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Bibliography

In addition to the weekly readings for the classes the core texts for this module are:

Roy Porter, The Enlightenment (1990, 2001)

D.Outram, The Enlightenment (1995, 2005, 2013)

Voltaire, Candide (which is available in electronic free here or you can also obtain very cheap paperback copies at the bookshop).

You should read each of these books in its entirety before the end of the module. Both are available in multiple copies in the library. They can also be ordered online, including through the Warwick University bookshop.

If you want to explore the primary sources on a given topic, a good place to start is the following collection, of which there are several copies in the library:

Isaac Kramnick (ed.), The Portable Enlightenment Reader (Penguin, 1995)

 

 

Index

Introductions

Central Texts from the period

Anthologies of primary sources

General Works

The Historical Context

The Ancien regime background

Science, Collecting and the Enlightenment (including Encyclopédie)

National perspectives on the Enlightenment

America

France

Britain: Scotland, England

Absolutism and Enlightenment (Austria, Germany, Russia)

Italy

Spain

The press, salons, republic of letters and public opinion

Education

Religion

Crime, Punishment and Welfare

Individual Philosophers

Education

Luxury, art and consumption

Economics

Colonies, exploration and imperialism

International Relations

Enlightenment and the writing of history

Women and the enlightenment

Critiquing the Enlightenment

Romanticism


Introductions

There are a number of introductions to the Enlightenment that would provide useful starting points:

T.C.W.Blanning (ed), The Eighteenth Century 1688-1815 (2000) This is a very good collection of essays that contextualise many of our key themes.

Dan Edelstein, The Enlightenment: A Genealogy (2010) A short but challenging book making a distinctive argument about the nature of the Enlightenment. (Electronic resource)

Vincenzo Ferrone, The Enlightenment History of an Idea (PrincetonUniversity Press, 2015)

T.Munck, The Enlightenment: a comparative social history 1721-1794 (2000) A clearly written attempt to compare the European enlightenment, especially in terms of books and their readers.

D.Outram, The Enlightenment (1995) This is particularly good on the cultural impact of the Enlightenment

Roy Porter, Enlightenment : Britain and the Making of the Modern World (2000) This focuses on Britain, rather than Europe, but is a very readable and quite detailed survey

Roy Porter, The Enlightenment (Palgrave 1990, 2001) This is probably the easiest, shortest introduction

John Robertson, The Enlightenment - A Very Short Introducton (Oxford, 2015)

The Enlightenment World ed. M.Fitzpatrick, P. Jones, C. Knellwolf and I. McCalman (2004)


Central Texts from the Period - You are encouraged to read as many of these texts as possible.

John Locke, Second Treatise of Government
http://www.constitution.org/jl/2ndtreat.htm (However, the best edition of Locke’s Second Treatise is edited by Laslett and published by Cambridge University Press).

Voltaire, Candide
https://archive.org/stream/candide19942gut/19942.txt

Swift, Gulliver’s Travels
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/829

Hume, Dialogue on Natural Religion
http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/4583 (Best edition is published by Oxford University Press)

D’Alembert, Preliminary Discourse to the Encyclopaedia of Diderot http://quod.lib.umich.edu/d/did/did2222.0001.083?rgn=main;view=fulltext;q1=preliminary+discourse

Diderot, D’Alembert’s Dream
http://mc-2786-856613030.us-west-2.elb.amazonaws.com/sites/default/files/attachments/files/Dalemberts_Dream.pdf

Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
http://www.constitution.org/jjr/ineq.htm

Wollstonecraft, Letters written in Sweden, Norway and Denmark
http://gutenberg.readingroo.ms/3/5/2/3529/3529-h/3529-h.htm


Anthologies of primary sources

Brinton, Crane (ed.), The Portable Age of Reason Reader (Viking, 1956).

Alexander Broadie (ed.), The Scottish Enlightenment: An Anthology (Canongate, 1997).

Carretta, Vincent (ed.), Unchained Voices: An Anthology of Black Authors in the English-Speaking World of the Eighteenth Century (University Press of Kentucky, 1996).

Eliot, Simon, and Beverley Stern (eds.), The Age of Enlighenment, 2 vols (Barnes and Noble, 1979).

Kramnick, Isaac (ed.), The Portable Enlightenment Reader (Penguin, 1995). This is cheap and has a very good range of texts.

Rendall, Jane (ed.), The Origins of the Scottish Enlightenment, 1707 – 76, (London, 1978).

Schmidt, James (ed.), What is Enlightenment? Eighteenth Century Answers and Twentieth-Century Questions (University of California Press, 1996).

Williams, David (ed.), The Enlightenment (Cambridge University Press, 1999).


General Works:

F L Baumer, Modern European Thought (1977), Part III ‘The Eighteenth Century’

Berlin, Isaiah (ed.), The Age of Enlightenment ( Mentor, 1956).

I Berlin, The Idea of Freedom (1979)

I Berlin, ‘Two concepts of Liberty’ in his Four Essays on Liberty (1969)

Black, Jeremy, and Roy Porter (eds.), The Basil Blackwell Dictionary of World

Eighteenth-Century History (Blackwell, 1994).

T.C.W.Blanning, The Eighteenth Century 1688-1815 (2000)

T.C.W.Blanning (ed), The Culture of Power and the Power of Culture (2002)

Brown, S.C. (ed.), Philosophers of the Enlightenment (Harvester Press, 1979).

E.Cassirer, The Philosophy of the Enlightenment (1962)

M.Cranston, Philosophers and Pamphleteers: political Theorists of the Enlightenment (1986)

Crocker, Lester G. (ed.), The Age of Enlightenment (Harper, 1969).

Crocker, Lester, G., An Age of Crisis: Man and World in Eighteenth Century France (John Hopkins University Press, 1959).

R Darnton, ‘In search of the Enlightenment: recent attempts to create a social history of ideas’, Journal of Modern History XLIII (1971)

L. Dupré, The Enlightenment and the Intellectual Foundations of a Modern Culture (2004)

Dan Edelstein, The Enlightenment: a genealogy (2010) [electronic resource].

I Fetscher, ‘Rousseau’s concept of Freedom’ in C J Friedrich ed., Liberty (1962)

Martin Fitzpatrick, The Enlightenment (2002)

F Ford, ‘The Enlightenment: towards a useful definition’ in R F Brissenden ed., Studies in the Eighteenth Century (1968)

P Gardiner, ‘Rousseau on Liberty’ in his Conceptions of Liberty in Political Philosophy (1984)

Gay, Peter, The Enlightenment (Simon and Schuster, 1973).

Gay, Peter, ‘Why was the Enlightenment?’, in P Gay, ed. Eighteenth Century Studies (1972)

Gray, John, Enlightenment’s Wake : Politics and Culture at the Close of the Modern Age (Routledge, 1995).

R.Grimsley, The Age of Enlightenment 1715-1789 (1979)

N.Hampson, The Enlightenment (1968)

P.Hazard, European thought in the C18th (1965)

Hazard, Paul, The European Mind, 1680 – 1715 (Meridian, 1963).

Israel, Jonathan, Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750 (2002)

Israel, Jonathan, Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752 (2006)

Israel, Jonathan, Democratic Enlightenment: Philosophy, revolution and human rights (2011)

Israel, Jonathan, A Revolution of the Mind: Radical Enlightenment and the Intellectual Origins of Modern Democracy (2009) - a short version of the central case of the above three volumes!

Israel, Jonathan, Revolutionary Ideas (2014) See reviews: http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/fd313972-aa09-11e3-8497-00144feab7de.html#axzz3DTJlQ3UX; TLS 5814 Sept 5 2014; http://www.lrb.co.uk/v34/n21/margaret-jacob/spinoza-got-it; also check j-stor for full academic reviews.

