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Charge-Population Based Dispersion Interactions for Molecules and Materials

Charge-Population Based Dispersion Interactions for Molecules and Materials

Martin Stöhr, Georg S. Michelitsch, John C. Tully, Karsten Reuter, Reinhard J. Maurer, J. Chem. Phys., 144, 151101 (2016)

A simple correlation between atomic polarizability and hybridization enables us to couple semi-empirical electronic structure methods with electron density-derived dispersion correction methods.

We introduce a system-independent method to derive effective atomic C6 coefficients and polarizabilities in molecules and materials purely from charge population analysis. This enables the use of dispersion-correction schemes in electronic structure calculations without recourse to electron-density partitioning schemes and expands their applicability to semi-empirical methods and tight-binding Hamiltonians.
We show that the accuracy of our method is en par with established electron-density partitioning based approaches in describing intermolecular C6 coefficients as well as dispersion energies of weakly bound molecular dimers, organic crystals, and supramolecular complexes. We showcase the utility of our approach by incorporation of the recently developed many-body dispersion (MBD) method [Tkatchenko et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 236402 (2012)] into the semi-empirical Density Functional Tight-Binding (DFTB) method and propose the latter as a viable technique to study hybrid organic-inorganic interfaces.

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