|START2QUIT ResultsLogo||Study Acronym||Specialty Area||Brief Description|
|BeST||Back Pain||Local researchers compared a group cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) intervention to treat lower back pain. Their study published in the Lancet has revealed that this offers a low cost treatment which effectively reduced pain and disability for at least one year.|
|BETS II||Thyroid dysfunction||
Researchers tested whether thyroxine (T4 ) replacement could improve cognitive functioning in patients aged over 65 with subclinical hypothyroidism. They found that, although the supplementation led over 80% of patients achieving levels in the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) reference range, there was no improvement in cognitive functioning. The authors do not recommend supplementation in this population if the aim is to improve cognitive function.
Researchers investigating the impact of a computerised intervention to encourage people to stop smoking have published two papers about recruitment for a questionnaire survey from primary care. They have found that although the return rate was typically 11%, the sample was nationally representative. They also reveal that recruitment rates are highest when all questionnaires were sent out on the same day, and when reminder letters were sent out fairly quickly. They also found that recruitment was lowest in socially deprived areas and when there were a higher percentage of smokers in the practice population.
Researchers surveyed over 6,836 patients and 88 GPs to accurately report the prevalence of infectious intestinal diseases (IID) in the community in the UK. The study found that there are 17 million sporadic community cases of infections causing 11million lost working days. The study also revealed that enteric viruses are responsible for the majority of cases, supporting the introduction of vaccines against the rotavirus for children in the UK.
|PRISM Phase 1||Infectious Diseases||
Researchers from Phase I of the PRISM study found that the IMI test pack showed the highest sensitivity compared to other rapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) for detecting streptococcus in the throat (95%) with 100% specificity and was still considered by primary care staff and lab technicians to be easy to use.
|Stroke Survivor Needs Survey||Stroke||A survey of stroke survivors one to five years post stroke revealed that 51% felt all their needs were being met. However, the highest levels of unmet needs were reported by those with communication difficulties or physical difficulties and those who were more socially deprived or from ethnic minority groups. The authors conclude that there is a need to develop interventions targeted at these groups to better meet their needs within primary care.|
|TXT2STOP||Smoking Cessation||Research published showed that smokers recruited from primary care were twice as likely to have quit at six months if they received mobile phone text messages providing motivational and behaviour change support compared to controls. This simple intervention, requiring little support from primary care practitioners, could substantially improve smoking cessation services.|
|OCOD||Diabetes||Optimum Care of Diabetes: an NIHR, Research for Patient Benefit (RfPB) funded study investigating patient and clinician perspectives on weight management for non-morbidly obese people with type 2 diabetes, specifically on the role of bariatric surgery and willingness to participate in future randomised, controlled trials (RCTs). The study had 2 phases, the first involved qualitative interviews with patients, whilst the second used interview data to develop a patient survey which was mailed out to 1820 non-morbidly obese patients with type 2 diabetes.|
|OPERA||Mental Health||The Department of Health funded OPERA (Older Peoples Exercise in Residential Accommodation) cluster-randomised controlled trial, is to date, one of the largest trials of its kind and tested the hypothesis that a moderate intensity exercise programme would reduce the burden of depressive symptoms in residents of care homes.|
Blood pressure monitoring in different ethnic groups. This study looks at ethnicity and the differences between clinic and ambulatory blood pressure in individuals with a previous diagnosis of hypertension and without a previous diagnosis of hypertension.
|Polyclinics||Co-ordinated care||Looking at how general practices, polyclinics and similar organisations make sure that when patients need care from many places (e.g. the GP, hospital, social services, community nursing), that care is well-coordinated and integrated.|
|TASMIN SR||Hypertension||To determine the effect of self-monitoring with self-titration of
antihypertensive medication compared with usual care on systolic BP among
patients with stroke, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or chronic kidney
|CCHi||Patient self-management||Co-Creating Health Initiative: a fully integrated programme, which would improve clinicians’ skills in shared decision-making and communication, enhance the self-management ability of people with long term conditions, and improve the effectiveness of health service organisations and their delivery to facilitate a more active role for patients in managing their health and care.|
|PRIMIT||Respiratory||An internet-delivered handwashing intervention to modify influenza-like illness and respiratory infection transmission (PRIMIT): a primary care randomised trial|
|Past BP||Cardiovascular||A randomised controlled trial of different blood pressure targets for people with a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) in primary care|
|START2QUT||Smoking Cessation||Smoking remains the leading cause of ill health and mortality, at an estimated cost to the NHS of about £6 billion. Stop Smoking Services (SSSs) in England offer intensive advice and support to smokers motivated to quit, and smokers attending have a higher chance of succeeding in a quit attempt than if they attempted to quit alone. However the proportion of smokers using the SSS has been less than 5%, and the number is falling each year. In the Start2quit trial we developed an intervention to persuade and motivate more smokers to seek, or accept, help to quit|