Im Hof, Ulrich, The Enlightenment, trans. William E. Yuill (Blackwell, 1994).

Johnson, Pauline (ed) , Culture and enlightenment (2001)

Marsak, L. (ed.), The Enlightenment (Wiley, 1972).

K Martin, French Liberal Thought in the Eighteenth Century (1929)

T.Van Horn Melton, The rise of the public in enlightenment Europe (2001)

S. Micale and Robert L. Dietle (eds) Enlightenment, passion, modernity : historical essays in European thought and culture ; introduced and edited by Mark (2000) *

T.Munck, The Enlightenment: a comparative social history 1721-1794 (2000)

D.Outram, The Enlightenment (1995)

A. Pagden, The Enlightenment and why it still matters (2013)

M Perry, An Intellectual History of Modern Europe (1992) *

Porter, Roy, Enlightenment : Britain and the Making of the Modern World (2000)

Porter, Roy, The Enlightenment (1990, 2001)

Porter, Roy and Mikulas Teich, The Enlightenment in national context (1981)

Porter, Roy and Mikulas Teich, Romanticism in national context (1988)

John Robertson, The Case for Enlightenment: Scotland and Naples 1680-1760 (2005)

K. Sloan, The Enlightenment: discovering the world in the eighteenth century (2003)

Sweetman, J, The Enlightenment and the Age of Revolution, 1700-1850 (1998)

H Ritter, Dictionary of Concepts in History (1986)

F.Venturi, Utopia and reform in the Enlightenment (1971)

F.Venturi, The End of the Old Regime in Europe 1776-89 (1991)

P Wiener ed.Dictionary of the History of Ideas 5 vols (1973 – 74)

R Wokler, ‘Rousseau’s two concepts of Liberty’ (in G Feaver & F Rosen Lives, Liberty and the Public Good (1987)


The Historical Context

Anderson, M. S., Europe in the Eighteenth Century, 1713-1783 (1961)

Black, Jeremy, Eighteenth century Europe 1700-1789 (1990) ***

The eighteenth century : Europe, 1688-1815 ; edited by T.C.W. Blanning (2000) ***

Historians and eighteenth-century Europe, 1715-1789 ; (by) M.S. Anderson (1979)

The eighteenth century : Europe in the age of enlightenment texts by Alfred Cobban ... [et al]; edited by Alfred Cobban (1969)

Cowie, Leonard W., Eighteenth-century Europe (1989) *

Rude, George, Europe in the eighteenth century : aristocracy and the bourgeois challenge (1972)

H.M. Scott, Enlightened absolutism : reform and reformers in later eighteenth-century Europe (1990) **

R. W. Winks, Europe, 1648-1815: from the old regime to the age of revolution (2003)**

Woloch, Isser, Eighteenth-century Europe : tradition and progress 1715-1789 (1982)

John Roberts, Revolution and Improvement. The Western World, 1775 – 1847(1976), chs. 3-5

J Black , Eighteenth Century Europe, 1700 – 1789 (1990), chs. 1,4,6-9,13 ***

M S Anderson, Europe in the Eighteenth Century, 1713 – 1783 (1961), chs. 1, 3-5

C B A Behrens, The Ancien Regime (1967), chs. 1-2

E.Cameron, Early Modern Europe (1999)

William Doyle , The Ancien Regime (1986) *

William Doyle , The Old European Order, 1600 – 1800 (1978), chs. 4-6 ***

Norman Hampson, The Enlightenment, (1968), Introduction and Ch. 1.***

Paul Hazard, The European Mind, 1680 – 1715, (1964) chs. 1-2.*

E N. Williams The Ancien Regime in Europe Government and Society in the Major States 1648 – 1789 (1970), Introduction

Olwen Hufton, Europe: Privilege and Protest, 1730 – 1789 (1980), chs. 1-3.


The ancien regime background:

J W Allen A History of Political Thought in the Sixteenth Century, (1928, esp. pp. 125-33.

William Doyle (ed), The Oxford handbook of the Ancien Régime (2012).

Q Skinner The foundations of Modern Political Thought, Vol. 2, The reformation (1978),

E M W Tillyard The Elizabethan World Picture (1943)

W H Greenleaf Order, Empiricism and Politics: Two Traditions of English Political Thought 1500 – 1700

G Schochet ‘Patriarchism, Politics and Mass Attitudes in Stuart England’, Historical Journal 1969

G Schochet Patriarchalism in Political Thought: the authoritarian family and political speculation and attitudes, especially in seventeenth-century England (1975) **

N Keohane Philosophy and the State in France, the Renaissance to the Enlightenment (1980), Esp. pp. 241 – 61.


Science, Collecting and the Enlightenment (including Encyclopédie)

D. E. Allen, The Naturalist in Britain: a social history (1976), Chapters 1 and 2.

R.G.W Anderson, Enlightening the British: Knowledge, Discovery and the Museum in the Eighteenth Century (2004)

John H. Brooke, Science and Religion (1991), Chapter 5, ‘Science and religion in the Enlightenment’.

M. Caygill, The Story of the British Museum (2002)

William Clark, Jan Golinski, Simon Schaffer (eds), The Sciences in Enlightened Europe (1999)

I.Cohen, The Newtonian Revolution (1980)

A.Cunningham, The Medical Enlightenment of the Eighteenth Century (1990)

Medicine in the Enlightenment ; edited by Roy Porter (1995)

The Ferment of knowledge : studies in the historiography of eighteenth-century science ; edited by G.S. Rousseau and Roy Porter(1980)

Clark, William, Jan Golinski and Simon Schaffer (eds.), The Sciences in Enlightened Europe (University of Chicago Press, 1999).

Paul A. Elliott, Enlightenment, modernity and science : geographies of scientific culture and improvement in Georgian England (2010).

Foucault, Michel, Madness and Civilisation: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason (Pantheon, 1965).

Fox, Christopher, Roy Porter and Robert Wokler (eds), Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth Century Domains (University of California Press, 1995).

Jan Golinski, Science as Public Culture: Chemistry and Enlightenment in Britain, 1760-1820 (1992).

John Gascoigne, Joseph Banks (this is also under the ‘England’ section of your list).

Ole Grell and Andrew Cunningham (eds), Medicine and Religion in Enlightenment Europe (2007)

David N. Livingstone, The geographical tradition (1992). Chapter 4, ‘Naturalists and navigators: geography in the Enlightenment’.

Hankins, Thomas L., Science and the Enlightenment (Cambridge University Press, 1985).

Hankins, Thomas, Jean d'Alembert : science and the Enlightenment (1970)

Jacob, Margaret, Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West (Oxford University Press, 1997).

Jordanova, L. J. Nature displayed : gender, science and medicine, 1760-1820 (1999)

Lindemann, Mary, Health and Healing in Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Germany (John Hopkins University Press, 1996).

Lough, John, Essays on the Encyclopedie of Diderot and d’Alembert (Oxford University Press, 1968).

A MacGregor, Sir Hans Sloane: Collector, Scientist, Antiquary (1994)

A.MacGregor, Curiosity and enlightenment : collectors and collections from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century

(2007).

K.Pomian, Collectors and Curiosities: Paris and Venice 1500-1800 (1990)

Porter, Roy, The Cambridge History of Science, vol. 4: The Eighteenth Century (Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Porter, Roy and Dorothy Porter, In Sickness and In Health: The British Experience, 1630 – 1850 (Fourth Estate, 1988).

