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Collaborative Bibliography

This bibliography has been compiled by Julie Roberts in collaboration with Frances Griffiths, Kelly Joyce, Maryon McDonald, Lisa Mitchell and Rachel Prentice, Claire Balmer, Leslie Carlin, Emma Chung, Sandi Dheensar, Hannah Drayson, Des Fitzpatrick, Dawn Goodwin, and Jenna Grant. The bibliography was compiled as part of the ESRC funded workshop series 'Biomedical Visualisations and Society' (2009/10). It is freely available online for the use of anyone with an interest in the topic.

The bibliography is divided into four topics that correspond with the four workshops in the series. The links at the top will take you to each of the four sections. The focus is on literature from sociology, anthropology, cultural studies, science and technology studies, women's studies, history and health sciences, rather than from the sciences. The bibliography cannot be definitive but reflects our knowledge and interests. Nonetheless, I hope it will be a useful resource, especially for students and researchers who are new to the field.

Diagnostic Radiology; Anatomy, Dissection and Plastination; Virtual Reality and Healthcare; Foetal Ultrasound (2-, 3-, 4D)

Diagnostic Radiology

  • Alac, M. (2008) Working with Brain Scans: Digital Images and Gestural Interaction in fMRI Laboratory. Social Studies of Science, 38, 483–508-483–508.
  • Armstrong Ii, J. D. (1999) Morality, ethics, and radiologists' responsibilities. American Journal of Radiology, 173, 279-284.
  • Balka, E. E. Green, F. Griffiths. 'It can see into your bones': Gender, ICTs and Decision Making about Midlife Women's Health. Informing Gender? Health and Information Technologies in Context. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Barley, S. (1986) “Technology as an Occasion for Structuring: Evidence from Observations of CT Scanners and the Social Order of Radiology Departments,”. Adminstrative Science Quarterly, 31, 78-108.
  • Barley, S. (1990) “The Alignment of Technology and Structure Through Roles and Networks,”. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 61-103.
  • Barley, S. (1990) “Images of Imaging: Notes on Doing Longitudinal Field Work,”. Organization Science, 1, 220-247.
  • Beaulieu, A. (2000) “The Brain at the End of the Rainbow: The Promises of Brain Scans in the Research Field and in the Media.”. Wild Science: Reading Feminism, Medicine, and the Media. Routledge.
  • Beaulieu, A. (2002) Images Are Not the (Only) Truth: Brain Mapping, Visual Knowledge, and Iconoclasm. Science Technology Human Values, 27, 53-86.
  • Bize, R., Burnand, B., Mueller, Y. & Conrnuz, J. (2005) Biomedical risk assessment as an aid for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev., 17-17.
  • Bize, R., Burnand, B., Mueller, Y. & Cornuz, J. (2007) Effectiveness of biomedical risk assessment as an aid for smoking cessation: a systematic review. Tob. Control, 16, 151-156.
  • Blaxter, M. (2009) The case of the vanishing patient? Image and experience. Sociology of Health & Illness, 9999.
  • Bovet, P., Perret, F., Cornuz, J., Quilindo, J. & Paccaud, F. (2002) Improved Smoking Cessation in Smokers Given Ultrasound Photographs of Their Own Atherosclerotic Plaques. Preventive Medicine, 34, 215-220.
  • Burri, R. V. (2008) Doing Distinctions: Boundary Work and Symbolic Capital in Radiology. Social Studies of Science, 38, 35-62.
  • Carlin, L., H. Smith, et al. (2010). "Double vision: An exploration of radiologists’ and general practitioners’ views on using picture archiving and communication systems (PACS)." Health Informatics Journal 16(2): 75-86.
  • Cohn, S. (2008) Making objective facts from intimate relations: the case of neuroscience and its entanglements with volunteers. Hist. Hum. Sci., 21, 86-103.
  • Dumit, J. (2004) Picturing Personhood: Brain Scans and Biomedical Identity, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.
  • Green, E., Griffiths, F. & Thompson, D. (2006) 'Are my bones normal doctor?' the role of technology in understanding and communicating health risks for midlife women. Sociological Research Online, 11, 24-24.
