7A Joint University of Warwick and Monash University, South Africa
Background: Zimbabwe has one of the most astounding HIV prevalence rates evaluated at 15 percent among adults aged 15-49. The increase of Male circumcision has raised a remarkable worry that it may prompt an increment in high-chance sexual conduct, since circumcision could prompt a feeling of viable security against HIV, a sensation known as danger pay or behavioral dis-inhibition. As the danger of an undesirable result is lessened, individuals might remunerate by carrying on in less secure ways. In Zimbabwe, male circumcision is frequently advanced utilizing confirmation that it reduces the danger of HIV.
Purpose: This study looked to examine whether circumcised men in Zimbabwe are more prone to have engaged with unsafe sexual conduct. The study likewise researched the affiliation among uncircumcised men between taking male circumcision and taking part in high-chance sexual conduct.
Data and methods: The study utilized information gathered from men age 15-54 who were met amid the 2010-11 Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS). An aggregate of 7,480 men were incorporated in the example for this study. Logistic relapse was utilized to evaluate the relationship in the middle of circumcision and dangerous sexual practices.
Findings: The findings of this study don't strengthen the danger pay theory. The study discovered no precisely remarkable relationship between male circumcision and risky sexual conduct.
Recommendations: An increase in campaigning is virtual as this leads to a growth in male circumcision in Zimbabwe, these outcomes propose a need to keep observing the connections between progressing MC campaigns and men's unsafe sexual conduct. Mass Media messages and data scattering on MC ought to emphasize advancing medicinal male circumcision to abstain from giving the feeling s in-susceptibility against HIV.
Our paper attempts to summarise the Australian legislative framework governing the use of insects and their derivatives in food for human consumption and animal feed. UNFAO has suggested that alternative sources of animal based proteins will be necessitated by a predicted global population of nine billion people in 2050. As such, insect derived products may prove to be a sustainable alternative to fish and stock animals because of insects’ high protein, diversity, shorter gestation periods, and lower land usage and impact. We have focused on State and Federal legislation in Australia to determine whether it is possible to use insects in food for human consumption. Regulatory frameworks are influenced by a variety of stakeholders including health inspection and food safety agencies, agriculture and livestock ministries, environmental bodies and consumer protection agencies. With competing interests often operating in light of the precautionary principle, ambiguity exists around key terms such as “insect”. Additionally, ambiguity exists around concepts of insects as “novel foods” under the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code, given aboriginal Australians have cultivated and consumed native insects for centuries. Given the varied complexities and ambiguities in legal drafting we outline in our paper, we submit that Australia should review its legislation governing the use of insects and their derivatives in food and animal feed for the benefit of agriculture, industry, food security and sustainability in our country.
7B Joint University of Warwick, Kyushu University and Nanyang Technological University
The problem of environmental migrants is a growing concern. A vast amount of people are forced to leave their homelands and move somewhere else due to environmental degradation. This is a relatively new phenomenon, which is being regulated by various policies in order to eliminate the consequences.
Accordingly the aim of this research is to introduce how different types of policies try to deal with this issue. The research is focused on the Asian and Pacific countries, which are in danger from environmental migration the most. Moreover the research also introduces the International Organization for Migrations, and investigates whether its existing policies are effective enough.
This concern has been regarded as an approaching future issue so far, however, due to the current natural disasters it is becoming a more urging problem.