Steel is used in virtually all sectors, particularly automotive, road and rail construction, mechanical engineering, shipbuilding, household appliances and consumer electronics. More than 1.4 billion tonnes of steel are manufactured every year. The steel industry has evolved to become one of the leanest and most efficient of any manufacturing industry and it is the most recycled material on the planet - in fact, the amount of recycled steel totals more than all other materials combined. Nevertheless, there are challenges which need to be overcome and opportunities for further improvement. For example, there are still significant differences between the actual and theoretical minimum energy consumption and CO2 output.
WMG and Tata Steel have formed a key partnership for research and development in steel processing particularly through the development of the Advanced Steel Research Centre. The research focuses on the physico-chemical aspects relating to iron and steel manufacturing and usage including ore reduction, alloy chemistry and cleanliness control, segregation and scaling. Particular areas of expertise include:
- Micro-structure properties: understanding, predicting and monitoring the development of microstructure during steel processing.
- Steel coatings: manufacturing and applications such as advanced functional coatings and industrial coatings.
More about Steels Processing research>>
The team is currently engaged in a number of collaborative research projects including:
- Non-destructive evaluation of steel microstructures using electromagnetic sensors
- EM sensor modelling for prediction of phase transformation fractions
- Product uniformity control
- The role of annealing conditions on crack depth of Zinc-coated Boron Steels
- Simulation of the rapid solidification rates seen in thin slab and strip casting of steel
- Phase transformation and precipitation of carbides in duplex and austenitic steels
- Micro-alloyed high strength steel featuring non-metallic precipitate
More about Steels Processing projects>>
More about Steels Processing PhD projects>>
Doctoral Research Vacancies
The group is seeking PhD and EngD researchers within the area of Steels Processing. Please see the Research Degrees page for further details.
- High Temperature Confocal Scanning Laser Microscope - to image metallurgical reactions and transformations at temperatures up to 1600oC. More >>
- Scanning Electron Microscopy - (with Electron Back Scattered Diffraction and Focused Ion Beam) for the analysis of microstructure of materials and their chemical composition. More >>
- Micro X-Ray Computed Tomography - for scanning and reconstruction of samples using 3D models for non-destructive evaluation and testing. More >>
Link to full details of equipment >>
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