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Appendix 1: Pedagogic goals of interactive content

This series of quotes from the literature may assist in identifying the key pedagogic elements in designing interactive, activity-focused content and reinforces some of the points made earlier in this guide. It serves as a useful learning design 'checklist'.

"As Barker (1994) has put it, interactivity is a "necessary and fundamental mechanism for knowledge acquisition" and Mesher (1999) claims interactivity is the "key to successful online learning."

"From engagement theory - Kearsley & Schneiderman (1998) emphasise 'meaningful tasks' in order for successful learning activities to take place"

"Deeper learning is related to more active engagement, shallower (surface) learning to more passive responses to learning opportunities and environments (Biggs, 1999)"

"Making learning personally meaningful comes from the constructivist perspective, which emphasises collaboration between peers and teachers (Duffy & Cunningham, 1996). "

"'Situated learning' emphasises learning happening in context and the importance of relevant and authentic tasks"

"Reflection on activity, questioning knowledge and developing a more strategic approach to study is increasingly seen as important to lifelong learning approaches (Sharples, 2000)."

"[integration] as the main deciding factor between the success or failure of learning technology implementations." (Benton, Elder & Thornbury, 1995) "

" In order to make the integration of Learning Technology successful it is vital that the students know why these activities are on-line, how they benefit from them. (Beetham (2002)"