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FR343 Further Reading

Module Bibliography


Set Texts

Louise Michel, Mémoires (1886) (short loan)

Jean Grave, La Société mourante et l'anarchie (1893) (Gallica)

Fernand and Maurice Pelloutier, La Vie ouvrière en France (1900) Chapters 1, 8, and 10 (short loan)

Octave Mirbeau, Les Mauvais Bergers (1898) (Gallica)

Georges Courteline, 'Monsieur Badin' (1897), 'Le Gendarme est sans pitié' (1899), 'Le Commissaire est bon enfant' (1900) (Gallica)

Module sourcebook (to be provided: extracts from archives, memoirs, and the press)


General and Introductory Reading

• Daniel Guérin, Ni Dieu, ni maître. Anthologie historique du mouvement anarchiste (1969)
• Peter Marshall (ed), Demanding the impossible: a history of anarchism (1993)
• Alexander Mckinley, Illegitimate children of the enlightenment: anarchists and the French Revolution, 1880-1914 (2007)
• Crispin Sartwell, Against the state: an introduction to anarchist political theory (2008)
• George Woodcock, Anarchism: a history of libertarian ideas and movements (1963)
• Leonard I. Krimerman and Lewis Perry (eds), Patterns of anarchy: a collection of writings on the anarchist tradition (1966)
• Alexander Varias, Paris and the Anarchists: Aesthetes and Subversives during the fin de siècle (1997) short loan
• Carl Levy, ‘Social histories of anarchism’, Journal for the study of radicalism 4.2 (2010), pp. 1–44 (Project Muse)

Week 2. Anarchist Theories of Art and Action

Core reading

• Howard G. Lay. ‘Beau geste! On the readibility of terrorism’, Yale French Studies 101 (2001), 79–100 (about the Restaurant Foyer anarchist attack of 1894)
• Gregory Shaya, ‘How to make an anarchist-terrorist: an essay on the political imaginary in fin-de-siècle France’, Journal of Social History 44.2 (Winter 2010), 521–43 (Project Muse)
• Robert L. Herbert, Eugenia W Herbert, ‘Artists and anarchism: unpublished letters of Pissarro, Signac and others’, The Burlington Magazine 102 (1960), 472–482
• D. Novak, ‘The Place of anarchism in the history of political thought’, The Review of Politics 20.3 (July 1958), 307–29

Further reading on anarchist thought

• Laurence Davis and Ruth Kinna (eds), Anarchism and utopianism (2009)
• Paul McLaughlin, Anarchism and authority: a philosophical introduction to classical anarchism (2007)
• Jim Jose and Robyn Williams (eds), Anarchist thinkers and thought: an annotated bibliography (1992)
• David Goodway (ed), For anarchism: history, theory, and practice (1989)
• Peter Kropotkin, Anarchist communism: its basis and principles (1920)
• Bertrand Russell, Roads to freedom: socialism, anarchism and syndicalism (1918)
• Marie Fleming, The Anarchist way to socialism: Elisée Reclus and nineteenth-century European anarchism (1979)

On anarchist terrorism

• John Merriman, The Dynamite club. How a bombing in fin-de-siècle Paris ignited the Modern Terror (2009)
• David C. Rapoport (ed), Terrorism: critical concepts in political science (2006)
• Edward J Erickson, ‘Punishing the mad bomber: questions of moral responsibility in the trials of French anarchist terrorists, 1886–1897’, French History 22.1 (March 2008), pp. 51–73

On anarchism and writers/artists

• Pierre Aubrey, ‘The anarchism of the literati of the symbolist period’, The French review 42. 1(1968), 39–47 (on the relationship between poets and terrorists)
• Susanna Barrows, Distorting mirrors: visions of the crowd in late nineteenth-century France (New Haven, 1981), 144–52
• Robyn Roslak, Neo-impressionism and anarchism in fin-de-siècle France: painting, politics and landscape (2007)
• Philip Nord, Impressionists and Politics. Art and Democracy in the Nineteenth Century (2000)


Week 3. Anarchist Communities in Belle Epoque Paris

Core reading

• Jessica Wardhaugh, ‘Popular theatre and revolutionary identity: anarchist and communist culture in Paris, 1900–34’ in Roger Spalding and Alyson Brown (eds), Entertainment, Leisure, and Identities (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars’ Press, 2007), pp. 96–111 (click here for a printable Word version of this article.)

