On this module students will engage in a critical consideration of psychiatry and psychopathology (mental ill-health) drawing on a variety of perspectives (in the past this has included neuroscience, neuroimaging, psychiatry, literature, psychoanalysis, philosophy and history). A central aim of the module will be to describe and explore the tension between a purely neuroscientific conception of mental ill-health and the brain, and subject-centred conceptions of mental ill-health and the mind.
According to the mental health charity Mind, every year over a quarter of the population of Britain will experience a mental health problem. Despite being such a pervasive phenomenon, stigma, misunderstanding and ignorance are widespread. In the course of the module we will consider how changes in the way mental ill-health is studied and viewed can have wider effects. For example, people tend to think that a psychiatric diagnosis with an associated physical component (e.g. a difference in brain activity detectable in scans, or an associated drug treatment), is somehow legitimised by that physical component. This will be explored in relation to the creation of new diagnoses and the corresponding medicalization of areas of life. Given the influence of normative judgements on diagnosis, a background question is whether it seems plausible that even a neuroscience of the future will provide a complete picture of psychopathology.
The module aims to enable students to:
- Understand and use concepts from different disciplines that interface around psychopathology and mental health, and recognise the different uses of evidence and argument;
- Become aware of different ways of conceptualising mental disorder and the critiques of those conceptions;
- Acquire an appreciation of how mental illness has been viewed from a variety of perspectives;
- Critically reflect on the evolution of their own ideas, beliefs and values on psychopathology and on the experiences of people with mental ill-health;
- Communicate effectively with their peers and with academics and develop collaborative skills (across disciplines) of listening, giving and receiving feedback and achieving resolution;
- Articulate arguments orally and through well-argued essay writing, supported by wide reading and research.
The module will include content from the module convener and another contributor. This will be complemented by group work and discussions.
You will need to watch or read the lecture content and do the reading for each week before discussing the content and reading with the others in your group. Lecture content and reading will be available via the module's Resources page (link at the top of this page).
The first session will provide introductory information and set the scene for subsequent sessions.
Program for 2022/23
- Introduction. Information about the module, interdisciplinarity and assessment. An introduction to some preliminary concepts.
- Mind, world and mistakes. Hallucinations (perceiving something that isn't there) and delusions (a kind of irrational belief) can be characterised as mistakes of some sort: mistaken perceptions, mistaken thoughts and beliefs. But to see why they might be characterised as mistakes, we need to be able to contrast them with some account of properly functioning perception and thought. In this session we will look at ways of understanding perception and thought.
- Neuroscience. Dr. Dawn Collins (Neuroscience, Warwick Medical School) will provide a comprehensive introduction to neuroscience and links to mental ill-health.
- Shell shock to Attachment. A look at some key moments in the history of mental health from the twentieth century.
- Understanding and Explaining. Using Karl Jaspers' distinction between understanding and explaining, I will sketch an account of two different ways of making sense of mental ill-health. I will suggest a way in which the arts (e.g. literature and film) can help us make sense of mental ill-health that is - or could be - quite different from the kind of understanding that a purely biomedical approach provides.
- Essay planning and film week.
- Literature. In this session we will explore links between literature and mental ill-health.
- Narrative. When things are going well for us, we usually have an account of how things have been for us, and how we hope things are going to be in the future - a narrative of some sort. How important is it to be able to fit experiences of mental ill-health into a narrative? In this session we will look at arguments for and against the importance of being able to construct a narrative, and the difficulties that might be raised by experiences of mental ill-health.
- Critical Approaches to Psychiatry. Historically and more recently, mainstream psychiatry has faced opposition to its conceptions of mental ill-health, and its approaches to treatment. Recent critics have included the psychiatrists R.D. Laing and Thomas Szasz; current critics include psychiatrist Joanna Moncrieff and psychologist Mary Boyle. In this session we will try to arrive at a critique of some of these critical approaches.
Dr. Vivan Joseph (v dot joseph dot 1 at warwick dot ac dot uk)
Class Time 2022-23
Term 1 (Autumn)
Time: Tuesday 14:00 - 16:00
Term 2 (Spring)
Time: Tuesday 14:00 - 16:00
R0.12 (Ramphal Building, Main Campus)
See instructions on the main Undergraduate Modules page
Reflective journal (40%)