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Anthony Lucio

Brief Biography

I am currently a Research Fellow in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Warwick working in a world-leading electrochemistry group under the supervision of Prof. Julie V. Macpherson. My research centres on the development of functionalised boron-doped diamond electrode sensors for applications relevant to the water industry. Additionally, I have received funding through the Institute of Advanced Study and Warwick Ventures to look into commercial markets for the electrochemical technology. I completed my PhD in Chemistry in early 2018 at the University of Iowa (USA) where I studied fundamental surface (electro)chemistry of ionic liquids using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. In 2015 I was awarded a National Science Foundation fellowship that supported a three-month research visit to Monash University (Australia) to work on electrochemical studies of ionic liquids under the supervision of Prof. Alan M. Bond, which served as the foundation for my PhD research into ionic liquids.

Research

Hypochlorite sensor

I have recently developed sp2-carbon functionalised boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes for sensing applications in extreme environments. In particular, I have optimised these BDD sensors for operation in the highly oxidising/alkaline solution environments associated with concentrated bleach solutions (i.e. hypochlorite is the active component of bleach). You can read my latest work published in ACS Sensors (link here). I am interested in exploring commercial opportunities for this sensor.

Free chlorine sensor

My current research is probing the pH-dependent speciation of free chlorine using BDD electrodes. Free chlorine, comprised of HOCl, OCl-, and Cl2, is a primary disinfectant used by water utilities to generate potable drinking water. The disinfectant power of free chlorine is highly pH dependent, and with HOCl being ca. 80× more effective than OCl-, knowing the pH is critical to ensure the proper dosage is applied. Current detection methods for free chlorine have significant, known drawbacks with their operation and I believe our electrochemical sensor technology can bring several advantages to the water industry. Thus, I am working to develop our electrode technology and optimise it to operate at significantly lower concentrations (e.g. ppm levels).

Key Words: Electrochemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Boron-doped diamond, Sensors, Voltammetry, Ionic Liquids, Surface Chemistry, Electrochemical Double Layer, Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy.

Education

PhD

Doctor of Philosophy (Chemistry), 08/2012 – 01/2018
University of Iowa; Iowa City, IA (USA)
Thesis Title: The Electrochemical Double Layer in Ionic Liquids
Supervisor: Prof. Scott K. Shaw (group website here)

BS

Bachelor of Science (Chemistry), 08/2006 – 04/2012
Saginaw Valley State University; University Center, MI (USA)
Supervisor: Prof. David S. Karpovich
Distinction: Cum Laude

BA
Bachelor of Arts (Spanish), 08/2006 – 05/2013
Saginaw Valley State University; University Center, MI (USA)
Supervisor: Prof. Ricardo Pastor
Distinction: Cum Laude

Publications

  1. Lucio, A. J.; Meyler, R. E.P.; Edwards, M. A.; Macpherson, J. V., Investigation of sp2-carbon pattern geometry in boron doped diamond electrodes for the electrochemical quantification of hypochlorite at high concentrations. ACS Sensors 2020, 5, 789-797. DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.9b02444 (citations: 1). Biographical feature in "Introducing our Authors" in ACS Sensors issue (ACS Sens. 2020, 5, 599−600).
  2. Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K. Effects and Controls of Capacitive Hysteresis in Ionic Liquid Electrochemical Measurements. Analyst 2018, 143, 4887-4900. DOI: 10.1039/c8an01085d (citations: 6). Invited artwork for issue cover highlighting work.
  3. Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K.; Zhang, J.; Bond, A. M., Double-Layer Capacitance at Ionic Liquid-Boron-Doped Diamond Electrode Interfaces by Fourier Transformed Alternating Current Voltammetry. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2018, 122, 11777-11788, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b00272 (citations: 2).
  4. Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K., Capacitive Hysteresis at the 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Tris(pentafluoroethyl)-
    trifluorophosphate – Polycrystalline Gold Interface. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 2018, 410, 4575-4586,
    DOI: 10.1007/s00216-018-0962-5 (citations: 4) ‘Paper in Forefront’ of Invited Paper for Topical Issue.
  5. Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K.; Zhang, J.; Bond, A. M., Large Amplitude Fourier Transformed AC Voltammetric Study
    of the Capacitive Electrochemical Behavior of the 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate – Polycrystalline Gold Electrode Interface. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2017 121, 12136-12147, DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b00287 (citations: 13).
  6. Anaredy, R. S.; Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K., Adventitious Water Sorption in a Hydrophilic and a Hydrophobic Ionic
    Liquid: Analysis and Implications. ACS Omega 2016, 1, 407-416, DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.6b00104 (citations: 8).
  7. Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K., Pyridine and Pyridinium Electrochemistry on Polycrystalline Gold Electrodes and
    Implications for CO2 Reduction. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2015, 119, 12523-12530, DOI:
    10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b03355 (citations: 38).
  8. Anaredy, R. S.; Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K., Ionic Liquid Structure in Thin Films. ECS Transactions 2014 64: 135-
    144, DOI: 10.1149/06404.0135ecst (citations: 1).
  9. Mize, H. E.; Lucio, A. J.; Fhaner, C. J.; Pratama, F. S.; Robbins, L. A.; Karpovich, D. S., Emulsions of Crude
    Glycerin from Biodiesel Processing with Fuel Oil for Industrial Heating. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry
    2013, 61, 1319-1327, DOI: 10.1021/jf304883t (citations: 21).

