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The Russian Revolution 1914-1921 - Bibliography Part 3

iii (i) The Peasantry, 1914-21

1. Antsiferov, A.N. et al Russian agriculture during the War

2. Lewin, M. Russian Peasants and Soviet Power

3. Owen, L.A. The Russian Peasant Movement, 1906-17

4. Robinson, G.T. Rural Russia under the Old Regime

5. Shanin, T. The Awkward Class: a study of the Russian Peasant Household 1910-1925

6. Wolfe, E.R. Peasant Wars of the Twentieth Century

7. Gill, G. 'The Mainsprings of Peasant Action in 1917', Soviet Studies, Jan 1978, vol XXX no. 1

8. Gill, G. Peasants and Government in the Russian Revolution

9. Gill, G. 'The failure of rural policy in Russia: February-October 1917', Slavic Review, vol 37, no. 2, Jan 1978

10. Kingston-Mann, E. Lenin & the Problem of Marxist Peasant Revolution

11. Raleigh, D. Revolution on the Volga

12. Figes, O. Peasant Russian Civil War

13. Pethybridge, R. 'Social & Political Attitudes of Peasants in Kursk Guberniia at the start of N.E.P.' S.E.E.R. (63), pp. 372-387

14. Figes, O. 'The Village and Volost' Soviet Elections of 1919', Soviet Studies, XLI, No. 1 pp 21-45

15. Channon, J. 'From Muzhik to Kolkhoznik: Some Recent Western and Soviet Studies of Peasants in Late Imperial and Early Soviet Russia'. S.E.E.R. Jan. 1992, vol. 70 no. 1, pp. 127-139

16. Moon, David The Russian Peasantry 1600-1930 : The World the Peasants Made

17. Channon, John 'The Bolsheviks and the Peasantry: the Land Question during the First Eight Months of Soviet Rule' Slavonic and East European Review 66 (1988) 593-624


(ii) Workers, 1914-21

1. Augustine, W.R. 'Russia's railwaymen,July-Oct 1917' Slavic Review, XXIV, p 666

2. Avrich, P. 'The Bolshevik Revolution and workers' control in Russian industry', Slavic Review, vol XXII, p 47

3. Bobroff, A. 'The Bolsheviks and working women', Soviet Studies, vol. 25, pp 540-67

4. Dewar, M. Labour Policy in USSR, 1917-28

5. Ferro, M. 'The aspirations of Russian society in Pipes, Revolutionary Russia, pp 183-208

6. Kaplan, F.I. Bolshevik Ideology and the Ethics of Soviet Labour

7. Mendel, A.P. 'Peasant and worker on the eve of the First World War', Slavic Review, XXIV, p 23

8. Milligan, S. 'The Petrograd Bolsheviks and social insurance, 1914-17', Soviet Studies, vol 20, pp 369-74

9. Narkiewicz, O. Making of the Soviet State Apparatus

10. Pethybridge, R. Social Prelude to Stalinism

11. Sorenson, J.B. Life and Death of Soviet Trade Unionism

12. Koenker, D. 'The evolution of Party consciousness: the case of the Moscow workers', Soviet Studies, Jan. 1978, vol XXX, no. 1

13. Berk, S.M. 'The "class tragedy" of Izhevsk: working class opposition to Bolshevism in 1918', Russian History, vol 2, no. 2, pp 176-190

14. Perrins, M. 'Rabkrin and Workers' Control in Russia', European Studies Review, vol 10, no. 2, April 1980

15. Koenker, D. Moscow Workers and the 1917 Revolution

16. Smith, S.A. Red Petrograd

17. Mandel, D. Petrograd Workers and the Fall of the Old Regime

18. Bonnell, V. Roots of Rebellion

19. Bonnell, V. The Russian Worker

20. Johnson, R.E. Peasant and Proletarian

21. Sirianni, C. Workers' Control and Socialist Democracy: The Soviet Experience

22. McAuley, M. Bread and Justice

23. Brovkin, V. 'Workers' Unrest and the Bolsheviks' Response' Slavic Review, vol 49, No. 3, Fall 1990 pp 350-73

24. Debate on Social Identity (Haimson, Rosenberg, Rieber) in Slavonic Review, vol 47, No. 1 pp 1-38

25. Husband, W.B. 'Local Industry in Upheaval: the Ivanovo-kineshma Textile Strike' Slavic Review, vol 47, pp 448-463

26. Koenker, D., Rosenberg, W. Strikes and Revolution in Russia, 1917

27. Article by R. Service in R. Service (ed) Society and Politics in the Russian Revolution

28. Philips, L. Bolsheviks and the Bottle: Drink and Worker Culture in St. Petersburg 1900-1929

29. Haimson, L. Russia's Revolutionary Experience

30. Steinberg, Mark 'Workers on the Cross: religious imagination in the writings of Russian workers, 1910-1924' Russian Review 53 (1994) 213-239