• Jessica Wardhaugh, Popular Theatre and Political Utopia in France, 1870–1940: Active Citizens (2017), Chapter Five will provide a copy for the library upon publication, to be put in short loan
• Alexander Varias, Paris and the Anarchists: Aesthetes and Subversives during the fin de siècle (1997) short loan
• Sharif Gemie, ‘Counter-community: an aspect of anarchist political culture’, Jorunal of Contemporary History 29.2 (April 1994), 349–67
• Céline Beaudet, Les Milieux libres: vivre en anarchiste à la Belle Epoque en France (2006) short loan
• L’Art Social (Gallica)

Further reading

• Richard Sonn, Anarchism and cultural politics in fin de siècle France (1989)
• Joan Ungersma Halperin, Félix Fénéon: aesthete and anarchist in fin-de-siècle Paris (1988)
• David Cottington, Cubism in the Shadow of War: the avant-garde and politics in Paris, 1905–1914 (1998)
• Patricia Leighten, Reordering the universe: Picasso and anarchism, 1897–1914 (1989)
• Patricia Leighten, ‘Réveil anarchiste: salon painting, political satire, modernist art’, Modernism/modernity 2.2 (April 1995), pp. 17-47 (Project Muse)
• Mark Antliff, ‘Henri Gaudier-Brzeska’s Guerre sociale: art, anarchism and anti-militarism in Paris and London, 1910–1915’, Modernism/modernity 17.1 (Jan 2010), pp. 135–69 (Project Muse)
• Xavier Durand, ‘L’art social au théâtre: deux expériences (1893, 1897)’, le Mouvement social 91 (1975), 13–33
• Robert White, ‘Democracy in the theatre: Louise Lumet’s Théâtre civique’, Theatre journal 31.1 (1979), 35–46
• Richard Sonn, Anarchism and cultural politics in fin de siècle France (1989)
• Eduardo A. Febles, ‘The anarchic commune as world’s fair in Emile Zola’s Travail’, Nineteenth-century French Studies 36.3 (2008), pp. 286-304 (Project Muse)
• David Harvey, ‘Monument and myth’ (on Montmartre), Annals of the Association of American Geographers 69.3 (1979), pp. 362-81
• En plein faubourg (1895) (Gallica)


Week 4. Louise Michel, Red Virgin of the Paris Commune

Core reading

• Louise Michel, Mémoires (1886, 1977) recommended for student purchase
• Louise Michel, La Commune: histoire et souvenirs (1999)
• Charles J. Stivale, ‘Louise Michel’s poetry of existence and revolt’, Tulsa studies in women’s literature, 5.1 pp. 41–61
• Kathleen Hart, Revolution and women’s autobiography in nineteenth-century France (2004)

Further reading on Michel

• Fernand Planche, La Vie ardente et intrépide de Louise Michel (1946)
• Violette d’Orléans, Louise Michel, Marianne du peuple (2009)
• Edith Thomas, Louise Michel ou la Velléda d’anarchie (1971)
• Cecilia Beach, Staging politics and gender: French women’s drama, 1880-1923 (2005)

On the Commune

• Alistair Horne, The Terrible year: The Paris Commune, 1871 (1971)
• Robert Tombs, The Paris Commune: 1871 (1999)
• Eugene Schulkind (ed), The Paris Commune of 1871: The View from the Left (1972)
• Karl Marx, The Paris Commune, 1871 (1971)
• Edward S. Mason, The Paris Commune: an episode in the history of the socialist movement (1930)
• Jacques Rougerie, Paris insurgé: la Commune de 1871 (1995)
• Kristin Ross, The Emergence of Social Space (2008) (Rimbaud and the Commune)
• Carolyn J. Eichner, Surmounting the barricades: women in the Paris Commune (2004) (e-book)
• Gay L Gullickson, Unruly women of Paris: images of the Commune (1996) (e-book)
• Roger V. Gould, Insurgent identities: class, community and protest in Paris from 1848 to the Commune (1995)
• Martin Phillip Johnson, The Paradise of association: political culture and popular organizations in the Paris Commune of 1871 (1996)

