Modelling the spatial and temporal management of land-use to optimise biodiversity (Andrew Mead)
Aim: To develop an integrated model to predict how the decisions made about land-use, based on economic, land characteristics, landscape and management factors, affect biodiversity within agroecosystems, with a focus on how economic incentives could be utilised to optimise biodiversity enhancement within agoecosystems. (Defra project IF0143)
Methodology for assessing farming systems (Rob Lillywhite)
Aim: To produce methodology for assessing the environmental, economic and social characteristics of (organic and non-organic) farming systems (Defra project OF0386). The project will describe the range of current UK farming systems, for example organic, low input, extensive, integrated, intensive, etc. and develop methodology to describe their environmental, economic and social characteristics. Project details
Aim: To improve the understanding, promotion and adoption of IFM in cropping systems. One of the key objectives was to determine the contribution of specific IFM practices in achieving economic, environmental and social (EES) objectives. This included identification of instances where specific IFM practices do, or do not, achieve the EES objectives. (Defra project IF 0127) Aspects of Applied Biology 93, 131-138
Aim: To examine the potential for agricultural land management to provide ecosystem services that support adaptation to climate change. Where appropriate, contributions to the mitigation of climate change were also included.
The project focuses on the potential for agricultural land management to provide Regulating Services and considers water regulation in detail. (Defra project AC0308)
Fertility management strategies in organic arable and vegetable production (Rosemary Collier, Clive Rahn, project lead by Garden Organic)
Aim: To explore the effects of contrasting fertility building strategies in organic stockless systems growing arable and/or vegetable crops.
Fertility management remains one of the most crucial aspects of organic production systems and has been identified as a priority for research. The approach to fertility building has implications for soil structure and subsequent weed, pest and disease problems as well as on the soil nutrient dynamics. Defra project (OF 0363)