  • Griffiths, F., Bendelow, G. A., Green, E. & Palmer, J. (2010) Screening for breast cancer: medicalisation, visualisation and the embodied experience. Health 14(6): 653-668
  • Griffiths, F., Green, E. & Bendelow, G. A. (2006) Health professionals, their medical interventions and uncertainty: A study focusing on women at midlife. Social Science & Medicine, 62, 1078-1090.
  • Gunderman, R. B. (2005) The Medical Community’s Changing Vision of the Patient: The Importance of Radiology. Radiology, 234, 339-342.
  • Hollands, G. J., Hankins, M., Van Den Heuvel, A. & Marteau, T. M. (2008) Visual feedback of the individual’s medical imaging results for changing health behaviours in clinical and non-clinical populations (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
  • Houts, P. S., Doak, C. C., Doak, L. G. & Loscalzo, M. J. (2006) The role of pictures in improving health communication: A review of research on attention, comprehension, recall, and adherence. Patient Education and Counseling, 61, 173-190.
  • Howson, A. (2001) ''Watching you-watching me'' - Visualising techniques and the cervix. Women's Studies International Forum, 24, 97-109.
  • Joyce, K. (2005) Appealing Images: Magnetic Resonance Imaging and the Production of Authoritative Knowledge. Social Studies of Science, 35, 437-462.
  • Joyce, K. A. (2006) From numbers to pictures: The development of magnetic resonance imaging and the visual turn in medicine. Science as Culture, 15, 1-1.
  • Joyce, K. A. (2008) Magnetic Appeal: MRI and the Myth of Transparency, Ithaca, Cornell University Press.
  • Joyce, K. A. (2010). The Body as Image: An Examination of the Economic and Political Dynamics of Magnetic Resonance Imaging and the Construction of Difference. In Biomedicalization: Technoscience, Health and Illness in the United States. A. E. Clarke, L. Mamo, J. Ruthfosket, J. R. Fishman and J. K. Shim, Duke University Press: 197-217.
  • Kevles, B. H. Naked to the Bone: Medical Imaging in the Twentieth Century, Reading, MASS, Helix Books.
  • Leclere, J., Ollivier, L., Ruszniewski, M. & Neuenschwander, S. (2006) Improving overall patient care during imaging studies: the radiologist's CREDO and PERLES. Journal de Radiologie, 87, 1831-1836.
  • Lerman, C., Gold, K., Audrain, J., Lin, T. H., Boyd, N. R., Orleans, C. T., Wilfond, B., Louben, G. & Caporaso, N. (1997) Incorporating biomarkers of exposure and genetic susceptibility into smoking cessation treatment: Effects on smoking-related cognitions, emotions, and behavior change. Health Psychology, 16, 87-99.
  • Mcclure, J. B. (2001) Are biomarkers a useful aid in smoking cessation? A review and analysis of the literature. Behav. Med., 27, 37-47.
  • Morselli, P. G. (2003) Plastic surgery and psychomorphology: A new tool for improving communication between physician and dysmorphopathic patient and for perfecting appropriate patient selection. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, 27, 485-492.
  • Njalsson, T., Sigurdsson, J. A., Sverisson, G. & Brekkan, A. (1995) Use of X-rays in family practice- a multicentre study. Family Practice, 12, 143-148.
  • Ogden, J., Heinrich, M., Potter, C., Kent, A. & Jones, S. (2009) The impact of viewing a hysteroscopy on a screen on the patient's experience: a randomised trial. Bjog-an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 116, 286-293.
  • Ollivier, L., Dolbeault, S., Leclere, J. & Neuenschwander, S. (2008) Improving patient care in oncology imaging departments. Psycho-Oncologie, 2, 5-12.
  • Parkes, G., Greenhalgh, T., Griffin, M. & Dent, R. (2008) Effect on smoking quite rate of telling patients their lung age: sthe Step2quit randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 336, 598-600.
  • Pasveer, B. (1989) Knowledge of shadows: the introduction of X-ray images in medicine. Sociology of Health & Illness, 11, 360-381.
  • Radstake, M. Visions of Illness: An Endography of Real-Tme Medical Imaging, Delft, Eburon Delft.
  • Reventlow, S. D. (2007) Perceived risk of osteoporosis: Restricted physical activities? Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, 25, 160-165.
  • Reventlow, S. D., Hvas, L. & Malterud, K. (2006) Making the invisible body visible. Bone scans, osteoporosis and women's bodily experiences. Soc. Sci. Med., 62, 2720-2731.
