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Psychology Across Cultures

University of Warwick

Department of Psychology 2018/19


Module Code:

PS367

Module Name:

Psychology Across Cultures

Module Credits (CATS):

15 CATS


Module Convener

Anu Realo and Robin Goodwin

Module Teachers



Module Aims

In a fast-changing world, “Psychology Across Cultures” explores how and why people’s basic psychological processes, values and behaviour differ across cultures and what this implies for psychological theory and application. The module highlights the importance of a cross-cultural perspective for understanding and explaining different contemporary issues such as migration, ethnic conflicts, globalisation and cultural change. In academic terms, the module aims to develop the students’ understanding of the fundamental concepts and theoretical perspectives pertinent to the study of culture and human behaviour


Learning Outcomes

By the end of the module, students should be able to:

  • demonstrate a critical knowledge of how major psychological findings vary across cultures;
  • demonstrate a critical understanding of the major concepts and theoretical perspectives in cross-cultural psychology;
  • evaluate the relative contributions of values, beliefs and ecology to the understanding of cultural variations in psychology;
  • demonstrate a critical awareness of the key methods used in cross-cultural psychology, and
  • understand and critically evaluate their own cultural values, norms and assumptions.

Assessed by:

  1. Intercultural interview and essay (33%)
  2. Two-hour unseen examination (67%)



Module Work Load

Module Length

12 weeks

Lectures

One two-hour lecture per week

Seminars

One one-hour seminar per week

Attendance

Attendance at lectures and seminars is compulsory


Module Assessment




Assessed work:

Intercultural interview and essay

33%




Exam: Two-hour unseen examination

67%


Module Reading List

Link to Talis: http://readinglists.warwick.ac.uk/lists/2D998516-F617-9ECC-BF9C-4018736D4361.html

The main course textbook:

Smith, P. B., Fischer, R., Vignoles, V. L., & Bond, M. H. (2013). Understanding social psychology across cultures (2nd edition). London, UK: Sage.
 

WEEK 1: Introduction to the module; understanding culture (AR)

  • Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., & Norenzayan, A. (2010). The weirdest people in the world? Behavior & Brain Science, 33(2-3), 61-83.
  • Minkov, M., & Hofstede, G. (2012). Is national culture a meaningful concept? Cross-Cultural Research, 46(2), 133-159.
  • Smith, P. B., Fischer, R., Vignoles, V. L., & Bond, M. H. (2013). Understanding social psychology across cultures (2nd edition). Chapter 1: Why does social psychology need a cross-cultural perspective? (pp. 1-20).

WEEK 2: The role of values and beliefs in cultural variation (AR)

  • Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2004). Individualism-collectivism and social capital. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35, 29-49.
  • Inglehart, R., & Baker, W. E. (2000). Modernization, cultural change, and the persistence of traditional values. American Sociological Review, 65, 19-51.
  • Smith, P. B., Fischer, R., Vignoles, V. L., & Bond, M. H. (2013). Understanding social psychology across cultures (2nd edition). Chapter 2: Clarifying the way forward with culture: Theories and frameworks (pp. 21-50).

WEEK 3: Culture and the self (AR)

  • Kurman, J. (2010), Good, better, best: Between culture and self‐enhancement. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 4, 379-392.
  • Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (2010). Cultures and selves: A cycle of mutual constitution Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5, 420–430.
  • Smith, P. B., Fischer, R., Vignoles, V. L., & Bond, M. H. (2013). Understanding social psychology across cultures (2nd edition). Chapter 6: Cognition, motivation, and emotion (pp. 135-155) and chapter 7: Self and identity processes (pp. 156-188).

WEEK 4: Culture and emotion (AR)

  • Ekman, P., & Cordaro, D. (2011). What is meant by calling emotions basic. Emotion Review, 3, 364-370.
  • Matsumoto, D., Yoo, S. H., & Fontaine, J. (2008). Mapping expressive differences around the world: The relationship between emotional display rules and individualism versus collectivism. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 39, 55-74.
  • Mesquita, B., Boiger, M., & De Leersnyder, J. (2017). Doing emotions: The role of culture in everyday emotions. European Review of Social Psychology, 28, 95-133.

