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Data analysis and interpretation. Writing your report


Discussion points:

  1. How do you plan to organise materially the treatment and the interpretation of the data you will have collected?
  2. When you interpret, do you always follow the point of view expressed by the respondent (interviews), the participant (focus group) or the author/speaker (archives, press)? If not, how do you depart from it?
  3. Do you plan to discuss your interpretation with your respondents, participants or authors?
  4. How do you plan to share your documentation and data between main report, notes and appendices?


  • Alan Bryman Social Research Methods, 3rd edition, Oxford University Press, 2008, chapters 22 and 23.
  • Bob Matthews and Liz Ross Research Methods: A Practical Guide for the Social Sciences, Pearson, 2010, chapters D1, D2, D9, D10
  • Roger Pierce, Research Methods in Politics: a practical guide, Sage, 2008, chapter 17.


  • Mats Alvesson, Postmodernism and Social Research. Open University Press, 2002, ch. 7.
  • Katherine Borland, ‘“That’s Not What I Said”: Interpretive Conflict in Oral Narrative Research’, in Sherna Berger Gluck and Daphne Patai (eds.), Women’s Words: The Feminist Practice of Oral History. Routledge, 1991, pp. 63-75.
  • Alan Bryman et al. (eds.), Analyzing Qualitative Data. Routledge, 1994.
  • A Coffey and P Atkinson, Making Sense of Qualitative Data: Complementary Research Strategies. Sage, 1996.
  • Norman Denzin and Yvonna Lincoln (eds.), Collecting and Interpreting Qualitative Materials. Sage, 2003.
  • Ian Dey, Qualitative Data Analysis: A User-Friendly Guide for Social Scientists. Routledge, 1993.
  • Kristin G Esterberg, Qualitative Methods in Social Research. McGraw-Hill, 2002, chs. 8 and 9.
  • Douglas Ezzy, Qualitative Analysis: Practice and Innovation. Routledge, 2002.
  • Stephen Frosh and Peter D Emerson, ‘Interpretation and Over-Interpretation: Disputing the Meaning of Texts’, Qualitative Research, 5(3), 2005, pp. 307-324.
  • D Hobbs and T May (eds.), Interpreting the Field: Accounts of Ethnography. Clarendon Press, 1993.
  • Matthew B Miles and A Michael Huberman, Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. Sage, 1994.
  • Blake Poland and Ann Pederson, ‘ Reading Between the Lines: Interpreting Silences in Qualitative Research’, Qualitative Inquiry, 4(2), 1998, pp. 293-312.
  • Timothy John Rapley, ‘The Art(fulness) of Open-Ended Interviewing: Some Considerations on Analysing Interviews’, Qualitative Research, 1(3), 2001, pp. 303-323.
  • Judith Riley, Getting the Most from Your Data: A Handbook of Practical Ideas on How to Analyse Qualitative Data. Technical and Educational Services, 1990.
  • Kathryn Roulston, ‘Data Analysis and “Theorizing as Ideology”’, Qualitative Research, 1(3), 2001, pp. 279-302.
  • David Silverman, Interpreting Qualitative Data: Methods for Analysing Talk, Text and Interaction. Sage, 2001.
  • David Silverman, Doing Qualitative Research: A Practical Handbook. Sage, 2005, 2nd edn., part 3.
  • Anselm L. Strauss, Qualitative Analysis for Social Scientists. Cambridge University Press, 1987.
  • Bogusia Temple and Alys Young, ‘Qualitative Research and Translation Dilemmas’, Qualitative Research, 4(2), 2004, pp. 161-178.
  • Renata Tesch, Qualitative Research: Analysis Types and Software Tools. Harvester Wheatsheat, 1990
  • Harry Wolcott, Writing Up Qualitative Research. Sage, 1990.
  • Harry Wolcott, Transforming Qualitative Data: Description, Analysis, and Interpretation. Sage, 1994.

Qualitative data analysis using computers

  • Patricia Bazeley and Lyn Richards, The NVivo Qualitative Project Book. Sage, 2000.
  • Joy D Bringer, Lynne H Johnston and Celia H Brackenridge, ‘Maximizing Transparency in a Doctoral Thesis: The Complexities of Writing about the Use of QSR*NVIVO within a Grounded Theory Study’, Qualitative Research, 4(2), 2004, pp. 247-265.
  • N Fielding and R Lee (eds.), Using Computers in Qualitative Research. Sage, 1991.
  • Celia Gahan and Mike Hannibal, Doing Qualitative Research Using QSR NUDIST. Sage, 1998.
  • Graham R Gibbs, Qualitative Data Analysis: Explorations with NVivo. Open University Press, 2002.
  • Udo Kelle, Gerald Prein and Katherine Bird (eds.), Computer-Aided Qualitative Data Analysis: Theory, Methods and Practice. Sage, 1995.
  • Anna Weaver and Paul Atkinson, Microcomputing and Qualitative Data Analysis. Avebury, 1994.
  • Eben A Weitzman and Matthew B Miles, Computer Programs for Qualitative Data Analysis: A Software Sourcebook. Sage, 1995.
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