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Dr Nick Sofroniou

Research interests

Nick's recent research has included enterprise surveys, statistical models of skill mismatch, as well as Green and IT skills. His research interests include multilevel and finite-mixture statistical models and their application to complex samples in education and the social sciences, e.g., students nested in classrooms, employees in different countries, and longitudinal studies. He maintains a keen interest in evidence-based policy and in the interplay between national and international-level policy initiatives, e.g., the European Commission's Europe 2020 and 2030 strategies for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. He worked on several international studies of educational achievement in mathematics, science and reading (PISA, TIMSS and the International Adult Literacy Survey, IALS).

Academic profile

Nick is a Principal Research Fellow at the Institute for Employment Research. Before coming to IER he was an Expert in Socio-economic Research and Analysis at Cedefop, the European Union agency for the development of vocational education and training (VET), Thessaloniki. There he carried out policy-relevant research and analysis on education, training and skills, including the role of VET and lifelong learning in developing individuals' skills and careers, as well as the impact of these phenomena on Europe's competitiveness and socio-economic development. He represented the EU on the Interagency Working Group on Greening TVET that includes UNESCO, OECD, World Bank and the International Labour Organisation. Prior to joining to Cedefop he worked at University of Dublin, Trinity College, where he directed the Irish Longitudinal Study of Ageing and for the national Educational Research Centre in Dublin, Ireland coordinating analyses of the OECD PISA studies, TIMSS and national assessments of mathematics and reading. He co-developed the resource allocation model for Disadvantaged schools in Ireland with the Irish Department of Education. As Head of Research at the Welsh Joint Examination Committee in Cardiff he worked on setting and maintaining standards for the UK second-level public examinations.

Current projects

  • The changing nature and role of vocational education and training in Europe. With Nicholas Sofroniou, Lynn Gambin and Alan Brown. Funded by CEDEFOP. Project Start date: 18/02/15 - Project End Date: 17/12/18 [details]
  • Refreshment of Working Futures Labour Market Projections. With Rob Wilson, Anne Green, David Owen. Funded by UKCES. Project Start Date: 26/05/15 - Project End Date: 31/03/17 [details]

All projects

Selected publications

Einbeck, J., Gray, E., Sofroniou, N., Marques da Silva Junior, A. H., & Gledhill, J. (2017). Confidence intervals for posterior intercepts, with application to the PIAAC literacy survey. In M. Grzegorczyk & G. Ceoldo (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd International Workshop on Statistical Modelling, Groningen, Netherlands, Volume 1 (pp. 217–222). Groningen, Netherlands: University of Groningen. [Download link to file]

Higton, J., Leonardi, S., Richards, N., Choudhoury,
 A., Sofroniou, N. and Owen, D. (2017). Teacher Workload Survey 2016 (Research report DFE-RR633). London: Department for Education. ISBN: 978-1-78105-689-9 [Download link to file] (Also available: Research brief and Technical report, download links available [here]).

Bimrose, J., Sofroniou, N., Barnes, S.-A., Attwell, G., Rustemeier, P., Stieglitz, D., Elferink, R., Hughes, D., Li, Y., Owen, D., Wilson, R., Bosworth, L., & Millar, P. (2016). LMI for All technical, stakeholder engagement and data development services: Final report. Wath-upon-Dearne, UK: UK Commission for Employment and Skills. [Download link to file]

Sofroniou, N. (2015). Greening TVET in the context of climate change policy developments: Outcomes of the UNESCO-UNEVOC virtual conference. Bonn, Germany: UNESCO-UNEVOC International Centre for Technical and Vocational Education and Training. [Download link to file]

Wilson, R., Owen, D., Green, A., Sofroniou, N., Beaven, R., May-Gillings, M., Perkins, S., & Pirie, J. (2016). Working Futures 2014-2024: Annexes. Wath-upon-Dearne, UK: UK Commission for Employment and Skills. [Download link to file]

Wilson, R., Sofroniou, N., Beaven, R., May-Gillings, M., Perkins, S., Lee, M., Glover, P., Limmer, H., & Leach, A. (2016). Working Futures 2014-2024: Evidence report 100. Wath-upon-Dearne, UK: UK Commission for Employment and Skills. [Download link to file]

Raitano, M., Luppi, M., Conti, R., Teloni, D., Sofroniou, N., Kriechel, B. (2015a). Task 3: Secondary effects following a change of regulations on the exportation of family benefits. Final report submitted to European Commission under YT/2013/119 – Lot 2.

Hutcheson, G. D. & Sofroniou, N. (1999). The multivariate social scientist: Introductory statistics using generalized linear models. London: Sage.

All publications

All conference presentations

External activities

Nick served on the executive of the Irish Statistical Association (2004-2008), he is a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society (1997-present) and he is a member of the executive committee of the Royal Statistical Society's West Midland Local Group (2016-present).



Nick Sofroniou

Associate Professor

Institute for Employment Research
University of Warwick
Coventry CV4 7AL

Tel: +44(0)24 76 574426
Fax: +44(0)24 76 524241

N dot Sofroniou(at)warwick dot ac dot uk