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Week 10: Science in the age of revolution, 1780-1850. Disciplines.

Lecture slides and handout

Science and technology underwent another fundamental shift in the wake of the French and American Revolutions. This lecture explores the connection between the Age of Revolution and the rise of new disciplines and sites for knowledge production.

Seminar Questions

  • Did the years around 1800 witness a ‘second scientific revolution’?
  • How do we explain the formation of scientific disciplines?
  • What was the relationship between ‘popular’ and ‘professional’ science in the nineteenth century?
  • Where was science done in the nineteenth century?

Essential Readings

Secord, Anne, ‘Science in the Pub: Artisan Botanists in Early Nineteenth-Century Lancashire’, History of Science, 32 (1994)
Bowler, Peter and Iwan Morus, Making Modern Science: A Historical Survey (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2005), chapter 16 ‘Popular Science’

Additional Readings
Barton, Ruth, ‘‘Men of Science’: Language, Identity, and Professionalization in the Mid‐Victorian Scientific Community’, History of Science, 41 (2003)

Cohen, I. Bernard, Science and the Founding Fathers (New York City, NY: Norton, 1995)

Cunningham, Andrew, and Perry Williams. ‘De-Centring the ‘Big Picture’: ‘The Origins of Modern Science’ and the Modern Origins of Science’, The British Journal for the History of Science, 26 (1993)

Endersby, Jim, Imperial Nature: Joseph Hooker and the Practices of Victorian Science (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2008)

Fyfe, Aileen and Bernard Lightman, Science in the Marketplace: Nineteenth-Century Sites and Experiences (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2007)

Lenoir, Timothy, Instituting Science: The Cultural Production of Scientific Disciplines (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997)

Lightman, Bernard (ed.), Victorian Science in Context (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1997)

Lightman, Bernard, Victorian Popularizers of Science: Designing Nature for New Audiences (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2007)

Livingstone, David and Charles Withers (eds), Geographies of Nineteenth-Century Science (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2011)

Outram, Dorinda, George Cuvier: Science, Vocation and Authority in Post-Revolutionary France (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1984)

Outram, Dorinda, Pnina G. Abir-Am (eds), Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in Science, 1789-1979 (Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press)

Secord, Anne, ‘Corresponding Interests: Artisans and Gentlemen in Nineteenth-Century Natural History’, The British Journal for the History of Science, 27 (1994)

Shteir, Ann, Cultivating Women, Cultivating Science: Flora’s Daughters and Botany in England, 1760-1860 (Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 1999)

Tresch, John, The Romantic Machine: Utopian Science and Technology after Napoleon (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2012)