31. Aves, Jonathan Workers Against Lenin: Labour Protest and the Bolshevik Dictatorship 1920-22 (1996)

*32. Pirani, Simon The Russian Revolution in Retreat 1920-24: Soviet Workers and the New Communist Elite


(iii)The Armed Forces, 1914-21

1. Erickson, J. The Soviet High Command

1a. Sanborn, Joshua, Drafting the Russian Nation: Military Conscription, Total War and Mass Politics, 1905-1925

2. Ferro, M. 'The Russian solider in 1917: undisciplined, patriotic and revolutionary', Slavic Review, vol XXX, pp 483-512

3. Kenez, P. 'Changes in the social composition of the Officer Corps during World War I', Russian Review, vol 31, pp 369-75 (xerox)

4. Kenez, P. 'The Russian Officer Corps before the revolution: the military mind', Russian Review, vol 31, pp 226-36 (xerox)

5. Longley, D.A. 'Officers and men: a study of the development of political attitudes among the sailors of the Baltic Fleet in 1917', Soviet Studies, vol 25, pp 28-50

6. (White, D.F. The Growth of the Red Army)

7. 'The October Revolution in the Baltic Fleet: the Diary of Captain I I Rengarten' in Vulliamy, p. 131-188, (I.iii 21)

8. 'The Diary of General Boldyrev' in Vulliamy, p 189-226 (I.iii 21)

9. Jones, David, R. 'The Officers and the October Revolution', Soviet Studies, vol XXVIII, no. 2, pp 202-223

10. Saul, N Sailors in Revolt: The Russian Baltic Fleet in 1917

11. Maudsley, E. The Russian Revolution and the Baltic Fleet

12. Wildman, A.K. The End of the Russian Imperial Army

13. Trotsky, L. Military Writings

14. Getzler, I. Kronstadt 1917-21

(See also Golovine in Part II, section (i) and various memoirs of Knox, Brusilov et al in Part I, section (iv)


(iv) The Provinces

1. Keep, J. 'October in the Provinces' in Pipes, Revolutionary Russia

2. Meijer, J. 'Town and Country in the Civil War' in Pipes, Revolutionary Russia

3. Mosse, W.E. 'The Revolution in Saratov, October-November 1917', Slavonic and East European Review, vol 49, pp 586-602

4. Snow, R.E. 'The Russian Revolution of 1917-18 in Transbaikalia', Soviet Studies, vol 23, pp 201-15

5. Smith, C.F. Vladivostock under Red and White Rule

6. Kuromiya, h. Freedom and Terror in the Donbas 1870-1990

7. Raleigh, Donald Experiencing Russia's Civil War

*8. Retish, Aaron B. Russia's Peasants in Revolution and Civil War: Citizenship, Identity and the Creation of the Soviet State 1914-22

*9. Badcock, Sarah Politics and the People in Revolutionary Russia: A Provincial History


(v) Nationalities, 1914-121

(a) General

1. Pipes, R. The Formation of the Soviet Union

2. Boersmer, D. The Bolsheviks and the National and Colonial Question

2a. Smith, Jeremy The Bolsheviks and the National Question 1917-23

2b. Suny, R. and Martin, T (eds) A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin

(b) Ukraine

2c. Adams, A.E. The Bolsheviks in the Ukraine: the Second Campaign 1918-19

3. Davies, N. White Eagle, Red Star

4. Fedyshyn, O.J. Germany's drive to the East and the Ukrainian Revolution, 1917-18

5. Reshetar, J. The Ukrainian Revolution

6. (Pidhainy, O.S. The Formation of the Ukrainian Republic)

6a. Sullivant, R.S. Soviet Politics and the Ukraine 1917-57

6b. Hunczak, T. (ed) The Ukraine, 1917-21

6c. Guthier, S.L. 'The Popular Base of Ukrainian Nationalism in 1917', Slavic Review, vol 38, no. 1, p 30-47

