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FR410 Further Reading


Please note this is not a complete list, simply a guide to further study...


Allen, Peter L., ‘The Ambiguity of Silence: Gender, Writing and Le Roman de Silence’, in Sign, Sentence, Discourse: Language in Medieval Thought and Literature, ed. by Julian N. Wasserman and Lois Roney (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1989), pp. 98-112

Bloch, R. Howard, The Anonymous Marie de France (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003)

__________, The Scandal of the Fabliaux (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986)

Boivin, Jeanne-Marie, ‘Bisclavret et Muldumarec: La Part de l’ombre dans les Lais’, in Amour et Merveille: Les Lais de Marie de France, ed. Jean Dufournet (Paris: Champion, 1995), pp. 147-68

Bolduc, Michelle, ‘Silence’s Beasts’, in The Mark of the Beast: The Medieval Bestiary in Art, Life and Literature, ed. Debra Hassig (New York and London: Garland, 1999), pp. 185-208

Brahney, Kathleen J., ‘When Silence was Golden: Female Personae in the Roman de Silence’, in The Spirit of the Court: Selected Proceedings of the Fourth Congress of the International Courtly Literature Society, ed. by Glyn Burgess et al. (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1985), pp. 52-61

Bruckner, Matilda Tomaryn, ‘Of Men and Beasts in Bisclavret’, Romanic Review, 81:3 (1991), 251-69

Burger, Glenn and Steven F. Kruger, eds, Queering the Middle Ages, Medieval Cultures, 27 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001)

Bullough, Vern L. and James Brundage, eds, Handbook of Medieval Sexuality (New York: Garland, 1996)

Burgess, Glyn S., The Lais of Marie de France: Text and Context (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1987)

Burns, E. Jane, Bodytalk: When Women Speak in Old French Literature (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993)

__________, ‘This Prick Which Is Not One: How Women Talk Back in Old French Fabliaux’, in Feminist Approaches to the Body in Medieval Literature, ed. by Linda Lomperis and Sarah Stanbury (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993), pp. 188-212

__________, Courtly Love Undressed: Reading Through Clothes in Medieval French Literature (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002)

Butler, Judith, Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex” (New York: Routledge, 1993)

__________, Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (New York: Routledge, 1990)

Bynum, Caroline Walker, Fragmentation and Redemption: Essays on Gender and the Human Body in Medieval Religion (New York: Zone Books, 1992)

__________, Metamorphosis and Identity (New York: Zone Books, 2001)

Campbell, Emma, Medieval Saints’ Lives: The Gift, Kinship and Community in Old French Hagiography (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2008)

__________,‘Political Animals: Human/Animal Life in Bisclavret and Yonec’, Exemplaria, 25:2 (2013), 95-109

__________, ‘Epistemology of the Cloister: Knowledge, Identity and Place in Old French Saints’ Lives’, Journal of Medieval Religious Cultures, 36:2 (2010), 205-232

Cazelles, Brigitte, The Lady as Saint: A Collection of French Hagiographic Romances of the Thirteenth Century (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991)

Cobby, Anne Elizabeth, Ambivalent Conventions: Formula and Parody in Old French (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1995)

Cohen, Jeffrey J., Medieval Identity Machines, Medieval Cultures, 35 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003)

Cooper, Kate Mason, ‘Elle and L: Sexualised Textuality in the Roman de Silence’, Romance Notes, 25 (1985), 341-60

Crane, Susan, Animal Encounters: Contacts and Concepts in Medieval Britain (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013)

__________, ‘How to Translate a Werewolf’, in The Medieval Translator/Traduire au Moyen Âge Vol. 10, ed. Jacqueline Jenkins and Olivier Bertrand (Turnhout: Brepols, 2007), pp. 365-74

Dinshaw, Carolyn, Getting Medieval: Sexualities and Communities, Pre- and Postmodern (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999)

Freeman, Michelle A., ‘Dual Natures and Subverted Glosses: Marie de France’s “Bisclavret”’, Romance Notes, 25 (1985), 288-301

Gaunt, Simon, ‘Straight Minds/”Queer” Wishes in Old French Hagiography: La Vie de Sainte Euphrosine', A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 1 (1995), 439—57

__________, Gender and Genre in Medieval French Literature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995)

__________, ‘The Significance of Silence’, Paragraph, 13 (1990), 202-16

__________, Retelling the Tale : An Introduction to Medieval French Literature (London: Duckworth, 2001)

__________, and Sarah Kay, eds, The Cambridge Companion to Medieval French Literature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008)

