar, 'Imperial Violence : the "Ethnic" as a Component of the "Criminal" Class in Victorian England', Liverpool Law Review, 27 (2006)
- David Philips, 'Three "moral entrepreneurs" and the creation of a "criminal class in England, c.1790s-1840s', Crime, Histoire et Societes, 7 (2003)
- Martin Wiener, Reconstructing the Criminal (especially Introduction and chapter 1)
- Is the 'criminal class' an invention of contemporaries (and later historians)?
- What proportion of crime was committed by 'professional criminals?
- Was the criminal class synonymous with the 'poorer class'?
- How did perceptions of what constituted the 'criminal class' change over the nineteenth century?
- How influential are ideas of degeneracy in contemporary understandings of the causes of crime?