Please read our student and staff community guidance on COVID-19
Skip to main content Skip to navigation

Ideologies and States (3): The Wider World

Associated Skill: Photography

Seminar Questions

  • What is the difference between imperialism and colonialism?
  • Was is the connection between imperialism and capitalism?
  • When did globalization begin? Has it changed over time?
  • What characterizes globalization and useful is the paradigm for understanding the modern world?

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

  • Stephen Howe, Empire: A very Short Introduction (2002), ch. 1
  • Sebastian Conrad, German Colonialism: A Short History (2012), ch. 3
  • Jan de Vries, 'The Limits of Globalization in the Early Modern World', Economic History Review, 63 (2010)
  • Anthonie Anghie, International Law and the Prehistory of Globalization, Singapore Law Review, 33 (2015)

Background Reading

Document Images from the MRC: Ideologies and States

  • E. Hobsbawm, The Age of Capital, ch. 7: 'Losers' [Colonies], pp. 143-163; ch. 8: 'Winners' [U.S. Japan], pp. 164-186.
  • E. Hobsbawm, The Age of Empire, pp. 56-83
  • E. Hobsbawm, The Age of Extremes, ch. 7: 'End of Empires', ch. 15: 'Third World and Revolution', pp. 433-460.
  • A. C. Bayly, Birth of the Modern World, chs. 4, 6 & 13



  • Stephen Ambrose, Rise to Globalism
  • A. Appadurai, Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization (1996)
  • C.A. Bayly, The Birth of the Modern World (2004). D 299.B2.
  • Michael D. Bordo, Alan M. Taylor, and Jeffrey G. Williamson, eds., Globalization in Historical Perspective (2003). HY 100.G5 and EBook
  • S. Castles & A. Davidson, Citizenship and Migration: Globalization and the Politics of Belonging (2000)
  • Roland Findlay and Kevin H. O'Rourke, Power and Plenty: trade, war, and the world economy in the second millennium (2007). HK 10.F4
  • Thomas Friedman, The World is Flat: a brief history of the globalized world in the twenty-first century (2005). JE 120.F7
  • Anthony Giddens, Europe in the Global Age (2007). JE 420.2.G4
  • C. Freeman, High Tech and High Heels in the Global Economy: Women, Work and Pink Collar Identities in the Caribbean (1999)
  • David Held and Anthony McGrew (eds), The Global Transformation Reader: Introduction to the Globalization Debate (2000)
  • Noreena Hertz, The Silent Takeover: Global Capitalism and the Death of Democracy (2001)
  • C. Kaplan, N. Alarcon & M. Moallem (eds), Between Woman and Nation: Nationalism, Transnational Feminisms, and the State
  • A. D. King (ed.), Culture, Globalization and the World-system: Contemporary Conditions for the Representation of Identity (1991)
  • Michael Lang, “Globalization and Its History,” Journal of Modern History, 78/4 (2006), pp. 899-31. Online journal.
  • Bruce Mazlish, The New Global History (2006). HY 100.M2
  • Bruce Mazlish and Akira Iriye, ed., The Global History Reader (2005).
  • Kevin H. O'Rourke and Jeffrey G. Willamson, Globalization and History: the evolution of a nineteenth-century Atlantic economy (1999). Ebook
  • Jürgen Osterhammel and Niels P. Peterson, Globalization: A Short History (2005)
  • Walter LaFeber, The American Age (1989)
  • A. Ong, Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logic of Transnationality (1999)
  • A. Ong & D. Nonini (eds), Ungrounded Empires: The Cultural Politics of Modern Chinese Transnationalism (1997)
  • J. C. Scott, The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in South East Asia (1976)
  • A. Sen, Development as Freedom (1999)
  • Peter N Stearns, Globalization in World History (London, 2009) and online book.
  • Emmanuel Todd, After the Empire: The Breakdown of the American Order (2004)


  • Liz Wells, Photography: A Critical Introduction (1997)

    Susan Sontag, On Photography (1977)

    E. Edwards, The Camera as Historian: Amateur Photographers and Historical Imagination, 1885-1918 (2012)

    James R. Ryan, Picturing Empire: Photography and the Visualization of the British Empire (1997)

    Nicholas Manti (ed.), Africa Then: Photographs 1840-1914 (1987)

    Sarah Graham-Brown, Images of Women: The Portrayal of Women in Photography of the Middle East, 1860-1950 (1988)

    Judith Mara Gortman, Through Indian Eyes: Nineteenth and Twentieth-century Photography from India (1982)