Roy Porter, ‘Medical lecturing in Georgian London’, British Journal for the History of Science, 28 (1995), pp. 91-9.

Ray, Larry 'Enlightenment, reason and science', 1999, photocopy on SL

Graham Richards, Mental Machinery: the origins and consequences of psychological ideas (1992). Part 2.

S.Ross, '"Scientist": the story of a word', Annals of Science vol. 18 (1962)

Rousseau, G.S. and Roy Porter (eds.), The Ferment of Knowledge: Studies in the Historiography of Eighteenth Century Science (Cambridge University Press, 1980).

Simon Schaffer, ‘Natural philosophy and public spectacle in the eighteenth century’, History of Science, 21 (1983): 1-43.

James A. Secord, ‘Newton in the nursery: Tom Telescope and the philosophy of tops and balls, 1761-1838’, History of Science, 23 (1985), pp. 127-51.

Kim Sloan, The Enlightenment: discovering the world in the eighteenth century (2003)

Stewart, Larry, The rise of public science : rhetoric, technology, and natural philosophy in Newtonian Britain, 1660-1750 (1992)

Larry Stewart and P. Weindling, ‘Philosophical threads: natural philosophy and public experiment among the weavers of Spitalfields’, British Journal for the History of Science, 28 (1995), 37-62.

Vartanian, Aram, Diderot and Descartes: A Study of Scientific Naturalism in the Enlightenment (Princeton University Press, 1953.

Wilson, Adrian, The Making of Man Midwifery (University College Press, 1995).

R.Yeo, Encyclopaedic visions: scientific dictionaries and enlightenment culture (2001)

R. Yeo, ‘Encyclopaedism and Enlightenment’ in Fitzpatrick et al, The Enlightenment World

Schofield, R.E., The Lunar Society of Birmingham (Oxford University Press, 1963).

MacNeil, Maureen, Under the Banner of Science: Erasmus Darwin and his Age (Manchester University Press , 1987).


National perspectives on the Enlightenment

Paul J. Korshin (eds.), Anticipations of the Enlightenment in England, France and Germany (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1987)..

T.Munck, The Enlightenment: a comparative social history (2000) ***

Palmer, R, The Age of the Democratic Revolution : A Political History of Europe and America, 1760 – 1800, 2 vols, (Princeton University Press, 1959 – 64).

Porter, Roy, and Mikulas Teich (eds.), The Enlightenment in National Context (Cambridge University Press, 1981). *** [An essential starting point]

Robertson, John, The case for the Enlightenment : Scotland and Naples 1680-1760 (2005) - electronic resource


(a) America

Owen Aldridge, Thomas Paine's American Ideology (Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1984) *

Joyce Appleby, "Republicanism in Old and New Contexts," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd. Ser., Vol. 43, No. 1. (Jan., 1986), pp. 20-34.

B.Bailyn The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution (1967) *

Claeys, Gregory, Thomas Paine: Social and Political Thought (Unwin Hyman, 1989).*

Michael Durey, "Thomas Paine's Apostles: Radical Emigres and the Triumph of Jeffersonian Republicanism," William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd. Ser., Vol. 44, No. 4. (Oct., 1987), 661-688.

Eric Foner, Tom Paine and Revolutionary America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976).

The American enlightenment : the shaping of the American experiment and a free society ; ed. by Adrienne Koch (1965) *

Pauline Maier, American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence (New York: Vintage, 1998) **

May, Henry F., The Enlightenment in America (Oxford University Press, 1976). **

Susan Manning and Francis D. Cogliano (eds), The Atlantic Enlightenment (Ashgate, 2008)

Wills, Garry, Inventing America : Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence (Doubleday, 1978) **

James T. Kloppenberg, "The Virtues of Liberalism: Christianity, Republicanism, and Ethics in Early American Political Discourse," The Journal of American History, Vol. 74, No. 1. (Jun., 1987), 9-33.

J.R.Pole, 'Enlightenment and the Politics of American Nature' in Porter and Teich (eds) The Enlightenment in National Context (1981)***

Daniel T. Rodgers, "Republicanism: the Career of a Concept," The Journal of American History, Vol. 79, No. 1. (Jun., 1992), pp. 11-38.

 

(b) France

H.Applewhite and D.Levy, 'The Concept of Modernisation and the French enlightenment', Studies in Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century (1971), 53-96

K.Baker, ‘Enlightenment and Revolution in France: Old Problems and Renewed Approaches’, Journal of Modern History, 53 (1981).

Keith Michael Baker Inventing the French Revolution: essays on French political culture in the eighteenth century (1991) **

C.Blum, Rousseau and the republic of virtue : the language of politics in the French Revolution (1986)

R.Chartier, The Cultural origins of the French Revolution (1991) *

The influence of the enlightenment on the French Revolution edited and with an introduction by William F. Church (1974) **

Doyle, W., The Ancien Regime (Macmillan, 1986).

Gay, Peter, The Party of Humanity: Essays in the French Enlightenment (Norton, 1971).

N.Hampson, Will and Circumstance: Montesquieu, Rousseau and the French Revolution (1983) **

N.Hampson, 'The Enlightenment in France' in in Porter and Teich (eds) The Enlightenment in National Context (1981)***

P.Hazard, European thought in the C18th (1965) ***

Hazard, Paul, The European Mind, 1680 – 1715 (Meridian, 1963).*

N Keohane Philosophy and the State in France, the Renaissance to the Enlightenment (1980),

J.Merrick, The desacralization of the French monarchy in the eighteenth century (1990)

Roche, Daniel, France in the Age of Enlightenment (Harvard University Press, 1998).**

B C J Singer, Society, Theory and the French Revolution. Studies in the Revolutionary

Imaginary (1986)

I.Wade, The Intellectual Origins of the French Enlightenment (Princeton University Press, 1971). ***

D.Van Kley (ed) The French idea of freedom : the Old Regime and the Declaration of Rights of 1789 (1994) ***

Vyverberg, Henry, Historical Pessimism in the French Enlightenment (Harvard University Press, 1958).*

The French Revolution

C B A Behrens The Ancien Regime (1965)

W Doyle Origins of the French Revolution (1980) *

W Doyle The Ancien Regime (1986)

P R Campbell The Ancien Regime in France (1988)

William Doyle The Oxford History of the French Revolution (1989) (chs. 5,6,8,10,11, 17) *

Norman Hampson The First European Revolution (1969) (chapters 1-3)

John Roberts The French Revolution (1978)

A Soboul The French Revolution (1974) (vol. 1 and vol. 2, chapters 3 and 4)

Aldred Cobban ‘The Fundamental ideas of Robespierre’, English Historical Review (1948)

John Roberts Revolution and Improvement (esp. chapters 7,8)

N. Hampson The French Revolution: A Concise History (1975)

A Cobban Aspects of the French Revolution (1968) (esp. chs. on Robespierre)

T Blanning The French Revolution: Aristocrat versus Bourgeois? (1987)

G Best ‘The French Revolution and Human Rights’, in G Best (ed.), The

Permanent Revolution: The French Revolution and its Legacy, 101- 29

K M Baker Inventing the French Revolution (1990), esp. 244-51.**

K M Baker ‘Sieyes’, in F Furet & M Ozouf (eds.), A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution (1989)

P Campbell ‘Sieyes and What is the Third Estate? Introduction’ in E J Sieyes, What is the Third Estate? (1963)

M Forsythe Reason and Revolution: The Political Thought of the Abbe Sieyes (1987)

W H Sewell A Rhetoric of Bourgeois Revolution. The Abbe Sieyes and What is the Third Estate? (1994)

B C J Singer Society, Theory and the French Revolution Studies in the Revolutionary Imaginary (1986), esp. ch. 8, “The Abbe Sieyes and the Social Contract: theNation behind the Polity”

G G van Deusen Sieyes: his life and his nationalism (1932)


(c) Britain
Scotland

Berry, Christopher J., Social Theory of the Scottish Enlightenment (Edinburgh University Press, 1997).

