CALIBAN’S LEGACY IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: FROM TEMPEST TO HURRICANE
Tutor: Dr Fabienne Viala
This course examines how, when and why the character of Caliban created by Shakespeare in The Tempest, became a productive political and philosophical paradigm in the Caribbean during the 20th Century. Through multiple cultural representations of the character and of his relationship with Ariel, Prospero and Sycorax, Shakespeare’s play became the primary scenario of Caribbean calibanesque paradigms transferred and adapted to national contexts. Shakespeare’s legacy became a tool for postcolonial self-representation, for ideological activism and protest, national construction and identity building. Nevertheless the cultural transfers of post-shakespearian Caliban-oriented scenarios worked very differently in the Hispanic, French and English Antilles. This module will cover a wide range of texts, essays, poetry, plays and musical materials of Hispanic, French and English contexts (available in translation), from Latin American modernity and the Arielismo movement, to the London based female dub poetry of Jean ‘Binta’ Breeze in contemporary Brixton. This will allow for a comparative, differential and interdisciplinary approach to the region and lead us to understand the prolific and creative relationship between rebellion, revolution, nationalism and the power of word in the Caribbean.