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Cyber Security Research Projects

E-CRIME Project

Funder: European Commission


  • To develop an economic model to measure the impact of cybercrime in various industry sectors
  • To identify opportunities for managing and deterring cybercrime
  • To develop concrete, sector-specific controls and counter-measures


Trilateral Research & Consulting; Delft University of Technology; University of Lausanne; Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster; Ipsos-Mori; University of Groningen; the Italian Global Cyber Security Centre; Tallinn University of Technology; Interpol


Cybercrime is a complex socio-economic phenomenon with uncertain but potentially significant impacts upon many areas of society. The impact of cybercrime upon non-ICT sectors, such as health, energy, finance and transport, is particularly poorly understood. Some progress has been made in understanding, preventing and managing cybercrime as well as assessing its economic impact. Yet much remains to be done. Lack of co-ordination in law enforcement and legislation, lack of common consensus on what constitutes cyber crime, lack of awareness and trust, lack of information sharing and lack of robust data on cybercrime are just some of the issues that both afflict cybercrime responses and cloud our understanding of cybercrime.

E-CRIME addresses these well-known problems, while offering measures of the economic impact of cybercrime and developing concrete measures to manage and deter cybercrime in non-ICT sectors. E-CRIME does so by adopting an inter-disciplinary and end-user focused approach that fully integrates a wide range of stakeholders' knowledge and data into the project.

The project will produce a detailed inventory of cybercrime in non-ICT sectors. It will detail cybercrime criminal structures and criminal 'journeys' by combining the best existing data sources with specialist new insights from key stakeholders and experts. E-CRIME will also assess existing counter-measures against cybercrime in non-ICT sectors in the form of current technology, best practices, policy, regulation and enforcement, and awareness and trust initiatives. Finally, it will develop an economic model to measure the impact of cybercrime in non-ICT sectors, identify opportunities for managing and deterring cybercrime and develop concrete, sector-specific, solution portfolios including technological counter-measures, crime-proofed application enhancements, risk management methods, policy and best practices measures, and trust and awareness initiatives. The analysis will, from the beginning, proceed in close co-operation with relevant stakeholders from different sectors to continually validate the findings and interpretations produced.

Contact information

Professor Tim Watson
Director, Cyber Security Centre

Professor Carsten Maple
Director of Research

Cyber Security Centre Group Members

Kathleen Choudhary
K dot V dot Choudhary at warwick dot ac dot uk