(c) The Baltic States

7. Ezergailis, A. '1917 in Latvia: the Bolshevik Year', Canadian Slavic Studies, no. 3, 1969, pp 646-62 (xerox)

8. Rauch, G. von, The Baltic States in the Years of Independence

9. Senn, A.E. The Emergence of Modern Lithuania

10. White, J.D. 'The Revolution in Lithuania 1918-19', Soviet Studies, vol 23, pp 186-200

11. Ezergailis, A. The 1917 Revolution in Latvia

12. Upton, A. The Finnish Revolution 1917-1918

13. Alapuro, R. State and Revolution in Finland

(d) Transcaucasia

14. Hovannissian, R. Armenia on the road to independence 1918

15. Hovannissian, R. The Republic of Armenia, 1918-19

16. (Kazemzadeh, F. The Struggle for Transcaucasia 1917-21)

17. Suny, R. The Baku Commune

17a Lang, D.M. A Modern History of Georgia

17b Kautsky, K. Georgia

17c Arslanian, A.H. & Nichols, R.L. 'Nationalism and the Russian Civil War: the case of Volunteer Army - Armenian relations 1918-1920' Soviet Studies, XXXI, no. 4

17d Suny, R. Revenge of the Past

(e) Central Asia

18. Encausse, H.C. d' 'Revolution and Civil War in Central Asia' in E. Allworth (ed) Central Asia: a Century of Russian Rule

19. Massell, G.J. The Surrogate Proletariat - Moslem women and revolutionary strategies in Soviet Central Asia, 1919-29

20. Park, A.G. Bolshevism in Turkestan

21. (Vaidyanath, R. The Formation of the Soviet Central Asian Republic: a study in Soviet nationalities policy 1917-36)

22. Zenkovsky, S.A. Pan-Turkism and Islam in Russia

23. Wheeler, G. The Modern History of Soviet Central Asia

24. Pierce, R.A. Russian Central Asia 1867-1917

(f) Others

25. Gitelman, Z.Y. Jewish Nationality and Soviet Politics: the Jewish sections of the CPSU, 1917-30

26. Schapiro, L. 'The role of the Jews in the Russian revolutionary movement', Slavonic and East European Review, vol 40, pp 148-168

27. Longworth, P. The Cossacks

28. O'Rourke, Shane Warrior and Peasant; The Don Cossacks in Late-Imperial Russia


(vi) Bolshevism

1. Ali, J 'Aspects of the RKP(B) Secretariat, March 1919 to April 1922', Soviet Studies, XXVI, pp 396-416

2. Banfield, R. 'Lenin's utopianism: State and Revolution', Slavic Review, XXX, p 45-56

3. Clemens, B.C. 'Emancipation through communism: the ideology of A.M. Kollontai', Slavic Review, XXXII, no. 2, pp 328-8

4. Dan, F. The Origins of Bolshevism

5. Daniels, R.V. The Conscience of the Revolution

6. Duval, C. 'The Bolshevik Secretariat and Yakob Sverdlov: February to October 1917', Slavonic and East European Review, vol 51, pp 47-57

7. Elwood, R.C. Russian Social Democracy in the Underground

8. Frankel, J. 'Lenin's doctrinal revolution of April 1917', Journal of Contemporary History, 4, 1969, pp 117-42

9. Gorky, M. Untimely Thoughts

10. Hedlin, M. 'Zinoviev's revolutionary tactics in 1917', Slavic Review, vol XXXIV

11. Lane, D. The Roots of Russian Communism

12. Lenin, V.I. What is to be Done

13. Lenin, V.I. State and Revolution

14. Longley, D. 'Divisions in the Bolshevik Party in March 1917' Soviet Studies, vol 24, pp 61-76

15. Luxemburg, R. Leninism or Marxism?

16. Rigby, T.H. Communist Party Membership in the USSR, 1917-67

17. Schapiro, L. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union

18. Brinton, M. The Bolsheviks and Worker's Control

19. Kollontai, A. The Workers' Opposition

20. (Leonhard, W. Three Faces of Marxism)

21. Solzhenitsyn, A. Lenin in Zurich

22. Service, R. The Bolshevik Party in Revolution

23. Liebman, M. Leninism under Lenin

24. Articles by Edmundsen, Hayden and Stites on the Women's section of the Bolshevik Party 1917-30 in Russian History, vol 3, no. 2, pp 123-193 and 237-244

