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Glossary of Ottoman terminology

devşirme

Grand Vizier

Hanafi

Haseki Sultan

iltizam

Janissaries

kanun / qanun

kanunname

malikane

Mecelle

Pasha

shari'a / şeriat

sipahi

Tanzimat

timar

Vali / wali

Valide Sultan

Child-levy on Christian communities

Prime Minister

The school of Sunni Islamic law favored by the Ottomans

Chief consort, i.e. favorite concubine or wife of the Sultan

Tax farm

The main infantry regiment

Dynastic law

A text containing kanun, usually for a particular province

A life-term tax farm

Code of Hanafi law produced during Tanzimat

Title held by viziers and provincial governors

Islamic law

Cavalry officer

Set of reforms introduced in the mid-nineteenth century

Land grant held by cavalry officer in return for military service

Provincial governor

Queen Mother