- Wales accounts for 6% of all engineering employment and 4% of all engineering establishments in Great Britain.
- The engineering sector in Wales employs 79,600 people in 4,940 establishments.
- Operators account for 37% of the engineering workforce in Wales, whilst technicians represent 14% of the workforce. Female workers are mainly found in operator/assembler, or administrative and clerical roles. Technical roles are staffed predominately by men particularly in the electronics industry.
- 91% of engineering establishments in Wales employ less than 50 people.
- The largest sectors in terms of employment are metal products, automotive, mechanical equipment and aerospace.
- There are particular concentrations of employment in the basic metals and aerospace sectors when compared to Great Britain.
- Engineering employment is geographically concentrated around Flintshire, Neath, Port Talbot, Newport, Rhondda, Cynon and Taff, Bridgend and Wrexham.
- 97% of the engineering workforce in Wales is employed on a full-time basis.
- 84% of the engineering workforce in Wales is male.
- 1% of the engineering workforce could be classed as non-white (6% for UK engineering).
Recruitment and Skills
- Over 5,000 people were recruited into the engineering sector in Wales during March 2006/07.
- 19% of engineering establishments in Wales had hard-to-fill vacancies over that period (17% for UK engineering).
- The main reasons cited for hard-to-fill vacancies were a lack of applicants with required qualifications and skills and a lack of applicants with required work experience.
- 25% of engineering establishments in Wales reported skill gaps, somewhat more than the proportion within the UK (21%). The incidence of reported skill gaps ranges from 50% of other transport equipment establishments to 16% of electrical equipment and electronics establishments.
- 23% of all engineering establishments within Wales employed apprentices or recognised trainees.
Bioscience enterprise in Wales includes Diagnostics, Medical technology, Clinical trials and drug development, Systems biology, and Agricultural biotechnology.
Source: Semta LMI report March 2010 and Wales Engineering Skills Balance Sheet Executive Summary 2008, SEMTA 2006, Future Skills Wales 2005 and Wales regional report 2002