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Dr. Mark J. Hadley

Four revolutions in our understanding of the world.

These are not just ideas, they are based on scientific results from my research. The technical details have been published in mainstream peer-reviewed journals. The results have never been challenged. The view they paint has not yet sunk in. The consequences of the research has not made its way into text books, or current research programmes yet. To be blunt, they are not fashionable ideas (it may be a surprise to some readers that science has fashions, but is well kown if you study the history, psychology or sociology of scientific advancement). However they are important pointers to a new unified theory and to some exciting experimental results. In the end scientific ideas will be judged by their explanatory power and predictions.

1. Parity violation

The greatest scientific blunder of the 20th century

The textbooks all say that parity (mirror image symmetry) is broken in the weak interactions. They all say that. What they generally don't tell you is that the conventional interpretation assumes, without any evidence, that a particle is its own mirror image. If instead we start with an open mind, we can have parity conservation and as a bonus we learn something about particles and anti-particles - they are mirror images of each other. This of course leaves another puzzle: the small CP violation effect seen in experiments. Now however we are motivated to find an environmental solution. We have a candidate in the way galactic spin distorts spacetime as described in my EPL paper..

2. Time reversal is commonplace

Wake up! Look at the evidence

Time reversable, or to be more precise spacetime not being time orientable, is considered to be a significant question for which the answer is that there is no evidence and it is probably orientable.. But once we consider what it would look like if time reversed itself on a microscopic scale we come up with a few strange results. The experimental signature is clear and corresponds to most of the weird effects that we know about, but label as quantum theory: My papers explain how non-locality, spin-half, electromagnetism, electric charges and particle-antiparticle annihilation are all signs of time reversal. Once we recognise the explanatory power of time reversal, we are led to the next revolution.

3. General relativity could explain quantum theory

The antidote to string theory

While the most popular routes to unification are to extend quantum theory to quantise gravity or embrace string theory. It is conceivable that actually general relativity may be more fundamental, with quantum theory being a small subset due to acausal structures. A very powerful result shows that the logical structure of general relativity with time reversal is the same as quantum logic. What few people realise is that quantum theory is uniquely defined by its logical sturcture.

4. We can explain Free Will (without invoking quantum theory)

Quantum theory is often invoked to reconcile the indeterinism of free will with scientific theories. My recent work (awaiting publication) shows that quantum indeterminacy offers nothing to the free will debate - it never could. Instead a simple deterministic model of out free will is described which shows how we "could do otherwise" and why we think "we could do otherwise"

Latex Bits

I have some Latex2e files which may be useful. There are style and template files for a Warwick thesis


...I now look much older than the photo

Visiting academic

Department of Physics

University of Warwick

Contact Details:

mark dot hadley at warwick dot ac dot uk

I am currently travelling in Africa. You can view our progress on Facebook:

Mark and Karen travel with time