Gilmore, Gloria Thomas, ‘Marie de France's “Bisclavret”: What the Werewolf Will and Will Not Wear’, in Encountering Medieval Textiles and Dress: Objects, Texts, Images, ed. Désirée G. Koslin and Janet E. Snyder (New York: Palgrave, 2002), pp. 67-84. [currently on order]

Gravdal, Kathryn, Vilain and Courtois: Transgressive Parody in French literature of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries (Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 1989)

Griffin, Miranda, ‘Gender and Authority in the Medieval French Lai’, Forum for Modern Language Studies, 35 (1999), 42-56

__________, ‘Dirty stories: Abjection in the Fabliaux’, New Medieval Literatures, 3 (1999), 229-60

__________, ‘The Beastly and the Courtly in Medieval Tales of Transformation: Bisclavret, Melion, and Mélusine’, in The Beautiful and The Monstrous: Essays in French Literature, Thought and Culture, ed. Amaleena Damlé and Aurelie L'Hostis (Bern: Peter Lang, 2010), pp. 139-50

__________, Transforming Tales: Rewriting Metamorphosis in Medieval French Literature(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015)

Guynn, Noah D.,‘Hybridity, Ethics, and Gender in Two Old French Werewolf Tales’, in From Beasts to Souls: Gender and Embodiment in Medieval Europe, ed. E. Jane Burns and Peggy McCracken (Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2013), pp. 157-184

Hess, Erika E., Literary Hybrids: Cross-dressing, Shapeshifting, and Indeterminacy in Medieval and Modern French Narrative (New York: Routledge, 2004)

Holten, Kathryn I., ‘Metamorphosis and Language in the Lay of Bisclavret’, in In Quest of Marie de France, a Twelfth-Century Poet, ed. Chantal A. Maréchal (New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 1992), pp. 193-211

Hopkins, Amanda, ‘Bisclavret to Biclarel via Melion and Bisclaret: The Development of a Misogynous Lai’, in The Court Reconvenes: Courtly Literature across the Disciplines, ed. Barbara K. Altmann and Carleton W. Carroll (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2002), pp. 317-23

Johnson, Lesley, ‘Women on Top: Antifeminism in the Fabliaux?’, Modern Language Review, 78 (1983), 298-307

Karras, Ruth Mazo, Sexuality in Medieval Europe: Doing Unto Others (New York: Routledge, 2005)

Kay, Sarah, Courtly Contradictions: the Emergence of the Literary Object in the Twelfth Century (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001)

Kinoshita, Sharon, ‘Heldris de Cornuaïlle's Roman de Silence and the Feudal Politics of Lineage’, PMLA, 110 (1995), 397-409

__________, ‘Male-Order Brides: Marriage, Patriarchy, and Monarchy in the Roman de Silence’, Arthuriana, 12 (2002), 64-75

__________, ‘Colonial Possessions: Wales and the Anglo-Norman Imaginary in the Lais of Marie de France’, in Medieval Boundaries: Rethinking Difference in Old French Literature (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006), pp. 105-32

Lacy, Norris J., Reading Fabliaux (New York: Garland Publishing, 1993)

Lasry, Anita Benaim, ‘The Ideal Heroine in Medieval Romances: A Quest for a Paradigm’, Kentucky Romance Quarterly, 32 (1985), 227-43

Legge, M. Dominica, ‘Anglo-Norman Hagiography and the Romances’, Medievalia et Humanistica, n.s. 6 (1975), 41—49

__________, Anglo-Norman Literature and its Background (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963)

Leshock, David B., ‘The Knight of the Werewolf: “Bisclavret” and the Shape-Shifting Metaphor’, Romance Quarterly, 46:3 (1999), 155-165

Lochrie, Karma, Heterosynchrasies: Female Sexuality When Normal Wasn’t (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005)

Lorcin, Marie-Thérèse, ‘Le nu et le vêtu dans les fabliaux’, in Le nu et le vêtu au moyen âge (XIIe-XIIIe siècles): Actes du 25e colloque du CUER MA, 2-4 mars 2000 (Aix-en-Provence, 2000), pp. 231-41

__________, ‘Le Corps a ses raisons dans les fabliaux: Corps féminin, corps masculin, corps de vilain’, Le Moyen âge: revue d’histoire et de philologie, 90 (1984), 433-53

Maréchal, Chantal A., ed., In Quest of Marie de France, a Twelfth-Century Poet (New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 1992)