25. Starikov, S. & Medvedev, R. Philip Mironov and the Russian Civil War (See also O.Piatnitsky, Memoirs of a Bolshevik)

26. Sakwa, R. Soviet Communists in Power

27. Benvenuti, F. The Bolshevik and the Red Army

28. Nelson, H.W. Leon Trotsky and the Art of Insurrection 1905-17

29. Kowalski, R. The Bolshevik Party in Conflict: the Left Opposition in 1918

30. Raleigh, Donald J. 'Languages of Power: How the Saratov Bolsheviks Imagined Their Enemies', Slavic Review Vol 57 no.2 Summer 1998

31. Thatcher, Ian Leon Trotsky and World War One

32. Mawdsley E & White J Soviet Elites from Lenin to Gorbachev: the Central Committee and its Members

33. Krylova, Anna ‘Beyond the Spontaneity- Consciousness Paradigtm: Class Instinct as a Promising Category of Historical Analysis’ in Slavic Review 62, 1, (2003) pp.1-23

34.Zelnik, R. ‘A Paradigm Lost? A Response to Anna Krylova’ Slavic Review 62, 1, 24-30

35.Lih, Lars T. ‘How a Founding Document Was Found, or One Hundred Years of Lenin’s “What is to be Done?” ‘Kritika 4, 1 (2003) pp.5-49

36.Haimson, Leopold ‘Lenin’s Revolutionary Career Revisited: Some Observations on Recent Discussions’ Kritika 5, 1 (2004)pp.55-80

(Kritika – available at



1. Ascher, A. Pavel Axelrod and the Development of Menshevism

(See also R.Abramovitch The Soviet Revolution and I. Getzler, Martov)

2. Haimson, L. 'Les mencheviks face à la révolution d'Octobre: le congrès extraordinaire du RSDRP, novembre-décembre 1917', Cahiers du monde Russe et Sovietique, vol 14, pp 5-32 (xerox)

3. Wade, R. 'The Triumph of Siberian Zimmerwaldism, March-May, 1917' Canadian Slavic Studies, vol. 1, pp 253-70 (xerox)

4. Haimson, L. (ed) The Mensheviks: from the revolution of 1917 to World War II

5. Ascher, A. The Mensheviks and the Russian Revolution (1976)

6. Roobol, W.H. Tsereteli: a political biography

7. Brovkin, V. The Mensheviks after October

8. Galili, Z. Menshevik Leaders in the Russian Revolution

(viii)Socialist Revolutionaries

1. Cross, T.B. 'The purposes of revolution: Chernov and 1917' Russian Review, vol 26, pp 351-60 (xerox)

2. Katkov, G. 'The assassination of Count Mirbach', St Antony's Papers no. XII (Soviet Affairs no. 3) pp 53-93

3. Keep, J.L.H. 'The Sickle under the Hammer' (review article), Soviet Studies, vol 16, pp 63-68

4. Perrie, M. 'The social composition and structure of the S.R. party before 1917', Soviet Studies, vol 24, pp 223-50

5. Radkey, O.H. The Agrarian Foes of Bolshevism, February-October 1917

6. Radkey, O.H. The Sickle under the Hammer: The Russian Socialist Revolutionaries in the Early Months of Soviet Rule

7. Singleton, S. 'The Tambov Revolt (1920-21)', Slavic Review September 1966, pp 497-512

8. Radkey, O.H. The Unknown Civil War in Russian: a study of the Green Movement in the Tambov region 1920-21

9. Melancon, M. 'Marching Together: Left Bloc Activities in the Russian Revolutionary Movement, 1900 to February 1917; Slavic Review, vol 49, No. 2 Summer 1990 pp 239-252

(ix) Liberalism

1. Milyukov, P. Bolshevism: an international danger

(see also Milyukov Political Memoirs)

2. Riha, T. '1917 - a year of illusions', Soviet Studies, vol 19, pp 115-21

3. Riha, T. A Russian European: P. Miliukov in Russian Politics

4. Rosenberg, W.G. Liberals in the Russian Revolution. The Constitutional Democratic Party, 1917-21

5. (Miliukov, P.N. Russia Today and Tomorrow)

(x) Anarchism

1. Avrich, P. The Anarchists in the Russian Revolution

2. Avrich, P. Kronstadt 1921

3. Avrich, P. The Russian Anarchists

4. (Arshinov, P. History of the Makhnovist Movement)