Alexander Broadie (ed.), The Scottish Enlightenment: An Anthology (Canongate, 1997).

J.Brumfitt, 'Scotland and the French Enlightenment', in The Age of the Enlightenment ed W.Barbour (1967) *

Bryson, Gladys, Man and Society: The Scottish Inquiry of the Eighteenth Century (Princeton University Press, 1945).

The Origins and nature of the Scottish Enlightenment ; essays edited by R.H. Campbell and Andrew S. Skinner (1982) *

Chitnis, Anand, The Scottish Enlightenment: A Social History (Croom Helm, 1976).*

T.Devine, Eighteenth century Scotland : new perspectives (1999) *

R.Emerson, 'Science and the origins and concerns of the Scottish enlightenment', History of Science vol 26 (1988)

A.Herman, The Scottish Enlightenment : the Scots' invention of the modern world (2001)

I.Hont and M.Ignatieff, Wealth and Virtue: the shaping of political economy in the Scottish enlightenment (1983) *

N.Phillipson, 'The Scottish Enlightenment' in Porter and Teich (eds) The Enlightenment in National Context (1981)***

N.Phillipson and R.Mitchison (eds), Scotland in the Age of Improvement (1970)*

Rendall, Jane (ed.), The Origins of the Scottish Enlightenment, 1707 – 76, (London, 1978). A collection of sources.

Studies in the philosophy of the Scottish Enlightenment edited by M.A. Stewart (1990)

(d) England

J.Black and J.Gregory (eds), Culture, Politics and Society 1660-1800 (1991) *

G R Cragg, Reason and Authority in the Eighteenth Century (1964) *

Gasgoine, John, Joseph Banks and the English Enlightenment: Useful Knowledge and Polite Culture (Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Enlightenment and religion : rational dissent in eighteenth-century Britain ; edited by Knud Haakonssen (1996) *

Harrison, Peter, 'Religion' and the religions in the English Enlightenment (1990)*

P.Langford, 'British Politeness and the progress of western manners' in Transactions of the Royal Historical Society (1997), 53-72

F.O'Gorman, The Long Eighteenth Century (1997)

J.Pocock, ‘Post Puritan England and the Problem of the Enlightenment’, in P. Zagorin (ed.), Culture and Politics from Puritanism to the Enlightenment (University of California Press, 1980).

Porter, Roy, Enlightenment: Britain and the Creation of the Modern World (Penguin, 2000).***

Porter, 'The English Enlightenment' in The Enlightenment in National Context ed Porter and Teich ***

J.Redwood, Reason, Ridicule and religion: the age of enlightenment in England 1660-1750 (1976) **

I.Rivers, Books and their Readers in C18th England (1982)

Schouls, Peter, Reasoned Freedom: John Locke and Enlightenment (Cornell University Press, 1992)

Spadafora, David, The Idea of Progress in Eighteenth Century Britain (Yale University Press, 1990).

B.Willey, The Eighteenth Century Background (1949)

K.Wilson, The Sense of the People: politics, culture and imperialism 1715-1785 (1996) - contains discussion of C18th Norwich.

Yolton, John, John Locke and the Way of Ideas (Oxford University Press, 1956).

 And for the Provincial Enlightenment see:

J. Uglow, The Lunar Men (2002)

Norwich since 1550 ed. C. Rawcliffe and R. Wilson (2004), esp chapter by A. Dain

T. Fawcett, 'Popular Science in Eighteenth Century Norwich', History Today (August 1972), vol. 22

T. Fawcett, 'Measuring the Provincial Enlightenment: The Case of Norwich', Eighteenth Century Life (1982-3), vol. 8.

T. Fawcett, 'Patriotic Transparencies in Norwich 1798-1814', Norfolk Archaeology 34 (1968)

T. Fawcett, 'The Norwich Pleasure Gardens', Norfolk Archaeology 35 (1970-2)

T. Fawcett, 'Eighteenth Century Debating Societies' in British Journal for Eighteenth Century Studies 3 (1980)

R.Porter, 'Science, Provincial Culture and Public Opinion in Enlightenment England', British Journal of Eighteenth Century Studies 3 (1980).

P. Borsay, The English Urban Renaissance. Culture and Society in the Provincial Town 1660-1770 (1991).

K. Wilson, 'Citizenship, Empire and Modernity in the English Provinces c.1720-1790', Eighteenth Century Studies 29 (1995-6)

A. Wilson, 'Conflict, Consensus and Charity: Politics and Provincial Voluntary Hospitals in the C18th', English Historical Review (1996), 599-619.

C.B. Jewson, The Jacobin City. A portrait of Norwich 1788-1802 (1975)


(e) Absolutism and Enlightenment (Austria and Germany, Prussia, Russia)

A Lentin, Enlightened Absolutism (1760-1790): A Documentary Sourcebook (1985): a useful collection of primary texts *

S.Andrews, Enlightened Despotism (1967) *

R.Harris, Absolutism and enlightenment, 1660-1789 (1964) ***

Krieger, Leonard, Kings and Philosophers, 1689 – 1789 (New York, 1970) **

H.M.Scott (ed) Enlightened Absolutism. Reform and Reformers in later C18th Europe (1990) ***


Austria

T.Blanning, Joseph II and Enlightened Despotism (1970)

Ritchie Robertson and Edward Timms, The Austrian enlightenment and its aftermath (1991)

Wangermann, Ernst, The Austrian Achievement, 1700 – 1800 (Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1973).

E.Wangerman, 'Reform Catholicism and political radicalism in the Austrian Enlightenment' in Porter and Teich (eds) The Enlightenment in National Context (1981)

Germany

Behrens, C.B.A., Society, Government and the Enlightenment: The Experience of Eighteenth-Century France and Prussia (Thames and Hudson, 1985).*

Blanning, T.C.W., Reform and Revolution in Mainz, 1743 – 1803 (Cambridge University Press, 1974).

E.Hellmuth, The Transformation of Political Culture: England and Germany in the late C18th (1990) *

T.Blanning, 'The Enlightenment in Catholic Germany' in Porter and Teich (eds) The Enlightenment in National Context (1981)***

Bruford, W.H., Germany in the Eighteenth Century: The Social Background of the Liberal Revival (Cambridge University Press, 1952).

Dulmen, Richard van, The Society of the Enlightenment: The rise of the Middle Class and Enlightenment Culture in Germany (Cambridge Polity Press, 1992).*

H.Nisbet, '"Was ist Aufklarung: the concept of enlightenment in C18th Germany', in Journal of European Studies (1982) [available on-line - see library catalogue for url]

Raeff, Michael, The Well Ordered Police State: Social and Institutional Change through Law in the Germanies and Russia, 600 – 1800. (Yale University Press, 1984).