  • Reventlow, S. D., Overgaard, I. S., Hvas, L. & Malterud, K. (2008) Metaphorical mediation in women's perceptions of risk related to osteoporosis: A qualitative interview study. Health Risk Soc., 10, 103-115.
  • Rhodes, L. A., Mcphillips-Tangum, C. A., Markham, C. & Klenk, R. (1999) The power of the visible: the meaning of diagnostic tests in chronic back pain. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 48, 1189-1203.
  • Rystedt, H., J. Ivarsson, et al. (2011). "Rediscovering radiology: New technologies and remedial action at the worksite." Social Studies of Science 41(6): 867-891.
  • Saunders, B. F. (2008). The CT Suite: The Work of Diagnosis in the Age of Noninvasive Cutting, Duke University Press.
  • Sachs, L. (1995) Is there a pathology of prevention? The implications of visualizing the invisible in screening programs. Culture Medicine and Psychiatry, 19, 503-525.
  • Scott, S., Prior, L., Wood, F. & Gray, J. (2005) Repositioning the patient: the implications of being 'at risk'. Social Science & Medicine, 60, 1869-1879.
  • The, Anne-Mei, Tony Hak, Gerard Koëter, Gerrit van der Wal (2003) Radiographic images and the emergence of optimism about recovery in patients with small cell lung cancer: an ethnographic study. Lung Cancer, Volume 41, Issue 1, July 2003, Pages 113-120
  • Wade, F. A. & Oliver, C. W. (2004) Living with digital imaging. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 25-28.
  • Wilcox, R. B., Fallano, J., Shannon, K. J., Carrino, J. A., Sinclair, J. & Khorasani, R. (2006) Picture archiving and communication system and its impact on image viewing in physical therapy practice. Journal of Digital Imaging, 19, 346-350.

Anatomy, Dissection, Plastination

  • Barilan, Y. M. (2006) Bodyworlds and the ethics of using human remains: A preliminary discussion. Bioethics, 20, 233-247.
  • Bauer, A. W. (2006) Plastinated Specimens and their Presentation in Museums - A Theoretical and Bioethical Retrospecive on a Media Event. Body Worlds - The Anatomical Exhibition of Real Human Bodies: Catalog on the Exhibition. Heidelberg, Arts and Sciences.
  • Burns, L. (2007) Gunther von Hagens' BODY WORLDS: Selling beautiful education. American Journal of Bioethics, 7, 12-23.
  • Hafferty, F. W. (1988) Cadaver Stories and the Emotional Socialization of Medical Students. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 29, 344-356.
  • Hirschauer, S. (2006) Animated Corpses: Communicating with Post Mortals in an Anatomical Exhibition. Body & Society, 12, 25-52.
  • Hsu, H. L. & Lincoln, M. (2007) Biopower, Bodies...the Exhibition and the Spectacle of Public Health. Discourse, 29, 15-34.
  • Jespersen, T. C., Rodríguez, A. & Starr, J. (2009) The Anatomy of Bodyworlds: Critical Essays on the Plastinated Cadavers of Gunther von Hagens, Jefferson, NC, McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers.
  • Johnson, S. (2009) The Persistence of Tradition in Anatomical Museums. The Anatomy of Body Worlds: Critical Essays on the Plastinated Cadavers of Gunther von Hagens. Jefferson, NC, McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers.
  • Jones, D. G. (2002) Re-inventing anatomy: The impact of plastination on how we see the human body. Clinical Anatomy, 15, 436-440.
  • Jones, D. G. & Whitaker, M. I. (2007) The tenuous world of plastinates. American Journal of Bioethics, 7, 27-29.
  • Korf, H.-W., Wicht, H., Snipes, R. L., Timmermans, J.-P., Paulsen, F., Rune, G. & Baumgart-Vogt, E. (2008) The dissection course - necessary and indispensable for teaching anatomy to medical students. Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger, 190, 16-22.
  • Kuppers, P. (2004) Visions of Anatomy: Exhibitions and Dense Bodies. Differences, 15, 123-156.
  • Leiberich, P., Loew, T., Tritt, K., Lahmann, C. & Nickel, M. (2006) Body Worlds exhibition - Visitor attitudes and emotions. ANNALS OF ANATOMY-ANATOMISCHER ANZEIGER, 188, 567-573.
