'Drop City' was a hippie commune that existed in Colorado from 1965 from 1977, one of the finest examples of the countercultural ideals which would have a significant impact upon the American psyche throughout the 1960s and into the 70s. The paper assesses the city's day-to-day living based on Peter Rabbit's contemporary novel on the commune in order to assess the plausibility of the countercultural ideals in practical life. It also assesses the legacy of the commune; particularly with regards to the construction and artistic projects to emerge from this path of land in southern Colorado.
Given its one-time success and media attention, the paper asks why Drop City began decline from the early 1970s onwards, framing the question in the wider context of American society. Based on this analysis, the paper will answer the question of modern day relevance with regards to these countercultural ideas in a post Financial Crisis era. The answer is a resoundingly positive one, taking wisdom from the successes (and failures) of Drop City to argue for a continuing applicability of hippie ideals that swept large sections of American society in the 1960s.
Most universities have extended their traditional teaching spectrum to provide for a varied range of adult learners. At the University of Warwick the Centre for Lifelong Learning offers full-time and part-time degree courses, Foundation courses and Professional Development courses to adult learners. With all the recent advances in communications technology new innovative teaching solutions are continually being incorporated by academic institutions into the curricula for adult learners.
The Undergraduate Research Support Scheme provided an opportunity to conduct a Case Study into the experience of adult learners in Canada. My research will involve spending three days at the University of Regina meeting members of staff and students from their Centre for Continuing Education followed by three days at the University of Calgary's Continuing Education department._x000D_ In depth interviews on a structured basis will be conducted to establish their unique approaches to adult learning. Subjects to be discussed include the nature and scope of the courses offered, methods of delivery, lecture and class room environment, use of on-line and television facilities, fee structure etc.
A second key objective is to understand what the universities offer to foster a sense of community within their student population. With a diverse geographical distribution it is a challenge to create an environment that gives adult learning students a sense of identity unique to that of the other more traditional students.
The findings will be analysed and presented to CLL staff and students with the objective to implement new ideas into the provision for Warwick adult learners.
Lithium-ion batteries are are now increasingly used in handheld technologies due to their light weight and high energy density. If put in electric cars, however, they present a serious hazard for passengers especially in case of a car crash when standard batteries tend to inflame easily. This research aims to build the basics of a computer model which can help us understand why batteries inflame and how to improve their safety.
It involves building a computer model which contains electrical short-circuit of a lithium-ion multilayer battery penetrated by a 3 mm steel pointed nail. Language used for modelling is Simscape extension of Simulink package for MATLAB. Multilayer battery is modelled by four lithium-ion battery blocks connected in parallel. A single layer penetrated by a nail is represented as short-circuit with switch having the resistance of the nail. Shorting of a multilayer battery is modelled by consecutive short-circuiting of all single layers.
After comparing predicted, by the computer model, voltage of battery to experimental data we found that voltage curve fits up to an order of magnitude. Furthermore, difference between results for four- and ten-battery-blocks models are insignificant which means that simplified version of the model can be used for future analysis.
Findings of this research imply that decreasing the probability of external conducting elements to enter the battery can considerably increase its safety. Further research can be carried out in order to test different methods to accomplish this such as usage of dielectric coating or protective case.
I shall use a critical approach to securitisation theory informed by the Paris School of security studies, specifically the International Political Sociological approach, where I shall combine primary data collection to inform my theoretical investigations.
My project will to investigate the securitisation of the internet and how of the internet is changing the boundaries of security, privacy and, more critically, the relationship between the modern surveillance state and society in the UK. I shall ultimately seek to evaluate the success of authoritative actors promoting discursive actions and how the audience of society perceives this. I feel this research touches upon a topic that will only grow in importance in the coming years across all branches of the social sciences, including security studies and political sociology.
The empirical focus will be placed on understanding the publicâ€™s own perception about such issues such as privacy and (in)security. Primary data collection will be through face-to-face surveys in Leamington Spa, London and Crawley. Through the gathering of this targeted data, I hope to offer greater legitimacy, analytical power and empirical grounding to my critical theorising.
Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) is the major cause of infant respiratory disease, leading to hospitalization in up to 2% of affected children. A unique coupled translation termination/reinitiation process controls the expression of the HRSV regulatory M2-2 protein, essential for the growth of the virus from a second open reading frame in the M2 mRNA. Pneumonia mice virus (PMV) is closely related to HRSV and also uses coupled translation to express the M2-2 protein, The aim of this project is to investigate the mechanism by which the expression of the PVM M2-2 protein is controlled, with the ultimate aim of designing interventions to inhibit virus growth. This will then be translated into the HRSV system.
The project will specifically focus on highly conserved nucleotide sequence requirements that control the process, in both PVM and HRSV. Mutated sequences of PMV DNA will be ligated into plasmids and used to transfect tissue culture cells. The expression of the M2-2 protein will be detected through ELISA. Using a range of mutations the essential sequences for coupled translation will be identified. This will provide insight into the mechanism by which the process occurs and will aid in the design of drugs to treat HRSV and ultimately minimize the impact of the disease.
(Please note the research project will be carried out summer 2015 as an URSS project and results been obtained then.)