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Aerodynamics

Module Aims

  • The module builds on the fluid dynamics concepts introduced in Thermofluids in the previous year courses and provides a strong foundation for aerodynamic applications.
  • The first part of the module covers the participants’ understanding of the fundamentals of gas dynamics in aerodynamic applications.
  • This module will also aim to cover the understanding of low/high speed aerodynamics and the fundamental concepts of the compressible flows thereafter.
  • Wing theory and its design based on performance criteria are also discussed.
  • A model to estimate aerodynamic performance through experiment, computational and numerical approaches for engineering applications will be developed in the later part of this module to understand the effect of transition and turbulence characteristics.
  • The course covers all fundamental concepts of aerodynamics, external/internal flows, lift/drag forces, measurement techniques and wind tunnel test as well as use of CFD packages to simulate flow around bodies (wing and/or airfoil).

By the end of this module students will be able to:

  • Understand, discuss and critically examine the fundamentals of aerodynamics relevant to their own industry.
  • Identify the importance and role of aerodynamics within the engineering profession.
  • Discuss and critically examine different forces in aerodynamics of wings/airfoils and use that in designing engineering parts.
  • Understand and discuss principles of wind tunnel technology and its limitations.
  • Discuss and comment on how to conduct a relevant experiment for aerodynamics applications (like in a wind tunnel unit).
  • Solve complex fluid flow problems using a commercial CFD package. Select appropriate models (physics) and numerical parameters (mesh size, time-step, etc.) when solving a fluid dynamics problem.
  • Use numerical approaches to analyse aerodynamics of typical airfoil, wings, and any relevant engineering part model.