  • Madill, A. & Latchford, G. (2005) Identity Change and the Human Dissection Experience over the First Year of Medical Training. Social Science & Medicine, 60, 1637-1647.
  • Moore, C. M. & Brown, C. M. (2004) Gunther von Hagens and Body Worlds Part 1: The anatomist as prosektor and proplastiker. Anat Rec B New Anat, 276, 8-14.
  • Moore, C. M. & Brown, C. M. (2004) Gunther von Hagens and Body Worlds part 2: The anatomist as priest and prophet. Anat Rec B New Anat, 277, 14-20.
  • Moore, C. M. & Mackenzie Brown, C. (2007) Experiencing Body Worlds: Voyeurism, Education, or Enlightenment? Journal of Medical Humanities, 28, 231-254.
  • Moore, L. J. & Clarke, A. E. (1995) Clitoral Conventions and Transgressions: Graphic Representations in Anatomy Texts, c1900-1991. Feminist Studies, 21, 255-301.
  • Petersen, A. (1998) Sexing the Body: Representations of Sex Differences in Gray's Anatomy, 1858 to the Present. Body Society, 4, 1-15.
  • Preuß, D. (2008) Body Worlds: looking back and looking ahead. Annals of Anatomy, 190, 23-32.
  • Regan De Bere, S. & Petersen, A. (2006) Out of the dissecting room: News media portrayal of human anatomy teaching and research. Social Science & Medicine, 63, 76-88.
  • Sawday, J. (1995) The Body Emblazoned: Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture, London, Routledge.
  • Schulte-Sasse, L. (2006) Advise and Consent: On the Americanization of Body Worlds. BioSocieties, 1, 369-384.
  • Scott, R. (2011). Body Worlds’ plastinates, the human/nonhuman interface, and feminism. Feminist Theory, 12, 165-181.
  • Segal, D. A. (1988) A Patient So Dead: American Medical Students and Their Cadavers. Anthropological Quarterly, 61, 17-25.
  • Stephens, E. (2007) Inventing the Bodily Interior: Échorché Figures in Early Modern Anatomy and von Hagens' Body Worlds. Social Semiotics, 17, 313-326.
  • Thacker, E. (1999) Performing the Technoscientific Body: RealVideo Surgery and the Anatomy Theater. Body & Society, 5, 2-3.
  • Van Dijck, J. (2001) Bodyworlds: The art of plastinated cadavers. Configurations, 9, 99-126.
  • Von Hagens, G. & Whalley, A. (2006) Body Worlds - The Anatomical Exhibition of Real Human Bodies: Catalog on the Exhibition, Heidelberg, Arts and Sciences.
  • Von Lehm, D. (2006) The body as interactive display: examining bodies in a public exhibition. Sociology of Health & Illness, 28, 223-251.
  • Walter, T. (2004) Body Worlds: clinical detachment and anatomical awe. Sociology of Health & Illness, 26, 464-488.
  • Walter, T. (2004) PLASTINATION FOR DISPLAY: A NEW WAY TO DISPOSE OF THE DEAD. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 10, 603-627.
  • Wear, D. (1989) Cadaver Talk: Medical Students' Accounts of Their Year-Long Experience. Death Studies, 13, 379-391.

Virtual Reality and Healthcare

  • Cartwright, L. (1998) A Cultural Anatomy of the Visible Human Project. IN Treichler, P., Cartwright, L. & Penley, C. (Eds.) The Visible Woman: Imaging Technologies, Gender and Science. New York, New York University Press.
  • Csordas, T. J. (1997) Computerized Cadavers: Shades of Being and Representation in Virtual Reality. After Postmodernism. University of Chicago.
  • Davidson, J. & Smith, M. (2003) Bio-phobias/techno-philias: virtual reality exposure as treatment for phobias of 'nature'. Sociology of Health & Illness, 25, 644-661.
  • Fletcher, J. D. (2009) Education and Training Technology in the Military. Science, 323, 72-75.
  • Hayles, N. K. (1993) The Materiality of Informatics. Configurations, 1, 147-170.
  • Johnson, E. (2005) The ghost of anatomies past. Feminist Theory, 6, 141-159.
