- What is the relationship between science and society?
- How has science in Europe developed in relationship with the rest of the world?
- How do scientists defend their theories?
- What is the value of studying the history of science today?
Read one or more of the following:
Koyré, Alexandre, 'Galileo and the Scientific Revolution of the Seventeenth Century', The Philosophical Review, 52 (1943)
Shapin, Steven, ‘Phrenological Knowledge and the Social Structure of Early Nineteenth-Century Edinburgh’, Annals of Science, 32 (1975)
Daston, Lorraine and Peter Galison, ‘The Image of Objectivity’, Representations, 40 (1992)
Sivasundaram, Sujit, ‘Sciences and the Global: On Methods, Questions, and Theory’, Isis, 101 (2010)
Bowler, Peter and Iwan Morus, Making Modern Science: A Historical Survey (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2005)
Daston, Lorraine, and Peter Galison, Objectivity (New York City, NY: Zone Books, 2010)
Golinski, Jan, Making Natural Knowledge: Constructivism and the History of Science (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998)
Hacking, Ian, The Social Construction of What? (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999)
Kuhn, Thomas, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1962)
Latour, Bruno, and Steve Woolgar, Laboratory Life: The Construction of Scientific Facts (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986)
Poovey, Mary, A History of the Modern Fact: Problems of Knowledge in the Sciences of Wealth and Society (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1998)
Porter, Theodore, Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996)
Shapin, Steven, A Social History of Truth: Civility and Science in Seventeenth-Century England (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1994)