Mostly a) : You are a visual learner.
Mostly b) : You are an auditory learner.
Mostly c) : You are a kinaesthetic learner.
No clear result: You are a multimodal learner.
If you have a ‘visual’ learning style, this means that you like to learn by ‘seeing’, often through written language, such as reading and writing. You are likely to remember very well what has been written down, even if you only read a particular item once. A strong ‘visual’ learner may find it easier to read, write or learn grammar than to develop speaking skills, so you need to be prepared to try new strategies to help you to develop these. You may need to try to use subtitles or other visual materials to help you to work out what others are saying
Strategies that are likely to help you in your learning, as a ‘visual’ learner, are:
- Using drawing, diagrams and pictures to help you to remember.
- Taking lots of notes.
- Making lots of outlines, summaries, etc.
- Copying material and information from the board.
- Using lists, charts and tables.
- Using colour coding for vocabulary records.
- Using highlighter pens to emphasise important points.
If you have an ‘auditory’ learning style, this means that you like to learn by ‘listening’ and ‘hearing’. You engage well with discussion and also in ‘discussions with the self’ (e.g. you may learn by repeating words and phrases to yourself, or recording them onto a cassette). If you are an auditory learner, you may well be able to pick up words just by listening to conversations or the words to a song after one or two listenings. However, there may be a need for you to systematise your learning and to work more on your structural accuracy.
Strategies that are likely to help you in your language learning are:
- discussions with tutors and fellow students.
- listening to cassettes in the language laboratory or at home.
- lots of repetition when you hear things being said.
- using word association to remember.
- recording lectures, conversations, etc.
- reading out loud where you can.
- watching lots of videos.
- recording your notes after you have written them.
If you have a ‘kinesthetic’ learning style, you enjoy moving around and engaging in physical activities. You will learn well through breaks and participate well in active learning. You enjoy the ‘hands on’ learning experience and ’learning by doing’. You will also be very good at ‘multi-tasking’ – that is, doing more than one thing at the same time. Primarily kinesthetic learners will sometimes find it hard to concentrate when learning in more ‘traditional’ learning situations, but these disadvantages can also be strengths, depending on the particular learning situation you are in.
Strategies that are likely to help you as a ‘kinesthetic’ learner are:
- Studying in short bursts and taking frequent breaks.
- Taking part in role playing.
- Travelling and participate in cultural activities.
- Studying in study groups.
- Pacing or walking around while saying words aloud to yourself
Almost 50% of the population will have what is known as a ‘multi-modal’ learning style. This means that you will use more than one learning style. Although everyone uses different learning styles at some point or other, you may well still have a strong preference for one particular style. But if you do happen to have two modes with similar scores, you will have preferences for more than one learning style. On the other hand, if all your scores are equal, you will be able to switch modes easily, depending on what your are learning. This is probably one of the best positions to be in. If you are in this position, in order to develop your learning strategies, you should read the notes for all the previous learning styles.