T.J.Reed, 'Talking with Tyrants: dialogues with power in C18th Germany', Historical Journal (1990)

J.Whaley, 'The Protestant enlightenment in Germany' in Porter and Teich (eds) The Enlightenment in National Context (1981)***

K.Wegert, 'patrimonial rule, popular self-interest and jacobinism in Germany 1763-100', Journal of Modern History (1981), 440-67

Russia

L Wolff, Inventing Eastern Europe. The Map of Civilisation in the Mind of the Enlightenment (1994)

G.Gooch, Catherine the Great, and other studies (1966) *

The Russian Enlightenment ; Edited by David M. Griffiths **

P.Dukes, 'The Russian Enlightenment', chapter 12 of The Enlightenment in National Context ed. Porter and Teich.***

P.Dukes, Russia under Catherine the Great (1977-8) *

J.Garrard (ed) The Eighteenth Century in Russia (1973)

G.Marker, Publishing, printing, and the origins of intellectual life in Russia, 1700-1800 (1985) *

Catherine the Great : a profile, edited by Marc Raeff (1972) **

Italy

Catholic EnlightenmentO.Chadwick, 'The Italian Enlightenment' in Porter and Teich (eds) The Enlightenment in National Context (1981)***

Venturi, Franco, Italy and the Enlightenment, (ed.) S. Woolf (Longman, 1972).

Spain

Herr, Richard, The Eighteenth Century Revolution in Spain (Princeton University Press, 1958).


The press, salons, republic of letters and public opinion

K.Baker, 'Public opinion as political invention' in his Inventing the French Revolution (1990) ***

J.Black, The English Press in the Eighteenth Century (1987) ***

J.Censer, The French Press in the Age of Enlightenment (1994) ***

R.Chartier, The Cultural uses of print in early modern France (1987)

R.Darnton, The Literary Underground of the Old Regime (Harvard University Press, 1982).**

R.Darnton, The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France (HarperCollins, 1996).

Darnton, Robert, The Business of Enlightenment: A Publishing History of the Encyclopedie, 1775 – 1800. Harvard University press, 1979).**

R.Darnton, 'The high enlightenment and the low-life in literature in pre-revolutionary France', Past and Present vol. 51 (1971)

R.Darnton, 'The forbidden books of pre-revolutionary France', in Rewriting the French Revolution ed. C.Lucas (1991) *

Revolution in print : the press in France, 1775-1800 ed Robert Darnton and Daniel Roche (1989) **

R.Darnton, 'The forgotten middlemen of literature' in his The kiss of Lamourette (1990)

Eisenstein, Elizabeth, ‘On Revolution and the Printed Word’, in Roy Porter and Mikulas Teich (eds.), Revolution in History (Cambridge University Press, 1986).

Eisenstein, Elizabeth, Grub Street abroad : aspects of the French cosmopolitan press from the age of Louis XIV to the French Revolution (1992) *

A.Farge, Subversive words : public opinion in eighteenth-century France (1994) **

L.Febvre, The Coming of the Book 1450-1800 (1970)

Goodman, Dena, The Republic of Letters : A Cultural History of the French Enlightenment (Cornell University Press, 1994).*

Habermas, Jurgen, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere : An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society (Polity, 1989).

E.Hellmuth, 'enlightenment and freedom of the press', History 83 (1998)

P.Korshin, The Widening Circle: Essays on the Circulation of Literature in C18th Europe (1976)

J.Lough, The Encyclopedie (1971) **

Mason, Haydn (ed) , The Darnton debate : books and revolution in the eighteenth century (1998) [in external store] **

M.Ozouf, 'Public Opinion at the end of the old regime', Journal of Modern History 60 (1988)

Payne, H.C., The Philosophes and the People (Yale University Press, 1976).

I.Rivers, Books and their Readers in C18th England (1982)

Schlereth, thomas, The Cosmopolitan Ideal in Enlightenment Thought (University of Notre Dame Press, 1977).

Schofield, R.E., The Lunar Society of Birmingham (Oxford University Press, 1963).*

M.Thale, 'London Debating Societies at the end of the C18th', Historical Journal 32 (1989)

T.Van Horn Melton, The rise of the public in enlightenment Europe (2001) ***

Wade, Ira O., The Clandestine Organisation and Diffusion of Philosophic Ideas in France from 1700 to 1750 (Princeton University Press, 1967).*


Education

J.Bloch, Rousseauism and education in eighteenth-century France (1995) *

J.Browning, Education in the 18th century (1979) *

H.Chisick, The limits of reform in the Enlightenment : attitudes towards the education of the lower classes in eighteenth-century France (1981) *

R.Houston, 'Literacy, education and the culture of print in enlightenment Edinburgh', History 78 (1993)

R.Palmer, The improvement of humanity : education and the French Revolution (1985) *

Rousseau, Emile

 

The Enlightenment and Religion

K.Armstrong, A History of God (1993)

S. Barnett, The Enlightenment and Religion; The myths of modernity (2004)

R.Briggs, 'Embattled Faiths' chapter 5 of Early Modern Europe ed E.Cameron (1999)

F.Manuel, The Eighteenth Century confronts the Gods (1959) **

S. Barnett, The Enlightenment and Religion; The myths of modernity (2004) **

D.Beales, 'Religion', chapter in Blanning (ed) The Eighteenth Cenutry

Becker, Carl, The Heavenly City of Eighteenth Century Philosophers, (Yale University Press, 1932).**

F.Beiser, The sovereignty of reason : the defense of rationality in the early English Enlightenment (1996)

Beyond the persecuting society : religious toleration before the Enlightenment ; edited by John Christian Laursen and CaryJ. Nederman (1998) *

John H. Brooke, Science and Religion (1991), Chapter 5, ‘Science and religion in the Enlightenment’.*

J.Browning (ed) Religion in the Eighteenth Century (1979)*

Byrne, James, Glory, Jest and Riddle: Religious Thought in the Enlightenment (SCM Press, 1996).*

Church and society in Catholic Europe of the eighteenth century ; edited by William J. Callahan and David Higgs (1979) **

Champion, Justin, A.L., The Pillars of Priestcraft Shaken: The Church of England and its Enemies 1660 – 1730. (Cambridge University Press, 1992).

W.Doyle, 'Religion and the Churches', chapter 7 of Doyle, Old Order*

G R Cragg, Reason and Authority in the Eighteenth Century (1964) *

Gijswijt-Hofstra, Marijke, Brian P. Levack and Roy Porter, Witchcraft and Magic in Europe, vol. 5: The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries (Athlone, 1999).

Goldmann, Lucien, The Philosophy of the Enlightenment: The Christian Burgess and the Enlightenment (Harvard University Press, 1973).

Gay, Peter, Deism,: an Anthology (Princeton University Press, 1968).**

Grell, Peter, and Roy Porter (eds), Toleration in the Enlightenment (Cambridge University Press, 2000).***

Ole Peter Grell and Andrew Cunningham (eds.), Medicine and Religion in Enlightenment Europe (2007)

Enlightenment and religion : rational dissent in eighteenth-century Britain ; edited by Knud Haakonssen (1996) *

Harrison, Peter, 'Religion' and the religions in the English Enlightenment (1990)*

M.Hunter and D.Wootton, Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment (1992)*

Kors, Alan Charles, D'Holbach's coterie : an enlightenment in Paris (1976)

Manuel, Frank E., The Eighteenth Century Confronts the Gods (Atheneum, 1967).**

Manuel, Frank, The Changing of the Gods (1983) **

McManners, J., Death and the Enlightenment: Changing Attitudes to Death among Christians and Unbelievers in Eighteenth Century France (Clarendon Press, 1981).*

C.O'Brien, Ideas of religious toleration at the time of Joseph II : a study of the enlightenment among Catholics in Austria (1969) **

Palmer, Robert, R., Catholics and Unbelievers in Eighteenth Century France (Cooper Square, 1961).*

Perkins, Jean A. The concept of the self in the French enlightenment (1969)

Redwood, John., Reason, Ridicule and Religion: The Age of Enlightenment in England (Thames and Hudson, 1976).

Jane Shaw, Miracles in Enlightenment England (2006).

