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Referencing Guidelines

When using sources in writing, the basic principles are:

  • any idea used in an essay which came from another source should be acknowledged
  • the reader should be given enough information to locate the exact text or paragraph if desired.

The following guidelines are based on the Harvard or Author / Date referencing system which is the system generally used in academic writing in the Arts and Social Sciences in Britain. Click on the links to learn different kinds of referencing.

Different kinds of referencing

In-text referencing (what you write IN your essay)

List of References (what you write AT THE END of your essay)

Internet References

Notes and Footnotes


The text was prepared by Tilly Harrison