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FR255 Further Reading

This reading list is also available through Talis aspire:

Introductory/ general
• Charles Sowerwine, France since 1870 (2009) recommended for purchase
• Jean-Marie Paul, La Foule. Mythes et figures, de la révolution à aujourd’hui (2004)
• Elias Canetti, Crowds and Power (1973)
• Matthew Truesdell, Spectacular Politics: Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte and the Fête Impériale 1849–1870 (1997)
• Timothy Clark, Image of the People: Gustave Courbet and the 1848 Revolution (1973)
• Benedict Anderson, Imagined communities. Reflections on the origins and spread of nationalism (1983)
• David Andress, Massacre at the Champ de Mars: Popular dissent and political culture during the French Revolution (Woodbridge, 2000)
• Orlando Figes and Boris Kolonitskii, Interpreting the Russian Revolution: the language and symbols of 1917 (1999), Introduction

Week 2. Shadows of Revolution in Nineteenth-Century Paris

Core reading
• Patrick Hutton, ‘The role of memory in the historiography of the French Revolution’, History and Theory, 30.1 (1991), 56–69
• Victoria Thompson, ‘Telling spatial stories: urban space and bourgeois identity in early nineteenth-century Paris’, Journal of Modern History, 75.3 (2003), 523–556
• Robert Gildea, Children of the Revolution: The French, 1799–1914 (2009), Chapter 1 (short loan)
• Georges Lefebvre,‘Les Foules révolutionnaires’, Les Annales historiques de la Révolution française, 11 (1934), 1–26
• Charles Rearick, Pleasures of the Belle Epoque (1985), especially Chapter 1 (short loan)

Further reading
• Keith Baker ‘Representations’ in Baker (ed.), The French Revolution and the Creation of Modern Political Culture, Vol. 1 (1987), 469–92
• Alexis de Tocqueville, Recollections (ed. J.P. Mayer, 1948)
• Pierre Nora (ed), Les Lieux de Mémoire (1992), Vol. 1 and Vol. 3
• Charles Rearick, ‘Paris revisited’ in New Perspectives on Modern Paris (French Historical Studies 27.1 Winter 2004)

Week 3. Emile Zola and the Crowd (I): Strikes and Socialism
Core reading
• Emile Zola, Germinal (various editions: recommended for purchase)
• D. Sandy Petrey, ‘The revolutionary setting of Germinal’, The French Review 43. 1 (1969), 54–63
• David Baguley, ‘The Function of Zola’s Souvarine’, The Modern Language Review, 66.4 (1971), pp. 786–97
• N. R. Cirillo, ‘Marxism as myth in Zola’s Germinal’, Comparative Literary Studies, 14.3 (1977), 244–55

Further reading
• There are many critical studies of Germinal available — see, for example, those by Colin Smethurst (1974, 1996) and Colette Becker (1979, 1986)
• Eduardo A. Febles, Explosive narratives: terrorism and anarchy in the works of Emile Zola (2010)
• Glen Shortliffe, ‘Populism in the novel before naturalism’, PMLA, 54.2 (1939), 589–96
• Henri Mitterand, Zola Vol II. L'Homme de Germinal, 1871–1893 (2001)
• André Vial, Germinal et le ‘socialisme’ de Zola (1975) short loan
• Ida-Marie Frandon, Autour de 'Germinal': la mine et les mineurs (1955)
• Paule Lejeune, Germinal, un roman antipeuple (1978)
• Michelle Perrot, Workers on strike: France 1871–1890 (1987)

Week 4. Emile Zola and the Crowd (II): Mass Politics and Leadership
Core reading
• Donald Reid, ‘Metaphor and management: the paternal in Germinal and Travail’, French Historical Studies, 17.4 (1992), 979–1000
• Michel Winock, ‘Populismes français’, Vingtième siècle 56 (1997), 77–91
• John Blankenagel, ‘The mob in Zola’s Germinal and in Hauptmann’s Weavers’, PMLA, 39.3 (1924), 705–21
• Nancy Fitch, ‘Mass culture, mass parliamentary politics and modern anti-Semitism: the Dreyfus Affair in rural France’, American Historical Review 97.1 (1992), 55–95

Further reading
• Michel Winock, Nationalisme, anti-sémitisme et fascisme en France (2001)
• Zeev Sternhell, Maurice Barrès et le nationalisme français (1972)
• Jessica Wardhaugh, ‘Un Rire nouveau: Action Française and the art of political satire’, French History 22.1 (2008), 74–93
• Edward Arnold (ed), The Development of the Radical Right in France, from Boulanger to Le Pen (2000) (also available as an e-book)
• Christopher Forth, The Dreyfus Affair and the Crisis of French Manhood (2003)
• Georges Sorel, Réflexions sur la violence (various editions)

Week 5. Crowd Psychology and the Fin-de-siècle
Core reading
• Gustave Le Bon, La Pyschologie des Foules (various editions)
• Susanna Barrows, Distorting Mirrors: Visions of the Crowd in Late Nineteenth-Century France (1981) (short loan)
• Robert Nye, The Origins of Crowd Pyschology: Gustave Le Bon and the Crisis of Mass Democracy in the Third Republic (1975) (short loan)
• Yvon J. Thiec, ‘Gustave Le Bon, prophète de l’irrationalisme de masse’, Revue française de sociologie 22.3 (1981), 409–28

Further reading
• Shlomo Sand, ‘1895. Les images, les foules et le cinéma’, Le Mouvement social, 172 (1995), 7–19
• Christian Borch, ‘Body to body: on the political anatomy of crowds’, Sociological Theory , 27.3 (2009), 271–290
• Christophe Charle, Paris fin de siècle: culture et politique (1998)
• Cesare Lombroso, L’Homme criminel (1895)
• D. Pick, Faces of Degeneration (1989)
• Theodore Porter, Dorothy Ross (eds), The Cambridge History of Science, Vol 7. The Modern Social Sciences (2007) (electronic resource)
• Gustave Le Bon, The French Revolution and the Theory of Revolution (1980)