  • Johnson, E. (2007) Surgical Simulators and Simulated Surgeons: Reconstituting Medical Practice and Practitioners in Simulations. Social Studies of Science, 37, 585-608.
  • Johnson, E. (2008) Simulating Medical Patients and Practices: Bodies and the Construction of Valid Medical Simulators. Body and Society, 14, 105-128. Reprinted in Johnson, E., and Boel Berner (eds.) (2010) Technology and medical practices. Blood, Guts and Machines. Farnhamn: Ashgate (Volume number 1 in Theory, Technology, Society series).
  • Lenoir, T. & Wei, S. X. (2002) Authorship and Surgery: The Shifting Ontology of the Virtual Surgeon. IN Clarke, B. & Dalyrymple Henderson, L. (Eds.) From Energy to Information: Representation in Science and Technology, Art, and Literature. Stanford, Stanford University Press.
  • Mladenovski, A. & Kieser, J. A. (2008) The efficacy of multimedia pre-operative information for patients: a pilot study. N Z Dent J, 104, 36-43.
  • Prentice, R. (2005) The anatomy of a surgical simulation: The mutual articulation of bodies in and through the machine. Social Studies of Science, 35, 837-866.
  • Prentice, R. (2007) Drilling Surgeons: The Social Lessons of Embodied Surgical Learning. Science, Technology and Human Values, 32, 534-553.
  • Satava, R. M. (2008) Historical Review of Surgical Simulation - A Personal Perspective. World Journal of Surgery, 32, 141-148.
  • Sundén, J. Blonde Birth Machines: Medical Simulation, Techno-corporeality and Posthuman Feminism. IN Johnson, E. & Berner, B. (Eds.) Technology and Medical Practice: Blood, Guts and Machines. Farnham, Surrey, Ashgate.
  • Waldby, C. (2000) Virtual Anatomy: From the Body in the Text to the Body on the Screen. Journal of Medical Humanities, 21, 85-107.
  • Waldby, C. (2000) The Visible Human Project: Informatic Bodies and Posthuman Medicine, London, Routledge.

Foetal Ultrasound 2D and *3-/4D

  • Bashour, Hyam, Hafez, Ragda, and Abdulsalam Asmaa (2005) Syrian Women’s Perceptions and Experiences of Ultrasound Screening in Pregnancy: Implications for Antenatal Policy. Reproductive Health Matters 13(25):147-54.
  • Boucher, J. (2004) Ultrasound: A Window on the Womb?: Obstetric Ultrasound and the Abortion Rights Debate. Journal of Medical Humanities, 25, 7-18.
  • *Brezinka, C. 2010. Nonmedical Use of Ultrasound in Pregnancy: Ethical Issues, Patients' Rights and Potential Misuse. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology, 36, 1233-1236.
  • *Campbell, S (2002) ‘4D or not 4D: that is the question. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 19:1-4.
  • *Campbell, S (2006) ‘4D and prenatal bonding. Obstetrics and Gynecology 27:243-244.
  • Draper, J. (2002) 'It was a Real Good Show': The Ultrasound Scan, Fathers and the Power of Visual Knowledge. Sociology of Health & Illness, 24, 771-795.
  • Erikson, Sue. 2007. Fetal Views: Histories and Habits of Looking at the Fetus in Germany. J. Medical Humanities 28(4): 187-212.
  • Franklin, S. (1991) Fetal Fascinations: New Dimensions of the Medical-Scientific Construction of Fetal Personhood. IN Lury, C. & Stacey, J. (Eds.) Off-Centre: Feminism and Cultural Studies. London, HarperCollins Academic.
  • Gammeltoft, T. & Nguyễn, H. T. T. (2007) Fetal conditions and fatal decisions: Ethical dilemmas in ultrasound screening in Vietnam. Social Science & Medicine, 64, 2248 - 2259.
  • Gammeltoft, Tine M. (2007) Prenatal Diagnosis in Postwar Vietnam: Power, Subjectivity, and Citizenship. American Anthropologist 109(1):153-163.
  • Gammeltoft, Tine M. (2007) Sonography and Sociality: Obstetrical Ultrasound Imaging in Urban Vietnam. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 21(2):133-153.
  • *Gammeltoft, Tine M. and Hanh Thi Thuy Nguyen (2007) The Commodification of Obstetric Ultrasound Scanning in Hanoi, Viet Nam. Reproductive Health Matters 15(29):163-171.
