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FR224 Formative Essay Titles


In addition to the summative assignment that you may be REQUIRED to submit for this module, you have the OPTION to write a formative assignment from the list of questions given below. Please note that formative assignments are for training purposes only and do not count as part of your final degree classification.

We strongly recommend that you submit a formative assignment as it will enable you to hone the skills developed in this module and to prepare for your summative assessment(s).

Deadline for formative assignments:

All formative assignments must be submitted to your module tutor by the beginning of week 8 in terms 1 and/or term 2. Tutors will return your marked assignment by the end of term.

You may, If you wish, discuss the same text/thinker in a summative assignment as you have discussed in a piece of formative assignment, but you must not reproduce in part or whole any of your formative assignment in your summative assignment.

You are encouraged to write 2 formative coursework essays of about 1500 words each for this module. Each essay (1 per term) should relate to a different text and a different geographical area. Essays are due on Wednesday of Week 8 (Term 1) and Wednesday of Week 8 (Term 2).

These are formative essay titles, which means that you will receive feedback on your essay but the mark will not be counted toward your end-of-year assessment or degree classification. Please note, you may not submit an essay on one of these titles for the summative end-of-year assessment.


NB: Questions 3, 6, 9 and 12 should be answered with reference to both texts studied on that section of the module.

Sub-Saharan Africa

1 Assess Léonora Miano's exploration of the slave trade in La Saison de l’ombre.

2 'By focusing on a quintessential colonial figure in Le Roi de Kahel, Monénembo failed to produce a genuine African novel'. Discuss and comment.

3 How do sub-Saharan African writers studied in this module use the literary form to convey political and cultural ideas?

The Maghreb

4 ‘In Ben Jelloun’s La Nuit sacrée, the gender issue which underpins the novel is in fact a political metaphor’. Comment.

5 'La Seine était rouge, Paris, octobre 1961 (by L. Sebbar) is about France and Algeria'. Discuss with particular reference to the narrative structure.

6 'Francophone Maghrebian writers continually struggle to integrate memories of the past with their political identity in the present'. Discuss.


7 Examine the role and the significance of Caribbean culture in Aimé Césaire's Une Tempête.

8 To what extent is Chamoiseau's J’ai toujours aimé la nuit a political novel?

9 'Even when not referred to explicitly, slavery and its legacies are everywhere present in the fiction of the francophone Caribbean'. Discuss.

Indian Ocean

10 Show and discuss the strategies at work in Appanah's Les Rochers de poudre d’Or to explore the history and memory of slavery.

11 Examine the way in which notions of classes and genealogy are treated in Devi's Le Sari vert.

12 To what extent would you agree that Indian Ocean fiction focuses primarily on issues of identity and belonging?