Dr Bobby Xinyue is a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow at Warwick's Centre for the Study of the Renaissance. His current research project, ‘Redesigning Time: Ovid’s Fasti and the Politics of Renaissance Poetic Calendars’, explores how Renaissance writers from across Europe used the calendar as a literary form to advance rivalling ideas about cultural identity.
Dr Xinyue also teaches classical literature and languages in the Department of Classics and Ancient History. His work in the field of Classics focuses mainly on the topic of divinisation in Latin poetry, especially in the works of Vergil and Horace. He is also interested in the reception of ancient Rome in modern Chinese culture. Dr Xinyue holds a PhD in Classics from UCL. He has previously lectured at University of Exeter; and held research grants/positions at the University of Virginia (US) and the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Neo-Latin Studies (Austria).
Bobby’s PhD dissertation, entitled 'The Divinity of Augustus in the Poetry of Vergil, Horace, and Propertius', was completed in 2015. This study sought to establish firmer connections between poetic texts and political and religious history on the divinisation of Rome's first emperor, Augustus. Dr Xinyue is currently in the process of preparing a monograph based on his doctoral dissertation for Princeton University Press.
Alongside the preparation of the monograph, Dr Xinyue has published articles and book chapters on gender and sexuality in the ancient world and the reception of Augustus in Neo-Latin literature. In addition, he is an investigator on the international research project “Translating the Complete Corpus of Ovid’s poetry into Chinese with Commentaries” (PI: Jinyu Liu). Dr Xinyue's work on this project has allowed him to conduct ground-breaking research on the reception of Latin literature in China and begin work on the first ever Chinese translation of Ovid’s Fasti with colleagues at Shanghai Fudan University.
‘Redesigning Time’ explores how Renaissance writers from across Europe used the calendar as a literary form to advance rivalling ideas about cultural identity, religion, and political power in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Focusing on three as yet untranslated early modern Latin poems that reflect on and develop Ovid’s Fasti, ancient Rome’s most famous calendar poem, this project analyses these texts’ contributions to the intellectual culture of (Counter-)Reformation Italy, Germany and France around the time of the Gregorian calendar reform of 1582. By examining the poems’ creative engagement with ancient and contemporary discourses of time through a critical framework informed by recent theories on the ideologically embeddedness of the calendar, this study shows how Renaissance calendar poems interrogated and intervened in the cultural politics of competing temporal constructions.
This project significantly expands current research on the Renaissance fasti poem by offering a comprehensive and comparative study of the entire genre – not limiting itself to only late-Quattrocento Christian calendar poems produced by Italian humanists, but including in its analysis later poems composed in Germany and France. Special attention will be given: (i) Sacri fasti (1547, Rome) by Ambrogio ‘Novidio’ Fracco; (ii) Fasti ecclesiae christianae (1594, Hanau) by Nathan Chytraeus; (iii) a six-book supplement to Ovid’s unfinished poem by Claude-Barthélemy Morisot (1649, Dijon). It will be show that, whereas close imitation and systematic Christianisation of Ovid’s Fasti enable Fracco’s poem to assert the new imperium of modern papal Rome, the ostensibly un-Ovidian character of Chytraeus’ fasti draws attention to its celebration of Protestant Reformers and German intellectual culture, while Morisot’s supplement recreates a version of the Roman calendar that notably coheres with the political ideology of the ruling French monarchy. The project thus uncovers the centrality of calendrical epistemology in the historical settings of three European nation-states, and in doing so emphasises the active part played by these neglected Neo-Latin poems in processing and influencing new agendas, political perspectives, and emerging national identities.
The project’s three primary objectives are to examine: (1) why the Latin calendar poem became a literary paradigm for inquiries into the relationship between state/authority and time; (2) what impact the (Counter-) Reformation had on calendrical thinking; (3) to what extent Renaissance calendar poems intersected with the Gregorian calendar reform and stimulated the European obsession with time in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The outcome of this cross-disciplinary project will make a significant and original contribution to the understanding of calendrical poetry, especially Ovid’s Fasti, as an ideologically-charged cultural technology during the European Renaissance. My findings will be of use to scholars and students working in the vastly expanding fields of Neo-Latin, Classical reception and Renaissance intellectual history.
As part of the project, a major international conference, entitled 'Temporalities, Ideologies, Poetics: Ancient and Early Modern Perspectives' will take place on 12th and 13th September 2019, at the Venice Campus of the University of Warwick. Click here for more details.
2019: Reflections and New Perspectives on Virgil's Georgics, edited by B. Xinyue and N. Freer (London, Bloomsbury).
(In preparation) Paths to Divinity: Augustus the God in Vergil, Horace and Propertius.
Articles and Book Chapters
2018: ‘The Didos of book 4: gender, genre, and the Aeneid in Propertius 4.3 and 4.4’, G&R 65: 218-41.
2018: ‘Augustus in Book 8 of Morisot’s Fasti’, in P. Goodman (ed.) Afterlives of Augustus: AD 14 - 2014 (Cambridge).
2017: ‘Imperatrix and bellatrix: Cicero’s Clodia and Vergil’s Camilla’, in D. Campanile, F. Carlà, and M. Facella. (eds.) TransAntiquity: Cross-Dressing and Transgender Dynamics in the Ancient World (London, Routledge), 164-77.
2013: ‘Review Article: M. C. J. Putnam, The Humanness of Heroes: Studies in the Conclusion of Virgil’s Aeneid (Amsterdam, 2011)’, Mnemosyne 66: 335-37.
- Origins of the Modern Novel
- Latin Literary Texts
- Latin Language
- MA Advanced Ancient Language
- Latin for Research in the Humanities
PhD (University College London)
MSt (Merton College, Oxford)