- What are the core elements of liberalism as a political philosophy, and as a political movement from the 19th century to date? How continuous is the liberal legacy across the two centuries?
- What is the relationship between liberalism and feminism? And liberalism and nationalism?
- Why has liberalism proved so powerful and persistent an ideology in the modern world?
- Should modern liberalism be understood in terms of a ‘liberalism of fear’?
For those of you particularly interested in history classics see also extracts here.
The Liberal-National State
- R. Williams, Keywords: liberal, nationalist, reactionary, individual.
- J. Merriman, A History of Modern Europe (1996), ch. 18, pp. 753-786.
- E. Hobsbawm, Age of Revolution, ch. 7: 'Nationalism', pp. 163-177.
- E. Hobsbawm, Age of Capital, ch. 5: 'Building Nations', pp. 87-105.
- E. Hobsbawm, Age of Empire, ch. 6: 'Waving Flags: Nations and Nationalism', pp. 142-164.
- C. A. Bayly, Birth of the Modern World, chs. 7 & 8, pp. 284-307.
- Aurelian Craiutu, Liberalism under Siege: The Political Thought of the French Doctrinaires (2003)
- G.A. Kelly, The Humane Comedy: Constant, Tocqueville and French Liberalism (CUP, 1992) esp. ch 5 and 6
- Harris, ‘European Liberalism in the 19th Century’, American Historical Review 60:3 (1955)
- Elie Kedourie, Nationalism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993)
- Eric Hobsbawn and Terrance Ranger (eds), The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992)
- S. Holmes, Benjamin Constant & the Making of Modern Liberalism (1984)
- A Arblaster, The Rise and Decline of Western Liberalism (1984)
- John Gray, Liberalism (1995)
- Michael Freeden, Liberalism: A very Short Introduction (OUP, 2015)
- B.Jackson and M. Stears, Liberalism as Ideology (OUP, 2013)
- E.K.Bramsted, K Melhuish (eds), Western Liberalism: A History in Documents from Locke to Croce (1978)
- R. Magraw, France: 1815-1914 (1983), ch. 2: pp. 51-83
- T. H. Marshall, Citizenship and Social Class ed. Bottomore, (1987)
- M.J. Daunton, 'Payment and participation: Welfare and state-formation in Britain 1900-51’, Past and Present 150 (1996)
- Pat Thane, 'Government and Society in England and Wales, 1750-1914', in F. M. L. Thompson (ed.), The Cambridge Social History of Britain 1750-1950, vol. 3, (1990), pp. 1-62 (ebook in Library)
- Harris, `Society and the State in Twentieth-Century Britain', in F. M. L. Thompson (ed.), The Cambridge Social History of Britain 1750-1950, vol. 3, (1990), pp. 63-118.
- E. Hobhouse, Liberalism (1909)
- J. Schultz (ed.), English Liberalism and the State (1972)
- R. Bellamy (ed.), Victorian Liberalism (1990) esp. ch. 6: ‘J. S. Mill’ and ch. 10: ‘New Liberalism’.
- I. Blom et al (eds), Gendered nations: nationalisms and gender order in the long nineteenth century (2000)
- A. Brinkley, Liberalism and Its Discontents (1998)
- A. Dawley, Struggles for Justice: Social Responsibility and the Liberal State (1991)
- J. Sheehan, German Liberalism in the Nineteenth Century (1978)
- J. Sheehan, 'Liberalism and the City in Nineteenth-Century Germany’, Past and Present 51 (1971)
- John Tosh (ed.), Historians on History (Butterfield, Boorstin, Boahen), pp. 63-82.
- J. Breuilly (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism (2013)
- S. Grosby, Nationalism: A Very Short Introduction (2005)
- E. Gellner, Nations and Nationalism (1983)
- B. Anderson, Imagined Communities, 2nd edn (1991)
- A. Smith, Theories of Nationalism, 2nd edn (1983)
- A. Smith, Nationalism. Theory, Ideology, History (2001)
- A. Hastings, The Construction of Nationhood (1997)
- T. Blanning, The Culture of Power and the Power of Culture (2002)
- E. Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism since 1780 (1990)
- E. Hobsbawn and T. Ranger (eds.), The Invention of Tradition (1992)
- A. Confino, The Nation as a Local Metaphor: Wuerttemberg, Imperial Germany and National Memory, 1871-1918 (1997)
- Peter Sahlins, Boundaries: The Making of France and Spain in the Pyrenees (1989)
- Peter M. Judson, Guardians of the Nation: Activists on the Language Frontiers of Imperial Austria (2006)
- Pieter M. Judson and Marsha L. Rozenblit (eds.), Constructing Nationalities in East Central Europe (2005)