Week 7. The Crowd and the Stage: Le Quatorze Juillet
Core reading
• Emmanuelle Loyer, ‘Le Théâtre national populaire au temps de Jean Vilar (1951–63)’, Vingtième siècle 57 (1998), 89–103 (first half)
• Valérie Battaglia, ‘Romain Rolland et le théâtre de la Révolution’, Revue d’Histoire du Théâtre, 41 (1989), 178–195
• Romain Rolland, Le Théâtre du Peuple: essai d’esthétique d’un théâtre nouveau (1913)
• Jessica Wardhaugh, In Pursuit of the People: Political Culture in France 1934–39 (2000), Chapter 5 (also available as e-book)

Further reading
• Jessica Wardhaugh, ‘In the shadow of Danton: theatre, politics, and leadership in interwar France’ in Wardhaugh (ed.), Politics and the Individual in France, 1930–1950 (2015), 13–27
• Jessica Wardhaugh, Popular Theatre and Political Utopia in France, 1870–1940: Active Citizens (2017), Chapter Six
• David Fisher, ‘The Origins of the French Popular Theatre’, Journal of Contemporary History 12 (1977), 461–97
• Jessica Irons (Wardhaugh), ‘Staging reconciliation: popular theatre and political utopia in France in 1937’, Contemporary European History 14.3 (2005), 279–94

Week 8. The Crowd and the Screen
Core reading
• Pascal Ory, ‘De Ciné-Liberté à La Marseillaise: espoir et limites d'un cinéma libre’ Mouvement Social 91 (1975), 153–175
• Elizabeth Strebel, ‘French Social Cinema and the Popular Front’, Journal of Contemporary History 12 (1977), 499–519
• Leger Grindon, ‘History and the historians in La Marseillaise’, Film History, 4.3 (1990), 227–35
• Jean Renoir, My Life and My Films (1974) short loan

Further reading
• G. Vincendeau and K. Reader, La Vie est à Nous: French Cinema of the Popular Front 1935–1938 (1986)
• Pascal Bonitzer, Jean-Louis Comolli, Serge Daney, Jean Narboni, and Jean-Pierre Oudart, ‘La Vie est à nous, film militant’, Cahiers du cinéma 218 (1970), 44–51
• Dawn Ades (ed.), Art and Power. Europe under the Dictators, 1930-45 (1995), especially introduction (short loan)
• Hubert Desvages ‘La Marseillaise et 1788: deux images de la Révolution Française vue par le Parti Communiste’ in Michel Vovelle (ed) Les Images de la Révolution Française (1988), pp. 379–388 Available from the library via the following link:
• Tom Gunning, The Films of Fritz Lang: allegories of vision and modernity (2000)
• Sergei Eisenstein, Notes of a film director (1959)

Week 9. Street Politics and the Left, 1918–45

Core reading
• Philippe Burrin, ‘Poings levés et bras tendus: la contagion des symboles au temps du Front Populaire’, Vingtième Siècle 11 (1986), 7–20
• Jessica Wardhaugh, Paris and the Right in the Twentieth Century (2007), Chapter 2: ‘Fighting for the streets of Paris during the Popular Front, 1934–38’
• Bernard Aumont, ‘La Chasse aux papillons à Paris en 1935’, Vingtième siècle 11 (1986), 21–39
• Jessica Wardhaugh, In Pursuit of the People: Political Culture in France, 1934–39 (2009) (e-book)

Further reading
• Julian Jackson, The Popular Front in France: Defending Democracy, 1934–38 (1988)
• Simon Dell, The Image of the Popular Front: The Masses and the Media in Interwar France (2007), Chapter 4
• Christian Amalvi: ‘Le 14 Juillet: du Dies Irae à Jour de Fête’, in Pierre Nora (ed.), Les Lieux de Mémoire, Vol 1. La République (1984), 423–472
• Georges Lefranc, Juin ’36: L’explosion sociale du Front populaire (1966)
• Jessica Wardhaugh, ‘Crowds, culture, and power: mass politics and the press in interwar France’, Journalism Studies, 14.5 (2013), 743–58

Week 10. Street Politics and the Right, 1918–45
Core reading
• Philippe Burrin, ‘Poings levés et bras tendus: la contagion des symboles au temps du Front Populaire’, Vingtième Siècle 11 (1986), 7–20
• Jessica Wardhaugh, ‘Fighting for the Unknown Soldier: the contested territory of the French nation in 1934–1938’, Modern and Contemporary France (May 2007)
• William Irvine, ‘French conservatives and the “New Right” during the 1930s’, French Historical Studies (8), 1974
• Chris Millington, From Victory to Vichy: Veterans in Interwar France (2012)

Further reading
• Robert Soucy, French Fascism. The Second Wave (1995)
• William Irvine, ‘Fascism and the strange case of the Croix de Feu’, Journal of Modern History (63) 1991
• Edward Arnold (ed.), The Development of the Radical Right in France (2000)
• Jessica Wardhaugh, In Pursuit of the People: Political Culture in France, 1934–39 (2009)
• Jessica Wardhaugh, ‘Salvation, satire, and solidarity: right-wing culture in interwar France’ in Sean Kennedy and Samuel Kalman (eds), The French Right between the Wars: Political and Intellectual Movements from Conservatism to Fascism (2014), 210–223
• Sean Kennedy, Reconciling France against Democracy: The Croix de Feu and the Parti Social Francais, 1927–1945 (2007)
• Kevin Passmore, From Liberalism to Fascism: The Right in a French province (1997)