McCracken, Peggy, ‘The Boy Who Was a Girl: Reading Gender in the Roman de Silence’, The Romanic Review, 85 (1994), 517-36

__________, ‘Translation and Animals in Marie de France’s Lais’, Australian Journal of French Studies, 46 (2009), 206-18

Ménard, Philippe, Les Lais de Marie de France (Paris : PUF, 1979)

Mikhaïlova, Milena, Le présent de Marie (Paris: Diderot, 1996)

Moore, Alison, ‘The Medieval Body and the Modern Eye: a Corporeal Reading of the Old French Fabliaux’, in Worshipping Women: Misogyny and Mysticism in the Middle Ages, ed. by John O. Ward et Francesca C. Bussey (Sydney, 1997), pp. 237-82

Muñoz, Natalie, ‘Bodies of Knowledge in Two Old French Fabliaux’, Paroles gelées: UCLA French Studies, 17 (1999), 91-8

Nayar, Sheila J., ‘“Thou Art Inexcusable”: Deflected Disgrace in the Old French Fabliaux, Exemplaria, 21 (2009), 24-42

Noacco, Cristina, La métamorphose dans la littérature française des XIIe et XIIIe siècles (Rennes : Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2008)

Ogden, Amy V., Hagiography, Romance and the Vie de Sainte Eufrosine (Princeton: Edward C. Armstrong Monographs, 2003)

Perret, Michèle, ‘Travesties et transsexuelles: Yde, Silence, Grisandole, Blanchandine’, Romance Notes, 25 (1985), 328-40

Psaki, Regina, ed., Arthuriana: Special Issue on the Roman de Silence, 7 (1997)

Robertson, Duncan, The Medieval Saints’ Lives: Spiritual Renewal and Old French Literature (Lexington, KY: French Forum, 1995)

Rosenn, Eva, ‘The Sexual and Textual Politics of Marie’s Poetics’, in In Quest of Marie de France, ed. Chantal Maréchal (Leweston, NY: Edwin Mellen, 1992), pp. 225-42

Simpson, James R., Fantasy, Identity and Misrecognition in Medieval French Narrative (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2000)

Terrell, Katherine H., ‘Competing Gender Ideologies and the Limitations of Language in the Roman de Silence', Romance Quarterly, 55:1 (2008), 35-48

Verderber, Suzanne M., ‘Refiguring the Veil: The Transvaluation of Human History in Marie de France's Yonec’, in New Medieval Literatures, 6 (2003), 79-106

Verdon, Jean, Rire au moyen âge (Paris: Perrin, 2001)

Wogan-Browne, Jocelyn, ‘Chaste Bodies: Frames and Experiences’, in Framing Medieval Bodies, ed. Sarah Kay and Miri Rubin (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1994), pp. 2-42

__________, ‘Saints’ Lives and the Female Reader’, FMLS, 27 (1991), 314-32


Reference Works on Old French Language


Old French Dictionaries

An Anglo-Norman Dictionary, ed. by Louise W. Stone, William Rothwell et al. (London: MHRA, 1977—92) – also available online, at

Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle, ed. by Frédéric Godefroy, 10 vols (Paris: Vieweg, 1880—1902)

Dictionnaire de l'ancien français, ed. by Algirdas Julien Greimas, 3rd edn. (Paris : Larousse, 2004)

Old French-English dictionary, ed. by Alan Hindley, Frederick W. Langley, and Brian J. Levy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000)


Old French Etymological Dictionaries

Altfranzösisches Wörterbuch, ed. by Adolf Tobler and Erhard Lommatzsch, 10 vols to date (Berlin: Weidmann, 1925—)

Dictionnaire étymologique de l'ancien français, ed. by Kurt Baldinger, 8 vols (Tübingen: Niemeyer, 1989—)

Französisches etymologisches Wörterbuch: Eine Darstellung des galloromanischen Sprachschatzes, ed. by Walther von Wartburg, 25 vols (Bonn: Verlag, 1928—1970)


Old French Grammar Books

Einhorn, E., Old French: A Concise Handbook (London: Cambridge University Press, 1974)

Faral, Edmond, Petite grammaire de l'ancien français (Paris: Hachette, 1941)

Joly, Geneviève, L’ancien français (Paris : Belin, 2004)

Raynaud de Lage, Guy, Introduction à l'ancien français, 2nd edn (Paris: Société d'Édition d'Enseignement Supérieur, 2000)