  • Gammeltoft, Tine M. (2008) Figures of Transversality: State Power and Prenatal Screening in Contemporary Vietnam. American Ethnologist 35(4):570-87.
  • Garcia, J., Bricker, L., Henderson, J., Martin, M.-A., Mugford, M., Nielson, J. & Roberts, T. (2002) Women's Views of Pregnancy Ultrasound: A Systematic Review. BIRTH, 29, 225-250.
  • Georges, E. (1996) Fetal Ultrasound Imaging and the Production of Authoritative Knowledge in Greece. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 10, 157-175.
  • Han, S. (2009). Seeing Like a Family: Fetal Ultrasound Images and Imaginings of Kin. Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion and Culture. V. R. Sasson and J. M. Law. Oxford, Oxford University Press: 275-290.
  • Harris, Gillian et al. 2009. "Seeing the Baby": Pleasures and Dilemmas of Ultrasound Technologies for Primiparous Australian Women. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 18(1):23-47.
  • Hopkins, Nick, Suzanne Zeedyka and Fiona Raitt (2005) Visualising abortion: emotion discourse and fetal imagery in a contemporary abortion debate. Social Science and Medicine 61(2): 393-403.
  • Hartouni, V. (1992) Fetal Exposures: Abortion Politics and the Optics of Allusion. Camera Obscura, 29, 131-150.
  • Hartouni, Valerie (1997) Cultural Conceptions: On Reproductive Technologies and the Remaking of Life. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  • Henwood, F. (2001) In/different Screening: Contesting Medical Knowledge in an Antenatal Setting. IN Henwood, F., Kennedy, H. & Miller, N. (Eds.) Cyborg Lives? Women's Technobiographies. York, Raw Nerve.
  • Ivry, Tsipy (2009) The Ultrasonic Picture Show and the Politics of Threatened Life. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 23(3):189-211.
  • *Keane, H. (2009) Foetal personhood and representations of the absent child in pregnancy loss memorialization. Feminist Theory, 10, 153-171.
  • *Kroløkke , C. (2008) Fetal Attraction: On a Tour of Mummy's Tummy. Annual Meeting of the NCA 94th Annual Conference. San Diego, CA, online. http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p258101_index.html (accessed 10 June 2010)
  • *Kroløkke, C. (2010) On a Trip to the Womb: Biotourist Metaphors in Fetal Ultrasound Imaging. Women's Studies in Communication, 33, 138-153
  • *Kroløkke, C. (2010) Look and Feel Those Chubby Cheeks. : An Intersensory Approach to Seeing the Ultrasound Image. In: OLEKSY, H. & GOLANSKA., G. (eds.) Teaching Visual Culture in Interdisciplinary Classrooms. : Feminist (Re)Interpretations of the Field.
  • *Kroløkke , C. (2011). Biotourist Performances: Doing Parenting during the Ultrasound. Text and Performance Quarterly, 31, 15-36.
  • *Lee, E. (2003) The Trouble with 'Smiling' Fetuses Available online <http://www.prochoiceforum.org.uk/ocr_ethical_iss_1.asp> (accessed 9 September 2006)
  • Lehner, S. (1996) My Womb, The Mosh Pit. Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory, 9, 179-185.
  • Gottfredsdóttir, H., H., Sandal, J. and Björnsdóttir, K. (2009). This is just what you do when you are pregnant: A qualitative study of prospective Parents in Iceland who accept nuchal translucency screening. Midwifery, 25 (6), 711 to 720.
  • Gottfredsdottir H, Bjornsdottir K, Sandall J. (2009) How do prospective parents who decline prenatal screening account for their decision? A qualitative study. Soc Sci Med. 69(2):274-277.
  • Mcnay, M. B. & Fleming, J. E. E. (1999) Forty Years of Obstetric Ultrasound 1957-1997: From A-Scope to Three Dimensions. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 25, 3-56.
  • Maher, Jane-Maree (2001) The Productivities of Pregnancy: Reviewing Medical Technologies and Feminist Critiques. Hecate 27(2):135-146.
  • Mitchell, L. M. (2001) Baby’s First Picture: Ultrasound and the Politics of Fetal Subjects, Toronto, University of Toronto Press.