Week 5. Fernand Pelloutier, Trade Unionist

Core reading

• Fernand Pelloutier, Maurice Pelloutier, La Vie ouvrière en France (1900) short loan
• Fernand Pelloutier, Histoire des bourses du travail (Gallica)
• Jacques Julliard, ‘Fernand Pelloutier et les origines du syndicalisme d’action directe’, Mouvement social 75 (1971), 3–32

Further reading

• Jacques Julliard, Fernand Pelloutier et les origines du syndicalisme d’action directe (1971) short loan
• David Hamelin, ‘Les Bourses du travail: entre éducation politique et formation professionnelle’, Mouvement social 235 (April-June 2011), 23–37
• Gérard Noiriel, Workers in French Society in the 19th and 20th centuries (1990)
• Jacques Julliard, ‘Théorie syndicaliste révolutionnaire et pratique gréviste’, Mouvement social 65 (1968), 55–69
• Madeleine Réberioux, ‘Culture et militantisme’, Le Mouvement social 91 (culture et militantisme en France, de la Belle Epoque au Front populaire) (1975), pp. 3-12
• Jeremy Jennings, ‘Syndicalism and the French Revolution’, Journal of Contemporary History 26.1 (1991), 71–96
• Peter Schöttler, ‘Politique sociale ou lutte des classes: notes sur le syndicalisme ‘apolitique des Bourses du Travail’, Le Mouvement social 116 (1981), pp. 3-20
• Michael Hanagan, ‘Solidary logics: introduction’, Theory and society 17.3 (1988), pp. 309–27
• Gerald C. Friedman, ‘Revolutionary unions and French labour: the rebels behind the cause or, why did revolutionary syndicalism fail?’, French Historical Studies 20.2 (1997), 155-81
• C. Chambelland, ‘La grève générerale, thème de la pensée de Fernand Pelloutier et d’Aristide Briand’, L’Actualité de l’histoire 19 (Oct 1957), pp. 1-12
• Jean Maitron, ‘La personnalité du militant ouvrier français dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle’, Le mouvement social 33/34 (1960), pp. 67-86 (JSTOR)
• Christopher Ansell, Schism and solidarity in social movements: the politics of Labor in the Third Republic (2001)
• Kenneth Tucker, French revolutionary syndicalism and the public sphere (1996)

Week 7. Jean Grave, Journalist

Core reading

• Jean Grave, La Société mourante et l’anarchie (1893) (Gallica)
• Louis Patsouras, The Anarchism of Jean Grave: Editor, Journalist and Militant (2003)
• Jean Maitron, Alain Droguet, ‘La presse anarchiste française de ses origines à nos jours’, Le Mouvement social 83 (1973), 9–22
• Robert L Herbert, Eugenia W Herbert, ‘Artists and anarchism: unpublished letters of Pissarro, Signac and others’, The Burlington Magazine 102.693 (Dec 1960), 517–22

Further reading

• Venita Datta, Birth of a National Icon: The Literary Avant-Garde and the Origins of the Intellectual in France (1999)
• Robyn Roslak, Neo-impressionism and anarchism in fin-de-siècle France: painting, politics and landscape (2007)
• Aline Dardel (ed.), ‘Les Temps nouveaux, 1895–1914: un hebdomadaire anarchiste et la propagande par l’image (exhibition catalogue) (1987)
• Olivier Barrotet, Pascal Ory, La Revue blanche: histoire, anthologie, portraits (1989)
• Pierre Aubrey, ‘The anarchism of the literati of the symbolist period’, The French review 42. 1(1968), 39–47
• Pierre Aubery, ‘L’anarchisme des littérateurs au temps du symbolisme’, le mouvement social 69 (1969), 21–34

Week 8. Octave Mirbeau, Les Mauvais Bergers

Core reading

• Octave Mirbeau, Les Mauvais Bergers (1898) recommended for purchase
• Reg Carr, Anarchism in France: the Case of Octave Mirbeau (1977)
• Robert Ziegler, The Nothing Machine: The Fiction of Octave Mirbeau (2007)

