Digital posters from all institutions will also be shown.
Victorian prisons as social institutions have been widely debated in historiography, however, historians have failed to investigate the experiences of those within these institutions and have instead provided an essentialist and shallow history of prisons as institutions of punishment, social control, and nothing more. Recently there has been an attempt to reclaim the voices of prisoners in order to complicate this analysis, however those who worked within the prison walls still remain largely silent, spoken for by prison authorities. That the prison ever had a medical component is often completely forgotten.
Exploring the role of the Prison Medical Officer allows us to investigate both the mechanisms and limits of the prison as a punishing institution by exploring if prisoners were entitled to health care and if so whether its provision was constrained by a loyalty to the prison services punishing ethos. Asking these questions not only widens the picture painted of the prison and complicates arguments of social control and unquestioned authorities, but also expands our understanding of the experiences of the prisoners themselves. Yet reclaiming the views, opinions, and experiences of these individuals is no easy task. Many documents penned by prison doctors have been lost or destroyed and what remains was generally mediated by an authoritative hand within parliamentary papers. This project aims to reveal, through documentary analysis of Parliamentary reports, officer, and prisoner accounts the benefits of reclaiming these voices as well as the limitations which are inherent in researching a marginalized area of the medical humanities.
The work of Ash and Rudolph (1979) and Ash (1986) allows us to establish a relationship between the study of the cohomology of congruence subgroups of SL(3,Z) ( the group of three by three matrices with integer entries having determinant one) and a certain class of maps called ‘modular symbols’. This link is essential in obtaining information about modular forms, an interesting class of functions satisfying some transformation property and growth condition, which is intricately connected to areas of number theory, combinatorics, algebraic geometry, etc.
The goal of this project is to compute modular symbols using an extension of a modular symbol algorithm developed by Ash-Rudolph in 1979 and refined in the 80’s by other authors. The secondary objective is to make possible improvements to the basic algorithm using modern computers. By implementing the said algorithm in the mathematical software system Sage, this will allow experimental study of systems of Hecke eigenvalues in the resulting cohomology spaces, with applications to number theory and the Langlands program.
My URSS research project tackles an issue shared by most post-communist countries in Central and Eastern Europe including Czech Republic, my home country, where communist-era political elites often become prominent businessmen closely linked to states’ key institutions. Prime example of this problem is the Czech finance minister Andrej Babiš, who will be the focus of my research. He is the 737th richest person in the world (Forbes), has a controversial communist past and owns e.g. the major Czech agricultural conglomerate and three newspapers. Moreover, recently he has even been accused of “cheating” the funds from the EU, and this affair is now being investigated in Brussels. Using qualitative methods, I shall examine how, in the eyes of experts, these dynamics put the democratisation process in Czech Republic in danger. I will ask the politicians and civil society representatives about whether they think the Minister’s conflict of interests hinders democracy and democratization of our country. I will do my best to get in touch with the Czech European Commissioner Vera Jourova, who used to be in the same political party as Babiš and knows him well. I will also analyse one of Babiš’s newspapers for potential political bias and conflict of interest going back to 2013.
I shall cooperate with three Czech organisations (Initiative for European Values, Prague Security Studies Institute and EUROPEUM), which expressed their interest in assisting me and I will get in touch with them in the second half of June.
This study will first highlight the increasing literature that states the benefits of standing desks. Moreover, the physiological and cognitive benefits that the literature states clearly align with the goals of organisations, such as schools. However, the fact that statistical evidence shows that the usage of stand-up desks in organisations has only increased notably in the last decade suggests that the evidence from the literature has not been enough to compel organisations to use stand-up desks, and thus make them as popular as they have become. Rather, the statistical evidence suggests that the popularity of stand-up desks has actually coincided with the literature and empirical evidence which highlights the negative, deleterious effects of sitting. This study will infer that this suggests the popularity of stand-up desks is as much due to a change in how it is perceived as well as the evidence that supports this. As a result, this study will interview 3 organisations (including a school) who have taken up stand-up desks in order to determine what made them decide to incorporate stand-up desks. The answers the organisations give will be weighted equally against 5 particular criteria.
The purpose of this study is to attempt to provide a future marketing blueprint for other tools (e.g. future technology) that aims to help organisations. This is important because even strong, supporting literature and empirical evidence is insufficient to enable a product to be implemented.
Bovine tuberculosis is a bacterial disease that can spread between many different animals ranging from humans, badgers, as well as livestock. The main concern for Britain is its effect on cattle, with a predicted cost of Â£1 billion over the next decade to control it. Currently the badgers need to be captured to find out how many are infected. This is unreliable as often the same badger is caught multiple times, its costly, has a small sample size, and could be considered inhumane. I wanted to find a relationship between the number of badgers infected within a population and the amount of bacteria in their faeces. This would provide an alternative method for finding the scope of infection without any of the above issues.
A system of differential equations was solved that demonstrates a cyclic behaviour; initially a large increase in bacteria, which then decreases linearly as a function of the number of infected badgers. This matches the empirical data remarkably well. One of the key features of the theory is that this increase in bacteria is in part a spread of the disease as one would expect, but also to a significant degree a random fluctuation due to periodic bacterial shedding. This idea helps explain why the percentage of faeces infected is not a good predictor of the percentage of badger infected - previously a mystery in this research field.
A new mathematical model for the growth of the bacterial cells was also developed, which may have application in medicine.
This report analyses the effect that tripotassium citrate (TPC) has on the hydration of Portland cement at different dosages. The research has been supported by Normet UK Ltd. Normet are interested in the chemical's unique properties which can retard and accelerate cement hydration at different dosages. This property could be highly beneficial for tunnelling applications which require strong retarders to prevent setting during lengthy transportation periods, and accelerators to promote rapid setting at the work point. Research on the chemical is limited so the purpose of the report is to explore the fundamental properties which the chemical exhibits. Experiments including compression strength testing, heat of hydration testing, and SEM imaging were completed to demonstrate the admixture's effects on the hydration of cement. Compression strength results at 7 days indicated that mortar mixes containing dosages of TPC between 0 and 1.5% retarded the cement hydration, whereas dosages of TPC between 3.5 and 5% accelerated the setting. The compression testing conclusions were reinforced by heat of hydration results which displayed increased setting times for dosage between 0 and 1.5% caused by a delay to the hydration of C3S, and decreased times for the dosages between 3.5 and 5% mix. Furthermore, SEM images taken across the hydration of a retarded cement paste showed a delay in C-S-H crystal formations signifying the delay of the C3S hydration.
From the obtained results, equations were derived to model dosage as a function of compression strengths and setting times. These equations are useful for industrial application.
This paper proposes a novel specification to examine the effects of breaks – defined as “a period of at least 1 year without an appearance (win or loss) on tour” – on the performance of male and female tennis athletes across 1968-2015. Empirical analysis using Pooled OLS and Random Effects models revealed the significance of breaks on win %; and these were largely robust to Tobit estimation as well. Moreover, it was shown that these break effects were increasing in both the number and years of breaks, impacting the ‘experience’ effects of tournament wins, finals matches and ranking. Data and model issues cast into doubt the validity of conclusions, but this paper remains an important first step in the study of breaks on performance.
The paper is structured as follows: Section 1 introduces the topic and provides context behind the study of breaks on performance within the framework of Sports Economics; Section 2 presents the theoretical background, literature review and research goals of this paper; Section 3 derives the model and methodology; Section 4 outlines results and diagnostic tests and Section 5 concludes.