5. Daniels, R.V. 'The Kronstadt revolt of 1921: a study in the dynamics of revolution', Slavic Review, vol X

6. Footman, D. 'Nestor Makhno', St Antony's Papers no. VI Soviet Affairs no. 2) pp 75-128

7. Katkov, G. 'The Kronstadt Rising', St Antony's Papers, no. VI, Soviet Affairs, no. 2)pp 9-74

8. Mawdsley, E. 'The Baltic Fleet and the Kronstadt mutiny', Soviet Studies, vol 24, pp 506-21

9. (Voline The Unknown Revolution)

10. (Voline 1917 The Revolution Betrayed)

11. Goldman, E My Disillusionment in Russia

12. Mett, I. The Kronstadt Commune

13. Pollack, E. The Kronstadt Rebellion

14. Palij, M. The anarchism of Nestor Makhno

15. Malet, M. Nestor Makhno and the Russian Civil War

(xi) The Whites

1. Denikin, A. The White Army

2. Lehovich, D.V. 'Denikin's offensive', Russian Review, no. 32, pp 173-186 (xerox)

3. Denikin, A. The Russian Turmoil

4. Lukomskii, A. Memoirs of the Russian Revolution

5. Hodgson, J.F. With Denikin's Armies

(see under 'Memoirs' 'Armed Forces', 'Consolidation of Bolshevik power' for items by Brinkley, Kenez, Footman, Wrangel, Krassnoff and others)

(xii) The October Revolution and the World

(a) Communist Internationalism and Soviet Foreign Policy

1. Borkenau, F. World Communism

2. Braunthal, J. History of the International

3. Degras, J. The Communist International, vol 1

4. Eudin, X. & Fisher, H.H. Soviet Russia and the West, 1920-27: a documentary survey

5. Eudin, X. & North, R. Soviet Russia and the East, 1920-7: a documentary survey

6. Hulse, J.W. The Forming of the Communist International

7. Lazitch, B. & Drachkovitch, M. Comintern: historical highlights

8. Lindemann, A.S. The Red Years: European Socialism versus Bolshevism, 1919-21

9. Slusser, R.M. (ed) A Calendar of Soviet Treaties

10. Ulam, A.B. Expansion and Coexistence: the History of Soviet Foreign Policy, 1917-67

11. White, S. 'Communism and the East: the Baku Congress 1920' Slavic Review XXXIII, pp 492-514

11a Taracouzio, T.A. War and Peace in Soviet Diplomacy (1940)

11b Lazitch, B. & Drachkovitch, M Lenin and the Comintern

11c (Lazitch, B. & Drachkovitch, M Biographical Dictionary of the Comintern)

11d Debo, Richard K. Revolution and Survival: The Foreign Policy of Soviet Russia, 1917-18

11e Uldricks, Teddy J. Diplomacy and Ideology: The Origins of Soviet Foreign Relations

11f Rees, Tim and Thorpe, Andrew (eds) International Communism and the Communist International 1919-43 (Manch U.P. 1998)

(b) Foreign Intervention

12. Bradley, J. Allied Intervention in Russia

13. Ellis, C.H. British Intervention in Transcaspia

14. Gilbert, M. Winston S. Churchill,vol IV 1916-22

15. Kennan, G. The Decision to Intervene

16. Kennan, G. Russia Leaves the War

17. Lang, D.W. 'British Policy in Transcaucasia 1918-19', in Gorski Viyenats, pp 203-213 (catalogued under R. Auty)

18. Lockhart, Sir R.B. Memoirs of a British Agent

19. Wheeler-Bennett, J.W The Forgotten Peace: Brest Litovsk

20. Thompson, J.M. Russia, Bolshevism and the Versailles Peace

(xiii) Cultural Life

1. Bowlt, J.E. 'Russian art in the 1920s', Soviet Studies, vol 22, pp 575-94

2. Curtiss, J.S. Church and State in Russia, 1917-41

3. Daniels, R.V. 'Intellectuals and the Russian Revolution', Slavic Review, vol XX, pp 270-8

4. Fitzpatrick, S. The Commissariat of Enlightenment 1917-21

5. Gray, C. The Great Experiment: Russian Art, 1863-1922

6. Leyda, J. Kino: history of Russian and Soviet film

7. Milner-Gulland, R. 'Art in revolution - Soviet art and design since 1917' Soviet Studies, vol 23, pp 690-2

8. Rühle, J. Literature and Revolution

9. Schnitzer, L. Cinema in Revolution

10. Struve, G. Soviet Russian Literature 1917-50

11. Taylor, R. 'A medium for the masses: agitation in the Soviet Civil War', Soviet Studies, vol 22, pp 562-74

11a Pike, C. (ed) The Formalists, the Futurists and the Marxist Critique

12. Thomson, B. The Premature Revolution: Russian Literature and Society, 1917-46

13. Timasheff, B.S. Religion in Soviet Russia 1917-42

14. Trotsky, L. Literature and Revolution

15. Zatko, J. Descent into Darkness: Destruction of Roman Catholic Church in Russia, 1917-23

15a. Shevzov, Vera, Russian Orthodoxy on the Eve of Revolution (Oxford, 2004)