WEEK 5: Personality across cultures (AR)

  • Allik, J., & Realo, A. (2017). Universal and specific in the Five-Factor Model of personality. In T. A. Widiger (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Five Factor Model of Personality (pp. 173-190). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199352487.013.23.
  • Rentfrow, P. J., Jokela, M., & Lamb, M. E. (2015) Regional personality differences in Great Britain. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0122245.
  • Smith, P. B., Fischer, R., Vignoles, V. L., & Bond, M. H. (2013). Understanding social psychology across cultures (2nd edition). Chapter 5: Personality and social context (pp. 111-134).

WEEK 6: Culture and health (RG)

  • Goodwin, R., Kozlova, A., Kwiatkowska, A., Nguyen Luu, L. A., Nizharadze, G., Realo, A., Külvet, A., & Rämmer, A. (2003) Social representations of HIV/AIDS in Central and Eastern Europe. Social Science and Medicine, 56, 1373-1384.
  • Fincher, C. L., Thornhill, R., Murray, D. R., & Schaller, M. (2008). Pathogen prevalence predicts human cross-cultural variability in individualism/collectivism. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 275, 1279-1285.
  • Kim, H. S., Sherman, D. K., & Updegraff, J. A. (2016). Fear of Ebola: The influence of collectivism of xenophobic threat responses. Psychological Science, 27, 935-944.

WEEK 7: Culture in the workplace (RG)

  • Gelfand, M., Brett, J., Gunia, B.C., Imai, L., Huang, T-J., & Hsu, B-F. (2013). Toward a culture-by-context perspective on negotiation: Negotiating teams in the United States and Taiwan. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 98, 504-513.
  • Gelfand, M., Zycan, Z., Erez, M., & Leung, K. (2017). Cross-cultural industrial organizational psychology and organizational behavior: A hundred-year journey. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 102, 514-529 (useful historical overview).
  • Zhang, J., Beatty, S.E. & Walsh, G. (2008). Review and future directions of cross-cultural consumer services research. Journal of Business Research, 61(3), 211-224.

WEEK 8: Relationship variations across cultures 1: Forming relationships (RG)

  • Sanri, C., & Goodwin, R. (2013) Values and love styles in Turkey and Great Britain: An inter- and intra-cultural comparison. International Journal of Psychology, 48, 837-845.
  • Zhang, S., & Kline, S. L. (2009). Can I make my own decision? A Cross-cultural study of perceived social network influence in mate selection. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 3-23.
  • Smith, P. B., Fischer, R., Vignoles, V. L., & Bond, M. H. (2013). Understanding social psychology across cultures (2nd edition). Chapter 9: Interpersonal behaviour (particularly pp. 225-242).

WEEK 9: Relationships variations across cultures 2: Family and children (RG)

  • Huijbregts, S.K., Tavecchio, L., Leseman, P., & Hoffenaar, P. (2009). Child rearing in a group setting. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 797-815.
  • Keller, H. (2013). Attachment and culture. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44, 175-194.
  • Ulitsa, N. , Keller, H., & Otto, H. (2016). Training 3-month-old babies for the future: Maternal beliefs and interactional practices in immigrants from former Soviet Union living in Israel. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 48, 135-154.

WEEK 10: Moving cultures (RG)

  • Berry, J. W. (2001). A psychology of immigration. Journal of Social Issues, 57, 615-631.
  • Goodwin, R., Polek, E., & Bardi, A. (2012). The temporal reciprocity of values and beliefs: A longitudinal study within a major life transition. European Journal of Personality, 26, 360–370.
  • Smith, P. B., Fischer, R., Vignoles, V. L., & Bond, M. H. (2013). Understanding social psychology across cultures (2nd edition). Chapter 13: Acculturation (pp. 336-358).