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Published Papers

Validation Papers:

By the Warwick Team:

Clarke, A., Friede, T., Putz, R., Ashdown, J., Martin, S., Blake, A., ... & Stewart-Brown, S. (2011). Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS): validated for teenage school students in England and Scotland. A mixed methods assessment. BMC Public Health, 11(1), 487.

Maheswaran, H., Weich, S., Powell, J., & Stewart-Brown, S. (2012). Evaluating the responsiveness of the Wariwck Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS): Group and individual level analysis. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 10(1), 156.

Stewart-Brown, S. (2013). The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS): Performance in Different Cultural and Geographical Groups. In C.L.M. Keyes (2013), Mental Well-Being: International Contributions to the Study of Positive Mental Health. (pp. 133-150). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.

Stewart-Brown, S. L., Platt, S., Tennant, A., Maheswaran, H., Parkinson, J., Weich, S., ... & Clarke, A. (2011). The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS): a valid and reliable tool for measuring mental well-being in diverse populations and projects. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 65(Suppl 2), A38-A39.

Stewart-Brown, S., Tennant, A., Tennant, R., Platt, S., Parkison, J. & Weich, S. (2009) Internal Construct Validity of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS): A Rasch analysis using data from the Scottish Health Education Population Survey. Health and quality of life outcomes, 7:15

Taggart, F., Friede, T., Weich, S., Clarke, A., Johnson, M., & Stewart-Brown, S. (2013). Cross cultural evaluation of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS)- a mixed methods study. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 11:27.

Tennant, R ., Hiller, L., Fishwick, R., Platt, S., Joseph, S., Weich, S., ... & Stewart-Brown, S. (2007a). The Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS): development and UK validation. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 5(1), 63.

Tennant, R., Fishwick, R., Platt, S., Joseph, S., & Stewart-Brown, S. (2006). Monitoring positive mental health in Scotland: validating the Affectometer 2 scale and developing the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale for the UK, Edinburgh, NHS Health Scotland.

By Other Groups:

Bartram, D. J., Yadegarfar, G., Sinclair, J., & Baldwin, D. S. (2011). Validation of the Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) as an overall indicator of population mental health and well-being in the UK veterinary profession. The Veterinary Journal, 187(3), 397-398.

Bellwood, M., & Busuttil, W. (2009). Exit satisfaction surveys and Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) outcome study. Internal publication. Leatherhead: Combat Stress.

Castellví, P., Forero, C. G., Codony, M., Vilagut, G., Brugulat, P., Medina, A., Gabilondo, A., Mompart, A., Colom, J., Tresserras, R., Montserrat F.,Stewart-Brown, S. & Alonso, J. (2013). The Spanish version of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS) is valid for use in the general population. Quality of Life Research, 1-12.

Crawford, M. J., Robotham, D., Thana, L., Patterson, S., Weaver, T., Barber, R., Wykes T. & Rose, D. (2011). Selecting outcome measures in mental health: the views of service users. Journal of Mental Health, 20(4), 336-346.

Deary, I. J., Watson, R., Booth, T., & Gale, C. R. (2012). Does Cognitive Ability Influence Responses to the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale?. Retrieved from http://psicnet.apa.org.

Gremigni, P., & Stewart-Brown, S. (2011). Measuring mental well-being: Italian validation of the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS).Giornale italiano di psicologia, 38(2), 485-508.

Ikink, J. G., Lamers, S. M., & Bolier, J. M. (2012). De Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) als meetinstrument voor mentaal welbevinden in Nederland.

Lloyd, K., & Devine, P. (2012). Psychometric properties of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale (WEMWBS) in Northern Ireland. Journal of Mental Health, 21(3), 257-263.

López, M. A., Gabilondo, A., Codony, M., García-Forero, C., Vilagut, G., Castellví, P., Ferrer, M. & Alonso, J. (2012). Adaptation into Spanish of the Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) and preliminary validation in a student sample. Quality of Life Research, 1-6.

Orgeta, V., Lo Sterzo, E., & Orrell, M. (2013). Assessing mental well-being in family carers of people with dementia using the Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale. International Psychogeriatrics, 1-9.

Santos J.J., Costa T.A. Guilherme J.H., Silva W.C., Abentroth L.R., Krebs J.A., Sotoriva P. (2015). Adaptation and cross-cultural validation of the Brazilian version of the Warwick-Edinburgh mental well-being scale. Rev Assoc Med Bras; 61(3):209-214

SSW Ng, AWY Lo, TKS Leung, FSM Chan, ATY Wong, RWT Lam, DKY Tsang. Translation and Validation of the Chinese Version of the Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale for Patients with Mental Illness in Hong Kong. East Asian Arch Psychiatry 2014;24:3-9

Trousselard M., Stewart-Brown S., Franck N. (submitted). Investigating well-being in France with the WEMWBS: healthy populations and schizophrenia.

Some Papers that have used the WEMWBS:

Odou N, Vella-Brodrick D The Efficacy of Positive Psychology Interventions to Increase Well-Being and the Role of Mental Imagery Ability. 2011, Social Indicators Research: 1-19.

Lindsay G., Strand S, Davis H A comparison of the effectiveness of three parenting programmes in improving parenting skills, parent mental-well being and children's behaviour when implemented on a large scale in community settings in 18 English local authorities: the parenting early intervention pathfinder (PEIP) BMC Public Health 2011, 11:962

Davoren MP, Fitzgerald E, Shiely F, Perry IJ: Positive Mental Health and Well-Being among a Third Level Student Population. PLoS One; 2013;8(8):e74921

Vasiliki Orgeta, Elena Lo Sterzo and Martin Orrell (2013). Assessing mental well-being in family carers of people with dementia using the Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale. International Psychogeriatrics, 25, pp 1443-1451. doi:10.1017/S1041610213000835.

Powell J, Hamborg T, Stallard N, Burls A, McSorley J, Bennett K, Griffiths KM, Christensen H Effectiveness of a Web-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Tool to Improve Mental Well-Being in the General Population: Randomized Controlled Trial. J Med Internet Res 2013;15(1):e2

Stewart-Brown S, Samaraweera PC, Taggart F, Kandala NB, Stranges S. Socioeconomic gradients and mental health: implications for public health. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2015. Published online 2015-03-19T00:05:19-07:00 in advance of the print journal.

Stranges S, Samaraweera PC, Taggart F, Kandala NB, Stewart-Brown S. Major health-related behaviours and mental wellbeing in the general population. the Health Survey for England. BMJ Open. 2014;4(e005878).