  • Mitchell, L. M. (2004) Women's Experiences of Unexpected Ultrasound Findings. Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, 49, 228-234.
  • Mitchell, L. M. & Georges, E. (1997) Cross-Cultural Cyborgs: Greek and Canadian Discourses on Fetal Ultrasound. Feminist Studies, 23, 373-401.
  • Morgan, L. M. & Michaels, M. W. (Eds.) (1999) Fetal Subjects, Feminist Positions, Philadelphia, University of Pensylvania Press.
  • Morgan, Lynn M. (2000) Magic and a Little Bit of Science: Technoscience, Ethnoscience, and the Social Construction of the Fetus. In Bodies of Technology: Women’s Involvement with Reproductive Technologies. Ann Rudinow Saetnan, Nelly Oudshoorn, and Marta Kirejczyk, eds. Pp355-367. Columbus: Ohio State University Press.
  • Morgan, Lynn M. (2003) Embryo Tales. In Remaking Life and Death: Toward and Anthropology of the Biosciences. Sarah Franklin and Margaret Lock, eds. Pp261-291. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press and Oxford: James Currey.
  • Newman, Karen. 1996. Fetal Positions: Individualism, Science, Visuality. Edited by T. Linar and H. U. Gumbrecht, Writing Science. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
  • *Palmer, J. (2008) The "Technofetus" as Citizen: The Impact of Three-Dimensional Ultrasound. IN Olesky, E. H., Petö, A. & Waaldijk, B. (Eds.) Gender and CItizenship in a Multicultural Context. Frankfurt am Main, Peter Lang.
  • *Palmer, J. (2009) The Placental Body in 4D: Everyday Practices of Non-Diagnostic Sonography. Feminist Review, 93, 64-80.
  • *Palmer, J. (2009) Seeing and Knowing: Ultrasound Images in the Contemporary Abortion Debate. Feminist Theory, 10, 173-189.
  • Petchesky, R. P. (1987) Foetal Images: The Power of Visual Culture in the Politics of Reproduction. IN Stanworth, M. (Ed.) Reproductive Technologies: Gender, Motherhood and Medicine. Cambridge & Oxford, Polity Press in association with Basil Blackwell.
  • Rapp, Rayna (1997) Real-Time Fetus: The Role of the Sonogram in the Age of Monitored Reproduction. In Cyborgs and Citadels: Anthropological Interventions in Emerging Sciences and Technologies. Gary Lee Downey and Joseph Dumit, eds. Pp 31-48. Santa Fe: School of American Research Press.
  • *Raucher, M. S. (2009) What They Mean by "Good Science': The Medical Community's Response to Boutique Fetal Ultrasounds. J Med Philos, 0, 1-17.
  • *Roberts, J. (2012). "'Wakey Wakey Baby': Narrating Four-Dimensional Bonding Scans." Sociology of Health and Illness 34(2): 299-314.
  • Sætnan, A. R. (1996) Ultrasonic Discourse: Contested Meanings of Gender and Technology in the Norwegian Ultrasound Screening Debate. The European Journal of Women's Studies, 3, 55-75.
  • Sandell, K. Learning to Produce, See and Say the (Ab)normal: Professional Vision in Ultrasound Scanning During Pregnancy. IN Johnson, E. & Berner, B. (Eds.) Technology and Medical Practice: Blood, Guts and Machines. Farnham, Surrey, Ashgate.
  • Sandelowski, M. (1994) Channel of Desire: Fetal Ultrasonography in Two Use-Contexts. Qualitative Health Research, 4, 262-280.
  • Sandelowski, M. (1994) Separate, but Less Unequal: Fetal Ultrasonography and the Transformation of Expectant Mother/Fatherhood. Gender and Society, 8, 230-245.
  • Sanger, Carol (2008) Seeing And Believing: Mandatory Ultrasound And The Path To A Protected Choice. UCLA Law Review 56(2).
  • *Simonsen, S. E., Branch, D. W. & Rose, N. C. (2008) The complexity of fetal imaging: reconciling clinical care with patient entertainment. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 112, 1351-4.
  • Stabile, C. A. (1994) Feminism and the Technological Fix, Manchester, Manchester University Press.
  • Tansey, E. M. & Christie, D. A. (2000) Looking at the Unborn: Historical Aspects of Obstetric Ultrasound. London, Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine.
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