Funding

Early Career Innovation Fellowship funded jointly by the Institute of Advanced Study and Warwick Ventures, which provides 6 months full salary plus a generous travel budget to explore commercial routes for the sensor technology I am developing, totaling ca. £30,000 GBP. September 2019.

University of Iowa GAANN Fellowship, which provided a full 2 year tuition and stipend support for the Fellow to
undertake significant research during his PhD, totaling $55,463 USD. January 2016 and January 2017.

T. Anne Cleary International Dissertation Fellowship, which supplemented the research Fellow’s stipend and travel
allowance for his research visit to Monash University in Australia, totaling $3,123 USD. April 2015.

National Science Foundation – EAPSI Fellowship, which supported a three-month research visit to Monash
University in Australia, totaling $10,602 USD. February 2015.

Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship, which provided stipend support during a three-month research visit to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, MD (USA), totaling $5,500 USD. May 2011.

Supervision

Jake Gorrill, Mchem 2019, Thesis title "A comparative study of the electrodeposition of silver in ionic liquids and aqueous solvents."

Ellie Stepaniuk, Mchem 2019, Thesis title "Investigating the oxidation and reduction behaviour of pH dependent free chlorine species at boron doped diamond electrodes."

Ben Woodward, MSc 2018, Thesis title "Rudimentary electroanalysis using open source instrumentation."

Skills

Cyclic Voltammetry Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Microsoft Office Suite
Chronoamperometry Square Wave Voltammetry OriginPro
AC Voltammetry Capacitance Python
UV-vis Spectroscopy White Light Interferometry Gwyddion
Scanning Electron Microscopy Glovebox (inert) Electrochemistry Karl-Fischer Titration
Vacuum Schlenk Line Small Volume Electrochemistry (<500 µL) Gas Chromatography
Infrared Spectroscopy Spectroelectrochemistry Electrode Development
Mentoring Leadership Communication
Collaboration Independent Work Teamwork
Safety Awareness Fire Warden Data Analysis

Previous Research Experience

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, 03/2018 – present

University of Warwick; Coventry, England (UK)

Supervisor: Prof. Julie V. Macpherson

Visiting Graduate Research Fellow, 06/2015 – 09/2015

Monash University; Clayton, VIC (Australia)

Supervisors: Prof. Alan M. Bond and Dr. Jie Zhang

Graduate Research Fellow, 08/2012 – 12/2017

University of Iowa; Iowa City, IA (USA)

Supervisor: Prof. Scott K. Shaw (link to group website here)

Undergraduate Student Researcher, 08/2009 – 06/2012

Saginaw Valley State University; University Center, MI (USA)

Supervisor: Prof. David S. Karpovich

Summer Undergraduate Research Fellow, 05/2011 – 08/2011

National Institutes of Standards and Technology; Gaithersburg, MD (USA)

Supervisor: Dr. Thomas Germer

International Research Experience for Undergraduates, 05/2009 – 08/2009

Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada; Saltillo, Coahuila (México)

Supervisors: Dr. Dámaso Navarro Rodríguez and Prof. Coleen Pugh

Undergraduate Research CO-OP, 09/2008 – 05/2009

The Dow Chemical Company; Midland, MI (USA)

Supervisor: Dr. Andrew Zalusky

Research Experience for Undergraduates, 05/2008 – 09/2008

University of Akron; Akron, OH (USA)

Supervisor: Prof. Coleen Pugh

Presentations

Oral presentations

Lucio, A. J.; Meyler, R. E. P.; Edwards, M. E.; Macpherson, J. V., “Optimisation of boron-doped diamond electrodes for the quantitative detection of free chlorine species at high and low concentrations” at the Electrochem2019 Conference; Strathclyde, Scotland (UK), 27 August 2019.

Lucio, A. J.; Zhang, J.; Bond, A. M.; Shaw, S. K., “Experimental Studies of the Capacitive-Potential Relationship for Ionic Liquid – Electrode Interfaces” at the 232nd National Meeting of the Electrochemical Society; National Harbor, MD (USA), 4 October 2017.

Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K.; Zhang, J.; Bond, A. M., “Electrochemical Double Layer Response in Ionic Liquids from Large Amplitude Fourier Transformed ac Voltammetry” at the Pittcon Conference & Expo; Chicago, IL (USA), 9 March 2017.

Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K.; Zhang, J.; Bond, A. M., “Ionic Liquid Electrical Double Layer from Large Amplitude Fourier Transformed ac Voltammetry Data” at the 229th National Meeting of the Electrochemical Society; San Diego, CA (USA), 31 May 2016.

Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K.; Zhang, J.; Bond, A. M., “Electrical Double Layer in Ionic Liquids and Carbon Dioxide Electroreduction” in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW (Australia), 21 August 2015. Invited Talk by Prof. Rob Atkin, a world-recognized expert in ionic liquids.

Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K., “Spectroelectrochemical Study of the Role of Pyridinium in Carbon Dioxide Reduction” at the 227th National Meeting of the Electrochemical Society; Chicago, IL (USA), 27 May 2015.

Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K., “Pyridinium as the Electrocatalyst in Carbon Dioxide reduction on Polycrystalline Gold Electrodes” at the 249th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society; Denver, CO (USA), 25 March 2015.

Poster presentations

Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K., “Pyridinium as the Electrocatalyst in CO2 reduction on Polycrystalline Gold Electrodes” at the Electrochemical Society Twin Cities Symposium; Saint Paul, MN (USA), 3 October 2014.

Lucio, A. J.; Shaw, S. K., “Increasing Diffusion Rates of CO2 in Ionic Liquids: Towards CO2 Recycling” at the 246th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society; Indianapolis, IN (USA), 9 September 2013.

Lucio, A. J.; Kearns, K. L.; Germer, T.; Soles, C.; Ro, H. W., “Shape Evolution of Polymer Structures with Thin Residual Layers Prepared by Nanoimprint Lithography” at the 67th Annual Midland American Chemical Society Fall Scientific Meeting; Alma, MI (USA), 22 October 2011.

Lucio, A. J.; Kearns, K. L.; Germer, T.; Soles, C.; Ro, H. W., “Shape Evolution of Polymer Structures with Thin Residual Layers Prepared by Nanoimprint Lithography” at the National Institute of Standards and Technology Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship Colloquium; Gaithersburg, MD (USA), 3 August 2011.

Lucio, A. J.; Robbins, L. A.; Karpovich, D. S., “Emulsions utilizing heavy fuel oil and crude glycerin: a surfactant study” at the 241st National Meeting of the American Chemical Society; Anaheim, CA (USA), 28 March 2011.

Lucio, A. J.; Robbins, L. A.; Karpovich, D. S., “Surfactant technology for oil/glycerin emulsions” at the 66th Annual Midland American Chemical Society Fall Scientific Meeting; Mount Pleasant, MI (USA), 23 October 2010.

Lucio, A. J.; Patterson, C. J.; Setiawan, I.; Schilling, C.; Karpovich, D. S., “Burning glycerin in a commercially available oil furnace: optimizing and reducing emissions” at the Saginaw Valley State University Science, Engineering & Technology Symposium; University Center, MI (USA), 23 April 2010.

Lucio, A. J.; Patterson, C. J.; Setiawan, I.; Schilling, C.; Karpovich, D. S., “Glycerin/fuel oil emulsions for use in heating applications” at the 239th National Meeting of the American Chemical Society; San Francisco, CA (USA), 22 March 2010.

Lucio, A. J.; Rodríguez, R. J.; Larios, L.; Pugh, C.; Navarro, D., “Polyesters Bearing Oligophenylene Groups” at the 6th Annual Northeast Ohio Undergraduate Research Symposium; Cleveland, OH (USA), 30 July 2009.

Lucio, A. J.; Collette, L.; Pugh, C., “Synthesis & Solution Properties of an Amphiphilic Macrocrown Ether” at the 5th Annual Northeast Ohio Undergraduate Research Symposium; Akron, OH (USA), 31 July 2008.

Outreach

20.06.2019 - North Leamington School - Hands-on diamond science demonstration

28.03.2018 - School's Analyst Competition - Volunteer supervisor and photographer

Societies

Associate Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), 2019 - current

Member of the American Chemical Society (ACS), 2006 - 2019

Member of the Electrochemical Society (ECS), 2014 - 2018

Member of the Society for Electroanalytical Chemistry (SEAC), 2015 - 2018

Anthony's adventures across the pond!

January 2020: Four peaks hike Ogwyn Valley in Snowdonia National Park (Wales).

November 2019: Summit of Snowdon (1085 m) in Snowdonia National Park (Wales).

November 2018: Hiking the Quiraing trail on the Isle of Skye (Scotland).

Dr. Anthony J. Lucio

anthony.lucio@warwick.ac.uk
Department of Chemistry
University of Warwick
Gibbet Hill Road
Coventry
CV4 7AL

You can also find me on:
LinkedIn
ResearchGate
Google Scholar
ORCID