‘Human nature’ and ‘the science of man’ were two buzzwords of the European Enlightenment. This lecture examines the philosophers and reformers who built a science of human nature on the model of the natural sciences. The science of man aimed to study humans with more rigour and accuracy than ever before. But it was shot through with assumptions about race, gender, and the nature of knowledge.
- What was the 'Science of Man' and why did it become so important to Enlightenment thinkers?
- 'The Enlightenment’s interest in the differences between Europeans and other ethnicities and was driven by a underlying racists and sexist agenda.’ Discuss.
- ‘Women were constructed as inferior by Engligthened physicians and anatomists’. Discuss.
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