Further reading

• Martin Schwartz, ‘Octave Mirbeau et l’affaire Dreyfus’, The French review 39 (1965), 361–72
• Martin Schwartz, Octave Mirbeau: vie et oeuvre (1966)
• Octave Mirbeau, Correspondance générale (2002)
• Octave Mirbeau, Oeuvres illustrés (1934)
• Lawrence R Scher, ‘Mirbeau’s ultraviolence’, SubStance 27.2 (1998), 106–27
• E.P. Dargan, ‘Some recent French plays’, Modern Language Notes 21.3 (1906), 89–96 (includes a review of Mirbeau’s les Affaires sont les affaires)
• Jean Maitron, ‘Bulletin anarchiste’, le Mouvement social 104 (1978), 95–102

Week 9. Georges Courteline, Satirist

Core reading

• Georges Courteline, Théâtre complet (1961) recommended for student purchase
• Jean-Marie Thomasseau, ‘Le rire assassin: Courteline au Grand-Guignol (1896–1899)’, Europe, revue mensuelle 835–6 (Nov-Dec 1998), 172–183
• Charles E. Koëlla, ‘Georges Courteline: causes et effets de son amertume’, The French review 8.1 (1934), 26–39 (continued in 8.2, December 1934, 123–28)
• Georges Courteline, Jacques Barzun, ‘”A rule is a rule”: four playlets by Georges Courteline’, The Tulane Drama Review 3.1 (1958), 61–80

Further reading

• Georges Courteline, Messieurs les ronds-de-cuir: tableaux-roman de la vie de bureau (with preface by Marcel Schwob) (1959)
• Pierre Bornecque, Le Théâtre de Georges Courteline (1969) short loan
• Jules Lemaître, Theatrical impressions (1924)
• Denis Saillard, ‘Le Théâtre de boulevard à la Belle Epoque en France et en Italie’, Vingtième siècle 93 (2007), 15–26
• Dominique Monjardet, Georges Benguigi, ‘L’utopie gestionnaire — les couches moyennes entre l’Etat et les rapports de classe’, Revue française de sociologie 23.4 (1982), 605–38

Week 10. Research forum



Further Reading

Stephen B. Whitaker, The Anarchist-individualist origins of Italian fascism (2002)

Günter Bergnaus, Futurism and politics: between anarchist rebellion and fascist reaction, 1909-1944 (1996)

Pascal Ory, L’Anarchisme de droite, ou du mépris considéré comme une morale (1985)

George Woodcock and van Avakumovic, The anarchist prince: a biographical study of Peter Kropotkin (1970)

Paul Avrich, ‘Anarchism and anti-intellectualism in Russia’, Journal of the History of Ideas 27.3 (1966), pp. 381-390 (JSTOR)

Samuel Clark, Living without domination: the possibility of an anarchist utopia (2007)

Matthew James Thomas, Paths to utopia: anarchist counter-culture in late Victorian and Edwardian Britain, 1880-1914 (thesis: electronic resource)

George Bernard Shaw, The Impossibilities of anarchism (1893)

Sam Whimster, Max Weber and the culture of anarchy (1999)

Richard Sonn, Sex, violence, and the avant-garde: anarchism in interwar France (2010)

Emma Goldman, Anarchism and other essays (2005)

Marie Fleming, The Anarchist way to socialism: Elisée Reclus and nineteenth-century European anarchism (1979)

Michael Hanagan, ‘Solidary logics: introduction’, Theory and society 17.3 (1988), pp. 309-27 (JSTOR)

Irving Louise Horowitz, Radicalism and the Revolt against Reason (1960)

Jean Maitron, ‘La personnalité du militant ouvrier français dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle’, Le mouvement social 33/34 (1960), pp. 67-86 (JSTOR

Christopher Ansell, Schism and solidarity in social movements: the politics of Labor in the Third Republic (2001)

Eugene Schulkind (ed), The Paris Commune of 1871: The View from the Left (1972)

Karl Marx, The Paris Commune, 1871 (1971)

Edward S. Mason, The Paris Commune: an episode in the history of the socialist movement (1930)

Kristin Ross, The Emergence of Social Space (2008) (Rimbaud and the Commune)

Martin Phillip Johnson, The Paradise of association: political culture and popular organizations in the Paris Commune of 1871 (1996)