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Education and Training

Key statistics:

  • 14% of employees have a degree or above, 53% are qualified to Level 2 or above,
  • 25% are qualified to Level 1 and 22% have no qualifications.
  • 37% of employers were unable to report on the qualification level of their workforce.
  • 53% of businesses offered some type of qualification to their workforce. 46% offered sub-sector specific qualifications and 1% offered Apprenticeships.
  • Driving instruction is the sub-sector most likely to offer an sub-sector specific qualification (72%), followed by community transport (66%).
  • Offering apprenticeships is more common for bus companies (19%), rail engineering (18%), rail operations (17%) and coach companies (11%).
  • Airlines were least likely to offer any qualifications (66% offered none).
  • The main benefit of offering qualifications (according to those that do) is quality improvement (46%).

Source: GoSkills Employer Skills Survey 2009

Information on sector specific qualifications are available on the GoSkills website. Information is available on: qualifications; apprenticeships; and foundation degrees. There is detailed information on different courses, training providers and useful links by sub-sector.

Sector training

19% of businesses had offered training to employees in the last year. Businesses based in Wales were most likely to have offered training (27%) and those in the West Midlands were least likely (9%).

Among businesses that offered training in the last year, the average spend was £9,385 (or £769 per employee).

15% of businesses provided some form of technical skills training for their employees and 12% provided some form of generic skills training. 55% of coach operators, 65% of community transport, 55% of bus and 62% of rail operators provide training in at least one technical area. More than half of community transport, airlines, transport planners, rail engineering and rail operators provide at least one type of generic skills training. Safety and accident management and disability awareness are the most common area for generic skills training (7% and 7% for all businesses).

More training was conducted by a brought-in trainer (64%) than in-house (35%). 62% of training led to a qualification. 41% of training is undertaken as a legal requirement, a similar proportion is undertaken for hard business benefits (39%) and 29% is for soft business benefits.

The most frequently mentioned restrictions on investment in training were lack of time (41%) and lack of funding (37%).

There are a number of rail focused private training providers, including for example the Association of Rail Training Providers (ARTP). However, there are fewer transport specific providers for passenger transport other sub-sectors. It is estimated that there are about 1,100 training providers engaged with the passenger transport sector across the whole of the UK.

Source: GoSkills Employer Skills Survey 2009