16. Hackel, S. The Poet and Revolution: Aleksandr Blok's 'The Twelve (London 1975)

17. Williams, R.C. Artisis in Revolution: portraits of the Russian Avant-Garde 1905-1925

18. Read, C. Culture and Power in Revolutionary Russia: the Intelligentsia and the Transition from Tsarism to Communism

19. Babel, I. Collected Stories

20. Blok, A. Selected Poems

21. Bulgakov, M. The White Guard

22. Pasternak, B. Doctor Zhivago

23. Sholokhov, M. And Quiet Flows the Don

24. Solzhenitsyn, A. August 1914

25. Zamyatin, E. The Dragon and Other Stories

26. Zamyatin, E. We

27. Belyi, A. Petersburg

28. Constantine, M. Revolutionary Soviet Film Posters

29. Blok, A. The Twelve (with Annenkov illustrations)

30. Fitzpatrick, S. The Cultural Front

31. Eklof, B. School and Society in Tsarist and Soviet Russia

32. Yedlin Tovah Maxim Gorky: A Political Biography

33. Morgan, W.John Communists in Education and Culture 1848-1948

34. Bonnell, v. Iconography of Power: Soviet Political Posters under Lenin and Stalin

35. Brooks, Jeffrey Thank You Comrade Stalin! Soviet Popular Culture from Revolution to Cold War

36. Kiaer, C and Naiman, E , Everyday Life in Early Soviet Russia

37. Naiman, E, Sex in Public: The Incarnation of Early Soviet Ideology (1999)

38. Gorsuch, Anne, Youth in Revolutionary Russia: Enthusiasts, Bohemians and Delinquents

39. Kelly, Catriona and Shepherd, David, Constructing Russian Culture in an Age of Revolution 1881-1940 (1998)

(xiv)Analyses and Appraisals

1. Carr, E.H. 1917: Before and After

2. Deutscher, I. The Unfinished Revolution

3. Laqueur, W. The Fate of the Revolution

4. Laue, T.H. von Why Lenin? Why Stalin?

5. Luxemburg, R. The Russian Revolution

6. Russell, B. The Practice and Theory of Bolshevism

7. Wolfe, B. An Ideology in Power: reflections on the Russian Revolution

8. Acton, E. Russia

9. Holquist, Peter 'What is Revolutionary about the Russian Revolution? State Practices and New Style Politics 1914-21' in Hoffman, D and Kotsonis, Y. Russian Modernity: Politics, Knowledge, Practices.


(xv) Historiography

1. Andreyev, N. 'S.P. Mel'gunov 1879-1956', Slavonic and East European Review, vol XXXV, pp 574-8

2. Baron, S.H. 'Plekhanov, Trotsky and the development of Soviet historiography', Soviet Studies, vol 26, pp 380-95

3. Elkin, B. 'The Kerensky Government and its fate', Slavic Review, XXIII, pp 717-36 (see also Vishniak in Slavic Review, vol XXV, pp 143-9 and Elkin in same volume, pp 323-32

4. Heer, N.W. Politics and History in the Soviet Union

5. Keep, J. (ed) Contemporary History in the Soviet Mirror

6. McNeal, R.H. 'Soviet historiography on the October revolution: a review of forty years', Slavic Review, vol 17, pp 269-81

7. Szporluk, R. 'Pokrovskii's view of the Russian Revolution', Slavic Review, vol XXVI, p 70

8. Warth, R.D. 'On the historiography of the Russian Revolution', Slavic Review, XXVI, p 247

9. Wolfe, B. 'Leon Trotsky as historian', Slavic Review, vol XX, p 495

10. Elwood, R.C. 'How complete is Lenin's Polnoe Sobranie Sochinenii (Complete works)', Slavic Review, vol 38, no. 1, pp 97-105

11. Mazour, A. Modern Russian Historiography see Enteen, G. I vi 27

12. Getzler, I. 'Richard Pipes Revisionist History of the Russian Revolution' Slavonic and East European Review, Jan. 1992 vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 111-126