K.Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic (1971)

H.Trevor-Roper, 'The religious origin of the enlightenment' in his Religion, Reformation and Social Change (1984)

Vereker,C.H., Eighteenth-Century Optimism (Liverpool University Press, 1967).

 Radical Religious Enlightenment

Anderson, Douglas, The Radical Enlightenment of Benjamin Franklin (John Hopkins University Press, 1997).

Champion, Justin, A.L., The Pillars of Priestcraft Shaken: The Church of England and its Enemies 1660 – 1730. (Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Mark Curran, Atheism, religion and enlightenment in pre-revolutionary Europe (2011).

Halevy, Elie, The Growth of Philosophic Radicalism (Faber and Faber, 1928).

Wayne Hudson, Enlightenment and modernity : the English deists and reform (2009).

J.Israel, Radical enlightenment : philosophy and the making of modernity 1650-1750 (2001)

Jacob, Margaret C., The Radical Enlightenment: Pantheists, Freemasons and Republicans (George Allen and Unwin, 1981).

Jacob, Margaret, Living, the Enlightenment: Freemasonry and Politics in 18th Century Europe (Oxford University Press, 1992).

W Thomas The Philosophical Radicals, Nine Studies in Theory and Practice (1979)

Venturi, Franco, Utopia and Reform in the Enlightenment (Cambridge University Press, 1971).


Enlightened ideas about crime and punishment

M. Foucault, Madness and civilization : a history of insanity in the age of Reason (1979)

A V Dicey Law and Opinion in England (Chap. 6), 1905/78

Dinwiddy, John, Bentham (Oxford University Press, 1989).

J.Heath, Eighteenth-Century Penal Theory (1963)*

Mary Mack Jeremy Bentham 1748 – 1792 (1962)

M.Maestro, Voltaire and Beccaria as reformers of criminal law (1942)*

D Roberts ‘Jeremy Bentham and the Victorian Administrative State’, in B Parekh (ed.) Jeremy Bentham: Ten Critical Essays (1974)

D Long Bentham on Liberty (1977)

C M Atkinson Jeremy Bentham: His Life and Work (1969)

M Ignatieff A Just Measure of Pain. The Penitentiary in the Industrial Revolution, 1750 – 1850 *

J Steinrager Bentham (1977)

Semple, Janet, Bentham’s Prison: A Study of the Panoptican Penitentiary (Clarendon Press, 1993).*

S. Lloyd, Charity and Poverty in England, c.1680-1820 (2009)
P.Shapely Charity and Power in Victorian Manchester (2000)
L. Friedman (ed), Charity, Philanthropy and Civility in American History (2003)
H. Cunningham (ed) Charity, Philanthropy and Reform from the 1690s to 1850 (1998)
P.Clement, Welfare and the Poor in the 19thC City: Philadelphia, 1800-1854 (1985)
A.Kidd, State Society and the Poor in 19thC England (1999)
T. Lockley, Welfare and Charity in the Antebellum South (2007)


Individual Philosophers:

Baker, K.M., Condorcet: From National Philosophy to Social Mathematics (Chicago University Press, 1975).*

Grimsley, Ronald, Jean d’Alembert, 1717 – 83 (Clarendon Press, 1963).*

Kors, A.C., D’Holbach’s Circle: An Enlightenment in Paris (Princeton University Press, 1977).*

Shackleton, Robert, Montesquieu: A Critical Biography (Oxford University Press, 1961).*

Smith, D.W., Helvetius: A Study in Persecution (Clarendon Press, 1965).

Wilson, Arthur, Diderot: The Testing Years, 1713 – 1759 (Oxford University Press, 1969).*

Voltaire

A O Aldridge, Voltaire and the century of light (1975) PQ2099, esp. ch. 20.**

J H Brumfit, The French Enlightenment (1972) BZ2091 **

J H Brumfit, Voltaire: Candide (1968) ***

Brumfitt, J.H., Voltaire, Historian (Oxford University Press, 1958).

D Outram, The Enlightenment (1995) ***

P Hazard, European Thought in the Eighteenth Century (1954) B2021 ***

Norman Hampson, The Enlightenment (1968) ***

Peter Gay, The Enlightenment 2 vols. (1967, 1970) B2030 E5.***

Peter Gay, Voltaire’s Politics (1965) PQ2131 **

H Mason, Voltaire: A biography (1981) **

F L Baumer, Modern European Thought (1977), Part III ‘The Eighteenth Century’*

R Debailly, Voltaire: Candide (1986) **

W H Barber, Voltaire: Candide (1960) ***

I O Wade, Voltaire and Candide. A Study in the Fusion of History, Art and Philosophy (1959) PQ2122 ***

Voltaire, Political Writings, ed. D. Williams (1994)

P Richter & I Ricardo, Voltaire **

M Cranston, Philosophers and Pamphleteers, Political Theorists of the Enlightenment (1986) **

Rousseau:

M Cranston, Jean-Jacques: The Early Life and Work of Jean-Jacque Rousseau (1983)

E H Wright The Meaning of Rousseau (1929) **

Alfred Cobban In Search of Humanity (1960) *

R Grimsley The Philosophy of Rousseau (1973) ***

John Cecil Hall Rousseau: an introduction (1973) *

R Grimsley Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1983) ***

F L. Baumer, Modern European Thought (1977), Part III, ‘The Eighteenth Century’

M Plattner Rousseau’s state of nature: an interpretation of the Discourse on Inequality (1959)

N S Dent Rousseau: an Introduction to his Psychological, Social and Political Theory (1988)*

R D Masters, The Political Philosophy of Rousseau (1968)

Tim O’Hagan Rousseau (1999) **

T.O'Hagan (ed), Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the sources of the self (1997)

Peter Jimack Rousseau, Emile (1983)

M Cranston Philosophers and Pamphleteers, Political Theorists of the Enlightenment (1986) **

R Wokler Rousseau (1995) **

R Wokler 'Jean-Jacques Rousseau' in B Readhead, ed., Political Thought from Plato to Nato (1984)

Burke vs Paine

Edmund Burke Reflections on the Revolution in France

Thomas Paine The Rights of Man

A.Ayer, Thomas Paine (1988) *

M.Butler (ed) Burke, Paine, Godwin and the Revolution contoversy (1984) ***

F.Dreyer, 'The genesis of Burke's reflections', Journal of Modern History 50 (1978)

J.Keane, Tom Paine: as political life (1996) *

F. O’Gorman Edmund Burke: his Political Philosophy (1973)

A Cobban Edmund Burke and the Revolt against the Eighteenth Century (1929) **

R R Fennessy Burke, Paine and the Rights of Man: a difference of Political Opinion(1963) ***

G Claeys Thomas Paine, Social and Political Thought (1989)*

I Dyck (ed) Citizen of the World, Essays on Thomas Paine (London 1987)

David Powell, Tom Paine. The Greatest Exile (London: Croom and Helm, 1985)


Education

J.Bloch, Rousseauism and education in eighteenth-century France (1995) *

J.Browning, Education in the 18th century (1979) *

H.Chisick, The limits of reform in the Enlightenment : attitudes towards the education of the lower classes in eighteenth-century France (1981) *

R.Houston, 'Literacy, education and the culture of print in enlightenment Edinburgh', History 78 (1993)

R.Palmer, The improvement of humanity : education and the French Revolution (1985) *

Rousseau, Emile

 

 Luxury, art and consumption

Berry, Christopher J., The Idea of Luxury: A Conceptual and Historical Investigation (Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Maxine Berg and Elizabeth Eger (eds), Luxury in the Eighteenth Century. Debates, Desires and Delectable Goods (2002)

M.Berg (ed), Consumers and luxury: consumer culture in Europe, 1650-1850 (1999)

J.Brewer, Pleasures of the Imagination; English Culture in the C18th (1997)

J. Brewer and R.Porter (eds.), Consumption and the World of Goods (1993)

M. Craske, Art in Europe, 1700-1830: a History of the Visual Arts in an Era of Unprecedented Urban Economic Growth, Oxford University Press, 1997

T. Crow, Painters and Public Life in Eighteenth-Century Paris, Yale University Press, 1985


Celina Fox, The arts of industry in the Age of Enlightenment (2009)

G Bremner (ed.), Selected Writings on Art and Literature: Denis Diderot, Penguin 1994

C. Gibson-Wood, Jonathan Richardson: Art Theorist of the English Enlightenment, Yale University Press, (2000)

Hipple, Walter John, The Beautiful, the Sublime and the Picturesque in Eighteenth Century British Aesthetic Theory (Southern Illinois University Press, 1957).

