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Age-Sex Distribution of OHCAs

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is indicated in patients suffering from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Several studies suggest a sex- and age-based bias in the treatment of these patients which may have a significant impact on the patient's outcome. However, the reasons for these findings are unclear. Some studies report more favourable outcomes in women, while others suggest the opposite, citing disparities in care. Whether sex predicts differential age-specific survival is still uncertain. The aim of this study is to retrospectively analyse treatment and OHCA survival rates for potential sex- and age-based differences in patients requiring out-of-hospital CPR continueed or commenced by an emergency paramedic in England.

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