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Religious Conflict and Civil War in France c. 1560-1600: Term 1, Week 4

Week 4: The Towns

To what extent was the French Reformation an 'urban phenomenon'?

Which particular social or occupational groups were attracted to (and opposed) the Reform and why? Is it possible to generalise about religious affiliation on this basis?

General reading

  • H. Hauser, ‘The French Reformation and the French People’, American Historical Review, 4 (1899), 217-27
  • Denis Richet, 'Sociocultural Aspects of Religious Conflicts in Paris during the Second Half of the Sixteenth Century', in R. Forster & O. Ranum (eds), Ritual, Religion and the Sacred: Selection from the Annales (1982), pp. 182-212
  • Penny Roberts, 'Urban Histories of the French Wars of Religion'/'Faire l'histoire des villes au temps des guerres de religion', Moreana, 43 (2006), 115-50 [Copies available from the envelope outside my door - please read/copy and return]

Further reading

  • Henry Heller, The Conquest of Poverty: the Calvinist Revolt in Sixteenth-Century France (1986)
  • 'Famine, Revolt and Heresy at Meaux, 1521-25', Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 68 (1977), 133-56
  • Natalie Z. Davis, 'Strikes and Salvation at Lyon', in her Society and Culture in Early Modern France (1975), chap. 1
  • 'The Sacred and the Body Social in Sixteenth-Century Lyon', Past and Present, 90 (1981), 40-70
  • Philip Benedict, Rouen during the Wars of Religion (1981)
  • Barbara Diefendorf, Beneath the Cross: Catholics and Huguenots in Sixteenth-Century Paris (1991)
  • Penny Roberts, A City in Conflict: Troyes during the French Wars of Religion (1996)
  • ‘Religious Conflict and the Urban Setting: Troyes during the French Wars of Religion’, French History, 6 (1992), 259-78
  • 'Urban Conflict and Royal Authority: Popular Revolts in Sixteenth-Century Troyes', Urban History, 34 (2007), 189-207
  • Hilary J. Bernstein, Between Crown and Community: Politics and Civic Culture in Sixteenth-Century Poitiers (2004), Part II
  • Elizabeth Tingle, Authority and Society in Nantes during the French Wars of Religion, 1559-98 (2006)
  • J.M. Davies, 'Persecution and Protestantism: Toulouse, 1562-75', Historical Journal, 22 (1979), 31-51
  • James R. Farr, 'Popular Religious Solidarity in Sixteenth-Century Dijon', French Historical Studies, 14 (1985), 192-214
  • Mark W. Konnert, 'Urban Values versus Religious Passion: Châlons-sur-Marne during the Wars of Religion', Sixteenth Century Journal, 20 (1989), 387-405
  • Local Politics in the French Wars of Religion (2006)
  • Kevin Gould, Catholic Activism in South-West France, 1540-1570 (2006)
  • Mack P. Holt, 'Wine, Community and Reformation in Sixteenth-Century Burgundy', Past and Present, 138 (1993), 58-93
  • David Nicholls, 'Protestants, Catholics and Magistrates in Tours, 1562-72: The Making of a Catholic City during the Religious Wars', French History, 8 (1994), 14-33
  • J.P. Meyer, 'The Success of the French Reformation: the Case of La Rochelle', Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, 84 (1993)
  • A.H. Guggenheim, ‘The Calvinist Notables of Nîmes during the Era of the Religious Wars’, Sixteenth Century Journal, 3 (1972), 80-96
  • Timothy Watson, ‘When is a Huguenot not a Huguenot? Lyon, 1525-1575’, in K. Cameron et al (eds), The Adventure of Religious Pluralism in Early Modern France (2000), 161-76
  • Philip Conner, Huguenot Heartland: Montauban and Southern French Calvinism during the Wars of Religion (2002)
  • Wolfgang Kaiser, Marseille au temps des troubles, 1559-1596 (1992)

Documents: Potter: Chaps. 2, 3, 6 & 8 [would have to be selective here]

Documents: 2, 4, 21 [let's focus on these]

Figures: Maps & plans [at the back of the red book]