Istvan Hont, ‘The luxury debate in the early enlightenment’ at http://www.princeton.edu/~uchv/whatsnew/PPC922.pdf

McKendrick, N., J. Brewer & J.H. Plumb (eds.) The Birth of a Consumer Society: the commercialization of eighteenth-century England (1982)

I. Pears, The Discovery of Painting: the Growth of Interest in the Arts in England 1680-1760, Yale University Press, 1988

Primary source:

P. Rogers (ed.), Discourses: Sir Joshua Reynolds, Penguin, 1992

 

Economics [see also colonies and previous section]

M. Berg, Luxury and Pleasure in Eighteenth Century Britain (2005)

T.Blanning (ed), The Eighteenth Century, chapter on 'European Economy'***

D.Coleman ‘Mercantilism Revisited’, Historical Journal (1980)

Griswold, Charles, Adam Smith and the virtues of enlightenment (1999) **

G. Himmelfarb, The idea of Poverty: England in the early Industrial Age (1984).

P. Hoffman et al, ‘Real Inequality in Europe since 1500’, Journal of Economic History (2002)

Hont, I. And M. Ignatieff (eds.), Wealth and Virtue: The Shaping of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment (Cambridge University Press, 1983).**

Hundert, E.G., The Enlightenment’s Fable: Bernard Mandeville and the Discovery of Society (Cambridge University Press, 1994).

J. Jennings, ‘Luxury, Inequality And Commerce’ at www.ucl.ac.uk/spp/download/seminars/0405/Luxury-Inequality-Commerce.doc

Peter Jones, Industrial Enlightenment (2009)

Kellenbenz, Hermann, The rise of the European economy: an economic history of Continental Europe from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century; revised and edited by Gerhard Benecke (1976)*

S. King and G. Timmins, Making sense of the industrial revolution (2001)

Meek, Ronald, (ed.), The Economics of Physiocracy (Harvard University Press, 1962).

Joel Mokyr, The Enlightened Economy (2009)

Rothschild, Emma, Economic sentiments: Adam Smith, Condorcet, and the Enlightenment (2001) **

Ross, Ian Simpson, The Life of Adam Smith (Clarendon Press, 1995).

G. Stedman-Jones, ‘An end to poverty: The French revolution and the promise of a world beyond want’, Historical Research vol. 78 (2005), 193-207.

Weatherill, L. Consumer Behaviour and Material Culture in Britain 1660-1760 (1988)

C.Wilson, Mercantilism (1958)**

D. Winch, Riches and Poverty: an intellectual history of political economy in Britain 1750-1834 (1996)

 

Colonies, exploration, slavery and imperialism

A.Barker The African link : British attitudes to the negro in the era of the Atlantic slave trade, 1550-1807 (1978)

C.A.Bayly, Imperial Meridian: the British Empire and the World 1780-1830 (1989)

R.Blackburn, The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery 1776-1848 (1988)

T.Blanning (ed) The Eighteenth Century, chapter on 'International rivalry and warfare'

P.J.Cain and A.Hopkins, ‘Gentlemanly Capitalism and British expansion overseas; the old colonial system 1688-1850’ , Economic History Review (1986)

A. Caldern J. Lamb and B. Orr (eds.) Voyages and Beaches; Pacific Encounters 1769-1840 (1999)

N.Canny and A.Pagden (eds) Colonial Identity in the Atlantic World (1987)

Dolan, Brian, Exploring European frontiers : British travellers in the age of enlightenment (2000)

Race and the Enlightenment : a reader ; edited by Emmanuel Chukwudi Eze (1997)

A.Frost, 'The pacific ocean: the C18th's "new world"' in Studies in Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century (1976) vol. 142

Richard H. Grove, Green Imperialism: colonial expansion, tropical island Edens and the origins of environmentalism, 1600-1860 (1995).

R. Hallett, The Penetration of Africa: European Enterprise and Exploration up to 1830 (1965)

P.Hulme, 'The spontaneous hand of nature: sovereignty, colonialism and the enlightenment' in Hulme and Jordanova (eds) The Enlightenment and its Shadows (1990)

Susan Manning and Peter France (eds), Enlightenment and emancipation (2006)

P.J.Marshall (ed) ‘The Oxford History of the British Empire: The Eighteenth Century (1998)

P.J.Marshall ‘Taming the Exotic. The British and India in the C17th and C18th’ in Rousseau and Porter (eds) Exoticism in the Enlightenment (1990)

P.J. Marshall & Glyndwr Williams, The great map of mankind : British perceptions of the world in the age of enlightenment (1982)

D. Miller and P Reill (eds) Visions of Empire: Voyages, Botany and Representations of Nature (1996)

S. Muthu, Enlightenment Against Empire (2003) - ebook available online

A.Pagden, Spanish Imperialsim and the Political Imagination (1989)

A.Pagden Lords of all the world: ideologies of empire in Spain, Britain and France 1500- 1800 (1995)

M. Park, The Journal of a Mission to the Interior of Africa in the Year 1805 (1815)

J.Parry Trade and Dominion: the European Overseas Empires in the C18th (1971)

Porter, Roy, ‘The Exotic as Erotic: Captain Cook at Tahiti’, in G.S. Rousseau and Roy Porter (eds.), Exoticism in the Enlightenment (Manchester University Press, 1989)

Rennie, Neil, Far-fetched Facts: The Literature of Travel and the Idea of the South Seas (Clarendon Press, 1995).

N. Thomas, Entangled Objects; Exchange, Material Culture and Colonialism in the Pacific (1991)

Thomas and McCloskey ‘Overseas trade and empire 1700-1860’ in The economic history of Britain since 1700 eds. R. Floud and D. McCloskey (2nd ed 1994)

J.Walvin England, Slaves and Freedom 1776-1838 (1986)

G.Williams The Expansion of Europe in the Eighteenth Century (1966)

K. Wilson, The island race: Englishness, empire and gender in the eighteenth century (2003)

Charles Withers, Placing the Enlightenment: thinking geographically about the age of reason (2007)

 

International relations

Georg Cavallar, Kant and the theory and practice of international right (University of Wales Press, 1999). A philosopical rather than an historical approach but the most recent book on the subject. *

Ian Clark, The Hierarchy of States: Reform and resistance in the international order (CUP, 1989). The first section is very interesting and readable.

Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. and translated by Michael Howard and Peter Paret (Princeton University Press, 1976). The classic exposition on the rationale of war with good introductory essays by Howard and Paret.**

William Doyle, ‘International Relations’ in The Old European Order 1660-1800, 2nd ed. (OUP, 1992). A standard textbook account of international relations during the Enlightenment.**

F.H. Hinsley, Power and the Pursuit of Peace (CUP, 1963). Highly recommended. A classic that has not been surpassed.**

Stanley Hoffmann and David P. Fidler, eds, Rousseau on International Relations (Clarendon, 1991). Very good.**

Micheal Howard, ‘The Growth of the Liberal Conscience 1500-1792’ in War and the Liberal Conscience (OUP, 1978, rev. 1989). A very stimulating lecture.*

A. Lentin, Enlightened Absolutism (1760-1790): A Documentary Sourcebook (Avero, 1985). A useful collection of primary extracts from a variety of authors, but without any commentary.

M Perkins, ‘Six French philosophes on human rights, international rivalry, and war: their message today’ in Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century, 260 (1989), pp. 1-158. Useful and interesting.

Merle L. Perkins, ‘Voltaire’s Concept of the International Order’ in Voltaire Studies, 36 (1965).

David Williams, ed., The Enlightenment (CUP, 1999). There is an excellent section on war and international relations containing extended extracts from Saint Pierre’s and Kant’s essays on perpetual peace. There are brief biographical introductions, but no analytical commentaries.

 

Enlightenment and the writing of history

Brumfitt, J.H., Voltaire, Historian (Oxford University Press, 1958).*

Levine, Joseph M., The Battle of the Books: History and Literature in the Augustan Age (Cornell University Press, 1992).

N.Phillipson, Hume, (Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1989).

Pocock, John, Barbarism and Religion, 2 vols; vol. I: The Enlightenments of Edward Gibbon, 1737 – 1764; vol. ii: Narratives of Civil Government (Cambridge University Press, 1999).

Porter, Roy, Edward Gibbon: Making History (Weidenfeld 1988).

 

Women and the enlightenment

Davis, Natalie Zemon, and Arlette Farge (eds), A History of Women in the West, vol. Iii: Renaissance and Enlightenment Paradoxes (Harvard University Press, 1993).**

Vivienne Jones, Women in the 18th C: Constructions of Femininity (2990) Good selection of primary texts**

Goldberg, Rita, Sex and enlightenment : women in Richardson and Diderot (1984)

Hesse, Carla Alison, The other enlightenment : how French women became modern (2001) **

Hunt, M., et al. (eds.), Women and the Enlightenment (Haworth Press, 1984) [short loan]**

G.Kelley, Revolutionary Feminsim: the mind and career of Mary Wollstonecraft (1992) ***

Myers, Sylvisa Harcstark, The Bluestocking Circle: Women, Friendship and the Life of the Mind in Eighteenth Century England (Clarendon Press, 1990).*

Sarah Knott and Barbara Taylor (eds.) Women, Gender, and Enlightenment (2005)

Patricia Phillips, The Scientific Lady. A social history of women’s scientific interests, 1520-1918 (1990).

Rousseau, G.S. and Roy Porter (eds.), Sexual Underworlds of the Enlightenment (Manchester University Press, 1988)**

V.Sapiro, Vindication of political virtue: the political theory of Mary Wollstonecraft (1992)***

French women and the Age of Enlightenment ; edited by Samia I. Spencer (1984) **

Londa Schiebinger, Nature’s body: gender and the making of modern science (1993).**

Steinbrugge, Lieselotte, The moral sex : woman's nature in the French Enlightenment (1995)**

Todd, Janet, The Sign of Angellica: Women, Writing and Fiction, 1660 – 1800 (Virago, 1989).

J.Todd, Mary Wollstonecraft (1993)***

Tomaselli, Sylvana, ‘The Enlightenment Debate on Women’, History Workshop Journal, 20 (1985).

Tomaselli, S, Mary Wollstonecraft (1995)***

Turner, Cheryl, Living by the Pen: Women Writers in the Eighteenth Century (Routledge, 1992).*

Sexuality:

Faramerx Dabhoiwala, The origins of sex : a history of the first sexual revolution (2012)
G. Rousseau and Roy Porter (eds.), Sexual Underworlds of the Enlightenment (1988)

Anna Clark, Desire: A History of European Sexuality (2008)
Bradford K Mudge, When Flesh Becomes Word: An Anthology (2004)

Robert Darnton, The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France (1995)

 

Critiquing the Enlightenment

Keith Baker and Peter Reill, What’s Left of Enlightenment? A Postmodern Question (2001)

E.Burke, Reflections of the Revolution in France

Daniel Carey, Lynn Festa (eds) The Postcolonial Enlightenment: Eighteenth-century Colonialism and Postcolonial Theory (2009)

A.Cobban, Edmund Burke and the revolt against the C18th (1929)**

Daniel Gordon (ed) Postmodernism and the Enlightenment : new perspectives in eighteenth-century French intellectual history (2001)*

Hinchman, Lewis P, Hegel's critique of the enlightenment (1984)

Connerton, Paul, The tragedy of enlightenment : an essay on the Frankfurt School (1980)

Horkheimer, Max, and Theodor W. Adorno, Dialectic of Enlightenment (Herder and Herder, 1972).*

Postmodernism and the Enlightenment: new perspectives in eighteenth-century French intellectual history ; edited by Daniel Gordon (2001)*

J.De Maistre, Considerations on France ed R.Lebrun (1994)

D.McMahon, Enemies of the Enlightenment: the French counter-enlightenment and the making of modernity (2001)*

O'Keefe, Cyril B Contemporary reactions to the enlightenment, 1728-176 : a study of three critical journals, the Jesuit Journal de Trivoux, the Jansenist Nouvelles ecclisiastiques, and the secular Journal des savants (1974)

Ophuls, William, Requiem for modern politics: the tragedy of the enlightenment and the challenge of the new millennium (1997)

James Schmidt (ed.), What is Enlightenment? Eighteenth Century Answers and Twentieth-Century Questions (University of California Press, 1996)

Talmon, J.L., The Rise of Totalitarianism Democracy (Secker and Warburg, 1952).

White, R.J., The Anti-Philosophes in Eighteenth-Century France (Macmillan, 1970).**

Williams, Raymond, The Long Revolution (Chatto and Windus, 1961).

Isaiah Berlin, Three Critics of the Enlightenment (2012)

 

Romanticism [see also Rousseau]

F.Besier (ed) The early political writings of the German romantics (1976)

I Berlin The Roots of Romanticism (1999)*

I.Berlin Three Critics of the Enlightenment: Vico, Hamann and Herder (1976)*

M Butler Romantics, Rebels and Reactionaries (1981)*

Kenneth Clark The Romantic Rebellion (1973)

M Cranston The Romantic Movement (1994)*

M.Cranston The Noble Savage: Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1991)*

J B Halstead Romanticism (1969)

H.Fairchild The Noble Savage: A Study in Romantic Naturalism (1961)

L.Furst The Contours of European Romanticism (1966)

H Honour Romanticism (1979)

G.Izenberg Impossible Individuality: romanticism, revolution and the origins of modern selfhood 1787-1802 (1992)*

G L Mosse The Culture of Western Europe (1988) pp. 11-84

N.Riasanovsky The Emergence of Romanticism (1992)*

H.Schenk The Mind of the European Romantics (1966)*

R Stromberg European Intellectual History since 1789 (1981), chapter 1 on.

F L Baumer Modern European Thought (1977), Part IV, “The Romantic World”

R Porter and Teich Romanticism in National Context (1988)*

A K Thorlby (ed) The Romantic Movement (1966)


Conservative responses (see also Burke above)

Joseph de Maistre and the legacy of Enlightenment, edited by Carolina Armenteros and Richard A. Lebrun (2011).

 


johsnon