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There is no standard format for conclusions and of course they vary in length according to the length of the piece of writing. Most, however, will contain a number of the following elements:

  1. A sentence signalling that the conclusion is beginning
  2. A (brief) summary of what has gone before.
  3. A personal opinion related to what has been written about.
  4. Limitations
  5. The practical implications of what has been written.
  6. Areas for future research.


The text was prepared by Rod Revell